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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit5Learning about Language

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                         Learning about Language


Ⅰ.重点单词

1.extra adj.额外的;外加的
2.humorous adj.幽默的;诙谐的

3.broadcast n.& vi.& vt.广播;播放
4.familiar adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的
5.pub n.酒馆;酒吧
Ⅱ.核心短语

1.connect...with...把……和……连接起来
2.in addition 另外;也
3.depend on 依靠;依赖
4.for the first time 第一次
5.sort out 分类
Ⅲ.经典句式

        Now whenever we go to the pub,we play our songs and buy drinks for the regulars.
       现在无论我们何时去酒吧,我们都会为常客们演奏我们自己的歌曲并为他们买喝的。


1.in addition 另外;也   (教材  P36)

    ①The car looks nice.In addition,it can save energy.
    这辆车外型美观,而且省油。

    归纳        in addition 常放在句首,也可放在句中、句尾,相当于副词。
    拓展        in addition to 除……之外(还),用作介词短语

[易混辨析] in addition,in addition to

         in addition    “另外”,相当于副词,与            as well 同义,在句中作状语

                        “除……之外(还)”,复合介词,与              as well as 同义,后跟
        in addition to
                        宾语
    选用以上短语填空

    ②She can speak French and German in addition to English.

    ③The products are nice.In addition, the price is low.
2.Sort out the following messages that are mixed up to make complete sentences containing 
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   attributive clauses.(教材 P37)
       将下面混杂的信息进行分类,来组成包含有定语从句的完整句子。

          sort out 分类;整理;挑选出;解决(纠纷等)
       写出下列句中      sort out 的汉语意思

       ①My father helped sort out a dispute today.解决

       ②Please sort out what you want and throw away the rest.挑选出

       ③The child was sorting out the bricks into different colors.把……分类
                       sort out...from...把……从……中挑选出来/辨别出来
              归纳       sort sth(into sth) 把……分类
              拓展       sort of 有几分;有点(作副词修饰形容词和动词)
                       all sorts of...各种各样的……

       ④We must sort out the good apples from the bad ones.咱们得把好苹果拣出来,同坏
       的分开。

       ⑤She sort of pretends that she doesn't really care.
       她摆出一副并不真地在乎的样子。


                         “介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句


1.Have  you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert,at which 
   everyone is clapping and appreciating your music?
2.They  may start as a group of high­school students,for whom practising their music in 
   someone's house is the first step to fame.
3.Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs,for which they are paid in cash.
4.The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music,most of which was 
   based loosely on the Beatles.
5.However,after  a year or so in which they became more serious about their work,the 
   Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band.
6.They produced a new record in 1996,with which they celebrated their former time as a real 
   band.


    一、基本用法
    当关系代词在定语从句中充当介词的宾语时,我们可以用“介词+关系代词”引导定

语从句。如果先行词为人时,用“介词+whom”;如果先行词为物时,用“介词+
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which”。who   和 that 不能用于此结构,但介词后置时可以使用,如果作宾语也可以省略。
    The ladder on which I was standing began to slip.
    我脚下的梯子开始向下滑动。
二、“介词+关系代词”中介词的确定

1.根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯来确定。
        I remember the day on which I joined the army.
        我仍然记得我参军的那一天。(表示具体的“在哪一天”,用介词                           on)
2.根据定语从句中的谓语动词或形容词确定介词。该动词或形容词常与某些介词构成固定
    搭配。

        He is the man for whom I'm waiting for a long time.
        他是我等了很久的那个人。(wait for          等待,为固定搭配)
        He is a famous singer of whom we are proud.
        他是一位我们引以为豪的著名歌唱家。(be proud of               以……而自豪,为固定搭配)
3.根据句子的意思确定介词。
       有些句子,先行词完全一样,定语从句中谓语动词也不是固定的动词短语。这时,
        需要根据句子所要表达的意思选用不同的介词。

        This is the book without which I can't pass the exam.这是一本没有它我就不能通
        过考试的书。
三、“介词+关系代词”的特殊用法

1.“the+名词+of+关系代词”引导定语从句时,有时可用“whose+名词”或“of+关
    系代词+the+名词”替换。
         I live in the room,the windows of which (=of which the windows=whose 
        windows) face south.
        我住在一个窗户朝南的房间里。

         [名师点津] 在“the+名词+of+关系代词”或“of+关系代词+the+名词”中一定
        不能漏掉冠词       the;在“whose+名词”结构中一定不能加上冠词              the。
2.“名词/代词等+介词+关系代词”结构:有时“介词+关系代词”前会出现不定代词(all,
    both,none,neither,many,few,the   rest 等)、数词(分数、百分数等)及“the+最高级
    /比较级”等,用来表示部分、数目等意义。
        The football team has 15 members,the oldest of whom is 25 years old.
        这个足球队有       15 名队员,其中最大的        25 岁。
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