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浙江省2018届高考英语二轮复习语法填空提升练(十一)冠词

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高中英语审核员

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                         语法填空提升练(十一) 冠词

                                    [考点巩固练]
1.He owned      farm,which looked almost abandoned. 
2.(2017·浙江杭州七校联考)For a while,especially in the U.S.,city life came to be 
seen as the best and most exciting way to live.Living in the rural areas was regarded 
as boring.Who wanted to be struggling to make      living in the country doing 
hard agricultural labor? 
3.(2017·浙江台州期末)He realized he hadn’t seen his new puppy for over      
hour. 
4.This is by far      most inspiring movie that I have ever seen.    
5.As he approached the bridge,the sound got louder and then he saw      pitiful 
sight. 
6.Recently when he took     look at his collection of books,he discovered the 
old book borrowed 61 years ago. 
7.But a parent of another child came up with     even better idea—getting the 
whole class to learn sign language along with Zejd. 
8.Most seriously,relying on sm artphones to make friends does not give us      
same advantage as making new friends in the real world. 
9.For your generation to live in      better world,there is so much more our 
generation can do. 
10.We’re up there  together at a height of 30,000 feet,enjoying      miracle of 
the modern flight. 
                                    [语篇强化练]
                                         A
    (2017·山东潍坊期中)
    The major construction work on the world’s longest cross-sea bridge,which 
connects Zhuhai in Guangdong Province with Hong Kong and Macao,1.            
(comple te) last week. 
    Near the airports of Hong Kong and Macao,the project is over one of the w orld’s 
2.      (busy) shipping routes(航线),3.      more than 4,000 ships pass by 
every day.Much to people’s relief,Chine se white dolphins,an endangered species,enjoy 
top level national 4.        (protect) here. 
    5.      big ceremony was held in Zhuhai to celebrate the completion of the 
55-km cross-sea route and to mark the start of road surfacing.“This means the 
construction has entered 6.     (it) final stage,” said Zhu Yongling,head of 
the work. 
                     中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    More than 400,000 tons of steel have been used for the 6.7-km undersea tunnel and 
22.9-km bridge,enough 7.            (build) 60 Eiffel Towers.Two floating 
cranes,8.      a load of 3,200 tons and 2,300 tons respectively,worked together 
to lift and roll the tower,9.       (set) a world record. 
    “If it were not for the progress of ‘Made in China’,we couldn’t 10.        
(possible) have made it in such a short time,” he added. 

                                                                 〚导学号     44994092〛


                                         B
    The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded Friday to India’s Kailash Satyarthi and 
Pakistan’s Malala Yousafzai for their struggles 1.       the suppression(压迫)
of children and for young people’s rights,2.       (include) the right to 
education. 
    Yousafzai came to 3.     (globe) attention after she 4.              
(shoot) in the head by the Taliban two years ago for her efforts 5.            
(promote) education for girls in Pakistan. 
    Through her heroic struggle,Yousafzai has become a leading spokeswoman for 
girls’ rights to education.According to the Nobel committee,at 17,she’s 6.            
(young)ever peace prize winner.“I’m proud that I’m the first Pakistani and the 
first young woman or the first young person 7.            (get) this 
award,” she said in Birmingham,England. 
     She doesn’t believe that she deserves the award but considers it an 
encouragement 8.          (continue)her campaign and to know that she 
isn’t 9.         . 
    Awarding the Peace Prize to a Pakistani Muslim and an Indian Hindu 10.     
(give) a message to people of love between Pakistan and India,and between different 
religions. 

                                                                 〚导学号     44994093〛


                                      参考答案

                             语法填空提升练(十一) 冠词
                                    [考点巩固练]
    1.a 此处第一次提到农场,应用不定冠词。故答案为                    a。
    2.a make a living 是固定搭配,指“谋生”的意思。故填               a。
                     中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    3.an 句意:他意识到他已经有一个多小时没见到他新养的小狗了。修饰以元音音素开头的
hour,用不定冠词     an。
    4.the 由后面的定语从句         that I have ever seen 可知 most in spiring 为形容词最高级,其
前用定冠词     the。句意:这是我迄今看过的最鼓舞人心的电影了。
    5.a 句意:他快到那座桥时,声音变得更大了。然后他看到了凄惨的一幕景象。设空处后的名
词 sight 作“景象,情景”讲时,为可数名词,在本句中表泛指,故与不定冠词连用。
    6.a “take a look(at...)”为固定短语,意为“看一看”。句意:最近,当他查看他的藏书
时,他发现了那本       61 年前借的旧书。
    7.an 设空处后的      idea 为可数名词,在本句中表泛指,故设空处用不定冠词;设空处后的
even 以元音音素开头,故答案为          an。句意:但是,另外一位孩子的家长想出了一个甚至更好的主意
——让全班的学生和         Zejd 一起学习手语。
    8.the the same...as...意为“和……一样的……”。句意:最严重的是,依赖智能手机交友
并不能给我们带来与在现实世界交新朋友同样的益处。
    9.a “a+比较级+名词”意为“更……的……”。句意:为了让你们这一代生活在更好的世界
里,我们这一代有很多事情可以做。
    10.the 特指现代飞行中的奇迹,故用定冠词               the。
                                    [语篇强化练]
                                         A
    【语篇导读】本文是一篇说明文,介绍了世界上最长的跨海                        大桥的建造工作和意义。
    1.was completed 考查时态语态。主语         bridge 与 complete 之间是被动关系,且由时间状语
last week 可知发生在过去,应该用一般过去时的被动语态且主语是单数,故填                          was completed。
    2.busiest 考查形容词最高级。one of         后接形容词最高级,故填          busiest。
    3.where 考查非限定性定语从句。此处为非限定性定语从句,先行词为                         shipping routes,指
地点,从句不缺主宾表,缺少地点状语,故填                where。
    4.protection 考查名词。此处需要名词作            enjoy 的宾语,protect   的名词形式是      protection,是
不可数名词,故填       protection。
    5.A 考查冠词。此处泛指“一场盛大的仪式”,big                  是以辅音音素开头的单词,故填             A。
    6.its 考查代词。此处指代前面的            the construction,在句中修饰名词       final stage 用形容
词性物主代词,故填        its。
    7.to build 考查非谓语动词。由句子结构可知此处使用非谓语动词,此处是说足够建造
60 个埃菲尔铁塔,所以       用不定式作结果状语,故填           to build。
    8.with 考查介词。此处表示“带有,伴有”,故填介词                   with。
    9.setting 考查非谓语动词       。由句子结构可知此处使用非谓语动词,主语                   Two floating 
cranes 与 set 之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,表示主动,所以用动词-ing                  形式作状语,故填       setting。
    10.possib ly 考查副词。修饰动词或整个句子用副词,故填                  possibly。
                                         B
    【语篇导读】这是一篇人物传记,介绍了因“为受剥削的儿童及年轻人、为所有孩子的受教育
的权利抗争”而获得诺贝尔和平奖的巴基斯坦女孩玛拉拉与凯拉什·萨蒂亚尔希。
                     中国现代教育网 www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    1.against 考查介词。根据空前的          struggle 判断。
    2.including 考查动词形式。including“包括”。
    3.global 考查形容词形式。名词          attention 前需要形容词修饰。
    4.was shot 考查被动语态。she       是  shoot 的动作承受者,而且动作发生在过去,故用一般过去
时态的被动语态。
    5.to promote 考查非谓语动词。此处是不定式作目的状语。
    6.the youngest 考查形容词最高级。根据下文的              the first young woman or the first 
young person 判断应填最高级。
    7.to get 考查定语从句。所修饰的名词前均有                序数词   first 作定语,所以用不定式作定语。
    8.to continue 由  and 可知,此处结构和后面的         to know 并列,所以用不定式形式 to 
continue。
    9.alone 考查形容词。根据上下文判断她不是独自一人在战斗,故填                         alone。
    10.gives 考查谓语动词。题干中的动词-ing             短语是主语,谓语动词应用第三人称单数形式,
故填  gives。
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