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2019版高考英语黄冈经典一轮(实用课件)全国通用版 素养提升模拟练 三

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                     素养提升模拟练 三
                             健康与饮食


  2017   年天津高考题完形填空记述了作者立志减肥,                  并致力于筹集善款,        最

终目标圆满实现。旨在引导考生认识自我,                  理解生命意义和人生价值,           具有安

全意识与自我保护能力;          掌握适合自身的运动方法和技能,              养成健康的行为习

惯和生活方式等。


                                                      (2017·天津高考)

  At my heaviest I weighed 370 pounds. I had a very poor relationship with food:  

I used it to  1  bad feelings,  to make myself feel better,  and to celebrate. 

Worried about my health,  I tried many different kinds of  2  but nothing worked. 

I came to believe that I could do nothing about my  3 .  

    When I was 50,  my weight problem began to affect me  4  . I didn’t want to 

live the rest o f my life with this  5  weight any more.  

    That year,  I  6  a seminar where we were asked to create a project that 

would touch the world. A seminar leader shared her  7  story—she had not only 

lost 125 pounds,  but also raised $25, 000 for homeless children.  

      8  by her story,  I created the As We Heal(痊愈),  the World Heals 
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 9 . My goal was to lose 150 pounds in one year and raise $50, 000  10  a 

movement founded 30 years ago to end hunger. This combination of healing myself 

and healing the world  11  me as the perfect solution.  

     12  I began my own personal weight program,  I was filled with the fear 

that I would  13  the same difficulties that beat me before. While the  14  hung 

over my head,  there were also signs that I was headed down the right  15 . I sent 

letters to everyone I knew,  telling them about my project. It worked perfectly. 

Donations began  16 in from hundreds of people.  

    Of course,  I also took some practical steps to lose weight. I consulted with a 

physician(内科医生),   I hired a fitness coach,  and I began to eat small and  17  

meals. My fund-raising focus also gave me new motivation to exercise  18 .  

    A year later,  I 19  my goal:  I lost 150 pounds and raised $50, 000!  I feel 

that I’ve been given a second life to devote to something that is  20  and 

enormous.  

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。主要讲述的是作者在                        50 岁时立志在一年之

内减肥    150 磅, 并且致力于筹集       5 万美金善款,    最终目标圆满实现的励志故事。


1. A. add   B. mix      C. kill    D. share

【解析】选      C。词汇辨析题。根据后面的            to make myself feel better,  and to 

celebrate 可知, 为了使自己感觉良好,        作者通过进食的方式来抵消不好的情绪。

kill 杀死, 减弱,  抵消,  符合语境。

2. A. diets    B. drinks   C. fruits  D. dishes
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【解析】选      A。词汇辨析题。根据首句           At my heaviest I weighed 370 pounds 和

空前的    Worried about my health 可知, 作者尝试了不同的节食方法,         但都没有起

作用。diet   饮食。

3. A. height   B. ability  C. wisdom     D. weight

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。想减肥而无果,             所以作者开始觉得对于自己的体

重无能为力。

4. A. temporarily       B. recently 

C. seriously            D. secretly

【解析】选      C。词汇辨析题。五十岁时,           作者的体重对他产生了严重影响。

seriously 严重地。

5. A. ideal             B. extra

C. normal               D. low

【解析】选      B。词语辨析题。作者不想余生带着这些额外的体重生活。extra                       额


外的。[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]

6. A. attended       B. organized

C. recommended          D. mentioned

【解析】选      A。词语辨析题。根据后面的描述可知,                作者参加了一个研讨班。

attend 参加。

7. A. folk              B. success

C. adventure            D. science
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【解析】选      B。词语辨析题。根据后面的            she had not only lost 125 pounds,  but 

also raised $25, 000 for homeless children. 可知, 研讨班的一个领导人向作者分享

了她的成功故事。

8. A. Surprised         B. Amused 

C. Influenced           D. Disturbed

【解析】选      C。词语辨析题。受到她的成功故事的影响,                 作者也创建了一个项

目。influence 影响。

9. A. project           B. business 

C. system               D. custom

【解析】选      A。词汇复现题。根据前面           we were asked to create a project 可知答

案为   A。

10. A. in search of     B. in need of

C. in place of          D. in support of 

【解析】选      D。词语辨析题。筹钱的目的是支持一个成立于                   30 年前的旨在结

束饥饿的运动。in search of     搜索; in need of 需要; in place of 代替; in support 

of 支持。

11. A. scared           B. considered 

C. confused             D. struck

【解析】选      D。固定搭配题。这种既治愈自己又治愈世界的结合在我看来似乎

是一个完美的解决方案。固定表达               strike sb. as. . . , 在某人看来似乎是……。

12. A. As      B. Until        C. If     D. Unless
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【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。当作者开始自己的减肥计划时充满了恐惧。此处

为时间状语从句。

13. A. get over   B. run into   C. look for    D. put aside

【解析】选      B。词语辨析题。作者担心重蹈以前减肥失败的覆辙。get over                    克服, 

战胜; run into 遇到; look for 寻找; put aside 把……放到一边,   储备。

14. A. excitement       B. joy 

C. anger                D. fear

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。根据前面的            I was filled with the fear. . . 可知, 尽

管恐惧围绕在作者的脑海。

15. A. row     B. hall  C. path     D. street

【解析】选      C。词语辨析题。有迹象表明作者正走在正确的道路上。path                      道路, 

小路。

16. A. breaking      B. flooding 

C. jumping           D. stepping 

【解析】选      B。词语辨析题。筹款进行得很顺利,               所以善款应该是像潮水一般

到来。flood in  大量涌入。

17. A. heavy         B. full

C. expensive         D. healthy 

【解析】选      D。背景知识题。根据常识,           减肥期间,    应该吃少量的且健康的食

物。

18. A. regularly     B. limitlessly

C. suddenly          D. randomly 
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【解析】选      A。词语辨析题。减肥期间的锻炼应该是有规律地、定期地进行。

regularly 定期地; limitlessly 无限度地; suddenly 突然地; randomly 随意地。

19. A. set           B. reached

C. missed            D. dropped

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。根据后面的            I lost 150 pounds and raised $50, 000! 

可知,   作者实现了自己的目标。

20. A. stressful        B. painful

C. meaningful           D. peaceful

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。作者为公益项目筹集了大量善款,                    所以应该是很

有意义的。meaningful    有意义的。


1. 通读文章,    根据框架填写关键词


2. 难句剖析
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As I began my own personal weight program,  I was filled with the fear that I would 

run into the same difficulties that beat me before. 

分析: As I began my own personal weight program 为时间状语从句,  抽象名词

fear 后是 that 引导的同位语从句, that beat me before  为定语从句,     修饰先行词

difficulties。

翻译:                                                          

答案: 1. ①overweight   ②Influenced   ③measures   ④achieved
2.当我开始自己的减肥计划时,            内心充满了恐惧,        担心重蹈以前减肥失败的覆

辙。 


Ⅰ. 完形填空

    As a child, Jane was fond of animals. As a consequence, when she was growing 

up, all she ever heard was as follows, “Jane, you should be a  1 . You’re going to 

achieve great success in that field. That’s the very thing you should do in the future. 

”So when she got to the Ohio State University, she took biology, chemistry and some 

other  2 , studying hard to be a vet.  

    Later on, she won a Rotary Ambassadorial Scholarship, which allowed her to 

spend her  3  year studying abroad in Manchester, England. Away from the 

family and the  4  from them, she found herself one day sitting at her desk, 

surrounded by biology books and staring out the window, when it suddenly hit her: 

“I’m in total  5 . I don’t want to be a vet! ” 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     6  she thought back over all the things she’d done in her life and what had 

made her happy. And then it hit her—it w as all of the youth leadership conferences 

that she had volunteered at  7  the communications and leadership course she had 

taken as selective course back at Ohio State. “How could I have been so  8 ? Here 

I am in my fourth year at school and just finally  9  that I’m on the wrong path. I 


just never took the time to  10  it until now, ”she thought.  [来源:Zxxk.Com]

     11  by her new thought, Jane spent the rest of her year in England taking 

courses in communications and media studies. When  12  to Ohio State, she was  

13  able to convince the administration to let her create her own programme 

in“leadership studies, ” 14  it took her 2 years longer to finally graduate. She 

 15  to become a senior management adviser in leadership training and 

development for the Pentagon. She  16  founded a drug—prevention organization 

that  17  the message, “Lead your own life with the skill and the 

 18  to say no. ” 

    So, never  19  someone else’s dreams. If you limit your  20  only to what 

seems possible or reasonable, you disconnect yourself from what you truly want.  

【文章大意】这篇文章主要讲述了               Jane 小时候喜欢动物,      所以很多人让她成为

兽医。她在大四的时候忽然意识到自己真正感兴趣的是什么。Jane                          把在英国剩

下的时间都花在了参加沟通和领导能力课程上。Jane                    最后说服了学校管理部门

同意她换专业,       勇敢地选择了自己喜欢的梦想的故事。

1. A. engineer          B. programmer

C. doctor               D. vet
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【解析】选      D。根据文章上文“As a child, Jane was fond of animals. ”可知, 

Jane 小时候一直喜欢小动物;         又根据下文“studying hard to be a vet. ”可知, 此处

指的是很多人认为她应该成为一名兽医。故选                    D。

2. A. subjects          B. objects

C. projects             D. programs

【解析】选      A。根据文章上文“she took biology, chemistry”可知,   这些都是她所

学习的科目。所以此处指的是科目的意思。故选                     A。

3. A. first    B. second      C. final   D. past

【解析】选      C。根据文章第三段“Here I am in my fourth year at school”可知, 

Jane 是在大学最后一年去英国学习的。故选                C。

4. A. promise        B. stress

C. complaint         D. press

【解析】选      B。根据文章句子“Away from the family and the ________from them, 

”可知,   此处结合语境表示的是          Jane 远离了家人,    同时也远离了来自家人的压力。

故选   B。 

5. A. vain           B. misery


C. delight           D. surprise[来源:学,科,网 Z,X,X,K]

【解析】选      B。根据文章上文“surrounded by biology books and staring out the 

window”以及下文“I don’t want to be a vet! ”可知, Jane 突然发现自己并不想做兽

医,  所以感到很痛苦。故选          B。

6. A. Then           B. Instead

C. Perhaps           D. Seldom
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【解析】选      A。此处结合语境,       前后为顺接关系,       即接下来她回想了自己所做

的事情,    以及哪些事情是让她高兴的。所以此处“然后、接下来”,                      符合语境。故

 选 A。

7. A. but      B. or       C. and        D. so

【解析】选      C。根据文章上文“the youth leadership conferences”以及此处“the 

communications and leadership course”可知, 这里指的是青年领袖会议以及沟通

和领导能力课程。所以结合语境此处是并列关系。故选                        C。

8. A. disturbed         B. ignorant

C. intelligent          D. inspired

【解析】选      B。根据文章上文“And then it hit her—it was all of the youth 

leadership conferences that she had volunteered at ________the communications and 

leadership course she had taken as selective course back at Ohio State. ”可知, 这里

指的是    Jane 忽然意识到自己真正感兴趣的是什么。所以此处指她对自己曾经的

错误选择感到自责,        认为自己是无知的。故选           B。 

9. A. aware             B. unconscious

C. afraid               D. satisfied

【解析】选      A。根据文章句子“Here I am in my fourth year at school and just 

finally ________that I’m on the wrong path. ”可知句意: 我现在大学四年级了,    最

后才意识到自己走在错误的道路上。结合语境,                    此处指的是意识到的意思。故

选  A。 

10. A. complete         B. accomplish

C. permit               D. admit
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【解析】选      D。根据文章上文“I’m on the wrong path. ”可知,    此处指直到现在

“我”才花时间去承认“我”走到了错误的道路上这个事实。故选                        D。

11. A. Inspired         B. Disappointed

C. Embarrassed          D. Confused

【解析】选      A。根据文章句子“________by her new thought, Jane spent the rest of 

her year in England taking courses in communications and media studies. ”可知此处

说的是受到新想法的鼓舞, Jane          把在英国剩下的时间都花在了参加沟通和领导

能力课程上。故选        A。 

12. A. relating         B. returning

C. responding           D. referring

【解析】选      B。根据文章第一段“So when she got to the Ohio State University”可

知,  此处指的是     Jane 从英国回到了俄亥俄州。所以此处指的是返回的意思。故

选  B。

13. A. eventually       B. especially


C. hardly               D. desperately[来源:学*科*网]

【解析】选      A。根据文章下文“________it took her 2 years longer to finally 

graduate. ”可知, Jane 最后说服了学校管理部门同意她换专业。此处“最后、最终”

符合语境。故选       A。 

14. A. if               B. as

C. although             D. while

【解析】选      C。根据文章上文“When ________to Ohio State, she was 

________able to convince the administration to let her create her own programme in 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

“leadership studies”可知, Jane 最后说服了学校管理部门同意她换专业。所以此

处结合语境指的是尽管这样做要多花两年时间才能毕业。故选                          C。 

15. A. managed          B. failed

C. tried                D. attempted

【解析】选      A。根据文章句子“She ________to become a senior mana  gement 

adviser”可知, Jane 最终成功地成为高级管理顾问。所以此处结合语境指的是“设

法做成、努力完成”。故选           A。 

16. A. still            B. never

C. again                D. also

【解析】选      D。根据文章上文“She ________to become a senior management 

adviser”可知, Jane 最终成功地成为高级管理顾问。所以此处“She 

________founded a drug-prevention organization”指的是 Jane 取得的另外一个成

就。also  意为“也,   还”, 符合语境。故选       D。 

17. A. proves           B. conveys

C. concludes            D. warns

【解析】选      B。根据文章句子“She ________founded a drug-prevention 

organization that ________the message, ”可知, 此处指的是 Jane 创立了一个毒品

预防组织,     而该组织传递了一个信息。结合语境此处是传递的意思。故选                          B。 


18. A. fact             B. chance[来源:学|科|网]

C. will                 D. truth

【解析】选      C。根据文章上文“When ________to Ohio State, she was 

________able to convince the administration to let her create her own programme in 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

‘leadership studies, ’________it took her 2 years longer to finally graduate. ”可知, 

Jane 改变了所学专业,      努力做自己喜欢的事情。所以此处填                will, 与 skill 并列, 

表示意愿。故选       C。 

19. A. ignore           B. break

C. realize              D. live

【解析】选      D。根据文章句子“So, never ________someone else’s dreams. ”可知

此处指永远不要去实现别人的梦想。live one’s dream             意为实现某人的梦想。故

选  D。 

20. A. smiles        B. choices

C. mistakes          D. reasons

【解析】选      B。根据文章第一段“As a child, Jane was fond of animals. As a 

consequence, when she was growing up, all she ever heard was as follows, ‘Jane, you 

should be a ________’”. 可知, 因为 Jane 小时候喜欢动物,     很多人都让她成为一

名兽医。所以此处指的是如果你将你的选择仅限定在看起来可能或者合理的事

情上,   那你就可能远离自己真正想要的东西了。结合语境是选择的意思。故选

B。 

Ⅱ. 语法填空

  阅读下面短文,        在空白处填入       1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  A Long March-2F carrier rocket 1. ________(carry) the Shenzhou XI manned 

spacecraft blasted off in October 2016. In the past 18 years since 1999, 11 Shenzhou 

spacecraft 2. ________(send) into space, and the missions have developed from 

unmanned ones to the manned ones,  with each one making new and significant 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

progress. Now China is the third country after Russia and the United States        

3. ________ has independently developed advanced space technology and conducted 

manned spaceflights. 4. ________(compare) with Russia and the United States,  

China was underdeveloped at the beginning. 5. ________ the country has never given 

up on its determination 6. ________(catch) up with the world’s leaders in science and 

technology. That explains why China has achieved such a lot in the development of 

its space technology in the past two decades and is striving to make new 

7. ________(breakthrough). As the world’s second largest economy,  China wan ts 

to make its contribution 8. ________ the development of human civilization. 

Conducting space 9. ________(explore) not only has the potential to expand human 

knowledge of the universe but also extends the cooperation of major powers in the 

10. ________(peace) use of space.  

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了中国搭载神舟十一号载人飞船的

长征二号     F 型运载火箭发射并介绍了中国航天技术的发展。

1. 【解析】carrying。考查非谓语动词。分析句子成分可知,                  此处是非谓语动词

作定语修饰      carrier rocket, carry 和 carrier rocket 之间是主动关系, 故填现在分词

carrying。

2. 【解析】have been sent。考查动词时态和语态。根据语境可知,                 此处指自

1999 年以来,    过去  18 年中, 11 个神舟飞行器已经被发射进入太空。所以此处

用现在完成时的被动语态。
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

3. 【解析】that。考查定语从句引导词。分析句子结构可知,                    此处引导定语从句, 

先行词是     country, 在从句中作主语,     并且先行词前有序数词          third 修饰。故填

that。

4. 【解析】Compared。考查非谓语动词。分析句子成分可知,                    此处是非谓语动

词作状语, compare   与主语    China 构成被动关系,     应用过去分词;      由于位于句首, 

首字母大写。故填过去分词            Compared。

5. 【解析】But。考查连词。根据语境可知,               此处指:   起初,  中国科技欠发达, 

但是没有放弃,       决心追赶。所以此处表转折关系,             故填   But。

6. 【解析】to catch。考查非谓语动词。此处为不定式作目的状语,表示“决心

去追赶”。

7. 【解析】breakthroughs。考查名词单复数。根据语境可知,                取得很多新突破。

breakthrough 是可数名词,   前面无冠词,      故填  breakthroughs, 表示泛指。

8. 【解析】to。考查介词。此处使用的是              make a contribution to 表示做出贡献这

一固定搭配,      故填  to。

9. 【解析】exploration。考查词性转换。分析句子结构可知, not only              前的部分

作主语,    而主语中需用名词作         conducting 的宾语, 故填  exploration。space 在此

处作定语。

10. 【解析】peaceful。考查词性转换。所填词修饰名词                use, 故填形容词

peaceful。

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