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河北省邢台市育才中学高中英语必修1 Unit 3 Travel Journal Grammar 课件

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 Grammar--I (5m)
   The Present Continuous Tense for 
           Future Actions
Students find the rules by observing the following sentences:
   nBetty is going off (leaving for) to 
    Guangzhou by plane tomorrow.
   nBob is going to the airport by taxi 
    next week.
  3) Jane is staying in Xi’an with her 
    parents.
  4) Bob is coming with Betty to see 
    her off.
小结:      此四句是现在进行时代替将来时,表
    示一个最近按计划或安排打算要进行
    的动作,这类动词通常是瞬间动作,
    只限于少数动词,常见的有:go, come, 
    leave, sleep, stay, play, do, have, take, 
    get to, see off, etc.
The Present Continuous Tense for the present 
actions:
      1)How are you feeling today? 亲切
      2)He is always thinking others.赞许
      3)You are always leaving things about.不满
      4)He is always talking big. 厌烦
       此四句是现在进行时代替一般现在时,
  小结:表示一个经常性重复的动作或状态,这
       时句中常带always 或forever,以表示说
       话人的某种表情,如赞叹,厌烦,埋怨
       ,等或强调情况的暂时性使其生动。
    nThe plane takes off at 9:30.
    nMy plane leaves at 7:00.
    nWhen does the winter holiday begin?
    nWhat time does the train leave for 
      Shanghai?
小结:      此四句表示将来的事情已经“列入日程
      ” 或按计划将要发生,则用一般现在时
      代替将来时,但仅限于少数动词begin, 
      go, leave, start, take 等。
Grammar--II (10m)
       现在进行时用法归纳 

   (1)表示现在进行时的动作有两种含义:
   n表示说话的时刻正在进行的动作,常
     与时间状语now, at the moment等连用。
   n表示现在阶段正在进行的动作,而不
     一定是说话时正在进行的动作,常与
     today, this week, this term等连用。
Eg. Right now it is the summer vacation and I’m 
  helping my dad on the farm.现在是暑假,我在
  农场帮我爸爸干活。
I’m sitting on a rock near the river with my friends.
  我和我的朋友们正坐在河边的一块岩石上
  。
(2)表示反复性或习惯性的动作,常与副词
  always, continually等连用,表示说话人的赞
  扬,厌恶,不满,遗憾等的感情色彩。
Eg. She’s always changing her mind.她老是改变
  主意。(厌烦)
(3)表示不久之后肯定将发生,或按计划或安
  排将要做的事(常与未来的时间状语连用
  ),能这样用的动词多是表示“位移”“停留
  ”的,如come, go , leave, arrive, start, begin等。
Eg. Mother is taking us home to see my grandma on 
  Sunday.星期天母亲将带我们回老家看我祖
  母。
表示将来的时态还有下列的方法:
 He will write you a letter next week.他下个星期会
  给你写信。
  小结:will/shall+动词原形,表示将来某个
  时间要发生的动作或存在的状态;或表示
  自然趋势或非主语意志。
 I shall be sixteen years old next month.     
 下个月我将十六岁了。(自然趋势)
②be going to +动词原形,表示“就要……”
  ,“打算……”或将要发生的事。
Eg. We’re not going to have any classes next 
  week.
n表示“位移”的词,如arrive, come, go , 
  leave, start, begin等,可用一般现在时
  表示将来安排好或即将发生的事。语
  气比现在进行时更肯定。
Eg. The next train leaves at 9:15.
Grammar--III (5m)

Practice: Students finish the Ex.3 on 
P21. After that, students give their 
own answers.
Translate the following statements:
 1.我下个月将去美国。
 ——————————————————I am going to America next month.
 2.我姑姑在信上说她后天将到我们家。
 My aunt said she is arriving at our home the day 
 ——————————————————
 after tomorrow in the letter.
 3.我明天将什么东西也不做。
 ——————————————————I am not doing anything tomorrow.
 4.玛丽和我下个星期天去钓鱼。
  1. Mary and I are going to fish next Sunday.
 ——————————————————
 附:高考题
1.Because the shop___________,C  all the T-
 shirts are sold at half price.(2004年浙江高考)
   A. has closed down     B. closed down         
 C. is closing  down      D. had had closed 
 down
2. I’ve won a holiday for two weeks to Florida. 
 I______A  my mum.(NMET2001)
A.am taking       B. have taken  
C. take                D. will have taken 
3. ----Can I join your club, dad?
-----You can when you _______A  a bit older. 
 (NMET 1994)
A.get                 B. will get  
 C. are getting  D. will have got
4. At this time tomorrow ______overB  the 
 Atlantic.(2003年北京高考)
• we’re going to fly   B. we’ll be flying  
 C. we’ll fly   D. we’re to fly
           Homework:  
To create some situations in which 
can use continuous tense to express 
future , and then share with the 
classmates in next lesson.
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