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英语高考专题之时态和语态练习题

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                   英语高考专题之时态和语态练习题

  1. —Will Li Ming attend the concert by Jay Chou?

    —No. He _______for the coming speech contest lately. 

    A. prepared                    B. was preparing

    C. has been preparing          D. has prepared

  2. —I called at your house at about 7 o’clock yesterday evening, but you weren’t in. 

    —I _______ a film in the cinema. 

    A. saw          B. had seen    C. see          D. was seeing

  3. —Kevin, you look worried. Anything wrong?

    —Well, I   a test and I’m waiting for the result.

    A. will take    B. took        C. had taken    D. take

  4. There they met two Indian monks who were Buddhist masters and _______ as educators 
without salary. 

    A. were working                B. worked

    C. have worked                 D. had worked

  5. —My TV set doesn’t work, the water tap is dripping and my car is still under repair! 

    —You sure _______ bad luck these days. 

    A. are having                  B. will have

    C. had had                     D. had

  6. —The food here is nice enough. 

    —My friend _______ me a right place. 

    A. introduces                  B. introduced

    C. had introduced              D. was introducing

  7. —What’s that noise? Is the water still running? 

    —Oh, my God! I ______ to turn it off after I brushed my teeth. 

    A. was forgetting              B. had forgotten


    C. forgot                      D. forget[来源:学+科+网]
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8. —Is this the first time you _______ Xiamen? 

  —No. But the first time I _______ here, the city wasn’t so beautiful. 

  A. visited; come               B. visited; have come

  C. have visited; came          D. have visited; have come

9. He has promised me that upon my return he _______ for me at the airport. 

  A. is waiting                  B. will be waiting

  C. will have waited            D. waits

10. —What’s the matter? 

  —The shoes don’t fit properly. They _______ my feet. 

  A. will hurt    B. have hurt   C. are hurting  D. are hurt

11. In order  to find the missing child, villagers     all they can over the past five hours.

  A. did          B. do          C. had done     D. have been doing

12. It’s 7: 30. Hurry up! Your train _____ at 8: 15. 

  A. leaves   B. left        C. is leaving   D. has left

13. —My goodness! The accident might not have happened if we had done it more carefully. 

  —But we _______. 

  A. haven’t      B. wouldn’t    C. hadn’t   D. didn’t

14. “Life is like walking in the snow”, Granny used to say, “because every step   ”

  A. has shown    B. is showing    C. shows      D. showed

15. Clos e the door of fear behind you, and you     the door of faith open before you.

  A. saw          B. have seen   C. will see     D. are seeing

16. —I’m trying to find yesterday’s newspaper. Have you seen it? 

  —I’m afraid that I _______ it away. I thought you had finished reading it. 

  A. threw        B. had thrown  C. throw        D. will throw

17. —Why does the steak smell so strange? 

  —I _______ it, it seems. 

  A. had burnt    B. was burning  C. have burnt  D. will burn
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18. We will be losing money this year unless that new economic plan of yours _______ well. 

  A. is working                  B. works    

  C. will be working             D. worked

19. —Got your driving license? 

  —No. I _______ too busy to have enough practice, so I didn’t take the driving test last week. 

  A. was          B. am          C. have been    D. had been

20. —Will you please repeat your idea? 

  —Certainly. But I think it certain that you _______ your attention. 

  A. don’t pay                   B. didn’t pay

  C. weren’t paying              D. aren’t paying

21. The hotel wasn’t particularly good, but I _______ in many worse hotels. 

  A. was staying                 B. stayed

  C. would stay                  D. had stayed

22. “The moment     soon,” he thought to himself, waiting nervously.

  A. came         B. has come    C. was coming   D. is coming

23. —How can you borrow my computer without my permission? 

  —Oh, I _______ to tell you. I hope you don’t mind. 

  A. forget       B. forgot      C. had forgotten D. am forgetting

24. —Has Li Lei finished his work today? 

  —I have no idea, but he _______ it when I saw him this morning. 

  A. had done     B. would do    C. was doing    D. did

25. —Joan was badly injured in the accident yesterday and she was sent to hospital. 

  —Oh, really?I _______. I _______ visit her. 

  A. didn’t know; will go to     B. don’t know; will go to

  C. didn’t know; am going to    D. haven’t known; am going to

26. —I’ll be able to come to see your performance at 8: 30 tomorrow evening. 

  —I’m sorry, by then my performance _______ and I _______ reporters in the meeting room. 
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    A. will be ended; will meet

    B. is to end; will meet

    C. will have ended; will be meeting

    D. will end; am going to meet

  27. “I’m more nervous right now than when I _______ , ” Jane said, as she saw the group of 
reporters waiting anxiously at the exit of the gym. 

    A. had competed                B. compete

    C. was competing               D. have competed

  28. The manager   the workers how to improve the program since 9 am.

    A. has told                    B. is telling    

    C. has been telling            D. will have told
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  1. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:——李明会去听周杰伦的演唱会吗?——不会。近来他
一直为即将到来的演讲比赛做准备。根据句意以及                     lately 可知“准备”这个动作一直在持续,
所以选现在完成进行时。

  2. D  【解析】考查时态。句意:——昨天晚上七点我到你家去拜访你,但你不在家。—
—那时我正在电影院看电影。根据语境和上句的                    at about 7 o’clock yesterday evening, 应选
过去进行时。 

  3. B   【解析】考查时态。句意为:——Kevin,你看起来很着急。有什么事吗?——嗯,我刚
参加了一场考试,正在等结果。由句意“我正在等结果”可知,参加考试是发生在过去的事情,应
用一般过去时。will       take 是一般将来时;took    是一般过去时;had      taken 是过去完成时,表示的
是发生在过去某个动作之前的动作;take              是一般现在时。故选         B。

  4. A  【解析】考查时态。句意:在那儿,他们遇到了两个印度和尚,他们是佛教大师,
当时正在从事无偿传教工作。根据语境,可以看出该选项强调过去某段时间正在进行的动
作,所以选     A。

  5. A  【解析】考查时态。句意:——我的电视机坏了,水龙头在滴水,汽车仍在维修。
——这段日子你的运气的确很糟。根据                these days 可以看出空格处表示的是目前这一阶段
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正在进行的一个动作,所以应选现在进行时。

  6. B  【解析】考查时态。句意:——这儿的食物很不错。——我的朋友真是给我推荐了
一个合适的地方。根据句意,可以推测出隐含的时间信息是“过去”,所以应用一般过去时。

  7. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:——什么声音?是水龙头在流水吗?——噢,天哪!我
刷完牙后忘记关了。根据语境,“我忘记关水龙头”发生在过去,现在已经想起来了,所以
应用一般过去时。

  8. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:——这是你第一次来厦门吗?——不。但是我第一次来
这儿的时候,这座城市还没那么漂亮。第一个空格处为固定句型,this                              is   the   first 
time+that 从句,从句使用现在完成时。第二个空格处表示过去,所以选                        C。

  9. B   【解析】考查时态。句意:他向我许诺,当我回来的时                       候,他将会在机场等我。
根据句意可知,在        upon my  return 这个将来时间内,      设空处动作正在进行,所以用将来进
行时。

  10. C   【解析】考查时态。句意:——出什么事了?——我的鞋不合脚。它们挤得我的
脚疼。根据语境,可推断出隐含的时间是“now”,                  所以应用现在进行时。

  11. D   【解析】考查动词时态。句意为:为了找到那名失踪儿童,在过去的五个小时里村
民们做了他们所能做的一切事情。根据时间状语                    over the past five hours 可知,应该使用现在
完成时或现在完成进行时。A            项是一般过去时,B       项是一般现在时,C      项是过去完成时,都不符
合题意。

  12. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:七点半了。快点!你的火车八点十五出发。用现在进
行时表示将来。

  13. D  【解析】考查时态。句意:——天哪!如果我们再细心一点,这个事故可能就不
会发生。——但是我们没做到细心。根据语境,可以推测出空格处隐含的时间是“过去”,
所以选择一般过去时。

  14. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:祖母过去经常说:“人生就像在雪地里行走,因为每一步都
能显现出来”。根据        Life is like walking in the snow 可知,后半句应用一般现在时。所以选      C。

  15. C  【解析】考查时态。句意为:关上通往恐惧的门之后,你会很快地看到信心的大门。
固定句式:do sth. and you will “做某事,就会……”。C      项为一般将来时,符合题意。A           项为一般
过去时;B   项为现在完成时; D      项为现在进行时。

  16. A   【解析】考查时态。句意:——我正在找昨天的报纸,你看见它了吗?——恐怕
我把它扔了,我以为你已经读完了呢。动作发生在谈话之前,故应用一般过去时态。

  17. C   【解析】考查时态。句意:——为什么牛排的味道这么怪?——好像我已经烤焦
了它。“味道怪”用的是一般现在时,“烤焦”用完成时强调动作的影响,所以选                              C。

  18. B  【解析】句意:我们今年将会赔钱,除非你们的新经济计划运行良好。考查时态
的特殊用法,在时间状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来。故选                          B。
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  19. D  【解析】问句      Got your driving license?为 Have you got your driving license?的省
略表达,    该句对选项无影响。决定选项动词时态的是答句中的                      so I didn’t take the driving test 
last week,分析句子可知,      设空处动作发生在后一动作之前,              表示过去的过去,       故应用过去
完成时。

  20. C   【解析】句意:——你能重复一下你的想法吗?——当然可以。但我认为你肯定
没注意听。设空处动作强调在过去某个时刻正在进行的动作,                         表示在说话的时刻没注意听,
故应选用过去进行时。

  21. D  【解析】由句中的        worse 可知该句是表达比较的含义,            故本题句意:这家旅馆并
不是特别好,     但是我住过许多比它更差的旅馆。由于“The hotel wasn’t particularly good”中的
时态是一般过去时,        所以   stay 这一动作应发生在描述的情况之前,             故须用过去完成时。

  22.  D     【解析】句意为:“这一刻就要来到了,”他自思自忖,紧张地等待着。由句中的
soon 及选项可知本题考查进行时态表将来。且谓语动词                     come 用于直接引语中,故用现在进
行时表将来。D       项为现在进行时,符合题意。A           项为一般过去时;B       项为现在完成时;C      项为过
去进行时。

  23. B  【解析】该句题干中没有提供任何时间状语,                 但从语境及句子的含义判断,            设空处
表示在过去某个时间发生的动作,              所以,   首先排除选项       A、D。由于题干中没有表示过去时
间的对照点,     故再排除选项      C。

  24. C  【解析】考查动词时态。句意:——今天李雷完成他的工作了吗?——我不知道,
但我今早看到他时他在工作。根据句意及时间状语                     when I saw him this morning 可知用过去
进行时。

  25. A  【解析】分析语境及讲话人意图可知,                第一空强调过去的动作,          并不表示现在发
生的事,     故应用一般过去时;第二空应选              will, 表示即时或临时决定将要做的事,               而 be 
going to 表示按计划、安排要做的事。

  26. C  【解析】考查时态。答语句意:很抱歉,到那时,我的表演已经结束了,我会正
在会议室里接见记者。by          接将来时间时,主句应用将来完成时。will                be meeting 是将来进
行时,表达的是将来的某个时间点正在做某事,本题中这个时间点就是                              at 8: 30 tomorrow 
evening。

  27. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:当简看到大群的记者在体育馆出口处焦急等待时,她
说,“我现在比参加比赛时紧张多了。”过去进行时表示过去某段时间正在做某事,这里表
示“刚才参加比赛”时,故用过去进行时。

  28. C  【解析】考查时态。句意:自从上午             9 点经理就一直在告诉工人如何改善这一方案。
此处用现在完成时还是现在完成进行时的关键就是动作是否仍然在进行,如果已经完成,选                                    A;如
果仍然在进行,选       C。从语境看,动作应该是仍在进行中。故选                 C。
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