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2017高中英语主谓一致口诀

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       Subject---Verb Agreement
             (主谓一致)
                 即主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单
 语法一致            数形式,主语是复数形式,谓语也
                 用复数形式。

                 即主语形式上为单数,但意义为复数,
 意义一致            因此谓语动词用复数形式;或主语形式
                 上为复数,但表示单数意义,这时谓语
                 动词用单数形式。
就近原则             即谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式,
                 取决于最靠近他的主语。

就远原则            “主语+ 附属结构” 作主语,谓语与主语一
                致
Agreement
单单复复最常见,集体名词谓用单 ,
(group, family, class, team, public, 
enemy, crowd, company, audience, 
club, party,, army,  band)
如若强调其成员,复数谓语记心间 ;

His family ______is  poor and he 
couldn‘t get a good school. 
His family _____are  all music lovers. 
单单复复最常见,集体名词谓用单 ,
(group, family, class, team, …… )
如若强调其成员,复数谓语记心间 ;

His family ______is  poor and he 
couldn't get a good school .                  
His family _____are  all music lovers. 
The group ____is  made up of nine students.
The group____are  dancing happily.
The teamhas ____ some good 
players. (have)are
The team ____ handsome. 
(be)
有些名词谓常复,牛人警察和船员;
(cattle ;people,police, crew)

(1) The cattle were_____ on the hill. 

(2) The police are____ searching for 
a tall dark man with a beard. 
有些名词谓常复,牛人警察和船员;
(cattle ;people,police, crew)

(1) The cattle were on the hill. 

(2) The police are searching for a 
tall dark man with a beard. 
主语单数后接介,谓语单数介无关;
(with, along with, together with, as 
well as, besides, like, without, except, 
including, but)
The teacher, together with his 
students, _____is  planting trees in the 
garden. 
I as well as they ____am ready to help you 
.
主语单数后接介,谓语单数介无关;
(with, along with, together with……)

The teacher, together with his 
students, is planting trees in the 
garden. 
I as well as they am ready to help you .
         就远原则


“主语+ 附属结构” 作主语,谓语与主语一致
就远原则
当主语后面跟有as well as, as much as, no less than, 
along with,with ,like, rather than, together with , but ,
 except, besides, ,including等引导的词组时,其谓语动词的
单、复数由主语的单、复数而定。

1. The teacher with two students ______was  at the 
  meeting . (was / were)

2.E-mail, as well as the telephones, ________A  an 
     important part in daily communication.
 A. is playing  B. have played   C. are playing  D. play 
       with
       along with
       together with
       besides
• A    but              B
       except
       including
       as well as
       rather than

•  谓语动词与第一个主语A保持一致
• All but one ______(be)were  here just now.
• A library with five thousand books ___(be)is offered to the 
  nation as a gift.
• A peasant together with some soldiers ____(be)is about to  help 
  us.
主语从句非谓语,                              
Many a再加More than one,
谓语动词均用单; 

1.What he is doing seemsseem   very 
important.
2.Serving the people ____is  my 
great happiness.
3. More than one student  has    try tried .
4.Many a man has    die died      in the war.
主语从句非谓语,                            
Many a再加More than one,
谓语动词均用单; 

1.What he is doing seems very 
important.
2.Serving the people is my great 
happiness.
3. More than one student has tried.
4.Many a man has died in the war.
动词不定式(短语), 动名词(短语), 或从句作主语时, 谓语
动词常用单数。例如: 

  Going out for a walk after supper is a good habit.
  晚饭后出去散步是一个好习惯。

  To see is to believe.
  眼见为实。

  Whether we’ll go depends on the weather. 
  我们是否去要取决于天气的好坏。
Or, nor,but also,there be, 
近主原则挂嘴边 

 Neither the students nor the teacher 
 knowknows anything about it. 学生和那位
 老师都不知道这事。

 He or you  Have     take taken       my pen.     
 他或你拿了我的钢笔。
Or, nor,but also,there be, 近
主原则挂嘴边 

 Neither the students nor the teacher 
 knows anything about it. 学生和那位
 老师都不知道这事。
 He or you have taken my pen. 他或
 你拿了我的钢笔。
        就近原则


即谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式,
取决于最靠近他的主语。
就近原则:

                       A or B  
       Not A but B 
                      Verb
     Either A or B
          Neither A nor B
            Not only A but also B 
      Here    A and B 
        +Verb
   There      A , B and C

 Ø存在句: There be ……. 结构
1. 我们教室里有一台电视机和56张桌子.
There are 56 desks and one television in our 
 classroom.
There is one television and 56 desks in our 
 classroom.
主语neither,either,one,谓
语总是用三单;
---Which do you prefer?
– Either ____is  Ok.
主语neither,either,one,谓
语总是用三单;
---Which do you prefer?
– Either is Ok.
 主语虽有and连,and后面没有冠,
 仅指一人或一事,谓语仍然是单三;

(1)The bread and butter ___is  served for 
 breakfast. 
(2) The bread and the butter _____are  on 
 sale. 
(3) The actor and director   workswork  hard   
 every day.                                                    
 主语虽有and连,and后面没有冠,
 仅指一人或一事,谓语仍然是单三;

(1)The bread and butter is served for 
 breakfast. 
(2) The bread and the butter are on 
 sale. 
(3) The actor and director works hard   
 every day.                                                    
The gift is used to have western 
meals.
What is it?


 A knife and fork___is  used to have meals.
如: 表整体概念的并列结构
bread and butter            knife and fork
iron and steel                  law and order
配套事物:
a watch and chain       a needle and thread 
The singer and dancer _____is  on the stage.
时间,价值度量衡,谓语常作单数看;

1.  Eight hours of sleep is__ enough.
2.  A hundred miles ___is a long distance.
3.  Ten pounds ____was missing from my 
  pocket.   has
4. Twenty years ___ passed since he left his 
  hometown. 
时间,价值度量衡,谓语常作单数看;

1.  Eight hours of sleep is enough.
2.  A hundred miles is a long distance.
3.  Ten pounds was missing from my pocket.
4. Twenty years has passed since he left his 
  hometown. 
No 、 each 、 every后and,                      
两件(种)事物(情)系一概念。    
(every… and every…;each …and each… 
;no …and no… )

 No teacher and no student 
 ___is  in the classroom.
 Every pen and every book 
 _____________has been laid  ( lay ) on the desk 
 already.
No 、 each 、 every后and,                      
两件(种)事物(情)系一概念。    
(every… and every…;each …and each… 
;no …and no… )

 No teacher and no student is 
 in the classroom.
 Every pen and every book 
 _____________has been laid  ( lay ) on the desk 
 already.
    most of the apples most of the apple

                    Most of the apple was 
Most of the apples were 
                    eaten by a rat. 这个苹
     大部分苹果是烂
rotten.             果的大半被老鼠吃掉
的。
                    了。

 Altogether more than 70 percent of the 
 surface of our planet _____coveredis  by water. 
分数分数
百分数百分数  分数还有百分数,关键要看of后,
       或是根据上下文,判定所指是单复;
halfhalf  
mostmost  
partpart +of+of  ++名词名词作主语作主语
thethe  restrest  
lotslots  
somesome  
plentyplenty  谓语动词要和 of 之
          后的名词保持一致
          。 
分数分数
百分数百分数  分数还有百分数,关键要看of后,
       或是根据上下文,判定所指是单复;
halfhalf  
mostmost  
partpart +of+of  ++名词名词作主语作主语
thethe  restrest  
lotslots  
somesome  
plentyplenty  谓语动词要和 of 之后
          的名词保持一致。 
   即分数或百分数+of+不可数名词或单数名词,
   谓语动词用单数
   分数或百分数+of+复数名词,谓语动词用复数

• Ten percent of the pupils _____are  absent today.
• Three-fourths of the surface of the earth ____is  sea.
The 加形容词表一类,谓语指人是复数
。
the rich(富人),the living(活着的人)

  The sick _____have been cured and the 
  lost have been found. 
形容词带the表一类,姓氏复数加定冠。
Rest、  means、 following, 意义决定其复单
。

   Some students are planting trees.             
 The rest are watering them.
  
   Every means has been tried.
Rest、  means、 following, 意义决定其
复单。

   Some students are planting trees.             
 The rest are watering them.
  
   Every means has been tried.
None、  all 、 half of等,of之宾语定答案。
All若指人谓复数,all指事情谓用单。

Some students are planting trees. The rest 
of them are watering them.
 None of us are (is) perfect. 人无完人。
 None of this worries me. 这事一点不使我着急
 。
 All are here except Tom.
 All has been finished .
None、  all 、 half of等,of之宾语定答案。
All若指人谓复数,all指事情谓用单。

Some students are planting trees. The rest 
of them are watering them.
 None of us are (is) perfect. 人无完人。
 None of this worries me. 这事一点不使我着急
 。
 All are here except Tom.
 All has been finished .
     2.代词作主语

  •Neither  __dog _____A  big.   ( A. is  B. are )

  •____Neither  of them _____A / B  big.   ( A. is  B. are )

 •Neither  ___rabbit _____A  handsome.   ( A. is  B. are )
                  
•Neither____   of  the rabbits _____A / B  handsome..   ( 
A. is  B. are )
How to use none and neither

 neither + 单数名词         谓语动词用单数

neither of
          +可数名词       谓语动词用
 none of              单数或复数

不可数名词                谓语动词用单数
a kind of , a pair of , a series of加名词, 
谓语一般用单数。

A pair of shoes was on the desk.
a kind of , a pair of , a series of加名词, 
谓语一般用单数。

A pair of shoes was on the desk.
主谓一致的口诀:
单单复复最常见, 集体名词常用单。
如若强调其成员, 复数谓语记心间。
有些名词谓用复, people,police即这般。
主语单数后接介, 谓语单数介无关。
many a 主语也如此,谓语动词应用单。
or,nor,but also,there be近主原则挂嘴边。
关系代词定主语, 谓语根据先行词判。
不定式短语、动名词、主语从句谓全单。
时间、货币与距离, 谓语多单复少见。
rest,means,following,意义决定其复单。
and连接两名词,   身兼两职一定冠。
no,each,every后单各,两种事物一概念。
以上情况请记清, 谓语动词全用单。
形容词带the表一类,姓氏复数加定冠。
-s结尾山脉与群岛, 谓语用复勿用单。
代词neither,either,each等用作主语全用单。


3.不定代词somebody, someone, something, 
anybody, anything, everybody, everyone, 
everything, nobody, no one, nothing等作主语,
谓语动词用单数形式;

Something ____has  (has / have) gone wrong with my 
watch. 

Anybody who _______breaks  ( break / breaks) the rule 
will be punished.  
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