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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit5Warming Up & Reading

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                      Unit 5 Music


►转化

 roll vt.&vi.滚动;(使)摇摆→n.摇晃;卷;卷形物
►派生
  名词后缀:­tion,­ance,­er,­or,­ence

  devote vt.致力;献身→devotion n.投入;热爱
  perform   vt.&    vi.表演;履行;执行→performance           n.表演;演奏

  →performer n.表演者
  act vi.行动;表演     vt.扮演→actor n.男演员;行动者
  confident adj.自信的;确信的→confidence n.信心
  形容词后缀:­ous,­ful
  humour n.幽默;诙谐→humorous adj.幽默的

  pain n.痛苦;疼痛;穷苦;努力           vt.使痛苦→painful adj.痛苦的;疼痛的
►合成

  broad(宽广的)+cast(扔,掷)→broadcast    n.广播;播放       vi.&  vt.广播;播
  放

  over(从一边到另一边)+night(夜晚)→overnight adv.在晚上;在夜里;(口)很
  快;一夜之间
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    20 世纪  70 年代,在纽约的大街上、俱乐部里,出现了一种新的音乐形式,它就是说
唱音乐。现在,它开始走进课堂,而且配上它之后,效果很好。
                                 Rapping in Class
    Hip hop or rap music(说唱音乐)started on the street and in the clubs of the New York City in 
the 1970s.People rap to express how they feel about their lives and problems.
    Would you like to rap in class? Well, actually hip pop music is played in more than 10,000 
schools in the USA.Why?There  is a new school program called “Flocabulary” in which 
teachers use texts and hip hop CDs to help teach different school subjects.The words of the 
songs are just what students are studying.This makes learning easy and fun.Students and 
teachers are excited about the good results it has had on exam marks.
    Blake Harrison, a high school student, was the first person to come up with the idea of 
Flocabulary.The word “Flocabulary” comes from the word “flow” and “vocabulary”.“Flow” is 
a rap word for “style”, or the way a rapper says the words of a song.“Vocabulary” means the 
words you have to learn in a language.How did he get the idea? Well, he realized he could 
remember the words of a hip hop song very easily.So,why not make lessons into songs? Today 
together with Alex Rappaport, a song writer, Blake produces hip hop songs for math,science 
and literature.They are now used in schools with great success.

         词海拾贝

         1.express v.表达  2.come up with     想到
         3.style n.风格,流派       4.together with 和……一起

                              Warming Up & Reading
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Ⅰ.重点单词

1.roll vt.& vi.滚动;(使)摇摆      n.摇晃;卷;卷形物;面包圈
2.folk adj.民间的
3.musician n.音乐家

4.pretend vt.假装;假扮
5.attach vt.& vi.系上;缚上;附加;连接
6.form vt.(使)组成;形成;构成
7.passer­by n.过路人;行人

8.earn vt.赚;挣得;获得
9.extra adj.额外的;外加的
10.instrument n.工具;器械;乐器

11.perform vt.& vi.表演;履行;执行
      performance n.表演;演奏
12.cash n.现金
13.studio n.工作室;演播室 
14.millionaire n.百万富翁;富豪 
15.actor n.男演员;行动者

16.rely vi.依赖;依靠
17.broadcast n.& vi.& vt.广播;播放 
     broadcast 过去式
     broadcast 过去分词
18.humorous adj.幽默的;诙谐的
     humor n.幽默
19.familiar adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的
20.attractive adj.吸引人的;有吸引力的
Ⅱ.核心短语

1.dream about/of 梦见;梦想;设想
2.to be honest 说实在地;实话说
3.attach...to 认为有(重要性、意义)
4.in cash 用现金;用现钱 
5.play jokes on 戏弄 
6.look for 寻找
7.rely on 依赖;依靠 
8.be/get familiar with 熟悉;与……熟悉起来 
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9.or so 大约 
10.break up 打碎;分裂;解体
Ⅲ.经典句式

1.Have  you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert,at which 
  everyone is clapping and appreciating your music?
     你是否曾梦想过在音乐会上面对成千上万的观众演唱,每个人都欣赏你的音乐并为
     你鼓掌呢?

2.They  put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians,but they could only 
  find one who was good enough.
     他们在报上登了一则广告,寻求摇滚乐歌手,但是他们只能找到一位足够好的。

3.Anyhow their performances were humorous enough to be copied by other groups.
     不管怎样,他们的表演非常幽默以至于其他的乐队也开始模仿。


                                   阅读清障

①part 在此意为“成员,成分”,为不可数名词,故其前不能加不定冠词                           a。

②musician/mju 'zI n/n.音乐家

③dream of 梦见;梦想;设想。其后可接动名词作宾语。

※at which 在此引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词                 a concert。

④pretend/prI'tend/vt.假装;假扮

⑤to be honest 实话说;说实在地(常用作插入语)

⑥attach...to 认为有(重要性、意义)

attach/ə'tæt /vt.&vi.系上;缚上;附加

⑦form/f  m/vt.(使)组成;形成;构成

⑧fame/feIm/n.名声,名望

※for whom 在此引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词                  high­school students。

⑨passer­by/ pɑ sə'baI/n.过路人;行人(复数形式为         passers­by)

⑩earn/з n/vt.赚;挣得;获得
earn a living 谋生,维持生计

⑪extra/'ekstrə/adj.额外的;外加的

⑫instrument/'Instr mənt/n.工具;器械
⑬performance/pə'f məns/n.表演;演奏
⑭pub/p   b/n.酒馆;酒吧
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⑮in cash 用现金;有现钱

⑯studio/'stju dIə /n.工作室;演播室(复数为        studios)

⑰millionaire/ mIljə'neə/n.百万富翁;富豪

※that 在此引导定语从句,修饰先行词             band,且  that 在从句中作主语。
⑱the Monkees/'m ŋki z/门基乐队
⑲TV show  电视节目
⑳play jokes on 戏弄
21be based on 以……为基础
 ○
22the Beatles 甲壳虫乐队
 ○
※most of which 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词              music。

※had planned to do 在此指本来计划去做某事,但事实上却没做成。
23actor/'æktə/n.男演员;行动者
 ○
※as 在此引导原因状语从句。
24rely on(也作 rely upon)依赖;依靠
 ○
rely/rI'laI/vi.依赖;依靠

25broadcast/'br dkɑ st/n.广播;播放    vi.&vt.(broadcast;broadcast)广播;播放
 ○
26humorous/'hju mərəs/adj.幽默的
 ○
27copy v.模仿,仿效;作弊;复制
 ○
28get familiar with 熟悉;与……熟悉起来(主语往往是人)
 ○
familiar/fə'mIlIə/adj.熟悉的;常见的
be familiar to sb 某物为某人所熟知(主语往往是物)
※本句是主从复合句。含有            so...that...结构,其中 that 引导结果状语从句;而        that 从句中的
介词短语    in order to...them 在此作目的状语。
※过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰               songs。
29or so 大约
 ○
30break up 打碎;分裂;解体
 ○
31reunite/ ri ju 'naIt/vt.再统一;再联合
 ○
※with which 在此引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词                 a new record。
                                   原文呈现
                            THE BAND THAT WASN'T
    Have you ever wanted to be part①of a band as a famous singer or musician②?Have you 

ever dreamed of③ playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is 

clapping and appreciating your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend④you are a famous singer 
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like Song Zuying or Liu Huan?To be honest⑤, a lot of people attach great importance to⑥ 
becoming rich and famous.But just how do people form⑦a band?
    Many musicians meet and form a band because they like to write and play their own 
music.They may start as a group of high­school students,for whom practising their music in 

someone's house is the first step to fame⑧.Sometimes they may play to passers­by⑨ in the 

street or subway so that they can earn⑩some extra⑪money for themselves or to pay for their 
instruments⑫.Later they may give performances⑬ in pubs⑭ or clubs, for which they are paid 
in cash⑮.Of  course they hope to make records in a studio⑯and sell millions of copies to 
become millionaires⑰!
    However, there was one band that started in a different way.It was called the Monkees⑱ 
and began as a TV show⑲.The musicians were to play jokes on⑳ each other as well as play 
music, most of which was based loosely on21 the Beatles22.The TV organizers had planned to 
                                   ○           ○
find four musicians who could act as well as sing.They put an advertisement in a newspaper 
looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough.They had to use 
actors23 for the other three members of the band.
      ○
    As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on24 other musicians to 
                                                             ○
help them.So during the broadcasts25 they just pretended to sing.Anyhow their performances 
                              ○
were humorous26 enough to be copied27 by other groups.They were so popular that their fans 
             ○                  ○
formed clubs in order to get more familiar with28them.Each week on TV, the Monkees would 
                                       ○
play and sing songs written by other musicians.However, after a year or so29 in which they 
                                                                ○
became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a 
real band.
    Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music.In 
the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records.The band 
broke up30 about 1970, but happily they reunited31 in the mid­1980s.They produced a new 
        ○                                 ○
record in 1996,with which they celebrated their former time as a real band.


                                                ,
                                   课文译文
                                  并非乐队的乐队
    你曾经想过要成为一个乐队里有名的歌手或音乐家吗?你曾梦想过在音乐会上对着成

千上万的观众演奏,观众(为你)鼓掌并欣赏你的音乐吗?你是否唱卡拉                            OK,并假装自己是
像宋祖英或刘欢一样著名的歌唱家?说实在的,很多人把名和利看得很重要。但是人们是
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怎样组建乐队的呢?
    许多音乐家聚在一起组建乐队,是因为他们喜欢自己作曲并演奏自己的音乐。他们起
初可能是一群高中生,对他们来说,在某个人的家里练习音乐是成名的第一步。有时他们
可能在街上或地铁里为过路者演奏,这样他们可以为自己或他们要买的乐器多挣一些钱。
后来,他们可能在酒吧或者俱乐部里演出,这样他们可以得到现金。当然,他们希望在录
音棚里制作唱片,然后卖掉数百万张唱片,从而成为百万富翁!
    然而,也有一个用不同方式组建起来的乐队。这支乐队叫门基乐队,它是以电视节目
的形式开始的。组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。这些音乐大多都在模仿
“甲壳虫”乐队。电视制作人原计划寻找四位既能表演又能唱歌的音乐人。他们在报纸上
登了一则广告,寻找摇滚音乐人,但他们只能找到一个足够好的。他们不得不用演员来充
当乐队的其他三名成员。
    因为这些演员中的有些人唱得不是很好,他仍不得不依靠其他乐手的帮助。所以在演
出的时候他们只是假装在唱。不管怎样,他们的表演非常幽默,足以被其他乐队模仿。他
们如此受欢迎以至于粉丝们为了更熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。门基乐队每个星期都要在电
视上弹奏和演唱由别的音乐人创作的歌曲。然而,在大约一年的时间里,门基乐队对他们
的工作变得更加认真了,这一年之后,他们开始像一支真正的乐队那样演唱自己创作的歌
曲。然后他们录制自己的唱片,并且开始巡回演奏他们自己的音乐。在美国,他们变得甚

至比甲壳虫乐队更受欢迎,也售出了比他们更多的唱片。门基乐队大约在                               1970 年解散,但
令人高兴的是,在        20 世纪  80 年代中期他们重组了。1996         年他们出了一张新唱片,以此来
庆祝他们以往的作为一支真正的乐队的时光。


Ⅰ.Match the main idea with each paragraph.
Para.1 (B) A.how the Monkees became serious about the music business
Para.2 (C)  B.dreaming of being a famous musician or singer
Para.3 (D)  C.how musicians form bands
Para.4 (A)  D.how the Monkees got their start
Ⅱ.Choose the best answer according to the text.
1.Which musical band is mentioned in the passage?
     A.The Westlife.                      B.The Monkees.
     C.The Beatles.                       D.Both B & C.
     答案 D
2.Put the following events in the right order.
     a.Make records.
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     b.Give performance in the pubs or clubs.
     c.Musicians get together and play music at home.
     d.Play music in the street or subway.
     A.b,c,d,a                            B.c,b,d,a
     C.c,d,b,a                            D.b,d,c,a
     答案 C
3.However,there was one band that started in a different way.It was called the Monkees and 
  began as a TV show.What does “it” refer to?
     A.A band.                            B.A TV show.
     C.The music.                         D.A way.
     答案 A
4.Why were the Monkees said to start in a different way?
     A.They played jokes on each other.
     B.It only had three members at first.
     C.They were formed by TV producers.
     D.The members were actors.
     答案 C
5.What does the title “The Band That Wasn't” mean?
     A.The band wasn't a famous one.
     B.The band was formed in a different way.
     C.The band didn't play their own music.
     D.The band wasn't supported by his fans.
     答案 B


1.Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert,at which 

   everyone is clapping and appreciating your music?(教材 P34)
       你是否曾梦想过在音乐会上面对成千上万的观众演唱,而音乐会上的每个人都欣赏
       你的音乐并为你鼓掌呢?

                           dream of 梦想;梦见;设想

               dream of/about(doing)sth 梦见;梦想;设想 (做)某事
       归纳
               dream up 构思;想出;虚构
       拓展
               dream that...梦想
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               dream a/an...dream 做一个……的梦


       ①I dream of becoming a designer one day.
       我梦想有一天成为设计师。

       ②I dreamed up a plan to solve both problems at once.
       我想出了一个方案,可以同时解决两个问题。

       ③I dream that my son will attend college and find a good job.
       我希望儿子能上大学并找到一份好工作。

2.Do  you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu 

   Huan?(教材    P34)
       你唱卡拉    OK 时是否假装自己就是像宋祖英或刘欢一样著名的歌星呢?
                             pretend vt.假装;假扮

                  pretend to do...假装做……

                  pretend (to be)+n./adj.假装是/装扮成……
           归纳
                  pretend to be doing...假装正在做……
           拓展
                  pretend to have done...假装已做过……
                  pretend that...假装……

       ①Sarah pretended to be(be)cheerful,saying nothing about the argument.
       萨拉假装高兴,没有提及争吵的事。

       ②When his mother entered his room,he pretended to have fallen asleep.
       当他的妈妈走进他的房间时,他假装已经睡着了。

       ③Mike pretended to be preparing lunch when mother stepped in the kitchen.
       妈妈走进厨房的时候,迈克假装正在做午饭。

       ④I had been lying to myself,pretending that everything was fine.
       我一直对自己撒谎,假装一切顺利。

3.To be honest,a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous.(教

   材  P34)
       说实在的,很多人把出名和获利看得很重要。

     to be honest(=to tell the truth/honestly speaking)说实在的;实话说

        归纳      be honest with sb 对某人坦诚
        拓展      It is honest of sb to do sth 某人做……是正直的
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       ①Honestly(honest) speaking,I don't want to attend the meeting.
       说实在的,我不想出席这个会议。

       ②Are you being honest about your feelings?
       你没有隐瞒你的感情吗?

       ③It's honest of you to tell us the truth.
       你能告诉我们真相说明你很诚实。

     attach vt.&vi.系上;缚上;附加;连接

              attach...to...认为有(重要性、意义);附上;连接

      归纳      attach importance/value to(doing) sth 认为(做)某事重要/有意义/有重要
      拓展      价值

              be attached to 热爱;依恋;附属于

       ④He will attach the label to your luggage.
       他会把标签贴在你的行李上。

       ⑤She attaches great importance to regular exercise.
       她认为定期锻炼很重要。

       ⑥This institute is attached to the University of Texas.
       这个研究所附属于得克萨斯大学。

       [名师点津] attach...to...结构中的   to 为介词,后接动词时要用其­ing          形式。

4.But just how do people form a band?(教材 P34)
       那么,人们又是怎样一起组成乐队的呢?

         form vt.(使)组成;形成;构成         n.表格;形式;状态

        写出下列句中      form 的汉语意思

        ①I regard reading as a form of recreation.形式

        ②Here's a blank form for you to fill in.表格

        ③These ideas have been forming in my mind.形成

        ④Ice, snow and steam are different forms of water.状态
                    form the habit of doing...养成做……的习惯
              归纳    fill out/in a form 填表格
              拓展    take the form of...采取……的形式
                    in the form of...以……的形式

       ⑤He has formed the habit of taking notes in class.
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       他已经养成了上课做笔记的习惯。

5.Sometimes  they may play to passers­by in the street or subway so that they can earn 

   some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.(教材 P34)有时他们可
   能在街上或在地铁里为过路人演奏,这样他们可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。

                         earn vt.赚;挣得;获得;赢得

                     earn/make money 挣钱
               归纳
                     earn one's respect/reputation 赢得尊重/名誉
               拓展
                     earn one's/a living=make a living 谋生

       ①He earns his(he)living by teaching at a language school.
       他在语言学校教书以维持生计。

       ②As a teacher,she had earned the respect of her students.
       作为教师,她赢得了学生的尊敬。

       ③Your efforts will earn you a good reputation.
       你的努力将会为你赢得佳誉。

6.The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music,most of which was 

   based loosely on the Beatles.(教材 P34)
       组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。这些玩笑和音乐大多都在模仿“甲
       壳虫”乐队。

     play jokes/a joke on 和……开玩笑;戏弄……

                     make fun of sb/sth 取笑某人/物
              归纳     laugh at sb/sth 嘲笑某人/物
              拓展     play a trick/tricks on sb 捉弄某人
                     make a joke of sth 拿某事当儿戏

       ①My mother always makes a joke of everything.
       我妈妈总是在任何事上都开玩笑。

       ②It's bad manners to play tricks on someone else.
       捉弄别人是不礼貌的行为。

       ③Why do you always make fun of me?
       你为什么总是嘲弄我呢?

7.As some of these actors could not sing well enough,they had to rely on other musicians 
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   to help them.(教材  P34)因为这些演员中有些人唱得不是很好,他们不得不靠队里其他
   乐手来帮助他们。

                            rely on/upon 依靠;信任

                    depend on/upon 依赖;依靠
              归纳    rely on/upon...for...依靠……提供……

              拓展    rely on sb/sth to do sth 依靠某人/某物做某事

                    rely on/upon it that...依靠/指望/相信……

       ①All living things rely on the sun for growth.
       万物的生长都依靠太阳。

       ②You may rely on it that he will come on time.
       你放心好了,他会按时来的。

       ③We   should rely/depend on/upon science and technology to build(build) our 
       country.
       我们应该依靠科学和技术来建设我们的国家。

8.They  were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with 

   them.(教材   P34)
       他们非常受欢迎使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。

      familiar adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的 

          sb be/get familiar with sth 某人对某物熟悉
          sth be/get familiar to sb 某物为某人所熟悉

       ①He studies hard to get familiar with the field of the computer.
       他为了熟悉电脑领域,努力学习。

       ②The nursery rhyme is very familiar to me.
       我对这首摇曲很熟悉。

       [语境串记] I    am familiar with Tom,so his voice on the phone sounds familiar to 
       me.
       我对汤姆很熟悉,所以他在电话里的声音我听起来很熟悉。

9.The band broke up about 1970,but happily they reunited in the mid­1980s.(教材 P34)
       这支乐队在     1970 年左右解散了,但令人高兴的是,到               20 世纪  80 年代中期他们再
       次聚首。
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                 break up 打碎;分裂;解体;结束

写出下列句中      break up 的汉语意思

①They responded that there were several reasons why the music band broke up.解体

②The meeting broke up at eleven o'clock.结束

③The ship broke up on the rocks.打碎
       break down 损坏;(把化合物等)分解;(汽车)抛锚;垮掉
       break in 非法闯入;插嘴;打断
归纳
       break into 破门而入,非法闯入
拓展
       break out(战争、火灾、疫病等)突然发生,爆发
       break away from...从……中脱离出去

④The prisoner broke away from the policeman who was holding him.
囚犯从警察手中挣脱逃掉了。

⑤She broke in with some suggestions of her own.
她插了话,提出了她自己的一些建议。
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