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18-19人教版 必修一 Unit 5 Section Ⅰ Reading (Reading & Comprehending)

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 Unit       5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero


                              A Great Leader
     曼德拉——南非首位黑人总统,被尊称为南非国父。曼德拉不仅仅是一位
 伟人,更是人们敬仰的英雄。                
     Nelson Mandela,the first black president of South Africa 
who  was  a symbol of social justice(正义),passed away on 
Dec.5,2013.His death is a great loss to the whole world,since 
this modern hero,who used to fight for the black people,he 
helped the black people get the same rights as white people,and 
began a school to help those who had little learning even during the time when he was 
put into prison.  1  
     Nelson was a great man,but he was more than a great man.  2   In my 
 view,being a hero means more than making great achievement.In fact,heroes are 
extraordinary(非凡的),because  their hearts are filled with love for people.It is this 
love that makes them heroes,rather than great men.

       3  What makes a hero is not only one's achievements,but also his selfless 
 love.With great achievements(成就)and selfless love,the person can become a true 
 hero,just like Nelson Mandela.
     A.He was accepted as a great leader at the time.
     B.He was,is,and always will be a hero.
     C.He was the one who always gave priority(优先权)to his nation.
     D.He is a person all of us can learn many lessons from.
     E.So this is the difference between great men and heroes.
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    【答案】 1-3 CBE

 Section Ⅰ Reading (Warming Up,Pre­reading,Reading & Comprehending)
                           [新生词汇初识]

    Ⅰ.匹配下列单词的词性及汉语意思
    1.mean                 A.adj.法律的;依照法律的

    2.selfish              B.vt.投票;选举
    3.lawyer               C.n.暴力;暴行
    4.legal                D.n.联盟;同盟
    5.fee                  E.n.律师
    6.league               F.n.费(会费、学费等);酬金
    7.violence             G.adj.不公正的;不公平的
    8.vote                 H.adj.乐意的;自愿的
    9.willing              I.adj.自私的
    10.unfair              J.adj.吝啬的;卑鄙的
    【答案】 1-5 JIEAF 6-10 DCBHG

    Ⅱ.选择下列词组的汉语意思

    A.失业  B.爆炸   C.求助于;致力于
    D.事实上      E.在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑的处境中
    F.乐意做……

    1.It's a nice place.We've stayed there ourselves,as a matter of fact.        
    2.If you can't pay the bill,you're going to be in trouble.        
    3.In that city,nearly one third of the population is out of work and they have 
nothing to do every day.        
    4.With no one to turn to in her difficult times,my mother felt bad.        
    5.The company is willing to provide us with what we needed.        
    6.He was put in prison for trying to blow up a plane.        
    【答案】 1-6 DEACFB
                           [教材语篇细研]
    第一步 速读——了解文章主题和段落大意

    根据  P34 课文内容匹配段落大意
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     1.Para 1                      A.Black people's rights
     2.Para 2                      B.Elias' self­introduction
     3.Para 3                      C.Mandela helped Elias
     4.Paras 4,6                   D.Elias' true feeling and actions
     5.Para 5                      E.Elias'  trouble—poor education and 
 job
     6.Para 7                      F.Mandela's speeches
     【答案】 1-6 BECFAD
     第二步 细读——把控文章关键信息

     根据课文    P34 内容,选出最佳答案
     1.Which  of the following situations is NOT one that the black people were 
faced with at that time?
     A.They had no right to vote.
     B.They couldn't get the jobs they wanted.
     C.They had to live in the poorest parts of South Africa.
     D.They couldn't turn to a lawyer for their own rights.
     2.People without a passbook may        .
     A.be allowed to live in Johannesburg
     B.be out of work
     C.be those who were born there
     D.be allowed to attend the school
     3.Was Elias happy to help blow up the buildings?
     A.No,because he disliked violence.
     B.Yes,because he wanted to thank Mr.Mandela.
     C.No,because he thought he might be caught and put in prison.
     D.Yes,because making black and white people equal was their dream.
     4.From Mr.Mandela's saying,we can get such a conclusion that        .
     A.Mr.Mandela wanted to break the law in a violent way in the beginning
     B.black people had been given more rights
     C.black people should rise up to fight for their own rights after years of being 
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

ruled
    D.they could force the government to give up easily
    5.Which can best describe Mandela's ambition(抱负)?
    A.I disagree with what you say,but I'll defend to the death your right to say 
it.
    —Voltaire
    B.Don't ask what your country can do for you,but ask what you can do for 
your country.
    —Kennedy
    C.We hold these truths to be self­evident that all men are created equal.

    —Martin Luther King
    D.Love rules his kingdom without a sword.

    —Herbert
    【答案】 1-5 DBDCC
    第三步 精读——能力升华 接轨高考

    根据  P34 课文内容,在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形
式
    Elias is a poor black worker in South Africa.He 1.         (begin) school at 
six and got a job in a gold mine.But he was always worried about being out 2.         
work because he didn't have a passbook.It was in 1952 that Elias first 3.        
(meet) Nelson Mandela 4.         helped him to get one.
    Elias joined the ANC 5.        (young) League organized by Nelson Mandela 
and helped Mandela blow 6.         some government buildings 7.        he did 
not like violence and it was 8.         (danger) for him.He knew he did this 9.         
(realize)their dream of making black and white people 10.        (equality).
    【答案】 
    1.began [根据    at six 和 and 后的时态判断用一般过去时。]

    2.of [out of work“失业”。]

    3.met [由   in 1952 可知用过去时。]

    4.that/who [此处是限制性定语从句,先行词指人,故填                    that/who。]
           中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

5.Youth [Youth League“青年团”。]

6.up [blow up 是固定搭配,意为“爆炸”。]

7.though
8.dangerous [it was 后面用形容词作表语。]

9.to realize [此处使用不定式作目的状语。]

10.equal [此处使用形容词作宾语补足语。]
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