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外研版教材经典句型Book 1-6(1)

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教材经典句型      Book 1-6(1)                           dog tied to it.从窗户她可以看到一棵高高的树,
                  Book 1                          树上拴着一只狗。
1.①To our surprise,we got twice as many people    ②With a lot of work to do,I cannot go out with 
to attend the meeting as we expected.             you.有许多工作要做,我不能和你一起出去了。
使我们感到惊奇的是,参加会议的人数是我们预                             ③He is used to sleeping with the window open at 
想的两倍。                                             night in summer.夏天的夜晚他习惯于开窗睡觉。
②This room is three times as big as that one.
=This room is twice bigger than that one.         ④The river with grass and flowers on both sides 
=This room is three times the size of that one.   runs through our schoolyard.这条两岸长满绿草和
这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。(比那个大两倍)                            鲜花的小河从我们校园穿过。
③The price of this house is three times what it was ⑤We found her house easily with the guide leading 
two years ago.                                    the way.
这座房子的价格是两年前的三倍。                                   由向导带路,我们很容易地找到了她的家。
④The  output of cars this year is twice that of last 4.I’d rather study history than geography because I 
year.今年汽车的产量是去年的两倍。                               can learn a lot from many historical figures.我宁愿
⑤Mary is now getting on well with his new job and 学历史而不愿学地理,因为我可以从许多历史人
he earns twice as much as he did last year.       物身上学到许多东西。
玛丽现在新工作进展顺利,他挣的工资是去年的                             would rather do sth.than (do) sth.意为“宁愿做
两倍。                                               某事而不愿做某事”。
2.She’s kind and patient,and she explains English ①Some  people would rather take the bus than 
grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! drive a car to work.
她和善且有耐心,语法讲解得如此清晰,甚至连                             一些人宁愿坐公共汽车也不愿自己驾车去上班。
我也能听懂!                                            Nowadays,many  college graduates would rather 
so/such...that...如此……以至于……(引导结果状                  hunt for the little job opportunity in cities than work 
语从句)                                              in the poor areas,where they are in great need.现在,
①He  got up so early this morning that he got to  许多大学毕业生宁愿在城里寻找较小的工作机会
school ahead of all the other classmates.         也不愿意到非常需要他们的贫穷的地方去。
他今天早晨起得早,因此比其他所有同学早到校。                            ③I’d rather not have said that at the meeting.
                                                  我宁愿我没在会上说过那件事。
②He   told us so interesting a story that we all  ④—Could you help clean the kitchen?
laughed.=He told us such an interesting story that 帮忙打扫一下厨房好吗?
we all laughed.                                   —I’d rather not.我还是不打扫吧。
他给我们讲了这么有趣的一个故事,我们都大笑                             ⑤Mary is feeling upset .I’d rather I hadn’t told her 
起来。                                               the news last night.
George had so little money that he had to get a job. 玛丽情绪低落,要是我昨天没把这个消息告诉她
乔治没有钱,所以他不得不找工作。                                  就好了。
④They  are such little children that they can’t do 5.Where do you think most of the people live,in 
anything.                                         the central part of the country or on the coast?你认
他们是小孩,什么事情都干不了。                                   为大多数人生活在哪里,国家的中部还是沿海?
So carelessly did he drive that he nearly got killed. ①Who do you think is fit for the job?
他开车如此不小心,以致差点遇难。                                  你认为谁最适合这项工作?
3.Physics will never be my favourite lesson,but I ②Who do you suggest be sent to work on the farm?
think that I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen 你建议派谁去农场工作呢?
teaching me.物理从来不是我最喜欢的课,但我认                      ③It is impossible,I think,that we should finish 
为有陈老师教我,我会在考试中取得好成绩的。                             the job in such a short period of time.我认为在这么
From the window,she could see a tall tree with a  短的时间内完成这项工作是不可能的。
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④It will result in success,I suppose.             ③It’s high time that you should get rid of the bad 
我想,这件事终于会成功的。                                     habits.你早该戒掉这些坏习惯了。
6.And what a ride!                                11.Two thirds of the earth’s surface is water.地球表
一次多么美妙的乘车旅行!                                      面三分之二是水。
①What an interesting talk they had!               ①Three fifths of the trees have been cut down.
他们进行了一次多么有趣的谈话呀!                                  五分之三的树已被砍了。
②What clever students they are!他们是多么聪明            ②One third of the sugar was used to make the cake.
的学生啊!                                             制作蛋糕用了三分之一的糖。
③How clean and tidy the room is!                  ③There are 100 computers in our school but only 
多么干净整洁的房间啊!                                       three quarters are being used now because the rest 
④How intelligent a boy he is!他是多么聪明的一             have broken down.我们学校有    100 台电脑,但现
个男孩啊!                                             在只有四分之三的电脑正在使用,因为剩余的电
⑤How time flies!光阴似箭!                             脑都坏了。
7.①Would you mind my/me smoking here?             12.The closer you are,the more you’ll see.靠得越
=Would you mind if I smoked here?                 近,看得越多。
=Do  you mind if I smoke here?我在这儿抽烟你             The more he thought like this,the more unhappy he 
不介意吧?                                             became.他越是这样想,越是不开心。
②It’s a good idea—I’ll keep it in mind.           ②The  more difficult the questions are,the less 
这是个好主意——我要记在心里。                                   likely he is able to answer them.这个问题越难,他
③He  has made up his mind to resign,and that’s    越没有可能回答上来。
final.他已下决心辞职,而且就那么定了。                            ③The harder you work,the more progress you will 
8.It’s been six years since we last saw each other, make.你学习越刻苦,取得的进步就会越大。
you know.                                         ④The sooner you do it,the better it will be.
你知道自从上次我们见面以来已经六年了。                               你越早做那件事就越好。
It is two years since I began to learn English.   13.BernersLee made it possible for everyone to use 
我开始学英语已有两年了。                                      the Internet,not just universities and the army.
Mr Li has been here since he came back.           贝尔纳斯·李使每个人都能使用因特网变成可能,
自从李先生回来以后,他一直在这儿。                                 而不仅仅是大学和军队使用。
It is already three years since he worked in this ①The bad weather made it impossible for us to go 
company,and now he can’t still find a job.自从他     on.糟糕的天气使我们无法进行下去。
离开这家公司以来已有三年了,现在还没有找到                             ②We thought it wrong that the child should be left 
一份工作。                                             alone in the house.我们认为把孩子独自一个人留
9.It will be a long time before we meet again.    在家里是不对的。
一段时间之后我们再见面。                                      ③I consider it no use quarrelling with him about it.
It was 11 o’clock when he came back last night.   我认为为这件事情和他争吵是没用的。
他昨晚十一点回来的。(时间状语从句)                                ④He  didn’t make it clear when and where the 
It was at 11 o’clock that he came back last night. meeting would be held.何时何地举行会议他没表
他昨晚回来的时候是十一点。(强调句)                                达清楚。
10.And this is the first time I’ve visited your                    Book 2
hometown.这是我第一次到你的家乡来参观。                          1.That couldn’t be better!那再好不过了!
①This is the third time this week that she has been ①—What do you think of the film last night?
late for work.这已经是她本周第三次上班迟到了。                    ——你觉得昨晚的电影怎么样?
                                                  —It couldn’t be worse.——再糟糕不过了。
②It was the third time that she had come to this  ②—Do you agree with what Mr Smith said?
mountain village to see the children.             ——你同意史密斯先生说的话吗?
这是她第三次来到这个山村看望这些孩子了。                              —I couldn’t agree more.——我完全同意。
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③Nothing is more precious than health.健康的身体       律,都应受到惩罚。
是最宝贵的。                                            5.By the time he was 14,Mozart had composed 
④It  was not until then that I suddenly realized  many  pieces for the harpsichord,piano and 
nobody was happier than I was.直到那时我突然意            violin,as well as for orchestras.
识到没有人比我更幸福了。                                      莫扎特到    14 岁的时候,不仅已经谱写了很多管
2.Take  more exercise and you’ll get/become       弦乐曲,还谱写了许多拨弦键琴曲、钢琴曲和小
really fit.多进行体育锻炼,你就会真正身体健康。                     提琴曲。
                                                  ①By the time he got home,the light had gone out.
①Study  hard and you’ll make progress every day.  他到家时,灯已熄灭。
(=If you study hard,you’ll make progress every    ②By the time they get here,we’ll have finished the 
day.)好好学习,天天向上。                                   work.等他们到这里时,我们将已经完成了工作。
②Listen  carefully,or you’ll miss something 
important.(=If you don’t listen carefully,you’ll  ③By the end of next month,the building will have 
miss something important.)                        been completed.
认真听,否则你会漏掉一些重要内容。                                 到下个月末,这栋楼将已竣工。
③Use your head,and you’ll find the answer.        6.It was in the park that I met my old teacher 
动动脑筋,你就会找到答案的。                                    yesterday.昨天我是在公园里遇到我以前的老师的。
④One more effort,and you will succeed.            (强调地点状语)
再努力一下,你就会成功。                                      It was yesterday that I met my old teacher in the 
3.Drug users are more likely to get into trouble at park.我是昨天在公园里遇到的我以前的老师。
school.在学校里吸毒者更可能陷入麻烦                             (强调时间状语)
①It is likely that my aunt will drop in on me next It was my old teacher who/that I met in the park 
week.有可能我姑姑下星期来拜访我。                               yesterday.我昨天在公园里遇到的是我以前的老师。
②The headmaster is not likely to attend the meeting. (强调宾语)
校长很可能会不来参加会议了。                                    It is Mr Smith who/that thinks Tom is a clever 
③It is very likely that my parents will not allow me boy.正是史密斯先生认为汤姆是个聪明的孩子。
to go.我父母很可能不会让我去。                                (强调主语)
 ④Me?Join the army?Not likely!                    It was not until she took off her dark glasses that 
我?参军入伍?没门!                                        I realized she was a famous film star.直到她摘下
4.Whatever you’re doing when  you  want to        她的墨镜,我才认出她是一位著名的电影明星。
smoke—do something else!
无论你在做什么,当你想抽烟时,做点别的事吧!                            7.This is a painting by the Spanish artist,Pablo 
                                                  Picasso,considered to be the greatest western 
①Whatever he did,his parents supported him.       artist of the twentieth century.
=No matter what he did,his parents supported him. 这是西班牙画家巴勃罗·毕加索的一幅油画,他
不管他做什么,他父母都支持他。                                   被认为是二十世纪西方最伟大的画家。
②I’ll   take  whatever  help  I  can   get.                 ①    Lincoln    is considered as/to be one of the greatest 
任何帮助我都接受。                                         presidents in the USA.
③Whenever we met with difficulties,they came to   林肯被认为是美国最伟大的总统之一。
help us.                                          ②We consider it necessary to tell him about it.
每当我们遇到困难的时候,他们都会帮助我们。                             我们认为告诉他那件事是必要的。
④However   great the difficulties are,we must     ③It is considered that China is developing her 
complete the task in time.不管困难有多大,我们              economy very rapidly.人们认为中国的经济正在迅
都必须及时完成任务。                                        速发展。
⑤Whoever   breaks the law should be punished.     ④With May  Day drawing near,I’m considering 
(whoever 不能换成   no  matter who)无论谁触犯法             visiting the Great Wall.
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随着五一的临近,我正考虑参观长城。                                 ②We found him lying on the bed,dead.
7.I’m studying art at school,and I enjoy it a     我们发现他躺在床上,死了。
lot,although I can  get tired of looking at       ③He arrived home,tired and hungry.
pictures all the time.                            他又累又饿地到了家。
我在学校学习艺术,我很开心,虽然老看图可能                             ④A young lady lay in the bed,awake.
会看腻。                                              一位妇女躺在床上,醒着。
Although they set off earlier than us,yet/still they 11.But it is generally agreed,that he,more 
arrived later than us.尽管他们出发比我们                   than anyone else in the history of films,
  早,但是他们到得比我们晚。                                   understands the   meaning  of  the   word 
It can be quite windy there,especially in spring. “entertainment”.
那里有时容易刮风,特别是在春季。                                  但是绝大多数人认为,他比电影史上任何一个人
I enjoyed good health until the traffic accident. 更懂得“娱乐”一词的意义。
我在发生车祸之前,身体一直很健康                 People in        ①It was agreed that another meeting was necessary.
this country enjoy a high standard of living.            大家一致认为有必要再开一次会。
这个国家的人民享有很高的生活水平。                                 ②It’s agreed that the government should take 
8.Amateur astronomer David Bates was looking      measures to prevent the disease spreading.
at the moon through his telescope last night when 人们一致认为政府应采取措施制止这一疾病的蔓
he got a big surprise.                            延。
昨天晚上业余天文学家大卫·贝茨用天文望远镜                             ③It is suggested that the school (should) take action 
观看月球,突然他有了一个惊人的发现。                                to help the students in need.
①We   was about to leave when a big noise came    有人建议学校要采取行动帮助有困难的学生。
from the next room.                               ④It is reported in the newspaper that peace talks 
我们正要离开时隔壁发出了巨大的响声。                                between the two countries are making progress.
②We were discussing the problem when there was a   据报纸上报道两周之间的和平会谈正取得进展。
power failure.
我们正在讨论那个问题,这时停电了。                                                  Book 3
9.Is this the first time he’s seen aliens landing on 1.Barcelona is the second largest city of Spain 
the moon?                                         and is situated on the northeast coast,about five 
这是他第一次看见外星人登陆月球吗?                                 hundred kilometres east of the Spanish capital,
①It is the first time that an AfricanAmerican has Madrid.
been elected the president of the United States.  巴塞罗那是西班牙第二大城市,位于离西班牙首
这是第一次一位非裔美国人被选为美国总统。                              都马德里大约      500 公里外的东北海岸线上。
②It was the first time that she had ever left her ①China is the third largest country in the world.
motherland.这是她第一次离开她的祖国。                          中国是世界上第三大国家。
③The first time I saw the dress,I decided to buy it. ②Dalian is the second largest city in Liaoning and 
第一次看见这件连衣裙我就决定买它了。                                one of the liveliest cities in the northeast.大连是辽
④   It’s (high) time that  we did something to stop 宁第二大城市、东北最具活力的城市之一。
    pollution.                                    ③The Changjiang River is the first longest river in 
该是我们做些什么制止污染的时候了。                                 China.长江是中国最长的河。
10.Brave,good   and  strong,Xiulian is the        ④Do you want a second try?你想再试一次吗?
character we care about most.                     2.The  expanded  European  Union   has  a 
我们最关注秀莲这个角色,她勇敢,善良,坚强。                            population of more than half a billion people,
                                                  twice as big as the population of the United States.扩
①All the students sat in the classroom,silent.    大了的欧盟拥有五亿多人口,是美国人口的两倍。
          所有的学生都坐在教室里,静悄悄的。
                                                  ①I’m surprised to see his school is three times as 
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big as mine.                                      这本词典对我毫无用处。
我吃惊地看到他的学校比我的大三倍。                                 6.On average,there are 800 tornadoes in the US 
②My   income is three times as much as that of my each year,causing about 80 deaths and 1,500 
wife. 我的收入是我妻子的三倍。                                injuries.美国平均每年有    800 场龙卷风,导致约
③This room is three times the size of that one.   80 人死亡,1 500   人受伤。
这个房间是那个房间的三倍大。                                    ①The glass dropped onto the floor,breaking into 
 ④I want to give you ten times what Tom has given pieces.玻璃杯掉到了地板上,摔成了碎片。
to  you.我想给你提供的是汤姆所给你的             十倍。            ②(2010·天津卷)It   rained heavily in the south,
3.From  this  agreement came   the Human          causing serious flooding in several provinces.
Development Report.                               南方雨下得很大,导致南方好几省洪涝灾害。
人类发展报告就出自于这一协议。                                   ③He  hurried to the station,only to find the train 
①For  a moment  nothing happened .Then came       had left.他匆忙去了车站,结果发现火车已经开走
voices all shouting together.                     了。
一会儿什么也没发生,接着传来一齐的喊声。                              7.They can  destroy houses,but  leave the 
②Hearing the dog barking fiercely,away fled the   furniture inside exactly where it was.
thief.听到狗叫的厉害,小偷吓跑了。                              它们会破坏房屋,但屋里的家具会留在原地。
③There goes the bell.铃响了。                         Leave the door open when you go out.出去时,不
④On   the wall hangs a large map of  China.           要关门。
墙上挂着一张很大的中国地图。                                    Leave him to do it himself.让他自己去做。
4.Norway is at the top of the list,while the US is They walked off and left me sitting there alone.
at number 7.                                      他们走开了,让我一个人坐在那儿。
挪威高居榜首,而美国则名列第七。                                  Please don’t leave your work half done.
①Some   people are for his plan while others are  不要半途而废。
against it.一些人赞成他的计划,而其他人反对。                      ⑤用名词、介词短语等作宾语补足语
②We know usually women stay at home and do all    His parents both died last year,leaving him   an 
the houses while men go out to work.我们知道,通        orphan.
常妇女在家里做家务,而男人则外出工作。                                他父母去年双双去世,留下他成为一个孤儿。
He fell asleep while (he was) watching TV.        (2)where it was 是由 where 引导的地点状语从句。
他在看电视的时候睡着了。
While there is life,there is hope.只要有生命就有         Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。
希望。
While I understand what you say,I can’t agree with Where there is a river,there is a city.
you.                                              有河的地方就有城市。
尽管我明白你的话,但我还是不同意。                                 You’d better not leave the medicine where kids can 
5.It’s an agreement between towns or cities of    get at it.
similar size and age,and which have similar       你最好不要把药放在孩子够着的地方。
features such as tourism,industry,culture,        8.To prevent it coming nearer,the government 
and entertainment.                                is planting trees.为了阻止它逼近,政府正在植树。
①The two children are of the same age,but are of 
different heights.                                ②To help the victims in the flood is our duty.(主语)
这两个孩子年龄相同,但身高不同。                                  =It’s our duty to help the victims in the flood. (It 作
②The book he gave me is of great value.           形式主语,不定式是真正的主语)
=The book he gave me is very valuable.            =Our duty is to help the victims in the flood.(表语)
他给我的那本书非常有价值。                                     ③The meeting to be held tomorrow is about the post-
③The   dictionary is of no use to me.=The         earthquake reconstruction.(定语)
dictionary is useless to me.                      ④The school will get us to take up more voluntary 
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work.(宾语补足语)                                      ①It took me one hour to finish my homework 
⑤What   can we do to prevent the disease from     yesterday.昨天我用了一个小时才做完
spreading?                                        ②Believe it or not,it takes great courage to tell the 
为了阻止这种疾病的蔓延,我们能做什么?                               truth. 信不信由你,说实话需要勇气。
⑥We   were prevented/stopped/kept from attending  ③We spent a week in completing that task.
Professor Li’s lecture by the heavy rain.         我们用了一周的时间才完成那项任务。
大雨使我们没能参加李教授的演讲。                                  ④How much did it cost to build the bridge?
9.The  garbage is then taken away  and,if         建这座桥花费多少钱?
possible,recycled.然后把垃圾带走,如果可能的                   13.Is it possible to see the relics now that they 
话,进行回收利用。                                         have been submerged?既然这些遗迹已经被淹没
①If/When necessary,we’ll give you a hand.         了,还有可能看到它们吗?
如果必要/必要时,我们会帮助你的。                                 ①It is possible that she has lost on the way home.
②I  think there’s a train at midday. If not,you’ll 她有可能在回家的路上迷路了。
have to wait till 12∶30.                          ②It seems highly probable that they’ll have to move 
我想中午会有一班火车。要是没有,你只好等到                             house.他们很可能得搬家。
12 点半了。                                           ③Tom  is likely to go to Guangzhou for his winter 
③I might be away next week. If so,I won’t be able holiday.汤姆可能去广州度寒假。
to see you.  下星期我可能外出,如果那样的话,                     ①To make me more relaxed,he was playing light 
我就没法见你了。                                          music.为了使我更放松,他正在放轻音乐。
10.Treat others in the way you want  to be                      •    Book  4
treated.己所不欲,勿施于人。                                1.Everyone will be given a telephone number at 
①I  don’t like the way that (in which) you laugh at birth that will never change no matter where they 
her.  我不喜欢你嘲笑她的样子。                                live.每个人在出生时就会领到一个电话号码,将
②He   offered some ways that/which worked very    来无论他们居住在哪儿,这个电话号码都不会改
well in practice.他提供了一些办法,这些                      变。
办法在实践中很有效。                                        ①No matter how hard he tried,he couldn’t get her 
③The way that/which you thought of to             to change her mind.不管他怎样努力,也没能使她
solve the problem was good.                       改变主意。
你想出的解决问题的办法很好。                                    ②No  matter what happens tomorrow,hold on to 
④You  should do that thing in the way which/that  today and you won’t regret.无论明天发生什么,只
you were told to.                                 要紧紧抓住今天,你就不会后悔。
你应该用别人告诉你的方式去做那件事情。                               ③Whoever wants to visit the museum,he must ask 
11.Mencius believed that the reason why man is    our teacher for permission.(此句中 whoever 可改为
different from animals is that man is good.       no matter who)
孟子认为人不同于动物的原因是人性善。                                =Whoever wants to visit the museum must ask our 
①The reason why he was absent is that he was ill. teacher for permission.(此句中 whoever 引导主语
他缺席的原因是他病了。                                       从句,不可用      no matter who 替换)
②The  reason why I don’t believe him is that he   2.I’m too busy enjoying my life now to worry 
often tells a lie.                                about the future!
我不相信他的原因是他经常撒谎。                                   我现在忙于享受生活,而无暇为未来担忧!
③I   didn’t believe the reason (that/which) he    too...to do sth.“太……而不能做某事”是一个表示
explained for his being late.我不相信他所解释的迟           否定意义的句型。
到的原因。                                             ①You are too young to understand such things.
12.It took six years to build and cost US $20     你太年轻了,不懂得这些事情。
billion.建造这项工程用了六年的时间,花费了二                        ②The problem is too difficult for me to work out.
百亿美元。                                             这道题太难了,我做不出。
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③He is too willing to follow others’ advice.      Not only will you save time and money,but you 
他极愿意接受别人的意见。                                      may also rediscover the pleasure of true 
④She will be only too pleased to help you.        communication.你不仅能节省时间和金钱,而且
她会很乐意帮助你的。                                        也会重新发现交流的快乐。
⑤It’s never too late to learn.活到老,学到老。            ②Not only the students but also their teacher is 
3.Tricycles are worth using if you want to explore enjoying the film.不仅学生们在欣赏这部影片,他
the narrow alleys (hutong) of old Beijing.        们的老师也在欣赏这部影片。
如果你想探究一下老北京狭窄的胡同,乘坐三轮                             ③Not only do the workers want to increase their 
车是值得的。                                            pay,but also they want to reduce hours as well.
①Although we take an hour a day for exercise,it is 工人们不仅要求提高工资,还要求缩短工时。
well worth it.虽然我们每天都要锻炼一小时,但                     6.One person then holds up his hand,palm 
一切都是值得的。                                          outwards and five fingers spread.
②The Christmas present I gave her the other day is 然后一个人举起手,手掌向外,五指分开。
worth  200  dollars.几天前我给她的生日礼物值                  ①Weather permitting,they will go for an outing to 
200 美元。                                           the seaside tomorrow.如果天气允许的话,他们明
③His   suggestion is worth  considering.=His      天将去海边游玩。
suggestion is  worthy  of  being  onsidered       ②Class over,the  children rushed out of the 
/consideration.                                   classroom.  下课了,孩子们冲出教室。
=His suggestion is worthy to be considered.       ③Work  finished,they went home.工作完成后,
=It  is worthwhile to consider/considering his    他们回家了。
suggestion.他的建议值得考虑。                              ④The guide leading the way,we had no trouble 
4.It’s a good idea to have your destination written getting out of the forest.向导领着路,我们毫不费
in Chinese.                                       劲地走出了森林。
把你的目的地用汉语写出来是个好主意。                                ⑤He walked into the classroom,his head lowered.  
①My   neighbour had both his legs broken in the   低着头,他走进教室。
traffic accident.                                 7.If you have a meal,don’t start eating before 
在这起交通事故中,我邻居的双腿断了。                                everyone else is served.假如你在吃饭,在别人的
②I can’t have you speaking to your mother in a rude 饭菜未端上来之前不要开始吃。
manner. You must apologize to her immediately.我   ①He  was told that it would be at least three more 
不允许你用那种粗鲁的方式跟你的妈妈说话。你                             months before he could recover and return to work.
必须立刻向她道歉。                                         他被告诉至少三个月之后他才能康复回去工作。
③The  teacher had his students reading English for ②—Why didn’t you tell him about the meeting?
half an hour.                                     ——你为什么没告诉他有关会议的事情?
这位老师让他的学生读了半个小时的英语。                               —He  rushed out of the room before I could say a 
④Don’t  be worried. I’ll have Tom help you finish word.
the work.   别担心,我要让汤姆帮你完成工作。                      ——我还没来得及说一句话他就冲出了房间。
⑤—Can   you go to watch the football match with   ③I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long,but it’ll 
me tonight?                                       still be some time before Brian get back.我很抱歉你
 ——今天晚上你和我一起去看足球赛好吗?                              已经等了这么长时间,但是还要再过一段时间布
—Sorry,but I have an important meeting to attend.   朗才能回来。
——对不起,我有个重要的会议要参加。                                ④She was such a proud person that she would die 
5.You should not only listen to the teacher’s and before she would admit she was wrong.
your  classmates’ pronunciation,but also to       她是一位那么自负的人,她宁愿死也不承认错误。
tapes and broadcasting.
你不但应听你老师和同学们的发音,而且应听录                             8.Or was he carried miles into space,becoming 
音带和广播。                                            the world’s first astronaut?还是他被带到了数英
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里之外的太空,成了世界上第一位宇航员?                               我跑到学校,结果却发现那天是星期天。
①Her parents died,leaving her a lot of debts.     Book  5 
她的父母去世了,给她留下很多债务。                                 1.A Londoner has more difficulty understanding 
②It rained heavily,causing severe flooding in that a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a 
country.大雨滂沱,造成了那个国家洪水泛滥。                         New  Yorker.一个伦敦人要听懂一个来自格拉斯
Many  trees had been blown down by the high       哥的苏格兰人讲话可能比听懂纽约人更难。
winds,blocking  roads.许多树被狂风刮倒,堵住                 ①He had no difficulty in working out the problem.
了道路。                                              他毫不费力地解出了这道题。
9.But not everybody wanted to use rockets in      ②To  everyone’s surprise,there is no difficulty 
battles.但不是每个人都想在战争中使用火箭。                         making the changes.令人惊奇的是,做出这些变化
①Not all friends can share in sorrows as well as joys.并 竟毫不费力。
非所有的朋友都能同甘共苦。                                     ③You  can’t imagine what great difficulty we have 
②All these books are not popular with people.     ever had dealing with the problems.你想像不到我
这些书并非全都受人们的欢迎。                                    们处理这些问题时所遇到的困难。
③Everyone is not here.并不是人人都在这里。                  ④People rarely succeed at anything unless they 
④None  of us was allowed to go there.我们全都不        have fun doing it.
让去那里。                                             人们很难在自己不感兴趣的事情上获得成功。
⑤Nothing in my life impressed me so deeply as my  2.The British say  Have  you  got...?while 
first visit to the Great Wall.我的一生中,印象最深          Americans prefer Do  you  have...?英国人说
的就是第一次参观长城。                                       “Have  you got...?”而美国人更喜欢说“Do        you 
10.He claims to have seen a round black creature  have...”?
moving quickly through the water.他声称看见一           while 此处为连词,表示对比,意为“而,却”
个黑黑的、圆圆的动物在水中快速游动。                                。
①Scientists claimed to have found the evidence of ①I like coffee with cream while he prefers black 
water on the moon.科学家们声称找到了月球上有                   coffee.
水的证据。                                             我喜欢奶油咖啡而他更喜欢什么也不加的咖啡。
②He  pretended to have finished his homework in   ②While I understand what you said,I can’t agree 
order to go out to play.为了能出去玩,他假装已经              with you at all.
完成了他的作业。                                          尽管我能理解你所说的,但一点也不赞同。
③I  expect to see my old classmates.我希望见到我        ③Taxi drivers get used to listening to the radio 
的老同学。                                             while they are driving (=while driving).出租车司
④He pretended to be sleeping when his father came 机习惯开车时听收音机。
in.当爸爸进来时,他假装正在睡觉。                                ④We  can surely overcome these difficulties while 
11.They say that the lowtemperature lake is       we are closely united.只要我们紧密地团结一致,
unlikely to be able to support such large living  一定能克服这些困难。
creatures.他们说,水温这样低的湖泊不可能生存                       3.He was driving a lorry load of bananas when he 
有体形如此巨大的动物。                                       came off the road at a bend and  fell three 
①It’s too late. He is unlikely to come.           hundred metres down the mountain.
太晚了。他不可能来了。                                       当他正驾驶着一辆满载香蕉的货车要驶过一个拐
②It is unlikely that he’ll come to help us.       弯处的时候,他连人带车摔到了             300 多米深的山
他不可能来帮助我们。                                        崖下。
③You are likely to catch a cold if you go out now. ①Mary was  surfing online happily when the 
要是你现在出去,很可能着凉。                                    computer broke down.玛丽正高兴地在网上冲浪,
④It’s likely that you lost the money on your way  突然电脑坏了。
home.你的钱可能在回家的路上丢了。                               ②She was about to ask a question when class was 
I rushed to the school,only to find it was Sunday. over.
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她正要问个问题,就在那时下课了。                                  ③The woman  loves the children deeply as if she 
③He  had just sent an email to his friend on the  were their mother.(与现在事实相反)
Internet when his computer broke down.            这个妇女深爱这些孩子,就好像她是他们的妈妈
他刚给他朋友发了封电子邮件,就在那时电脑出                             一样。
故障了。                                              ④He waved his hand to me as if to have something 
4.It was quite dark,but I could see a man lying   to tell me.
on the floor,tied up with rope.                   他向我挥挥手,好像有事情要告诉我。
天色很黑,但我却能看到一个人躺在地上,被绳                             ⑤She stood at the gate as if waiting for someone.
子绑着。                                              她站在门口好像在等人。
①When I got home,I found my TV set stolen.        7.As time passed,however,the carnival period 
当我回到家时,发现电视机被偷了。                                  was extended,so  that it began  just after 
②As  soon as he entered the office,he noticed his Christmas.然而,随着时间的推移,狂欢节的时
cup broken.                                       间被延长了,这样它就正好在圣诞节以后开始。
他一进办公室就注意到他的茶杯被打破了。                               ①As time went on,his English became better and 
③On  his way home,he suddenly heard his name      better.随着时间的推移,他的英语越来越好了。
called.                                           ②As science and technology develops quickly,we 
在回家的路上,他突然听到有人叫他的名字。                              live a more and more happy life.
④I found myself surrounded by a group of children. 随着科技迅速发展,我们过着越来越幸福的生活。
我发现自己被一群孩子围住了。
5.He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in    ③As we grow older,we get wiser.
his pocket only to find that there were no boats  随着年龄的增长,我们会变得越来越聪明。
for South America.他身无分文来到新奥尔良时,                   ④As time went by,the city became more beautiful.
却发现那里没有开往南美洲的船只了。                                 随着时间的流逝,这座城市变得更美丽了。
①He picked up a stone,only to have it dropped on  ⑤With  the time going by,they became close 
his own foot.                                     friends.随着时间的流逝,他们变成了好朋友。
他搬起石头却砸了自己的脚。                                     ⑥With the wealth of the country increasing,more 
②The  man hurriedly returned home,only to find    waste will be produced.随着国家财富的增加,更
he had left his key in the office.这个人匆匆忙忙地        多的垃圾也产生了。
回到家,结果发现他把钥匙落在办公室里了。                              8.The arrival of Europeans in America,and the 
③Her  father left home when she was 6,never to    opening of huge farms and plantations to grow 
return.                                           cotton,fruit and vegetables,meant there was 
她父亲在她      6 岁的时候就离开家了,再也没回来                      an immediate need for people to work on them.
过。                                                欧洲人到了美洲,开辟了栽种棉花、水果和蔬菜
④Football is played in so many countries,making   的大农场与大种植园,这意味着急需干活的人手。
it the most popular sport in the world.足球运动在那
么多国家开展,从而使得它成为世界上最受欢迎                             ①There is an urgent need for the government to take 
的体育运动。                                            measures.政府继续采取措施。
6.It looks as if it’ll go under soon.             ②There was no need for you to come so early.
它似乎很快要下沉了。                                        你不需要来这么早。
I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the ③There is no doubt that radio and television are 
first time.                                       important means of communication.
我盯着每一件东西仔细观看,就像是初次看到一                             毫无疑问,收音机和电视机是信息交流的重要方
样。                                                式。
②I  remember  the whole thing as if/though it     ④There is no possibility that we will finish the 
happened yesterday.(与过去事实相反)                      project ahead of time.我们提前完成工程是没有可
我记得整个事情,就好像它发生在昨天一样。                              能的。
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9.If you go into a school or university anywhere, 交的基本规则,因此每次张嘴都会犯与之相关的
the chances are you will see students in Li Ning  错误。
tracksuits with the familiar logo.                ①I couldn’t help laughing every time I saw his 
如果你走进任何一个地方的中学或大学校园,都                             funny expression.
有可能看到身穿印有那个熟悉标志的李宁运动服                             每次看他滑稽的表情,我就忍不住笑起来。
的学生们。                                             ②She let out a cry the moment she saw the snake.
①I hope that they’ll arrive on time,but the chances 她一看到蛇就叫了起来。
are that they will be late as usual.我希望他们能够       ③I will go there directly I have finished my 
按时赶到,但很有可能他们会像往常一样迟到。                             breakfast.吃完早饭,我立即到那里去。
②There is a chance that I will see him these days. ④Each time he came to Harbin,he would call on 
这几天我有可能见到他。                                       me.他每次来哈尔滨,总是来看我。
③You should never take chances when driving a car. ⑤It was the first time this year he hadn’t attended 
开车时决不应冒险。                                         the class meeting.这是他今年第一次缺席班会。
④There’s no chance that he will change his mind.  2.It is estimated that 80% of all conversation in 
他不可能改变主意。                                         English is small talk.
⑤Tonight is your last chance to catch the play at 据估计英国人      80%的谈话是闲谈。
your local theatre.今晚是你在本地剧院看这出戏的                 ②It’s reported that three men held up a jeweler’s 
最后一次机会。                                           last night.
10.Although surprised,the poachers had  an        据报道,昨天晚上有三名男子抢劫了一家珠宝店。
advantage—there were more of them.盗猎者虽然
感到吃惊,但他们有一个优势——就是他们人多                             ③It’s believed that Chinese first invented the 
①Although (he is) quite weak,he still works day   compass.人们相信中国人最早发明指南针。
and night.尽管身体虚弱,他仍然夜以继日地工作。                      ④It’s suggested that the job (should) be done in 
                                                  another way.有人建议用另一种方式做这项工作。
②He didn’t make the fire although (it was) cold.  3.It looked as if someone had cut a patch out of 
尽管天气很冷,但他没有生炉子。                                   the air,about two metres from the edge of the 
③You should make notes when (it is) necessary.    road,...看上去就像有人在距离路边大约两米的
必要时你们应该做笔记。                                       地方将空间切开了一块,……
④He is too shy,so he won’t come to the party even ①They  talked as if (as though) they had been 
if (he is) invited.他太害羞,所以即使受到邀请他                 friends for years.
也不会来参加聚会的。                                        他们谈起话来就像多年的老朋友。
11.But today the government seems to be winning   ②He treats me as if I were a stranger.
the battle.但是现在政府好像正要赢得这场战斗。                      他待我如同陌生人。
①Lucy seems (to be) a very stubborn woman.        ③Look at the clouds in the sky!It looks as if it is 
露西像是个非常固执的女人。                                     going to rain.Let’s hurry up.
②He seems to have forgotten about it.             看看天上的云彩!看起来要下雨,咱们快一点。
他似乎已忘了此事。                                         ④She walked here and there on the playground as if 
③It seems as if everyone else knew about it except (she was) looking for something.她在操场上来回走,
me.看上去好像除了我之外别人都知道。                               好像在找什么东西。
④It seemed like a good idea at that time.         ⑤The old man was lying on the ground as if (he was) 
当时这主意好像不错。                                        hurt badly.老人躺在地上,好像伤得很厉害。
•    Book 6                                       ⑥He opened his mouth as if to say something.
1.In fact,she had never learnt the basic rules of 他张开嘴好像要说什么。
social communication,and as a consequence,        4.On seeing her,the king immediately falls in 
she made  systematic mistakes every time she      love with her.一看见她,国王就爱上了她。
opened her mouth.实际上,她从来就没有学会社                    on prep.一……就……,后接        v.ing 或表示动作的
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名词。                                               ③He lay on the bed,awake.他躺在床上,醒着。
①On hearing the news,she burst into tears.        ④The boy lay,relaxed on the sofa.
一听到这个消息,她就大声地哭了起来。                                小男孩放松地躺在沙发上。
②On his return,he began to get down to his work.  8.I wish I had not created this creature,I wish I 
他一回来,就开始工作了起来。                                    was on the other side of the world,I wish I could 
③On/upon   his arrival at the airport,he was      disappear!但愿我没有制造出这个家伙,但愿我
arrested by the police.他一到机场就被警察抓住了。              身处世界的另一边,但愿我可以消失得无影无踪!

5.I remember the first time I met Roy.            ①How  I wish we students didn’t have so much 
我记得我第一次遇到罗伊的情形。                                   homework!
He looked so embarrassed the first time he dated his 我多么希望我们学生没有这么多作业呀!
girlfriend.他第一次约见女朋友时很是局促不安。                      ②I wish I had  gone to the cinema with him 
②It’s time that we discussed/should discuss the   yesterday.
matter seriously.到了我们该严肃讨论这件事情的                   我希望我昨天与他一起去看电影了。
时候了。                                              ③I wish everything would have a good end.
③There  was a time when I hated school.曾经有一       我希望一切都有个好的结局。
段时期我讨厌上学。                                         9.The operation was extremely dangerous and 
6.It would have been impossible to find my        many soldiers were killed before they even got off 
daughter without the help of Friends Reunited.    the boats.
要是没有老友重聚网站的帮助,我就不可能找到                             这次登陆行动异常危险,很多士兵下船前就牺牲
女儿。                                               了。
①Man couldn’t live without water or air (=if there ①Before I could say a word,she had rushed out of 
were no water or air).没有水和空气人类就不能                 the room.不等我说一句话,她就冲出了房间。
生存。                                               ②It was not long before the enemy was driven out 
②I  could not have finished the work so soon      of their country.不久之后,敌人就被赶走了。
without your help (if you had not helped me=if it ③They are thinking of buying the house before the 
hadn’t been for your help.)                       prices go up.
没有你的帮助,我就不可能那么快完成工作。                              他们正在考虑趁房价未涨时把房子买下来。
③I was ill that day.Otherwise,I would have taken  ④It has been two years since we began to use this 
part in the game.那天我生病了,要不然,我会参                   machine.
加那项活动。                                            我们使用这部机器已经有两年了。
7.It is the same with classical Chinese music.中国  this has been noticed.
古典音乐也是一样。                                         It is the first time this has been noticed.
    ①He is very clever but he doesn’t work hard,  这是第一次有人注意到这个问题。
so it is the same with his sister (so it is with his ①It’s estimated that this kind of mobile phone will 
sister).他很聪明,但不努力,他姐姐也是这样。
                                                  play the leading role in the market for a period of 
                                                  time in future.
7.I hid in the garden and stayed there till 
                                                  估计未来一段时期内,这款手机将在市场上保持
morning,terrified  by  what I had done.我          领先地位。
躲藏在花园里一直在那儿呆到早晨,担心害怕我                             教材经典句型      Book 1-6(1)
所做的一切。                                                             Book 1
①Exhausted,I slid into bed and fell fast asleep.我 1.①To our surprise,we got twice as many people 
感到累极了,爬上床很快就睡着了。                                  to attend the meeting as we expected.
②For  a moment she just stood there,unable to 
believe what had just happened.她在那儿呆呆地站
了一会儿,简直不能相信刚才发生的事。                                ②This room is three times as big as that one.
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=This room is twice bigger than that one.         runs through our schoolyard.
=This room is three times the size of that one.
                                                  ⑤We found her house easily with the guide leading 
③The price of this house is three times what it was the way.
two years ago.
                                                  4.I’d rather study history than geography because I 
④The  output of cars this year is twice that of last can learn a lot from many historical figures.
year.

⑤Mary is now getting on well with his new job and ①Some  people would rather take the bus than 
he earns twice as much as he did last year.       drive a car to work.

                                                  Nowadays,many  college graduates would rather 
2.She’s kind and patient,and she explains English hunt for the little job opportunity in cities than work 
grammar so clearly that even I can understand it! in the poor areas,where they are in great need.


①He  got up so early this morning that he got to  ③I’d rather not have said that at the meeting.
school ahead of all the other classmates.
                                                  ④—Could you help clean the kitchen?
②He   told us so interesting a story that we all 
laughed.                                          —I’d rather not.
=He  told us such an interesting story that we all 
laughed.                                          ⑤Mary is feeling upset .I’d rather I hadn’t told her 
                                                  the news last night.
George had so little money that he had to get a job.

④They  are such little children that they can’t do 5.Where do you think most of the people live,in 
anything.                                         the central part of the country or on the coast?

So carelessly did he drive that he nearly got killed. ①Who do you think is fit for the job?

3.Physics will never be my favourite lesson,but I ②Who do you suggest be sent to work on the farm?
think that I’ll do well in the exam with Mrs Chen 
teaching me.                                      ③It is impossible,I think,that we should finish 
                                                  the job in such a short period of time.
From the window,she could see a tall tree with a 
dog tied to it.                                   ④It will result in success,I suppose.

②With  a lot of work to do,I cannot go out with   6.And what a ride!
you.
                                                  ①What an interesting talk they had!
③He is used to sleeping with the window open at 
night in summer.                                  ②What clever students they are!

④The  river with grass and flowers on both sides  ③How clean and tidy the room is!
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                                                  ③There are 100 computers in our school but only 
④How intelligent a boy he is!                     three quarters are being used now because the rest 
                                                  have broken down.
⑤How time flies!
 7.①Would you mind my/me smoking here?            12.The closer you are,the more you’ll see.
=Would you mind if I smoked here?
=Do you mind if I smoke here?                     The more he thought like this,the more unhappy he 
                                                  became.
②It’s a good idea—I’ll keep it in mind.
                                                  ②The  more difficult the questions are,the less 
③He  has made up his mind to resign,and that’s    likely he is able to answer them.
final.
                                                  ③The harder you work,the more progress you will 
8.It’s been six years since we last saw each other, make.
you know.
                                                  ④The sooner you do it,the better it will be.
It is two years since I began to learn English.
                                                  13.BernersLee made it possible for everyone to use 
Mr Li has been here since he came back.           the Internet,not just universities and the army.

It is already three years since he worked in this 
company,and now he can’t still find a job.        ①The bad weather made it impossible for us to go 
                                                  on.
9.It will be a long time before we meet again.
                                                  ②We thought it wrong that the child should be left 
It was 11 o’clock when he came back last night.   alone in the house.
                                                  ③I consider it no use quarrelling with him about it.
It was at 11 o’clock that he came back last night.
                                                  ④He  didn’t make it clear when and where the 
10.And this is the first time I’ve visited your   meeting would be held.
hometown.                                                          Book 2
                                                  1. That couldn’t be better!
①This is the third time this week that she has been ①—What do you think of the film last night?
late for work.                                    ——
②It was the third time that she had come to this  —It couldn’t be worse.——
mountain village to see the children.             ②—Do you agree with what Mr Smith said?
                                                  ——
③It’s high time that you should get rid of the bad —I couldn’t agree more.——。
habits.                                           ③Nothing is more precious than health.

11.Two thirds of the earth’s surface is water.    ④It was not until then that I suddenly realized 
                                                  nobody was happier than I was.
①Three fifths of the trees have been cut down.
                                                  2.Take more  exercise and you’ll get/become 
②One third of the sugar was used to make the cake. really fit.
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①Study  hard and you’ll make progress every day.  ①By the time he got home,the light had gone out.
(=If you study hard,you’ll make progress every 
day.)                                             ②By the time they get here,we’ll have finished the 
                                                  work.
②Listen  carefully,or you’ll miss something 
important.(=If you don’t listen carefully,you’ll  ③By the end of next month,the building will have 
miss something important.)                        been completed.

③Use your head,and you’ll find the answer.        It was in the park that I met my old teacher 
                                                  yesterday.
④One more effort,and you will succeed.
                                                  It was yesterday that I met my old teacher in the 
3.Drug users are more likely to get into trouble at park.
school.
①It is likely that my aunt will drop in on me next It was in the park that I met my old teacher 
week.                                             yesterday.
                                                  It was yesterday that I met my old teacher in the 
②The headmaster is not likely to attend the meeting. park.

③It is very likely that my parents will not allow me It was in the park that I met my old teacher 
to go.                                            yesterday.

 ④Me?Join the army?Not likely!                    It was yesterday that I met my old teacher in the 
                                                  park.
4.Whatever you’re doing when  you  want to 
smoke—do something else!                          6.It was not until she took off her dark glasses 
                                                  that I realized she was a famous film star.
①Whatever he did,his parents supported him.
=No matter what he did,his parents supported him. This is a painting by the Spanish artist,Pablo 
                                                  Picasso,considered to be the greatest western 
②I’ll take whatever help I can get.                        artist of the twentieth century.

③Whenever we met with difficulties,they came to 
help us.                                          ①Lincoln is considered as/to be one of the greatest 
                                                  presidents in the USA.
④However   great the difficulties are,we must 
complete the task in time.                        ②We consider it necessary to tell him about it.

⑤Whoever   breaks the law should be punished.     ③It is considered that China is developing her 
(whoever 不能换成   no matter who)                    economy very rapidly.
                                                  ④With May  Day drawing near,I’m considering 
5.By the time he was 14,Mozart had composed       visiting the Great Wall.
many  pieces for the harpsichord,piano and 
violin,as well as for orchestras.                 7.I’m studying art at school,and I enjoy it a 
                                                  lot,although I can get tired of looking at 
。                                                 pictures all the time.
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Although they set off earlier than us,yet/still they 11.But it is generally agreed,that he,more 
arrived later than us                             than anyone else in the history of films,
                                                  understands the   meaning  of  the   word 
It can be quite windy there,especially in spring. “entertainment”.

I enjoyed good health until the traffic accident.
                                                  ①It was agreed that another meeting was necessary.
People in this country enjoy a high standard of 
living.                                           ②It’s agreed that the government should take 
                                                  measures to prevent the disease spreading.
8.Amateur astronomer David Bates was looking 
at the moon through his telescope last night when ③It is suggested that the school (should) take action 
he got a big surprise.                            to help the students in need.

                                                  ④It is reported in the newspaper that peace talks 
①We   was about to leave when a big noise came    between the two countries are making progress.
from the next room.
                                                  Book 3
②We were discussing the problem when there was a  1.Barcelona is the second largest city of Spain 
power failure.                                    and is situated on the northeast coast,about five 
                                                  hundred kilometres east of the Spanish capital,
9.Is this the first time he’s seen aliens landing on Madrid.
the moon?

①It is the first time that an AfricanAmerican has ①China is the third largest country in the world.
been elected the president of the United States.
                                                  ②Dalian is the second largest city in Liaoning and 
②It was the first time that she had ever left her one of the liveliest cities in the northeast.
motherland.
                                                  ③The Changjiang River is the first longest river in 
③The first time I saw the dress,I decided to buy it. China.

⑤   It’s (high) time that  we did something to stop ④Do you want a second try?你想再试一次吗?
    pollution.                                    2.The  expanded  European  Union   has  a 
                                                  population of more than half a billion people,
10.Brave,good   and  strong,Xiulian is the        twice as big as the population of the United States.
character we care about most.
                                                  ①I’m surprised to see his school is three times as 
①All the students sat in the classroom,silent.    big as mine.
        
②We found him lying on the bed,dead.              ②My  income is three times as much as that of my 
                                                  wife. 
③He arrived home,tired and hungry.
                                                  ③This room is three times the size of that one.
④A young lady lay in the bed,awake.
                         中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
 ④I want to give you ten times what Tom has given ①The glass dropped onto the floor,breaking into 
to  you.。                                         pieces.
3.From  this  agreement came   the Human 
Development Report.                               ②It rained heavily in the south,causing serious 
                                                  flooding in several provinces.
①For  a moment  nothing happened .Then came 
voices all shouting together.                     ③He  hurried to the station,only to find the train 
                                                  had left.
②Hearing the dog barking fiercely,away fled the 
thief.                                            7.They can  destroy houses,but  leave the 
                                                  furniture inside exactly where it was.
③There goes the bell.铃响了。
④On the wall hangs a large map of China.           Leave the door open when you go out.出去时,

4.Norway is at the top of the list,while the US is Leave him to do it himself
at number 7.                                      They walked off and left me sitting there alone.

①   Some people are for his plan while others are Please don’t leave your work half done.
    against it.
②We know usually women stay at home and do all    His parents both died last year,leaving him   an 
the houses while men go out to work.              orphan.

He fell asleep while (he was) watching TV.        Where there is a will,there is a way.
                                                  Where there is a river,there is a city.
While there is life,there is hope.
While I understand what you say,I can’t agree with You’d better not leave the medicine where kids can 
you.                                              get at it.

5.It’s an agreement between towns or cities of    8.To prevent it coming nearer,the government 
similar size and age,and which have similar       is planting trees.
features such as tourism,industry,culture,
and entertainment.                                ②To help the victims in the flood is our duty.(主语)
①The two children are of the same age,but are of  =It’s our duty to help the victims in the flood. (It 作
different heights.                                形式主语,不定式是真正的主语)
                                                  =Our duty is to help the victims in the flood.(表语)
②The book he gave me is of great value.           ③The meeting to be held tomorrow is about the post-
=The book he gave me is very valuable.            earthquake reconstruction.(定语)
                                                  ④The school will get us to take up more voluntary 
③The   dictionary is of no use to me.=The         work.(宾语补足语)
dictionary is useless to me.                      ⑤What  can we do to prevent the disease from 
                                                  spreading?
6.On average,there are 800 tornadoes in the US 
each year,causing about 80 deaths and 1,500       ⑥We  were prevented/stopped/kept from attending 
injuries.                                         Professor Li’s lecture by the heavy rain.

                                                  9.The garbage is then taken  away  and,if 
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possible,recycled.
                                                  13.Is it possible to see the relics now that they 
①If/When necessary,we’ll give you a hand.         have been submerged?

②I  think there’s a train at midday. If not,you’ll ①It is possible that she has lost on the way home.
have to wait till 12∶30.
                                                  ②It seems highly probable that they’ll have to move 
③I might be away next week. If so,I won’t be able house.
to see you.                                       ③Tom  is likely to go to Guangzhou for his winter 
。                                                 holiday.
10.Treat others in the way you want to be treated. ①To make me more relaxed,he was playing light 
                                                  music.
①I  don’t like the way that (in which) you laugh at • Book  4
her.                                              1.Everyone will be given a telephone number at 
                                                  birth that will never change no matter where they 
②He   offered some ways that/which worked very    live.
well in practice.
 
③The way that/which you thought of to             ①  No matter how hard he tried,he couldn’t get 
solve the problem was good.                          her to change her mind.

④You  should do that thing in the way which/that  ②No  matter what happens tomorrow,hold on to 
you were told to.                                 today and you won’t regret.

11.Mencius believed that the reason why man is    ③Whoever wants to visit the museum,he must ask 
different from animals is that man is good.       our teacher for permission.(此句中 whoever 可改为
                                                  no matter who)
①The reason why he was absent is that he was ill. =Whoever wants to visit the museum must ask our 
                                                  teacher for permission.
②The  reason why I don’t believe him is that he   2.I’m too busy enjoying my life now to worry 
often tells a lie.                                about the future!

③I   didn’t believe the reason (that/which) he    ①You are too young to understand such things.
explained for his being late.
                                                  ②The problem is too difficult for me to work out.
12.It took six years to build and cost US $20 
billion.                                          ③He is too willing to follow others’ advice.

①It  took me one hour to finish my homework       ④She will be only too pleased to help you.
yesterday.
                                                  ⑤It’s never too late to learn.。
②Believe it or not,it takes great courage to tell the 3.Tricycles are worth using if you want to explore 
truth.                                            the narrow alleys (hutong) of old Beijing.
③We spent a week in completing that task.
                                                  ①  Although we take an hour a day for exercise,it 
④How much did it cost to build the bridge?           is well worth it.
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                                                  outwards and five fingers spread.
②The Christmas present I gave her the other day is ① Weather permitting,they will go for an outing 
worth 200 dollars.                                   to the seaside tomorrow.

③His   suggestion is worth  considering.=His      ②  Class over,the children rushed out of the 
suggestion is  worthy  of  being  onsidered          classroom.  
/consideration.
=His suggestion is worthy to be considered.       ③Work finished,they went home.
=It  is worthwhile to consider/considering his 
suggestion.                                       ④The guide leading the way,we had no trouble 
4.It’s a good idea to have your destination written getting out of the forest.
in Chinese.
                                                  ⑤He walked into the classroom,his head lowered.  
①My   neighbour had both his legs broken in the 
traffic accident.                                 7.If you have a meal,don’t start eating before 
                                                  everyone else is served.
②   I can’t have you speaking to your mother in a 
    rude manner. You must apologize to her        ①He  was told that it would be at least three more 
    immediately.                                  months before he could recover and return to work.

③The  teacher had his students reading English for ②—Why didn’t you tell him about the meeting?
half an hour.                                     ——
                                                  —He  rushed out of the room before I could say a 
④Don’t  be worried. I’ll have Tom help you finish word.
the work.                                         ——
⑤—Can   you go to watch the football match with   ③I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long,but it’ll 
me tonight?                                       still be some time before Brian get back.
 ——
—Sorry,but I have an important meeting to attend.   ④She was such a proud person that she would die 
——                                                before she would admit she was wrong.
5.You should not only listen to the teacher’s and 
your  classmates’ pronunciation,but also to       8.Or was he carried miles into space,becoming 
tapes and broadcasting.                           the world’s first astronaut?

Not only will you save time and money,but you     ①Her parents died,leaving her a lot of debts.
may   also rediscover the pleasure of  true 
communication.                                    ②It rained heavily,causing severe flooding in that 
                                                  country.

②Not  only the students but also their teacher is Many trees had been blown down by the high 
enjoying the film.                                winds,
                                                  9.But not everybody wanted to use rockets in 
③Not  only do the workers want to increase their  battles.
pay,but also they want to reduce hours as well.
                                                  ①Not all friends can share in sorrows as well as joys.
6.One  person then holds up his hand,palm 
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②All these books are not popular with people.     making the changes.

③Everyone is not here.                            ③You  can’t imagine what great difficulty we have 
④None of us was allowed to go there.              ever had dealing with the problems

⑤Nothing in my life impressed me so deeply as my  ④People rarely succeed at anything unless they 
first visit to the Great Wall.                    have fun doing it.

10.He claims to have seen a round black creature  2.The British say  Have  you  got...?while 
moving quickly through the water.                 Americans prefer Do you have...?

①   Scientists claimed to have found the evidence of ①I like coffee with cream while he prefers black 
    water on the moon.                            coffee.

②   ②He  pretended to have finished his homework  ②While I understand what you said,I can’t agree 
    in order to go out to play.                   with you at all.

③I expect to see my old classmates.               ③Taxi drivers get used to listening to the radio 
                                                  while they are driving (=while driving).
④He pretended to be sleeping when his father came 
in.                                               ④We  can surely overcome these difficulties while 
                                                  we are closely united.
11.They say that the lowtemperature lake is 
unlikely to be able to support such large living  3.He was driving a lorry load of bananas when he 
creatures.                                        came off the road at a bend and  fell three 
                                                  hundred metres down the mountain.
①It’s too late. He is unlikely to come.

②It is unlikely that he’ll come to help us.       ①  Mary was  surfing online happily when the 
                                                     computer broke down.
③You are likely to catch a cold if you go out now.
                                                  ②  ②She  was about to ask a question when class 
④It’s likely that you lost the money on your way     was over.
home.
                                                  ③He  had just sent an email to his friend on the 
I rushed to the school,only to find it was Sunday. Internet when his computer broke down.

Book  5                                           4.It was quite dark,but I could see a man lying 
1.A Londoner has more difficulty understanding    on the floor,tied up with rope.
a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a 
New Yorker.                                       ①When I got home,I found my TV set stolen.

                                                  ②As soon as he entered the office,he noticed his 
①He had no difficulty in working out the problem. cup broken.

②To   everyone’s surprise,there is no difficulty  ③On  his way home,he suddenly heard his name 
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called.                                           ④As time went by,the city became more beautiful.
④I found myself surrounded by a group of children.
                                                  ⑤With  the time going by,they became close 
5.He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in    friends.
his pocket only to find that there were no boats  ⑥With the wealth of the country increasing,more 
for South America.                                waste will be produced.

①He picked up a stone,only to have it dropped on  8.The arrival of Europeans in America,and the 
his own foot.                                     opening of huge farms and plantations to grow 
②The  man hurriedly returned home,only to find    cotton,fruit and vegetables,meant there was 
he had left his key in the office.                an immediate need for people to work on them.

③Her  father left home when she was 6,never to 
return.                                           ①There is an urgent need for the government to take 
                                                  measures.
④Football is played in so many countries,making 
it the most popular sport in the world.           ②There was no need for you to come so early.

                                                  ③There is no doubt that radio and television are 
6.It looks as if it’ll go under soon.             important means of communication.

I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the ④There is no possibility that we will finish the 
first time.                                       project ahead of time.
                                                  9.If you go into a school or university anywhere,
②I  remember  the whole thing as if/though it     the chances are you will see students in Li Ning 
happened yesterday.(与过去事实相反)                      tracksuits with the familiar logo.

③The  woman  loves the children deeply as if she 
were their mother.(与现在事实相反)                       ①  I hope that they’ll arrive on time,but the 
。                                                    chances are that they will be late as usual.
④He waved his hand to me as if to have something 
to tell me.                                       ②There is a chance that I will see him these days.

⑤She stood at the gate as if waiting for someone. ③You should never take chances when driving a car.

7.As time passed,however,the carnival period      ④There’s no chance that he will change his mind.
was  extended,so  that it began  just after 
Christmas.                                        ⑤Tonight is your last chance to catch the play at 
                                                  your local theatre.
①As  time went on,his English became better and 
better.                                           10.Although surprised,the poachers had an 
②As science and technology develops quickly,we    advantage—there were more of them.
live a more and more happy life.
                                                  ①Although (he is) quite weak,he still works day 
③As we grow older,we get wiser.                   and night.
                                                  ②He didn’t make the fire although (it was) cold.
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                                                  road,...
③You should make notes when (it is) necessary.

④He is too shy,so he won’t come to the party even ①They  talked as if (as though) they had been 
if (he is) invited.                               friends for years.

11.But today the government seems to be winning   ②He treats me as if I were a stranger.
the battle.。
①Lucy seems (to be) a very stubborn woman.        ③Look at the clouds in the sky!It looks as if it is 
                                                  going to rain.Let’s hurry up.
②He seems to have forgotten about it.
                                                  ④She walked here and there on the playground as if 
③It seems as if everyone else knew about it except (she was) looking for something.
me.
                                                  ⑤The old man was lying on the ground as if (he was) 
④It seemed like a good idea at that time.         hurt badly.
                •    Book 6                       。
1.  In fact,she had never learnt the basic rules  ⑥He opened his mouth as if to say something.
    of  social communication,and    as   a 
    consequence,she made systematic mistakes      4.On seeing her,the king immediately falls in 
    every time she opened her mouth.              love with her.。
                                                  ①On hearing the news,she burst into tears.
①I  couldn’t help laughing every time I saw his   一
funny expression.                                 ②On his return,he began to get down to his work.

②She let out a cry the moment she saw the snake.  ③On/upon  his arrival at the airport,he was 
                                                  arrested by the police. 
③I  will go there directly I have finished my     5.I remember the first time I met Roy.
breakfast.
                                                  It is the first time that①He looked so embarrassed 
④Each  time he came to Harbin,he would call on    the first time he dated his girlfriend.
me.
                                                  ②It’s time that we discussed/should discuss the 
⑤It was the first time this year he hadn’t attended matter seriously. 
the class meeting.                                ③There was a time when I hated school.
2.It is estimated that 80% of all conversation in 
English is small talk.                            6.It would have been impossible to find my 
                                                  daughter without the help of Friends Reunited.
②It’s reported that three men held up a jeweler’s 
last night.                                       ①  Man couldn’t live without water or air (=if 
③It’s believed that Chinese first invented the       there were no water or air).
compass.                                          ②I could not have finished the work so soon 
④It’s suggested that the job (should) be done in  without your help (if you had not helped me=if it 
another way.                                      hadn’t been for your help.)
3.It looked as if someone had cut a patch out of 
the air,about two metres from the edge of the     ③I was ill that day.Otherwise,I would have taken 
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part in the game.
7.It is the same with classical Chinese music

①He is very clever but he doesn’t work hard,so it 
is the same with his sister (so it is with his sister).

7.I hid in the garden and stayed there till 
morning,terrified by what I had done

①Exhausted,I slid into bed and fell fast asleep.

②For  a moment she just stood there,unable to 
believe what had just happened.

③He lay on the bed,awake.
④The boy lay,relaxed on the sofa.

8.I wish I had not created this creature,I wish I 
was on the other side of the world,I wish I could 
disappear!

①How   I wish we students didn’t have so much 
homework!

②I  wish I had gone to the cinema with him 
yesterday.

③I wish everything would have a good end.

9.The operation was extremely dangerous and 
many soldiers were killed before they even got off 
the boats.
①   Before I could say a word,she had rushed out 
    of the room.
②It was not long before the enemy was driven out 
of their country.
③They are thinking of buying the house before the 
prices go up.

④It has been two years since we began to use this 
machine.
this has been noticed.

①It’s estimated that this kind of mobile phone will 
play the leading role in the market for a period of 
time in future.
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