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辽宁省北票市高级中学高中英语必修五人教版:Unit 1 language points 学案

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                 Learning Plan of Language Points 
                                      B  层
      高二英语必修五         Unit 1 Great scientists  第  3-4 课时

                                            

Ⅰ. Aims

Knowledge aims

Grasp and master the new words, expressions and sentence patterns.

Ability aims

1) Make use of the words, expressions freely.

2) Enable the students to use context clues to work out the meaning of unknown words.

Ⅱ.课前自测

1.________ n. 特征;特性→n.     特征;人物,角色;字符________

2.________ vt. & vi. 结束;推断出→n.    结论;结束________

3.________ vt. 打败;战胜;使受挫        n. 失败→(同义词)vt.     打败________

4.________ vt. 照顾;护理;出席;参加→n.           出席;到场________→n.     侍者;服务员________

5.________ vt. 暴露;揭露;使曝光→n.         暴露;揭露________→adj.     无遮蔽的________

6.______ n. & vt. 治愈;治疗→(近义词)vt.      治疗______

7.________ n. 挑战  vt. 向……挑战→adj.     富有挑战性的________

8.______ vt. 吸收;吸引;使专心→adj.        吸引人的______

9.________ vt. 怀疑  n. 被怀疑者;嫌疑犯

10.________ adj. 严重的;剧烈的;严厉的→adv.          严重地;剧烈地;严厉地________

11.________ vt. 污染;弄脏→n.     污染________

12.________ n. 柄;把手    vt. 处理;操纵→n.(处理)方式;应付(方式)________

13.________ vt. 宣布;通告→n.     通告;宣布________

14.________ vt. 命令;指示;教导→n.        命令;指示________

15.________ n. 建设;建筑物→vt.      建设;修建________

16.________ vt. & vi. 捐献;贡献;捐助→n.      捐献;贡献________

17.________ adj. 热情的;热心的→n.       热情;热心________

18.________ adj. 小心的,谨慎的→n.       小心;谨慎;慎重________
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19.________ vt. 拒绝;不接受;抛弃→n.         拒绝;抛弃______


III.词块互译

1 提出一个理论         _____________ a theory  2  ________________    draw a conclusion

3 使某人面临危险         expose someone _____________  


4 某人应为某事受到责备           sb. be ________ (for)  5. 吸收知识 ________ knowledge[来源:学科网]

6. 将手柄从水泵上移走         ________ the handle ________ the pump

7. 指示人们不要做……            instruct people _____________

8. 阻止这件事再次发生              prevent this ________________again

9.________________   apart from…     10. ________________    make sense


Ⅳ.句型补全

1.  So many thousands of terr ified people died ______________ an outbreak.    所以每次暴发霍乱时,

都有成千上万惊恐的人病死。              (every time 引导时间状语从句)

2.  It seemed that the water ______________.  看来水是罪魁祸首。  (blame 用主动形式表被动意义)

Ⅴ词汇拓展

1. attend  vt. 出席;参加;   照顾;护理 

经典例句

(2013 湖南卷)  When I was chosen to attend the match, I felt nervous at first, for my English was not 

good._______________________________________________

词块助记

attend school/church/a lecture/a meeting/a wedding/a party 上学/去教堂/听讲座/出席会议/出席婚礼/参

加聚会

attend sb. 照顾/看护某人

attend on sb. 照料/侍候某人

attend to sth./sb. 处理某事/照料、照顾某人

及时巩固

1)  语法填空    It is the most instructive lecture that I ________ (attend) since I came to this school.

2)  单句改错

(2015 福建卷改编)To my delight, I was chosen from hundreds of applicants attend the opening ceremony.
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2. expose vt. 揭露;暴露;使遭受;使曝光

经典例句

1). But he became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. 但当他一

想到要帮助那些受到霍乱威胁的普通百姓时,他就感到很振奋。

2)We want to expose the kids to art and culture as much as possible. 

_______________________________________________

词块助记

expose sth. 揭露、揭发某事

expose sb./sth. to 使某人体验/某物暴露于……

be exposed to 接触到;被暴露于

及时巩固

1)语法填空

Children exposing ________ (they) to difficult situations are better at handling those challenging tasks.

2)单句改错

(2014 重庆卷改编) In some Middle Eastern countries, expose your flesh is forbidden, especially if you are 

a woman.

3. absorb  vt. 吸收(液、气体等);吸引(注意);使专心

经典例句

(2015 北京卷)But  some materials slow and scatter light, bouncing it away from its original path. Others 

absorb light, stopping it dead in its tracks. 但有些物质减缓或散射光线,使它偏离原来的轨道;其他

的则吸收光,使其在传播路线上突然消失。

词块助记

absorb(=take in) sth. (light/heat) 吸收(光、热)等

absorb…into… 把……吸入/并入……

be absorbed in= be buried in = concentrate on 全神贯注于;专心致志于

及时巩固


1)语法填空     I found him sitting in his chair, completely ________ (absorb) in a magazine.[来源:学科网]

2)单句改错

Most little shops have absorbed into big businesses due to the influence of the global financial crisis.

4. blame vt. 指责;责怪;归咎于        n. 责备;   责任;过失
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经典例   句

1) (2013 湖北卷) Still others lay the blame on the Americans, complaining that pounds have piled on 

thanks to eating too much American-style fast food. 


2) (2014 湖北卷) It was purely a question, no blame or anger in my tone. 这纯粹是一个提问,我语气中

没有责备或愤怒。

词块助记

sb./sth. be to blame 某人应受责备;应归咎于……(不用被动式)

the one to blame 应受责备的人(不用被动式)

blame…on 把某事归咎于……

blame sb. for (doing) sth. 因为……责备某人

take/bear the blame for  承担(对坏事应负的)责任

put/lay the blame on sb. 把责任归咎于……

及时巩固     单句改错

1)  Mr. Green stood up in defense of the 16-year-old boy, sayi ng that he was not the one to be blame. 

2) (2014 重庆卷改编) While we can’t change the body type we are born with, we can’t blame our genes 

for make us fat.

5. contribute vi. & vt. 捐献;贡献;捐助;投稿

经典例句

1)I belie ve that each of us can contribute to the future of the world._________________________

2)(2013 山东卷)  Pearson also made other decisions which he believed would contribute to the new 

Sparrow image. _____________________________________________

3)I make most of my money by writing books but I do contribute to magazines sometimes.


词块助记

(sb.)contribute to sth. (某人)为……作贡献

(sth.)contribute to sth. (某物)有助于/促成……

contribute sth. to sth. 为……捐献;投稿

【构词】contribution n. 捐献;贡献;投稿

make contributions/a contribution to 对……作出贡献
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及时巩固     单句改错

1). (2014 全国卷Ⅰ改编)   The birds were forced to go further north, where cold temperatures and spring 

storms contributed their decline.

2.) Eating too much fat contribute to heart disease and causes high blood pressure.

Ⅵ短语拓展

1. put forward 提出(建议);推荐;将……提前

经典例句

1). Are you serious in putting forward such a view?_____________________________

2)May I put your name forward as a possible chairman of the committee?


3)Put the clock forward by ten minutes. _________________________________

头脑风暴

put aside  节省;储蓄;储存,放在一边                   put _______ 放好;收起来

put _______ 延期;推迟                          put _______ 写下,记下;放下

put ______穿上;演出                          put ______ 熄灭;生产

put up _______________________________________


2. apart from 此外,除了……之外[来源:学&科&网]

[教材原句] Apart from the construction mentioned above,you have also learned the following phrases.


除了上边提到的结构,你也学过下边这些短语。[来源:学。科。网]

①in addition(to)/besides 除……之外,另外还

②but/except 除……之外(都)

③except for 除……之外(表细节上的修正,“美中不足”)

④except that/when/what...除……之外

及时巩固

1)   A part   from/Besides/In addition  to    the   cost,the    dress  doesn't   suit 

me.________________________________________

2) It is a good book,____________________the torn cover.

除了封面破了,它是本好书。

Ⅶ  句型

[教材原句]So many tho  usands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
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(1)every time 引导时间状语从句,相当于        whenever,表示“每当……”。

(2)名词词组作连词用,引导时间状语从句的还有:

each time 每当……时候

next time 下次……时

the+序数词+time    第……次

the+瞬间名词(moment/minute/instant)一……就……


(3)有些副词,如     directly,instantly,immediately 也可引导状语从句。[来源:Zxxk.Com]

及时巩固

①She let out a cry the moment she saw the snake.

她一看到蛇就叫了起来。

②____________Kobe visits China,he receives a warm welcome from his Chinese fans.

每一次科比     来访中国,都会受到中国球迷的热              烈欢迎。

③________________I climbed onto the wall,I felt very nervous.

我第一次爬到墙上去时,感到很紧张。


自我反思:
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