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18-19人教版 必修一 Unit 5 Section Ⅰ 课时分层作业13

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                   课时分层作业(十三)

                         [高考题型练习提能力]

     Ⅰ.阅读理解

                                    A          【导学号:11132087】
     Theodor Seuss Geisel was born in Springfield,Massachusetts in 1904.He was 
 famous because of the books he wrote for children.They combine funny words,
 pictures,and social opinions.
     Dr.Seuss wrote his first book for children in 1937.It is called And to Think That I 
 Saw It on Mulberry Street.A number of publishers refused to publish it.They said it 
was  too different.A friend finally published it.Soon other successful books 
followed.Over the years,he wrote more than forty children's books.They were fun 
to read.Yet his books sometimes dealt with serious subjects.
     By the middle 1940s,Dr.Seuss had become one of the 

 best­loved and most successful writers of children's books.He had 
 a strong desire to help children.In 1954,Life magazine published 
 a report about school children who could not read.The report said 
 many children's book weren't interesting.Dr.Seuss decided to 
 write books that were interesting and easy to read.
     In 1957,Dr.Seuss wrote The Cat in the Hat.He used less than 225 words to 
 write the book.This was about the number of words a six­year­old should be able to 
 read.
     The story is about a cat who tries to entertain two children on a rainy day while 
their mother is away from home.The cat is not like normal cats.It talks.The book was 
 an immediate success.It was an interesting story and was easy to read.Children loved 
 it.Their parents loved it,too.Today many adults say it is still one of the stories they 
 like best.
     【语篇解读】 本文为人物传记,主要介绍了著名儿童作家                          Theodor Seuss 
Geisel 的生平事迹。

     1.What's the best title for this passage?
     A.Some of Dr.Seuss's books for children
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     B.What are Dr.Seuss's books mainly about
     C.Dr.Seuss—a famous writer of children's books
     D.Why are Dr.Seuss's books different
     C [标题归纳题。根据文章可知本文是一篇人物传记,主要介绍了

 Theodor Seuss Geisel,一位著名的儿童作家,故选          C。]

     2.What do we know about Dr.Seuss's first book for children?
     A.It was Dr.Seuss's worst book.
     B.It dealt with a very serious subject.
     C.Neither children nor adults like it.
     D.Many publishers didn't take it seriously at first.
     D [细节理解题。根据第二段的“A              number of publishers refused to publish 
it.They said it was too different.”可知 D 为正确选项。]

     3.How did Dr.Seuss help children according to Paragraph 3?
     A.By asking others to help them in magazines.
     B.By writing interesting and simple books.
     C.By changing his old books into simpler ones.
     D.By giving them books for free.
     B [细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句“Dr.Seuss               decided to write books that 
 were interesting and easy to read.”可知 B 为正确选项。]

     4.Adults most probably think that Dr.Seuss's The Cat in the Hat is        .
     A.interesting                 B.serious
     C.difficult                   D.boring
     A [细节理解题。根据最后一段的“Today many adults say it is still one of the 
 stories they like best.”可知 A 为正确选项。]
                                    B
     We do not usually think about how our language works.Talking is such a 
natural,everyday activity that we do not often stop to think how it actually 
 works.When we do study our language,though,we are often surprised that we are 
 able to understand our conversations.Words can mean so  many  different 
 things.However,it turns out that the speaking situation helps a lot in making 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 language work.
     First,the speaking situation helps make words more particular.For example,

 the word“dog”can describe a dog that a speaker saw in a dream.It can also be used 

to discuss a neighbor's dog.No language has a separate word for the idea“dog that I 
saw yesterday”and another word for the idea“dog that I saw in a dream”.This is 
because the speaking situation makes it clear what speakers mean when they use 
words.So,when  you have a conversation with your neighbor,the knowledge that 
you have a dog tells your neighbor what the word“dog” probably means in that 
situation.
     The speaking situation also helps make language clearer.For example,the word 

“bank”    has two possible meanings.It can mean“a place where people keep 

money”,but it can also mean“the side of a river”.So the sentence“I went to 

the bank”is not clear.It could mean I went to the side of the river or it could mean I 
went to the place where my money is kept.However,if the speaker is talking about 
fishing or going to the mountains,others probably know that“bank”means“the 

side of a river”.
     The things that speakers say may not always be clear.Sometimes the words are 
 not very particular,but the speaking situation can provide the meaning.Other times 
 words may have many meanings.Then the speaking situation limits(限制)the right 
 meaning.This extra knowledge from the situation is very important to understand 
 language.
     【语篇解读】 本文讲述了语境对语言的理解起着很大的作用。

     【长难句解读】 So,when you have a conversation with your neighbor,the 

 knowledge that you have a dog tells your neighbor what the word“dog”probably 
means in that situation.
     【分析】 这是一个含有多个从句的复合句,主句部分为“the                           knowledge 

 tells your neighbor what the word‘dog’probably means in that situation”。
 when 引导时间状语从句;that        引导同位语从句,解释说明            knowledge 的内容;
what 引导宾语从句作       tells 的宾语。
     【译文】 因此,当你和你的邻居谈话的时候,知道你有狗这件事告诉了
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

你的邻居在那样的情形下           dog 一词有可能指什么意思。

    5.The passage is mainly about        .
    A.the best time and place to talk to others
    B.how the speaking situation helps language work
    C.what to say in difficult situations
    D.how our language works
    B [主旨大意题。综合全文内容可知,本文主要讲述了语境怎样对语言的
理解起着很大的作用。故选            B。]

    6.What does the word“bank”mean if a speaker is talking about money?
    A.The side of a river with many people fishing.
    B.A supermarket to buy all kinds of goods.
    C.A mountain for hunting.
    D.A place where money is kept.
    D [词义猜测题。根据第三段中的“It can mean‘a place where people keep 

money’”可知,当人们提到钱这一具体语境时,bank                   表示“银行”。]
    7.By  using the example of the word“dog”,the author wants to show that        
.

    A.a word may need to be explained in a conversation
    B.a word may have different meanings
    C.the speaking situation helps people understand the particular meaning of a 
word
    D.the meaning of words is not particular
    C [推理判断题。根据第二段中的“First,the speaking situation helps make 

words more particular.For example...”可知,下文正是用    dog 一词举例来论证第
二段第一句话,故选项          C 正确。]

    8.Where can we find this passage?
    A.A piece of news.
    B.A science novel.
    C.A fashion magazine.
    D.An article about language use.
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     D [文章出处题。纵观全文内容可知,本文讲述了语境对语言的理解起着

 很大的作用,故可推知这是一篇有关语言运用的文章,D                        项正确。]

     Ⅱ.阅读七选五
     When I was 16 years old,a boy gave me an important gift.  1  
     It was the early autumn of my first year at a junior high school,and my old 
school was far away.  2  I was very lonely,and afraid to make friends with anyone.
     Every time I listened to other students talking and laughing,I felt my heart 

 broken.I couldn't talk with anyone about my problems.And I didn't want my parents 
to worry about me.
     Then one day,my classmates talked happily with their friends,but I sat at my 

desk unhappily as usual.  3   I didn't know who he was.He passed me and then 
 turned back.He looked at me,with a smile on his face.
     Suddenly,I felt the touch of something bright and friendly.It made me feel 
 happy,lively and warm.
       4    I started to talk with other students and made friends.Day by day,I 
 became closer to everyone in my class.The boy with the lucky smile has become my 
 best friend now!
       5   I believe that the world is what you think it is.If you think it lonely,you 
 might always be alone.So smile at the world and it will smile back.
     A.At that moment,a boy entered the classroom.
     B.He's living in Australia now and he loves it.
     C.It doesn't matter because all the dark days have gone.
     D.It was a smile.
     E.That smile changed my life.
     F.It's practically impossible to make friends here.
     G.As a result,no one knew who I was.
     【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。作者讲述了在自己十六岁时获得了重

 要的“礼物”,那就是微笑。

     1.D [下文全部与“smile”这一话题有关,故选               D 项。]

     2.G [前一句中“was far away”和后一句中“I was very lonely”都暗示了答案,
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 G 项与前后信息吻合。]

     3.A [由空格后的两句看出答案,即“一个男孩进入了教室”。]

     4.E [本段作者讲述由于对方的微笑使自己发生了变化,因而选                           E 项。]

     5.C [本段讲述作者自己现在的心态变化,只有                    C 项与本段信息吻合。] 
                                                  【导学号:11132088】

     Ⅲ.语法填空
     Born in the 1940s,Elias experienced a difficult period of time when the black 
reached a stage where they had no rights at all.Being poorly 1.        (educate)and 
 not having a passbook,he was worried that he would be out of work.This was the 
very reason 2.        he went to Nelson Mandela for advice.At that time,black 

 people had no right 3.         (vote) and they couldn't get jobs they wanted.The 
 parts of town in 4.         they had to live were decided by white people.They 5.       
 (send) to the poor areas where no one could grow food.
     Mandela organized the ANC Youth League to fight 6.            the 
 government.They first broke the law in a 7.         (peace)way.When this was not 
 allowed,they decided to answer violence with violence.Though he disliked 
violence,Elias   helped  Mandela   blow    up   some   government   8.        
 (building).Elias 9.        (strong) believed what he did would help to achieve 
 their dream of 10.        (make) black and white people equal.
     1.educated [考查非谓语动词。句子主语和              educate 之间是被动关系,故
应用过去分词。]

     2.why [考查定语从句。先行词是             reason,在从句中作状语,故应用关系
 副词。]

     3.to vote [考查非谓语动词。the right to do...做……的权利。]

     4.which [考查定语从句。本题是“介词+关系代词”结构,先行词是物,
 故应用关系代词       which。]

     5.were  sent [考查时态和语态。they        和  send 之间是被动关系,动作发生

 在过去,故应用过去时的被动语态。]

     6.against/with [考查介词。fight against/with...和……斗争。]

     7.peaceful [考查形容词。修饰名词           way 应用形容词,故用        peaceful。]
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    8.buildings [考查名词复数。根据          some,可知   building 应用复数。]

    9.strongly [考查副词。修饰动词          believe,应用副词。]

    10.making [考查非谓语动词。dream          of 意为“梦想”,of       是介词,后面
要跟名词或动名词。] 【导学号:11132089】
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