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2019高考英语一轮复习新人教版必修2 练习题Unit2TheOlympicGames含解析

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                            The Olympic Games
                                    李仕才
【阅读理解插花】
    Vitamin B could help reduce the effects of the most dangerous type of air 

pollution, according to a new study published on Monday. In the first study of 

its kind, a team of international researchers looked into the damage caused by 

one of the pollutants that have the severest impact on health—PM 2. 5. 

    They found that Vitamin B supplement could effectively reduce the impact of 

the tiny particles(颗粒)on the human body, although they stressed that the 

research was in its early stages. According to the WHO, 92% of the world’s 

people are living in places where the PM 2. 5 level goes beyond the recommended 

level. So it’s urgent to find a solution to the problem. 

    According to this study, published in the PNAS, 10 volunteers were 

initially exposed to clean air and given a placebo(安慰剂)to check their 

baseline responses. The group then kept on taking placebos for four weeks 

before being exposed to heavily polluted air from downtown Toronto, where an 

estimated 1, 000 cars passed every hour. The bad air was delivered to the 

volunteers through an “oxygen type” face mask. The experiment was then 

repeated, with each volunteer taking a Vitamin B supplement daily, made up of 2. 

5 mg of folic acid, 50 mg of Vitamin B6, and 1 mg of Vitamin B12. 

    Vitamin B6 can be found in liver, chicken, nuts and other things, and 

Vitamin B12 in fish, meat, eggs, milk and some cereals. The researchers found 

that four weeks of Vitamin B supplements reduced the damage of PM 2. 5 effects 

by 28-76%. The results emphasized how prevention at an individual level could 

be used to fight against the damage of PM 2. 5, the researchers said. 

【文章大意】本文主要通过一些实验告诉我们维生素                      B 对减轻   PM 2. 5 对身体的伤害有什

么样的功效。

1. What’s the newly discovered effect of Vitamin B in Paragraph 1? 

A. It can be used to replace other vitamins in our daily life. 

B. It can help lower the air pollution level in the open air. 
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C. It can reduce the impact of PM 2. 5 on human bodies. 

D. It can get rid of the pollutants remaining in our bodies. 

【解析】选     C。细节理解题。根据第一段“Vitamin B could help reduce the effects 

of the most dangerous type of air pollution, according to a new study published 

on Monday. ”, 可知维生素      B 可以减少造成空气污染的危险物质的影响, 而后一句又提到

了对健康危害最大的危险物质是              PM 2. 5, 故选  C。

2. What can be learned from the second paragraph? 

A. Further study about the effect of Vitamin B needs to be done. 

B. Vitamin B is the most important to human’s health. 

C. The tiny particles in the air are made up of PM 2. 5. 

D. 92% of the world’s people are affected by PM 2. 5. 

【解析】选     A。细节理解题。根据第二段“. . . although they stressed that the 

research was in its early stages. ”可知关于维生素       B 的功效的研究还处于初期阶段, 

所以仍需进一步的研究探索。

3. How did researchers draw the new conclusion about Vitamin B? 

A. By referring to a journal. 

B. By performing experiments. 

C. By interviewing scientists. 

D. By comparing vitamins. 

【解析】选     B。推理判断题。根据倒数第二段“The experiment was then repeated, 

with each volunteer taking a Vitamin B supplement daily, made up of 2. 5 mg of 

folic acid, 50 mg of Vitamin B6, and 1 mg of Vitamin B12. ”, 中的  experiment 表

明研究者是通过做实验得出新的结论的。

4. You may read the passage on a website about ________. 

A. environment                 B. medicine

C. education                       D. health

【解析】选     D。推理判断题。本文主要通过一系列实验告诉我们维生素                        B 可以减轻    PM 2. 

5 对我们身体的伤害, 主题围绕着健康展开, 故选                  D。

Ⅰ 教材与语法填空
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根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
    Pausanias  and  Li  Yan   are  talking  about  the  similarities  and  1.      
(different) between the ancient and modern Olympics. The ancient Olympic Games 
were first held in Athens, in which only men from the Greece had the honour 2.      
(compete). Now great changes 3.      (take) place to the Games. There’re two 
main sets of Olympic Games 4.      (hold) on a regular basis. Only athletes 5.       
have reached the agreed standard will 6.      (admit) as competitors. Nowadays 
any country can  take part in the Games. Women play  a very important role 7.       
the Games.  Countries compete with each other  8.        (host) the Games. 9.       
is a great  responsibility and honour to be chosen. Even the olive wreath has 
been  replaced. The motto of  the Games  is “10.          (swift), Higher and 
Stronger”.
答案:1.differences 2.to compete 3.have taken 4.held
5.who 6.be admitted 7.in 8.to host 9.It 10.Swifter
Ⅱ 教材与话题写作
(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.奥运五环旗中的五环代表地球上的五大洲。(stand for; continent)
                                    
答案:The five rings on the Olympic flag stand for the five continents on the 
earth.
2.任何国家都可以参加奥运会。(take part in)
                                    
答案:Any country can take part in the Olympic Games.
3.只有达到他们各自统一的标准的运动员才会被接受为竞赛选手。(admit;                                athlete; 
competitor)
                                    
答案:Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will 
be admitted as competitors.
4.除了运动员,也有一些志愿者。(apart from; volunteer; as well )
                                    
答案:Apart from athletes, there are some volunteers as well.
5.他们为奥运会提供服务,比如,负责所有运动员的食宿问题。(offer; take charge of)
                                    
答案:They offer help for the Olympic Games, for example, taking charge of the 
accommodation of the athletes.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。
                                    
                                    
                                    
                                    
                                    

【完形填空插花】
    I was looking through some old photo albums the other day.I had __1__ done 
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that many times before but I felt a sudden __2__ to see them again.I found 
myself __3__ so many beautiful memories from my childhood.There was my dear 
Nana giving me a thorough __4__ when I was a newborn baby.There was me and my 
brother standing in front of the world's ugliest __5__ our favorite Christmas 
tree.There was my beautiful Mom __6__ me on her lap.Then the pictures seemed 
__7__ all of a sudden because my eyes were wet.I just couldn't __8__ the 
tears.“What is going on?” I __9__.I hadn't cried the last time.But what was 

__10__ now?
    I soon saw that it was I who changed.I had __11__.My spirit had walked a 
little further down the __12__ of love.I realized as long as they came with a 
warm heart,wet eyes were __13__ to be ashamed of.I smiled and I felt Mom and 

Nana smiling __14__ on me from Heaven.
    Leo Buscaglia said:“I'm not afraid of __15__.They clean out my 

eyeballs.” I think they clean out our __16__ as well.They help us to wash away 
our pain, fear and grief(悲伤).They help us to __17__ our love and 

goodness.They help us to become who we are __18__ to be.The next time you feel 
your tears starting,just let them __19__.

    Life is full of smiles and tears.Only by allowing them both can we __20__ 
live.
    1.A.never              B.ever
       C.already           D.nearly
    2.A.appeal             B.sadness
       C.fear              D.urge
    3.A.shaping             B.reliving
       C.escaping           D.building
    4.A.bath                B.speech
       C.hug               D.survey
    5.A.and                B.but
       C.or                D.as
    6.A.spinning             B.possessing
       C.holding            D.walking
    7.A.beautiful             B.blank
       C.abnormal           D.vague
    8.A.fight back           B.fight with
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       C.fight for           D.fight against
    9.A.found               B.wondered
       C.hesitated           D.discussed
    10.A.heartbreaking        B.wrong
        C.different           D.disturbing
    11.A.grown              B.misunderstood
        C.insisted           D.struggled
    12.A.feast               B.path
        C.expectation        D.circle
    13.A.everything          B.something
        C.anything          D.nothing
    14.A.forward            B.upwards
        C.down            D.behind
    15.A.tears              B.failures
        C.deaths           D.illnesses
    16.A.competence        B.inside
        C.identification     D.development
    17.A.look through       B.clean out
        C.learn from       D.reconnect to
    18.A.used             B.reminded
        C.forced           D.meant
    19.A.separate           B.stay
        C.flow            D.disappear
    20.A.truly             B.roughly
        C.generally        D.tentatively
    【解题导语】本文是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。再次看老相册时,作者重温了童年的一些
美好回忆,并流下了眼泪。作者从而感悟到生活中充满欢笑和眼泪,只有允许它们两者存
在,我们才能真正地生活。
    【核心词汇】urge n.强烈的欲望;冲动 v.催促,力劝;强烈要求
    I had a sudden urge to call him.我突然很想给他打电话。
    We should constantly urge ourselves on to study hard.我们应该不断地鞭策自己
努力学习。
    1.C 根据下文的“many times before”以及“I hadn't cried the last time”可
知,作者应该不止一次看这些老相册,故此处表示作者之前已经(already)多次看过这些老
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相册。
    2.D 此处表示作者突然有再次看老相册的冲动(urge)。appeal“恳求”;fear“害
怕”。
    3.B 此处表示作者重温(reliving)了许多来自童年时期的美好回忆。shape“塑造”
;escape“逃避”;build“建造”。
    4.A 根据下文的“when I was a newborn baby”可知,此处表示作者还是个新生儿
时,奶奶给她彻底洗澡,故选             A 项。
    5.B 空前的“the world's ugliest”和空后的“our favorite”之间为转折关系,
故用并列连词      but。
    6.C 根据下文的“on her lap”可知,此处应表示“我漂亮的妈妈把我抱着放在她
的腿上”。hold     意为“抱着,托着”,符合语境。spin“快速旋转”;possess“拥有”
;walk“遛”。
    7.D 上文提到了作者正在看老照片,根据下文的“because my eyes were 
wet...the tears”可知作者流泪了,根据常识可知,此处表示这些老照片变得模糊(vague)了。
blank“空白的”;abnormal“不正常的”。
    8.A 根据上文的“because my eyes were wet”和下文的“I hadn't cried the 
last time.But...”可知,作者这次看老照片的时候哭了,此处表示作者遏制不住眼泪。
fight back“忍住,抑制住”,符合语境。fight with“与……争辩”;fight for“努力
争取”;fight against“对抗”。
    9.B 作者以前看老照片没有哭,而这次看老照片却哭了。所以作者想知道(wondered)发
生了什么。find“发现,找到”;hesitate“犹豫,迟疑”;discuss“讨论”。
    10.C 根据下文的“I soon saw that it was I who changed”可知,作者很快明白,
是她自己和以前不一样了。故之前作者想知道的问题是“现在有什么是不同的呢”。故选
C 项。
    11.A 根据下文的“My spirit had walked a little further”可知,此处应表示
作者的心灵已经在爱的道路(path)上走得更远了一点了,即作者已经成长(grown)了。
    12.B 参见上题解析。feast“宴会”;expectation“期望”; circle“圈子”。
    13.D 根据上文的“as long as they came with a warm heart”以及下文的“I 
smiled”可知,该句表示含泪的眼睛没有什么(nothing)可羞愧的,只要它们伴随着一颗温
暖的心而来。
    14.C 根据下文的“on me from Heaven”可知,此处表示作者感到妈妈和奶奶从天
堂向下(down)冲着自己微笑。
    15.A 根据语境尤其是下文的“They clean out my eyeballs”可知,此处表示“眼
泪清洗了我的眼球”,故选            tears。
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    16.B 根据下文的“They help us to wash away our pain,fear and grief(悲伤)
.They help us to...to be”可知,此处表示眼泪不仅清洗了我们的眼球,也清洗了我们
的内心(inside)。competence“能力”;identification“辨认”;development“发展”
。
    17.D 第一段提到老照片让作者的美好回忆重现,故这里应该是表示“眼泪帮助我们
重新找回我们的爱和善良”。reconnect to“重新连接”,在这里引申为“重新找回”。
look through“浏览”;clean out“把……清洗干净”。
    18.D 此处表示眼泪可以帮助我们成为我们想成为的人。be meant to do“打算,想
要”。
    19.C 根据上文提到的眼泪的好处可知,此处表示下次你感觉到眼泪开始流的时候,
那么就让它们流下来吧。故选             C 项。
    20.A 生活中充满笑和泪,只有允许它们都存在,我们才能真正地(truly)生活。
roughly“粗略地”;generally“大体上”;tentatively“试探性地”。


Ⅲ 下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。
    The five rings  on the Olympic flag stand for  the five continents on the 
earth,  that means  any country  can take  part the  Olympic Games.  But only 
athletes who has reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted 
as competitors. Apart from athletes, there are some volunteers as well as who 
offer help for the Olympic Games, for example, take charge of the accommodation 
of the athletes.
答案:
    The five rings  on the Olympic flag stand for  the five continents on the 
        that
earth, which means any  country can take part  ∧  the Olympic Games. But only 
                                              in
              has
athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted 
as competitors. Apart from athletes, there are some volunteers as well as who 
                                                        take
offer  help  for  the  Olympic  Games,  for  example,  taking charge  of  the 
accommodation of the athletes.


 
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