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18-19人教版 必修一 Unit 5 Section Ⅲ 课时分层作业14

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                   课时分层作业(十四)

                           [语言知识练习固基础]

     Ⅰ.语境填词
     A)根据汉语提示,写出下列语句中所缺单词的正确形式
     1.We must follow the principle(原则)that education should be fair to everyone.
     2.It does serious harm to children's character that too much violence(暴力)is 
 shown on television.
     3.The product is of very good quality(质量),so it sells well.
     4.In my opinion,it is a mean(卑鄙的)thing to do.
     5.Our family vote(投票表决)to turn to the lawyer for help.
     B)在空白处填入      1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式
     6.Activities all take place under the guidance(guide) of an experienced teacher.
     7.It's so unfair(fair)—she gets more money for less work!
     8.He is a devoted(devote)friend of mine,a man I can always depend on.
     9.It was reported that the city was  under attack yesterday and it was 
 completely destroyed.
     10.Only after Mary read her composition the second time did she notice the 
 spelling mistake.
     Ⅱ.单句改错(每个句子仅有          1 处错误)
     1.I'm  devoting all my time and energy to care for my parents right 

now.care→caring
     2.He was out of the work owing to a physical injury.work 前的 the 去掉
     3.As matter of fact,business has come to a stop.As 后加 a
     4.A police officer was killed when his car blows up.blows→blew
     5.She experienced a joy in helping others in the trouble.trouble 前的 the 去掉
                         [高考题型练习提能力]

     Ⅰ.阅读理解
     In the state of Maryland,a girl was born into slavery(奴隶制)in 1820.Her 
 parents named her Araminta Harriet Ross.She was to become Harriet Tubman.She 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 was one of about one million Africans in slavery in the United States.
     From the age of five,Harriet Tubman's owners made her 
work  very hard.First,she cared for the child of the farm 
owner.Then,she did hard work on large farms.
     Although she could not read or write,Tubman learned from 
 her parents to do what was right.Through her whole life,Tubman 
put herself in danger to help other people.
     One such act changed her life when she was 13 years old.Because she helped 
 another slave,her owner threw a piece of metal at her and it hit her on the head.She 
 was badly hurt.For the rest of her life,Tubman's head wound caused problems for 
 her.
     When she was about 25 years old,Harriet married a free black man named John 
Tubman.But  she was still a slave.Her life was so difficult that she decided to 
escape.She travelled for 145 kilometres,and finally crossed into the North.Tubman 
became a free woman.
     But Tubman could not leave her family enslaved in the South.So she travelled 
back to help them escape as well.Then,she made many trips and guided about 300 
 slaves to freedom.Tubman also fought bravely in the American Civil War and in 1865 
 slavery was not allowed in the US.
     Harriet Tubman died in 1913.Her memory brings hope to many people—
especially to those who fight for justice(正义).She encouraged people to never give 
 up.
     “If you want a taste of freedom,keep going.”
     【语篇解读】 本文是记叙文。文章主要介绍了美国杰出的黑人废奴主义
 运动家哈莉特·塔布曼。

     1.What do we know about Harriet Tubman?
     A.She was born a slave.
     B.She was born in Africa.
     C.She was taken to the US by a slave trader.
     D.She was sold to a farm owner when she was born.
     A [细节理解题。根据第一段中的“a               girl was born into slavery”可知,
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 Harriet Tubman 出生于奴隶家庭,也就意味着她一出生就是奴隶。]

     2.When she was 13 years old,Tubman        .
     A.planned to run away
     B.helped a slave escape
     C.fought bravely against her owner
     D.was seriously hurt in her head
     D [细节理解题。根据第四段中的“when she was 13 years old”和“her owner 

threw a piece of metal at her and it hit her on the head.She was badly hurt”可知,

 Tubman 在 13 岁的时候,头部受到重创。]

     3.We can infer from the text that Tubman was      .
     A.honest and friendly
     B.strong and helpful
     C.lucky and careful
     D.clever and polite
     B [推理判断题。根据文中对            Tubman 事迹的描述可知,作为奴隶的她受
 到非人的折磨,但她却凭借自己顽强的意志成功摆脱奴隶的身份,并且多次帮

 助其他奴隶获取自由。由此可知,B               项准确概括了       Tubman 的品质特点。]

     4.What would be the best title for the text?
     A.Africans'Fight for Freedom
     B.Harriet Tubman:From Slave to Hero
     C.The History of Slavery in the United States
     D.The American Civil War:The North Against the South
     B [标题归纳题。Harriet        Tubman 出身奴隶,但她渴望自由,最终逃到美
 国北方,获取新生。不仅如此,她还帮助无数黑奴奔向自由,成了一名英雄。
 故 B 项作标题贴切。]

     Ⅱ.完形填空
     Miners are typically regarded as workers carrying shovels.I suppose that is   1   
 we see them as people who dig.We as the human race can   2   a lot from miners 
 and how they dig to get the best from the depths.We   3   can get the best from our 
 depths.
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    My    4   ,Francis Lewis Yohnke,who   was born color­blind(色盲的),

worked in the mines.He was color­blind not only in   5  ,but also in how he saw 
his   6   workers,and the unimportance of the color of their   7   or origin;he 
held no prejudice(偏见)in any way.
    It was an evening in 1968,and our summer sun had just   8  .There was a 
knock on our front door and a neighbor who lived up the street from us was   9   
my father.
    He had just been   10   from jail and had previously worked an office job at 
the Allan mine(a mine that my father had helped build some years earlier) after it was 
completed.He had been   11    taking money from the company and had just 
finished serving   12   for cheating.
    Now out of jail and having a   13   time finding steady work(he had his 
house,family and kids to support),he was   14   of money.

    After discussing his   15   with my father outside on our home's front steps,
Dad came in and asked Mom(she took care of the family finances)to write a $100   
16   out to him.
    This was a   17    amount of money back then.Dad knew that the money 
wouldn't be   18  .He knew our own family would have to make adjustments to 
our own   19   over the coming months to make up for the lost income.That was 
Dad,   20  ready to help another.
    【语篇解读】 本文为夹叙夹议文。作者的父亲虽然是一位矿工,但是身

上有很多值得我们学习的地方,如平等待人、热情助人。

                             (教师用书独具)
    【重点词语链接】 prejudice n.偏见
    We should hold no prejudice against those who are disabled.我们对那些残疾人
不应该有偏见。

    1.A.why B.because      C.when    D.where
    B [那是因为(because)我们把他们(矿工)看成挖掘工。]

    2.A.experience   B.suffer  C.imagine  D.learn
    D [由下文“they dig to get the best from the depths.We   3   can get the best 

from our depths”可知,矿工值得赞扬,因此我们可以从他们身上学到很多东西。
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 ]
     3.A.still  B.too   C.quite  D.soon
     B [上下文为类比推理,此处表示我们也(too)能从深处得到最好的东西。]

     4.A.father   B.mother   C.brother  D.grandma
     A [由下文内容可知,这里指的是父亲。]

     5.A.mind    B.future  C.vision  D.action
     C [由常识可知,患有色盲的人主要是视觉上有问题。]

     6.A.favorite  B.white   C.senior  D.fellow
     D [此处指在对待同事上作者的父亲也是平等的。fellow                      worker 意为“同
 事”。]

     7.A.figure   B.skin  C.condition  D.health
     B [结合空后的      origin 可知,作者的父亲对待同事没有偏见,不分肤色
 (skin)和出身。]

     8.A.set   B.risen  C.changed   D.gone
     A [由语境“It was an evening in 1968”可知,当时太阳已经下山了(set)。]

     9.A.sending for  B.leaving for  C.calling on  D.turning on
     C [由语境“There was a knock on our front door”,可知,有人来拜访(call on)作

 者的父亲,下文也有说明。]

     10.A.released  B.picked   C.attacked  D.found
     A [由下文中的“Now out of jail”可知,他已经从监狱里被释放(release)出来
 了。]

     11.A.protected  B.prevented   C.caught  D.kept
     C [他被发现从公司里拿钱。catch sb.doing sth.意为“发现某人在做某事”

,此处为其被动形式。]

     12.A.people   B.army    C.mines   D.time
     D [由语境可知,他已经刑满释放。serve               time 意为“服刑”,其他选项均
 不符合语境。]

     13.A.difficult  B.wonderful  C.good   D.happy
     A [由下文描述的情况及常识可推知,他刚刚出狱,要找到一份稳定的工
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 作非常困难。]

     14.A.generous   B.short  C.hopeful   D.selfish
     B [由上文描述的情况及下文父亲给他钱可知,他资金短缺。be                           short of 
money 意为“缺钱”。]

     15.A.position  B.principle  C.education  D.situation
     D [在他和作者的父亲讨论了他目前的情况之后,父亲进屋和母亲商议给
 他开一张支票。]

     16.A.note   B.cash   C.cheque   D.change
     C [由上文“she took care of the family finances”可知,父亲让母亲给他开一

 张 100 美元的支票。cheque“支票”,符合语境。]

     17.A.large   B.small   C.certain  D.proper
     A [当时   100 美元是一笔数目不小的钱。由下文中的“make adjustments...for 
 the lost income”可知答案。]

     18.A.changed    B.returned  C.wasted  D.rewarded
     B [父亲知道这钱不会被归还的,因为当时他们邻居的情况实在太糟糕了。
  ]
     19.A.dressing   B.working   C.dieting  D.spending
     D [钱借给了别人,因此在接下来的几个月要调整家庭的开销(spend)。]

     20.A.sometimes   B.never   C.always   D.seldom
     C [从全文作者对待父亲的态度可知,作者非常尊敬父亲,因此从情感态
 度以及空后的“help another”可知用       always 比较合适。] 【导学号:11132090】
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