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2019年高考英语二轮复习 夹叙夹议文(一)

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夹叙夹议文(一)

                         Passage 1
    (2018·陕西检测二)Steve and Yaser first met in their chemistry 
class. Yaser was an international student from Jordan.  He was 
__1__ to get to know an American. Yaser hoped that he and Steve 
would __2__ good friends.
    At first, Steve seemed very friendly. He always greeted Yaser 
__3__ before class. Sometimes he offered to study with Yaser. He 
even __4__ Yaser to have lunch with him. But after the first term 
was over, Steve seemed __5__. One day Yaser decided to call Steve. 
Steve didn't seem very __6__ in talking to him. Yaser was hurt by 
Steve's change of attitude.
    Yaser is a little __7__.  He is an outsider to American culture. 
He doesn't understand the way Americans view __8__. Americans 
view the word “friend” in a very __9__ way. Americans have 
school friends, work friends, sports friends and neighborhood friends. 
These friendships are __10__ on common interests. When the shared 
activity ends, the friendship may __11__. Now Steve and Yaser are 
no longer classmates, their friendship has __12__.
    In some cultures friendship means a(n) __13__ lifelong bond 
between two people. In these __14__ friendships develop slowly, 
since they are built to last.  But American __15__ is not always an 
offer of true friendship. American __16__ is one of those that 
change rapidly. Studies show that one out of five American __17__ 
moves every year.
    People from the United States may at first seem friendly. 
Americans often chat easily with __18__. They exchange 
information about their families, __19__ and work. They may smile 
warmly and say, “Have  a  nice day.” However, American 
friendships __20__ quickly, and they may change just as quickly.  
So, it's necessary to do in Rome as the Romans do.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,通过叙述
Steve 和 Yaser 之间的经历,讲述了美国人对待友谊的观点,所
以我们应该入乡随俗。
    【核心词汇】 warmly       adv. 热情地;温暖地 distant      adj. 
遥远的;冷淡的 fade vi.褪色;逐渐消失
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    1.A.puzzled        B.shocked
    C.excited  D.worried
    答案与解析:C 根据上文“Steve and Yaser first met in their 
chemistry class. Yaser was an international student from Jordan”的
提示可知,他很兴奋(excited)能认识一个美国人。
    2.A.continue  B.become
    C.advocate  D.submit
    答案与解析:B 根据上文“He            was ____ to get to know an 
American”的描述可知,Yaser      希望他和    Steve 能成为
(become)好朋友。
    3.A.anxiously  B.nervously
    C.strongly  D.warmly
    答案与解析:D 根据上文“At            first,Steve seemed very 
friendly”的描述可知,课前他总是热情地(warmly)问候             Yaser。
    4.A.invited  B.approved
    C.forbade  D.rejected
    答案与解析:A 根据上文“Sometimes           he offered to study 
with Yaser”的提示可知,此处与上文语义上形成递进关系,所
以此处为他甚至邀请(invited) Yaser     和他一起吃午饭。
    5.A.optimistic  B.familiar
    C.distant  D.accessible
    答案与解析:C 根据下文“One            day Yaser decided to call 
Steve. Steve didn't seem very ____ in talking to him”的提示可知,
两人之间的关系发生了变化,所以此处为但第一学期结束后,
Steve 显得很冷淡(distant)。
    6.A.encouraged  B.interested
    C.embarrassed  D.inspired
    答案与解析:       B 根据上文“But      after the first, term was 
over,Steve seemed ____”的提示可知他决定打电话给            Steve,
但 Steve 看起来对与他讲话不感兴趣(interested)。
    7.A.satisfied  B.fascinated
    C.delighted  D.confused
    答案与解析:D 根据下文“He            is an outsider to American 
culture. He doesn't understand the way Americans view ____”的描
述可知,此处为对此他有点困惑(confused)。
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    8.A.friendship  B.ownership
    C.scholarship  D.citizenship
    答案与解析:A 根据下文“Americans             view  the word 
‘friend’ in a very ____ way”的提示可知,此处为他不理解美
国人看待友谊(friendship)的方式。
    9.A.regular  B.usual
    C.general  D.similar
    答案与解析:C 根据下文“Americans           have school friends, 
work friends, sports friends and neighborhood friends”的描述可知,
美国人对待不同的人有着不同的友谊观,所以此处为美国人以
非常普遍的(general)方式看待“朋友”这个词。
    10.A.taken  B.based
    C.grown   D.made
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,这些友谊是依据(based)他
们共同的兴趣(而建立起来的)。be based on...         意为“以……为依
据”。
    11.A.fail  B.fall
    C.delay  D.fade
    答案与解析:D 根据上文“These            friendships are ____ on 
common interests. When the shared activity ends”的提示可知,此
处为他们的友谊可能会逐渐消失(fade)。
    12.A.changed  B.managed
    C.arranged  D.ranged
    答案与解析:A 根据上文“When the shared activity ends,
the friendship may ____”的描述可知,此处为现在他们不再是
同学了,他们的友谊也变了(changed)。
    13.A.recent  B.instant
    C.strong  D.final
    答案与解析:C 根据下文“American           ____ is one of those 
that change rapidly”的提示可知,美国人对待友谊的观点不同于
其他文化,所以此处为在一些文化中,友谊意味着两个人之间
牢固的(strong)终生的纽带。
    14.A.creatures  B.cultures
    C.lectures  D.pictures
    答案与解析:B 根据上文中的“In             some cultures friendship 
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means a(n)... two people”可知,此处为原词复现,所以此处为
在这些文化(cultures)中,友谊发展得很缓慢。
    15.A goodness  B.happiness
    C.brightness  D.friendliness
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,但是美国人的友好
(friendliness)并不总是真正的友谊。
    16.A.society  B.activity
    C.authority  D.quantity
    答案与解析:A 根据下文“Studies show that one out of five 
American ____ moves every year”的提示可知,这是一个社会问
题,所以此处为美国社会(society)是一个快速变化的社会。
    17.A.apartments  B.houses
    C.families  D.departments
    答案与解析:C 根据上文“American           ____ is one of those 
that change rapidly”的提示可知,此处为研究表明,每年有五分
之一的美国家庭(families)     搬家。
    18.A.participants  B.strangers
    C.colleagues  D.members
    答案与解析:B 根据上文“People           from the United States 
may at first seem friendly”的提示可知,此处为美国人常常很容
易与陌生人(strangers)聊天。
    19.A.offence  B.forests
    C.prejudice  D.hobbies
    答案与解析:D 根据上文中的“Americans often chat easily 
with ____”可知,此处为美国人会与这些陌生人交流他们的家
庭、爱好(hobbies)及工作信息。
    20.A.develop  B.flow
    C.disappear  D.revolve
    答案与解析:A 根据上文“Americans            often chat... and 
work”以及下文“and they may change just as quickly”的提示可
知,美国人的友谊发展得很快,变化得也很快。
                         Passage 2
    (2018·齐鲁名校第三次调研)On            a    damp,    boring, 
stay­in­the­house kind of day, I was a 4­year­old artist armed with a 
new treasure:my own big box of crayons (蜡笔).  Somehow, the 
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usual paper wasn't __1__ enough for them. The walls __2__ an 
inviting yet forbidden landscape. __3__ there were hidden walls, 
walls like the ones in Mom and Dad's __4__.
    I slipped quietly to the bedroom without __5__ noticing. Using 
my whole body I __6__ the heavy clothes and shut the door behind 
me.
    A brilliant rainbow was __7__ on one wall, with a sun peeking 
(瞥见) out from above. __8__ were stick­figure (人物线条) children. 
Around them flowers __9__ everywhere.
    What a __10__!  I've got to show Mom! Suddenly I was 
__11__.  What had I done?
    Mom  called out, “Dinner's ready.” After a short time, her 
footsteps __12__, and then finally, the closet door opened.
    Mom  breathed in __13__, then stood frozen. Only her eyes 
moved as she __14__ looked at my masterpiece. She was quiet for a 
long, long time. I didn't dare __15__.Finally she turned to me.
    “I like it,” she said.  “No, I love it! I feel like I have a 
__16__ closet!”
    Now, 5 years later, my childhood __17__ is still there. And in 
my own house, the closet walls are masterpieces, too, __18__ by my 
own daughters when they were little girls.
    Every time I open a closet door, I __19__ that, as big as that 
box of crayons and white walls seemed when I was little, my 
mother's love was the __20__ thing of all.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者四岁时拿着
画笔作画,突然想起父母房间的衣柜后面隐藏的墙面,于是兴
冲冲地在上面画画。母亲发现后很生气,但极力使自己平静,
并表扬了作者的作品,这是深深的母爱,作者后来也以同样的
爱来爱着他的孩子们。
    1.A.special  B.large
    C.expensive  D.interesting
    答案与解析:A 根据上文可知,作者不在画纸上作画,而
是在墙上画,所以此处应指普通的画纸已经不够特别。故选
A。
    2.A.presented  B. exposed
    C.pronounced  D.explained
    答案与解析:A 此处指墙面本身就呈现出一片诱人但却被
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禁止的风景。present     用作动词,意为“呈现,展示”,符合语
境。故选    A。
    3.A.Even if  B.If only
    C.What if  D.As if
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,作者想如果有隐藏的墙面
就好了。if      only 意为“要是……就好了”,符合语境。故选
B。
    4.A.bedroom  B.study
    C.garage  D.closet
    答案与解析:D 根据下文中的“the closet door opened”可
推知,作者在父母卧室的衣柜里作画。故选                  D。
    5.A.somebody  B.nobody
    C.everybody  D.anybody
    答案与解析:D 根据本句中的“slipped            quietly”可知,作
者悄悄地溜进了卧室,没让别人看到。故选                  D。
    6.A.pushed aside  B.took away
    C.pulled up  D.wore out
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,作者用整个身体将那些厚
重的衣服推到一边。push         aside 意为“拨开,把……推向一旁”
,符合语境。故选        A。
    7.A.appeared  B.imagined
    C.seen  D.covered
    答案与解析:C 此处指在墙上可以看见一道灿烂的彩虹。
故选  C。
    8.A.Under  B.Upon
    C.Below   D.Beside
    答案与解析:C 根据语境可知,在彩虹下面是孩子们。
below 表示“在……下面”,under        强调“在正下方”。故选
C。
    9.A.flourished  B.bloomed
    C.decorated  D.planted
    答案与解析:B 根据上文及语境可知,应是到处都盛开着
鲜花。故选     B。
    10.A.thriller  B.magic
    C.design  D.relief
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    答案与解析:B 句意为:多么神奇啊!magic                意为“魔法,
神奇”,符合语境。故选           B。
    11.A.excited  B.unique
    C.still  D.flat
    答案与解析:C 根据下文“What            had I done?”可知,作
者突然意识到自己的所作所为一定会使母亲生气,因此僵在了
原地。still“静止,不动”。故选          C。
    12.A.echoed  B.slowed
    C.delayed  D.approached
    答案与解析:D 根据下文中的“the closet door opened”可
知,母亲的脚步声逐渐接近。故选              D。
    13.A.silently  B.suddenly
    C.smoothly  D.sharply
    答案与解析:D 根据本句中的“stood             frozen”可知,母亲
很生气,僵立在原地,呼吸急剧。故选                D。
    14.A.angrily  B.smartly
    C.slowly  D.abruptly
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“I             like it”及语境可知,母
亲逐渐让自己平静下来,慢慢地看着作者的杰作。故选                       C。
    15.A.cry  B.breathe
    C.remove   D.negotiate
    答案与解析:B 根据上文“She           was quiet for a long,long 
time.”可知,作者看到母亲的反应很害怕,因此不敢呼吸。故
选 B。
    16.A.new   B.priceless
    C.private  D.natural
    答案与解析:A 因为作者在衣柜的墙上画了画,因此母亲
说它是一个新衣柜。故选           A。
    17.A.memory   B.enthusiasm
    C.misfortune  D.artwork
    答案与解析:D 根据下文中的“in              my  house,the closet 
walls are masterpieces,too”可知,此处指作者儿时的作品仍然
在那儿。故选      D。
    18.A.hidden  B.abandoned
    C.created  D.lectured
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    答案与解析:C 此处指作者的衣柜上也到处是杰作,是作
者的女儿们创作的作品。故选             C。
    19.A.discover  B.remember
    C.witness  D.experience
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,此处指作者每一次打开一
个衣柜,都会回想起自己小时候在父母衣柜的墙上画画的事情。
故选  B。
    20.A.deepest  B.cleverest
    C.mildest  D.biggest
    答案与解析:C 根据上文可知,母爱是最温暖、最暖心的。
故选  C。
                         Passage 3
    (2018·湖北八市   3 月联考)As I head down the narrow hallway 
of my high school, my ears are filled with the sounds of complaints. 
The __1__ around me are constantly complaining about school. 
These complaints fill the __2__ and make it hard to breathe. I try to 
mention the __3__ side of our current situation in high school but 
am met with criticism.  The feeling of __4__ school has become 
widespread among students worldwide. This can create a __5__ 
educational environment. In my opinion,  school is and should be 
fun.
    I don't __6__ to enter such a negative environment. We should 
enjoy school! As students, we are so __7__ to have the opportunity 
to attend school __8__ millions of children around the world still do 
not have that opportunity. We should feel grateful that we are given 
the __9__ to learn.
    School allows us to __10__ some of the most interesting topics 
from science to foreign languages. High school allows students to 
find their __11__ whether they are physics or European history. 
__12__,  school has allowed me to find my love for debate, history, 
English and computers. High school has shaped me into a person of 
__13__ interests and ambitions, even though I must __14__ at 6 
o'clock in the morning.
    As students, we should __15__ all the wonderful opportunities 
we are given in school __16__ social events, meeting new friends, 
and learning. I have met so many __17__ people in school. There is 
so much to be __18__ in school.
    Lighten up and find the positive aspects of school. __19__ 
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school and everything it has __20__.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。很多学生都不喜
欢学校,作者对此提出了反对意见。
    【长难句分析】 As        students, we should recognize all the 
wonderful opportunities we are given in school including social 
events, meeting new friends, and learning.  (倒数第二段第一句)
    分析:opportunities 后接省略了关系代词        that 或 which 的定
语从句。
    译文:作为学生,我们应该认识到学校给我们提供的所有
好机会,包括社交活动、结识新朋友和学习。
    1.A.teachers  B.students
    C.parents  D.friends
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“among                       students 
worldwide”和“As    students”可知,此处指作者周围的同学不
断地抱怨学校。故选         B 项。
    2.A.ear  B.room
    C.water  D.air
    答案与解析:D 根据空格后的“and               make  it hard  to 
breathe”可知,这些抱怨弥漫在空气中,让人无法呼吸。故选
D 项。
    3.A.special  B.successful
    C.bright  D.fragile
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“but                am   met    with 
criticism”可知,作者尽量提到当前形势明亮的一面,但是却遭
到了批评。故选       C 项。
    4.A.hating  B.improving
    C.replacing  D.ignoring
    答案与解析:A 根据上文中的“my              ears are filled with the 
sounds of complaints”及“complaining about school”可知,讨
厌学校的情绪在学生中间蔓延。故选               A 项。
    5.A.specific  B.frightening
    C.strange  D.negative
    答案与解析:D 根据下文“such                  a       negative 
environment”可知,这种讨厌学校的情绪会产生一种消极的教
育氛围。故选      D 项。
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    6.A.plan  B.adopt
    C.want   D.need
    答案与解析:C 根据上文“In            my opinion,school is and 
should be fun.”可知,作者不想进入到这个消极的氛围中。故
选 C 项。
    7.A.lucky  B.brave
    C.allergic  D.healthy
    答案与解析:A 根据空格后的“to             have the opportunity to 
attend school”可知,此处指作为学生,我们很幸运能有上学的
机会。故选     A 项。
    8.A.when   B.while
    C.because  D.though
    答案与解析:B 本句中的“we            are so ____ to have the 
opportunity to attend school”和“millions of children around the 
world still do not have that opportunity”是对比关系。while 意为
“而”,符合语境。故选           B 项。
    9.A.time  B.reason
    C.money   D.chance
    答案与解析:D 根据上文中的“have              the opportunity to 
attend school”可知,此处应用     opportunity 的同义词  chance,表
示同学们应当感激自己被给予学习的机会。故选                    D 项。
    10.A.learn  B.remember
    C.predict  D.consider
    答案与解析:A 根据空格后的“some                of   the   most 
interesting topics from science to foreign languages”可知,学校允
许同学们去学习从科学到外语等一些最有趣的科目。故选                        A 项。

    11.A.lectures  B.concerns
    C.interests  D.instructions
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“school             has allowed me to 
find my love for debate,history,English and computers”可知,
高中允许学生们找到他们的兴趣。故选                C 项。
    12.A.Instantly  B.Personally
    C.Formally  D.Basically
    答案与解析:B 根据空格后的“school             has allowed me to 
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find my love for debate,history,English and computers”可知,
此处作者是在发表个人观点。故选              B 项。
    13.A.conventional  B.perfect
    C.lifelong  D.multiple
    答案与解析:D 根据上文中的“my               love  for debate,
history,English and computers”可知,此处指多种兴趣和理想。
故选  D 项。
    14.A.wake up  B.give up
    C.slow down  D.calm down
    答案与解析:A 根据空格后的“at               6  o'clock in  the 
morning”可知,为了兴趣爱好,作者必须在早上六点醒来。故
选 A 项。
    15.A.create  B.classify
    C.recognize  D.allow
    答案与解析:C 根据语境可知,此处指作为学生,我们应
该认识到学校给我们提供的所有好机会。故选                   C 项。
    16.A.besides  B.including
    C.among   D.regarding
    答案与解析:B 根据空格后的“social            events, meeting new 
friends, and learning”可知,这些好机会包括社交活动、结识新
朋友和学习。故选        B 项。
    17.A.honest  B.abstract
    C.delicate  D.outstanding
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可知,此处指作者在学校结识了
许多杰出的人。故选         D 项。
    18.A.careful about  B.curious about
    C.grateful for  D.ready for
    答案与解析:C 根据上文及语境可知,学校给我们提供了
这么多好机会,我们应该心存感激。故选                 C 项。
    19.A.Protect  B.Enjoy
    C.Respect  D.Examine
    答案与解析:B 根据上文“Lighten up and find the positive 
aspects of school.”可知,我们应该享受校园生活。故选            B 项。
    20.A.offered  B.promised
    C.gained  D.possessed
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    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,此处指我们应该享受校园
生活和学校所提供的一切。故选             A 项。
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