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新人教版选修8高中英语 Unit5 Meeting your ancestors单元测试2

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高中英语审核员

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       选修八  Unit 5《Meeting your ancestors》单元测试                       2

笔试部分:
I. 单项选择
1. —Is the ancient musical instrument in good condition?
  —__________ .It has been preserved well.
A、OK.I will       B、Sure        C、No problem         D.All right
2.Welcome to our club.You will be accepted as members            your age and 
sex.
A、because of     B、regardless   C、in case of           D.in place of
3. —__________  and  you will get  a good chance.I'm sure that  you will make 
great progress.
   —Thank you.
A、Look ahead     B、Well done   C、Come on           D.No problem
4. Five young men were           for the explosion,with ten citizen killed and 
sixty-two injured.
A、reduced        B、confused   C、arrested           D.intended
5. —How old is the ancient tower?
  —It's about 610 years old.It __________ back to Ming dynasty.
A、dates          B、brings     C、rings             D.takes
6.The escaped prisoner got __________ immediately he turned up at the railway 
station and was sent to prison again.
A、to arrest       B、arresting   C、arrested           D.to be arrested
7.She  could have  lived with  us  when she  visited our  city  last time,but 
__________ she didn't let us know.
A、otherwise     B、meanwhile  C、altogether         D.somehow
8.The reason why George is looking for another job is that he is __________ his 
manager's complaints.
A、fed up with    B、come up with     C、kept up with    D.put up with
9.Without evidence to prove him guilty,John should be __________ to be innocent 
of the crime.
A、acknowledged    B、assumed      C、distributes      D.comforted
10.On the top  of the books __________ the stamp album my  uncle gave me as a 
birthday present.
A、has          B、is         C、are               D.have
11.I had  never imagined so little  a child typing with such  great speed and 
__________ .
A、authority      B、adaptation      C、accuracy        D.acquaintance
12.For some time now,Chinese people,under the leadership of CPC, __________ the 
contents  of the  Scientific Development Theory in  the course  of practicing 
socialism in China.
A、had been carrying out              B、carried out 
C、were carrying out                 D、have been carrying out
13. —Jim,are you __________ this Saturday?
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   —Oh,sorry.I need to go to the bookshop __________ the bank on Saturday. 
A、convenient;and                   B、convenient;as well as
C、available;with                    D、available;as well as
14. —What will you buy for your father's birthday?
   —I want to buy a __________ wallet for him.
A、black leather small                B、small black leather
C、small leather black                D、black small leather
15. —I didn't take notes in class yesterday because I had lost my pen.
   —You __________ mine.I __________ it.
A、must have borrowed;wasn't using
B、may have borrowed;didn't use
C、should have borrowed;hadn't used
D、could have borrowed;wasn't using 

II  完形填空 
   In July, 2003, after searching for 12 years, explorers announced that they 
had located the sunken ship  called Republic in 1,700 feet of water about 100 
miles  off the  southeast coast  of  the United  States. The  Republic was  a 
steamship carrying 59  16   from New York to New Orleans   17   it  18    in a 
hurricane  on  October  25,1865, according  to  newspaper  reports and  other 
historical records.
   All the  passengers were rescued,   19   the ship and  its valuable goods, 
including 20,000 $20 gold coins--intended to help pay for the reconstruction of 
the South  after the Civil War  —  went to  the bottom of the  ocean with the 
Republic.
   Over the past thirty years, underwater archaeology  20  as diving equipment 
and robots that can be used under water    21  . It can raise good     22   , 
both for governments and private commercial companies which   23    this kind 
of business. The    24    of the Titanic has made underwater archaeology very 
popular. Since the Republic is so far out in international waters, the company 
doesn't need   25  to begin work at the site. No one    26   near the site for 
about 140 years.
   Nearly 4,000 artifacts were   27   , giving a good impression of life in the 
1860s,  from shoes  to chess  pieces, combs,  toothbrushes, plates  and cups, 
personal things, cooking and serving bowls, and many, many more    28   .
   Recovering the Republic  may  29   up to $3  million. However,  30    that 
selling the gold coins may bring   31    money in profits   32   from $120 to 
$180  million. Today more  than 51,000  coins have  been recovered,  which is 
believed to be about 25% of  33   . The collection includes over 100 different 
types of gold coins  34   between 1838 and 1865, and contains some of the  35  
examples of United States gold and silver coins from the period.

16. A. deer        B. passengers      C. newspapers     D. people
17. A. while       B. when            C. as             D. as soon as
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18. A. sank        B. buried           C. went           D. got
19. A. and         B. or               C. however        D. but
20. A. found                  B. came into being
  C. went into               D. came into beings
21. A. improved               B. progressed
   C. were improved          D. were progressed
22. A. outcome    B. profits          C. results        D. consequences
23. A. take out     B. take in         C. undertake     D. take up
24. A. invention   B. discovery        C. being         D. appearance
25. A. a permit     B. a certificate      C. time          D. energy
26. A. was         B. has been        C. had been      D. is
27. A. invented     B. recovered       C. covered        D. uncovered
28. A. object       B. piece           C. lists           D. items
29. A. cost         B. took            C. spent         D. paid
30. A. it expected   B. it is expected     C. it is reported    D. it reported
31. A. many        B. an amount of    C. a number of    D. a great deal
32. A. ranging      B. including        C. expanding     D. rising
33. A. the rest      B. the total         C. the most       D. the money
34. A. writing       B. suggesting      C. showing        D. dating
35. A. best         B. smallest         C. finest          D. tiniest

III.   阅读理解
                               A
   On May 3, 2002, archaeologists in England found a grave of a man dating back 
to around 2300 BC. Buried with him were the tools of a hunter or warrior. There 
was a bone pin that may have been from a piece of clothing such as a leather 
coat. He carried a  copper knife on his breast. The most amazing find was two 
gold  earrings. That would  have made him  a man  of distinction. Only  a few 
centimeters from his head were two  pots made of clay, tools and materials to 
make arrows, a bow and a dozen arrows for hunting and a second, smaller copper 
knife. Next to them lay a cushion stone, upon which the man could work metal.
   His grave is the richest of any found from that period, because this man was 
buried with two gold earrings which are the oldest gold ever found in Britain 
(dated  to 2470  BC). Besides,  he  was buried  three miles  from Stonehenge. 
Archaeologists tend to believe he was  a member of a powerful class who might 
have organized the construction of Stonehenge.
 Stonehenge was begun around 3000 BC. In about 2300 BC the huge stone circles 
were built. The  biggest stone weighed approximately 20 tons. But the smaller 
blue stones, still weighing 4 tons on average, came from west Wales. It is not 
yet known  how these were conveyed  over a distance of  380 km. It  is also a 
mystery how  early man  was able to  construct Stonehenge without the  use of 
modern construction machines and lorries.
 He is  an example of people who brought  culture and new techniques from the 
European  mainland to  Britain. In terms of technical development people were 
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going from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age and then to the Iron Age.
 36. Which are not included in the things that are found in the grave of a man'?
    A. Tools, a bone pin, a bow and a cushion stone
    B. A copper knife and two gold earrings.
    C. Two pots, arrows and materials to make arrows.
    D. some chicken and grains.
 37. The man buried in the grave might be ______ at that time.
A. A poor man      B. a kind-hearted man  
C. a rich man       D. an ordinary man
 38. Why is the man buried in the grave called the "king of Stonehenge" ?
     A. He was buried three miles from Stonehenge.
     B. He had the oldest gold ever found in Britain.
     C. He might be a member of a powerful class who might have organized the 
construction of Stonehenge.
     D. All of the above.
 39. What does the third paragraph mainly talk about?
     A. How Stonehenge was built. 
     B. Building Stonehenge was hard.
     C. Stonehenge was made of big stones.
     D. It is a mystery how Stonehenge was built.
40. We can infer that _______ .
     A. how Stonehenge was built
     B. the King of Stonehenge was from France
     C. Stonehenge was built through several ages 
D. Stonehenge was built because of war


                             B
THREATS TOOUR NATIONAL TREASURES
J: journalist     X: Prof Xu
J: People  have always had interests in the past.  Professor Xu, what are the 
most important dangers to our archaeological treasures?
X: They get damaged or  lost. It's a matter of education. People fail to take 
the right steps when something is found. Fortunately, the government has helped 
spreading the basic knowledge among the population, telling what is to be done 
when an archaeological find is made.
J: What does that knowledge consist of ?
X: Well,  when something is found, construction work must  be stopped and the 
police should be  told about the find.  That is to make  sure that no further 
damage will be done.
J: Does it still happen that people do not report things they find?
X:  Yes, indeed. They doubt  whether it is  necessary to do  so. It sometimes 
happens that a find is not very valuable. They are afraid that they would make 
scientists come for nothing.
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J: Are there other reasons why people don't report their finds?
X: Oh, yes. People are afraid that archaeologists may take a real interest in 
the site and spend many weeks or months digging around at it. That would result 
in farmers missing the right opportunity to plant crops or construction work to 
be stopped for a long time. They don't realize that they should not weigh their 
own business interests against our national history.
J:  If it is  so important to  dig things up  and collect them, then  why are 
archaeologists worried that  other people dig  up artifacts and  give them to 
museums or add them to their own private archaeological collections?
X: Archaeology is a professional discipline. Years of training and experience 
are needed. It is not just about finding things and digging them up. The field 
work must be  done very carefully. Of every find there  needs to be a written 
record,  to which a  photograph must  be added.  The records must  also state 
exactly what  was found,  where it was  found and  when. The outdoor  work is 
followed by work in the lab, cleaning, restoring and identifying each artifact. 
Finally, when  all is done,  an analysis must  be written and  published in a 
magazine or a book.
J: Are there any other dangers, natural disasters perhaps?
X: Unfortunately there are treasure hunters: people search for valuable objects, 
especially jewellery and gold.  They are the worst. History  does not need to 
fear nature very much. What has been buried has often been buried well. It is 
often human digging that causes the loss of valuable materials. It may seem a 
contradiction, but leaving things as they are  would often be the best way of 
keeping things for the generations to come.
41. The interview is probably a conversation between
      A. Mr Xu and his wife                    B. a student and a teacher
      C. a teacher and a newspaper reporter    D. a professor and a farmer
42. According to Professor Xu, there are ______ why people do not report finds.
      A. no reasons         B. certain threats
      C. few dangers        D. several reasons
43. The reason  why some people do not inform the police about archaeological 
finds is that ______ .
  A. they are afraid of the police
  B. the government has failed to inform the public
  C. they think working archaeologists will cause trouble
  D. they don't have the years of training and experience that are needed
44. For most artifacts ______ can quite easily see whether they are valuable or 
not.
   A. farmers   B. the police    C. construction workers   D. local experts
45. In the opinion of Professor Xu, the greatest danger to our archaeological 
treasures are ______ .
     A. natural disasters         B. farmers and construction workers
     C. scientists               D. treasure hunters
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                             C
篇章结构

     A mental health researcher who has studied depressed mothers in Pakistan 
plans an effort next year to help them. Doctor Atif Rahman is in the Department 
of Child Psychiatry (精神病治疗法)       at Royal Manchester Children's Hospital in 
England.
     Doctor Rahman led a team that linked depression (沮丧;消沉) in women with 
lower weight in their babies during the first year of life.   46  
The study identified one  hundred and sixty of the women, or  one in four, as 
depressed. They had lost interest and pleasure in normal life. They always felt 
sad  or tired.  They had problems  eating or  sleeping. They felt  guilty and 
thought about killing themselves.
      47   Re-examinations took place at two, six and twelve months of age. The 
health workers also re-examined the mental health of the mothers.
     Babies whose mothers remained depressed grew less than the babies of the 
other women. The babies of the depressed mothers were also more likely to get 
sick with diarrhea (腹泻).    The findings appeared in September in Archives of 
General Psychiatry(精神病学档案).        48  Other studies in South Asia have found 
that depression  affects almost twice as many  women in developing countries. 
Conditions in poor  countries can make it more difficult to  care for a baby. 
Doctor Rahman says depression can make it even more difficult for a mother to 
do things such as boil water to kill harmful organisms (微生物).
     49    These women visit new mothers for up  to a year. The workers offer 
advice about things like health and cleanliness.
      50    The  program will be  tested for three years  to see how  well it 
succeeds.
A. Now Doctor Rahman wants to add special support for depressed mothers.  The 
idea is that the health worker will listen to the mother's problems and suggest 
some easy things at first that she can do for her baby.
B. Earlier studies showed that ten to fifteen percent of pregnant women and new 
mothers in Western nations suffer from depression.
C. For ten years, Pakistan has employed what are called "lady health .workers".
D. The  team studied six hundred and thirty-two  women from small villages in 
Rawalpindi. The women were in good physical health and in the last three months 
of pregnancy.
E. The researchers compared these women with one hundred and sixty others who 
were not depressed. Health workers then weighed and measured the babies of both 
groups at birth.
F. The study showed that depression in women had nothing with lower weight in 
their babies. 

IV. (1) 短语翻译
   51. 古代埃及人工制品 ____________________________
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   52. 六米厚的灰 ___________________________________
   53. 鱼骨做成的项链 ______________________________
   54. 不管;不顾 __________________________
   55. 人类文明 ____________________________

(2) 句子翻译 
   56. 我们不顾恶劣的天气继续我们的旅行。(regardless of)
   57. 新年伊始,他开始为将来设想,制定长期工作计划。(look ahead)
   58. 他一直都在想办法解决这个问题。(have/ has been doing)
   59. 她的教练宽慰地为他的成功鼓掌。(relief; applaud)
   60. 要是他早有预见,计划得更好些就好了。(If only…)
   61. 他失业以后心情很郁闷。(in low spirits)
   62. 他们正试图研制一种新药来控制这种疾病的蔓延。(arrest)
   63. 我们有充足的差旅费。(ample)
   64. 他的无礼反映了他缺乏家教。(suggest)
   65. 厚厚的积雪是他们寸步难行。(progress)
参考答案
I 单项选择
1~5 BBACA
6~10 CDABB
11~15 CDDBC
II 完型填空:
16---20 BBADB     21---25 CBCBA
26---30 BBDAB     31---35 BABDC
III 阅读理解:
36---40 DCDDC    41---45 CDCDD
篇章结构: 46---50 DEBCA
IV.短语翻译:
51. ancient Egyptian artifact
52. layers of ash almost 6 meters thick
53. the necklace made of a fish bone
54. regardless of
55. the civilization of mankind
翻译句子:
56. We carried on our travel regardless of terrible weather.
57. At the beginning of New Year she begins to look ahead and makes a long-term 
plan for work.
58. He has been thinking about the way to solve the problem.
59. Her coach applauded her success with relief.
60. If only he had looked ahead and planned better!
61. He was in low spirits after he lost his job.
62. The are trying to make a new medicine to arrest the spread of the disease.
63. We have ample money for the journey.
64. His bad manners suggest a lack of family education.
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65. Their progress was stopped by the deep snow.
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