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2018-2019高三 作文专题九、开头与结尾写作导练

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  ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语


九、开头与结尾写作导练
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

写作要领

    俗话说得好:好的开头是成功的一半(Well begun is half done.);结尾
好,一切都好(All is well that ends well.)。一篇英语作文的开头如果写
得好,就会给阅卷老师留下良好的印象;结尾再写得好,就会进一步强化阅卷老
师对你所写作文的好感,从而给你的作文打高分。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

1.写好开头,引人入胜

      好的开头能马上抓住读者的阅读兴趣,缩短与阅卷人的距离,为实现作
  者与读者的交流奠定了基础。例如:
  (1)We are throwing a surprise party for Xiaoming’s birthday.(开
     篇妙语点明主旨)
  (2)Ms.Li,our English teacher,must have found it strange on 
     Teachers’ Day.(开篇设疑,吸引读者兴趣)
  (3)I have good news to tell you.(开门见山,直入主题)
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.写好结尾,升华主题

      同样,好的结尾无疑起到画龙点睛的作用,使文章锦上添花。例如:
  (1)It is for these reasons that I finally made my choice.(结尾用
     强调句突出主旨)
  (2)Isn’t it a pleasure to have great calm in mind while you are 
     reading? (结尾用反问句增强语气)
  (3)Ms.Li spent a wonderful time with us,but we know that we 
     cannot thank her enough for all her hard work and guidance.(尾
     句画龙点睛,呼应主旨) 
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
名师指导
     那么具体怎样写好开头句和结尾句呢?首先保证句子正确,避免出现语法
 错误和拼写错误;其次选择一些精美句式充当模板。开头句做到开门见山,直
 击要点;结尾句做到切合题意,不随意发挥。
     (1)开头方法一:引用式
     When it comes to how to succeed,many people may think of the 
 proverb “Where there is a will,there is a way.”(适用于已记住的名
 言)
     It goes without saying that...
     不言而喻……(适用于自编名言)
     As the proverb says正如谚语所说
     As the saying goes俗话说
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

    (2)开头方法二:数据法
    要想更有说服力,就应该用具体的数字来说明,所以不妨用下面的句型:
    According to a recent survey,about 70%of the college students 
wanted to further their study after their graduation.
    Recent statistics show that...
    (3)开头方法三: 描述法
    As is vividly shown in the picture,one person is asking the other 
to do some voluntary labour.
                ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

    (4)结尾方法一:总结式
     Obviously(此为过渡词)we     can draw the conclusion that good manners 
arise from politeness and respect for others.
     更多过渡方式:In      conclusion...;In brief...;Thus,it can be concluded 
that...;Therefore,we can find that...;To sum up...
    (5)结尾方法二:建议式
    Obviously,it is high time that we took some measures to solve the 
problem.(经典的虚拟语气的句型)
    更多句型:
    Accordingly(因此),I recommend that some measures (should)be taken.
      Consequently(因此),to  solve the problem,some measures should be 
taken.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

即时演练

 用括号中提示的方法翻译句子
 1.眼下,街谈巷议,人们的热门话题总离不开“三贵”:买房贵、上学贵、看
   病贵。(主题法)
                                                                 

答案:1.Nowadays it is often talked about that there are three 
       things that people can’t afford. It is expensive to buy 
       houses,to pay for the children’s education and to see the 
       doctor.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.正如谚语所说的那样“时间就是金钱”,是的,情况确实就是这样。(引用式)
                                                                 

  答案:2.As the saying goes,“Time is money.”Yes,it is indeed the 
        case.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.最近的研究表明,有50%的学生不吃早饭。(数据法)
                                                                 
4.从这次经历中,我了解到细心非常重要,尤其在考试时,我们怎样细心都不
  为过。(总结式)
                                                                 

  答案:3.A recent study shows that 50% of the school kids don’t 
         have breakfast.
       4.From this experience,I learned that being careful is very 
         important and that we can’t be too careful,especially in 
         examinations.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

5.不管怎样,有不同的文化,就有不同的习俗,如果你能“入乡随俗”,就会更好
  地享受这里的生活。(引用式)
                                                                   

  答案:5.Anyhow,different cultures,different customs.If you “Do 
         as the Romans do when in Rome.”,you will enjoy more of 
         your stay here.
︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
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