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2019高考英语一轮复习新人教版选修6 练习题Unit1Art含解析

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                                 Unit 1 Art

                                     李仕才
 一、阅读理解。

    He was there every morning, sitting motionless on the front steps of his 

house. In the morning light, I could see the shadows that were etched(蚀刻)deep 

within the lines surrounding his eyes.

    Each morning I walked this route with my daughter to her kindergarten class. 

We were new to the neighborhood so that I didn’t know many of my neighbors. On 

one beautiful autumn morning, as we passed his house, my daughter called out to 

him, “Hi, Mr. Man!” Always the outgoing child, I wasn’t surprised at her 

enthusiasm. But her cheerfulness soon faded when the man didn’t look at her and 

say “Hi” back.

    As we continued on our walk to school, my daughter asked why the man didn’t 

want to say hi to her. Because I didn’t have an answer, I said simply, “Maybe 

he is having a bad day.” later I knew that Bob lost his wife in a car accident.

    A few days later, as we approached Bob’s house on our way to school, my 

daughter called out “Hi Mr. Man!” and as usual, he didn’t respond. But then 

she ran onto his front lawn and picked up a beautiful red autumn leaf. She 

continued up one step and handed it to him. I held my breath.

    As she skipped back to me, she said, “See you tomorrow, Mr. Man!” This time, 

he acknowledged her. In a soft gentle voice, he thanked her and said, “See you 

tomorrow.”

    From then on, Bob and my daughter exchanged greeting each morning. Our 

friendship with Bob continued for many years. But, the sweetest day is when Bob 

attended my daughter’s high school graduation. Bob gave my daughter a gift---a 

book on identifying various plants and trees. There, tucked in the pages that 

described an oak tree, was the leaf my daughter had given to Mr. Man when they 

first met. He had dried and pressed it and kept it all those years.

1.What puzzled the girl?

  A. The cause of the man’s sadness
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  B. The shadows in the man’s eyes

  C. The man’s sitting still on the steps

  D. The man’s not answering her greeting

2.How did the author feel when his daughter gave the red leaf to the man?

  A. Proud                          B. Nervous

  C. Embarrassed                    D. Comfortable

3.Why did Bob keep that little red leaf?

  A. It was a care from a girl

  B. It was a symbol of enthusiasm

  C. It was a reminder of his painful days

  D. It represented the knowledge of trees

4.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

  A.A Simple Red Leaf                   B.A Strange Neighbor

  C. An Unusual Friend                  D.A Greeting From A girl

    【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。每天上学的路上,我和女儿总会遇见一位男士,女儿

总会给他打招呼,但没有得到答复,有一天当女儿给他摘一片红色的树叶的时候,再次打招

呼的时候,这次得到了答复。多年后在女儿毕业的时候,这位男士送给女儿一本书,上面印

有各种各样的植物和树,还有女儿曾经送给他的那片树叶,在那片树叶里包含着那位男士痛

苦的过去。

1.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据文中              But her cheerfulness soon faded when the man 

    didn’t look at her and say “Hi” back.及   As we continued on our walk to 

    school, my daughter asked why the man didn’t want to say hi to her. Because 

    I didn’t have an answer,的提示可知令那位女孩困惑的是那位男士没有回答她的问候,

    故选  D。


3.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据文中              later I knew that Bob lost his wife in a car 

    accident.的描述可知当时       Bob 刚刚失去自己的妻子,而女儿的行为让他很感动,所以保
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    存下来这片红色的叶子,从而当作对自己痛苦时光的回忆,故选                           A。

4.A 【解析】主旨大意题。根据文中的描述可知这片红色的叶子一直贯穿全文,就是因为它

    才使故事得以发展,因此,一片红色的叶子就是该文的主旨,故选                            A。

 二、教材与语法填空
     根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

     At  the  time   they  were  created,  the  Impressionist  paintings  were 
 controversial, but today they 1.___________  (accept) as the beginning of what 
 we  call  “modern   art  (20th  century  to  today)”.  This  is  because  the 
 Impressionists encouraged artists 2.___________  (look) at their environment in 
 new ways. There are  3.___________  (score) of modern art styles, but without 
 the Impressionists, many of these painting styles might not exist.
     4.___________   the one  hand, some modern art is  abstract; that is, the 

 painter does not attempt 5.___________  (paint) objects as we see them with our 
 eyes, but  instead 6.___________   (concentrate) on certain  qualities of the 
 object, 7.___________  (use) colour, line and shape to represent 8.___________  
 (they).

     On  the  other  hand, some  paintings  of  modern  art  are so  realistic 
 9.___________  they look like photographs. These styles are so different. Who 
 can predict 10.___________  painting styles there will be in the future?
 答案:1.are     accepted 2.to   look 3.scores 4.On 5.to     paint 6.concentrates 

 7.using 8.them 9.that 10.what

 三、完形填空

     Hello, Mr. Wi­Fi. Life without you is next to impossible now. We're happy 
 to sing your name from morning till evening, sometimes till dawn. __1__ I know 
 you help me, sometimes you're making me do things with __2__ attention. Many 
 times I promise myself that I'll __3__ my feelings towards you, but you're 
 __4__ me closer and closer... You've entered both my home and my __5__. You're 
 just a window for our __6__ and information. But we people aren't __7__ only 
 with the window. So we open all our __8__ for you. Is this a(n) __9__ or some 
 kind of attachment? If this is an illness, is it curable? And if this is an 
 attachment will you __10__ me to the lifelong togetherness?
     We want you 24/7. Can't you take a few days off so that both you and I can 
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__11__? You're a poison — not a slow one but a super __12__ poison which 

holds our mind and makes us dance __13__ its tune. Nowadays you're so __14__ 
that anyone can buy and make you our __15__. You'll never be bothered about our 
health but we'll __16__ be concerned about your “health”. Because you 
accompany us everywhere and never let us be alone.
    If you were a __17__ person made of flesh and blood (血肉之躯) would we 

love you the same? You __18__ us with your numerous talents and we even can't 
get rid of you. We're all you __19__. Sometimes I wonder how people in the 
previous generations __20__, but if they did why can't we?
    1.A.Now that         B.Only if
       C.Though         D.When
    2.A.praised           B.increased
       C.focused         D.divided
    3.A.keep in           B.bring back
       C.approve of       D.give up
    4.A.drawing          B.pushing
       C.forcing          D.observing
    5.A.space             B.soul
       C.society          D.workplace
    6.A.entertainment      B.argument
       C.expansion       D.struggle
    7.A.strict            B.satisfied
       C.generous        D.busy
    8.A.thoughts          B.eyes
       C.exits            D.doors
    9.A.disease           B.inspiration
       C.routine          D.phenomenon
    10.A.recommend       B.instruct
        C.commit         D.adapt
    11.A.persist           B.relax
        C.progress        D.balance
    12.A.raw             B.ambiguous
        C.strong          D.fast
    13.A.to               B.against
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        C.from           D.within
    14.A.affordable         B.valuable
        C.conventional     D.attractive
    15.A.addition          B.expert
        C.companion      D.instrument
    16.A.sometimes       B.always
        C.never          D.seldom
    17.A.selfish           B.dishonest
        C.responsible     D.real
    18.A.control          B.scold
        C.comfort        D.challenge
    19.A.friends          B.slaves
        C.colleagues     D.employers
    20.A.suffered         B.connected
        C.survived       D.surfed
    【解题导语】作者用诙谐的语气质问                Wi­Fi,这呈现了现代人的一种通病,那就是对
无线网络的依赖。
    1.C 根据语境可知,虽然(Though)作者知道              Wi­Fi 帮助了自己,但是正是          Wi­Fi 的
特殊作用让作者在做事情的时候会分心。
    2.D 参见上题解析。
    3.A 根据语境可知,作者很多次都对自己承诺说要抑制(keep in)自己对                          Wi­Fi 的情
感。bring back“使回忆起,使想起”;approve of“同意,赞成”;give up“放弃”。
    4.A 根据语境可知,此处形象生动地表现了作者不能抗拒                        Wi­Fi 对自己的吸引。
draw“吸引”符合语境。force“强迫,迫使”;observe“观察”。
    5.B Wi­Fi  进入了作者的家和灵魂中。下文中的“holds our mind”是关键提示。
    6.A Wi­Fi(本来)只是我们娱乐(entertainment)和获取信息的窗口。argument“争
论”;expansion“扩张”;struggle“斗争,奋斗”。
    7.B 根据上文的“You're just a window for our... information”以及
“But”所表示的转折关系可知,此处表示人们并不满足于(satisfied)Wi­Fi                       仅仅是个
“窗口(window)”。 strict“严格的”;generous“慷慨的”。
    8.D 此处表示人们将         Wi­Fi 的作用扩大化,不仅仅满足于其作为窗口的作用,而是
将所有的“门(doors)”打开迎接           Wi­Fi。某种程度上而言,door         是 window 的“升级版”
。
    9.A 结合下文中的“an illness”可知,作者疑惑的是自己和其他人对                         Wi­Fi 如此
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依赖的现象是否是一种病(disease)。inspiration“灵感”;routine“惯例”;
phenomenon“现象”。
    10.C 如果对     Wi­Fi 的情感是一种依赖的话,Wi­Fi          能保证与作者一生都亲密无间吗?
commit 意为“保证(做某事、遵守协议或遵从安排等),承诺”,符合语境。
recommend“推荐”;instruct“教导”;adapt“适应”。
    11.B Wi­Fi  不能给自己放几天假以便它和作者都能放松(relax)一下吗?
persist“坚持”;progress“发展、(使)进步”;balance“平衡”。
    12.D 根据本句中的“not a slow one”可知,Wi­Fi            并不是慢性毒药,而是快速起
效的毒药,故用       fast 与 slow 形成对比。raw“不熟练的”;ambiguous“含糊不清的”。
    13.A Wi­Fi  是一种能控制人们的思想并使人们随着它的音调起舞的毒药。dance 
to 表示“随着……跳舞”。
    14.A 根据下文中的“anyone can buy”可知,如今              Wi­Fi 的价格是如此低廉以至于
任何人都能买到,并使其成为人们的伴侣。affordable“支付得起的,不算太贵的”;
valuable“有价值的”;conventional“传统的”;attractive“有吸引力的”。
    15.C 参见上题解析。下文中的“Because you accompany us everywhere and 
never let us be alone”亦是提示。addition“加,添加”;companion“伴侣,伙伴”
;instrument“工具”。
    16.B 毫无生命的       Wi­Fi 是决不会在意其用户的健康的,但是用户们会一直担心
Wi­Fi 的“健康”,此处用        always 与上文的“never”形成对比,强调人们对               Wi­Fi 的在
意程度。
    17.D 根据下文中的“person made of flesh and blood(血肉之躯)”可知,作者想
知道如果    Wi­Fi 成为拥有血肉之躯的真实的人,人们是否会一样喜欢它。selfish“自私的”
;dishonest“不诚实的”;responsible“负责任的”。
    18.A 根据上文作者介绍的人们对              Wi­Fi 的依赖及下文中的“we even can't get 
rid of you”可知,人们离开了         Wi­Fi 简直无法生活下去,而本句中的“with your 
numerous talents”正是   Wi­Fi 控制人们的方式。control“控制”;scold“责备”;
comfort“安慰”;challenge“挑战”。
    19.B 根据语境可知,Wi­Fi         控制了人们,也就是说人们成了被其掌控的奴隶
(slaves)。colleague“同事”;employer“雇主”。
    20.C 根据语境尤其是本句中的“in the previous generations”可知,作者非常
疑惑的是在早期没有         Wi­Fi 的时候人们是如何存活(survived)下来的。suffer“受苦”;
connect“联系”;surf“冲浪”。

四、教材与话题写作
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(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.我有很多业余爱好,其中包括艺术。(hobby; art)

____________________________________ 
答案:I have many hobbies, including art.
2.上周日,我去了我市新建的画廊。(gallery)

____________________________________
答案:Last Sunday, I went to the newly built gallery in our city.
3.在那里,我欣赏了很多著名的雕塑和绘画。(sculpture)

____________________________________ 
答案:There I appreciated many famous sculptures and paintings.
4.它们深深地吸引了我,但我不知道那些创造者是如何做到的。(appeal to)

____________________________________ 
答案:They all appealed to me deeply, but I had no idea how the creators made 

it.
5.通过这次参观,我加深了对艺术的理解,学到了很多东西。(not only...but also... )

____________________________________ 
答案:Through this visit, not only did I deepen the understanding of art, but I 

also learned a great deal.
6.从那以后,我打算多了解一下西方艺术。(Western art)

____________________________________ 
答案:From then on, I decided to learn more about Western art.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。

____________________________________ 
____________________________________ 
____________________________________ 
____________________________________ 
____________________________________ 
____________________________________

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。

    I have many hobbies, included art. Last Sunday, I went to the newly built 
gallery in our city, which I appreciated many famous sculptures and paintings. 
They all  appealed to me  deep, but I  had no  idea how the  creator made it. 
Through this visit, not only did I deepen the understanding of art, but I also 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

learned a great deal of.From then on, I decided to learn more about Western art.
答案:
                          included
    I have many hobbies, including art. Last Sunday, I went to the newly built 
                         which
gallery  in  our  city,  where  I  appreciated  many  famous  sculptures  and 
                                    deep                                creator
paintings.They all appealed  to me deeply, but  I had no idea  how the creators 
made it.Through this visit, not only did I deepen the understanding of art, but 
I also  learned a great deal  of.From then on, I decided to  learn more about 
Western art.

 


 
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