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2019高考英语专题之名词性从句学案

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               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                            名词性从句
1.名词的作用
1)请指出划线名词在句子中所充当的成分:
1. Good books are good friends.  _______________     _____________
2. A bad workman always blames his tools.         _______________
3. A healthy diet is very important.   _______________
4. We can’t judge a person by his appearance.   _______________
5. We should discuss the problem carefully. _______________
6. The problem should be discussed.  _______________
                       ____________
                       ____________
归纳:名词可以充当              ____________
                       ____________

2.名词性从句的作用
2)请指出划线部分在句子中所充当的成分并翻译成汉语:
7. What we need is good friends. 
8. Good books are what we need. 
9. A bad workman always blames what he uses.  
10. How people eat vegetables is very important. 
11. We can’t judge a person by what we see. 
12. We should carefully discuss the problem what we can do with rubbish. 
13. The problem how we can deal with rubbish properly should be discussed. 
                             ____________
归纳:名词性从句可以充当                 ____________
 即名词性从句       = ________     ____________
                             ____________

3.名词性从句的判断方式与引导词的选择:
1)用标志判断从句类型:
   (1)                      + 谓语 + 其它成分
   ⑵ 主语    + 连系  V +               
   ⑶   ① 主语   + 谓语(Vt.)+                         
       ② 主语   + 谓语  (+ … ) + 介词 +               
   ⑷ ① 主语(抽象名词)+                        + 谓语+ 其它成分
      ② 主语    + 谓语  + 宾语(抽象名词)+                       
2)名词性从句引导词的选择:

                       常用连接词                       意义
      连词                  that                 无词义/纯连接
                    if , whether (or not)      “是否”&连接
      连接        who(ever), whom(ever),whose, 
                                                 本义&连接
      代词           which(ever), what(ever)
      连接      when(ever), where(ever), how(ever), 
                                                 本义&连接
      副词                 why
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

4.结合课本(P91),《金版学案》(P37)与必修一                    P87,完成下列练习并归
纳总结                                          陈述句
   回忆:必修一       P87:直接引语      →  间接引语      一般疑问句 
                                           特殊疑问句
                                           祈使句
   哪些间接引语属于宾语从句?
   直接引语变成间接引语时要注意什么?

3)把下列直接引语变成间接引语:
14. “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary,” said Anne. 
_____________________________________________________________________
15. The boy said, “Are you interested in English?” 
_____________________________________________________________________
16. My mother said, “Did you finish your homework last night?”
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
17. “What do you call your diary?” Anne’s sister asked her. 
_____________________________________________________________________
18. “How did they overcome their weakness?” Father asked Anne.          
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
19. “When did he win the Nobel Prize?” The student asked the teacher. 
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
20. “Whose novels do you like best?” The teacher asked the students. 
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
21. “Why did he drop out of school?” Everyone wants to know. 
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
22. The students wondered, “Who will come to our school to make a speech?”
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
23. I think, “Women can also reach very high achievements in many fields of 
  science.” __________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
归纳:
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

4)选用合适的词填空:
     if  whether  when  where  why  how  who  which  what  that
24. While in class, you should pay attention to __________ the teacher has said. 
25. Will you tell me ___________ I can keep fit and healthy?
26. Please tell me __________ won the Nobel Peace Prize. 
27. Please tell me __________ he won the Nobel Peace Prize.
28. Please tell me __________ he could win the Nobel Peace Prize.  
29. Her wish is _________ she could keep fit by going on a diet.  
30. The question is _____________ can put forward(提出) a good way to deal with 
  pollution.       
31. The question is ________________________ we can manage(成功) to deal with 
   pollution properly with the new technology. 
32. The question is _______________________ we can deal with pollution properly. 
33. The question is _____________ company can deal with pollution properly.  
34. His trouble is ____________________________ he can find a new job. 
35. His trouble is ___________ can offer him a new job.  
36. His trouble is ___________ he can find here.  
37. That is ___________ I am determined to learn English well. 
38. ___________ is needed for the space trip is careful preparation. 
39. Careful preparation is ___________ is needed for the space trip. 
40. ___________ wild life can be well protected is of great importance. 
41. ___________ well wild life can be protected is of great importance. 
42. It is of great importance ___________ wild life can be well protected. 
43. It is of great importance ___________ well wild life can be protected. 
44. The energy is ___________ makes the cells able to do their work.
45. Going abroad for further education is __________ he hopes best.
46. The question ____________ can go for a picnic hasn’t been decided.       
47. The question ___________________ we can go for a picnic hasn’t been decided. 
48. The question ___________________ we can go for a picnic hasn’t been decided 
   because the weather is changeable these days.
49. The question ___________________ we can go for a picnic on this coming 
  Sunday hasn’t been decided.
50. The question ___________________ we can go for a picnic by bike to the lake on 
   this coming Sunday hasn’t been decided.
51. The fact __________ women can work as well as men is clear. 
52. The fact is clear __________ women can work as well as men. 
53. It is clear ___________ women can work as well as men. 
54. It is well known __________ traditional Chinese diet is one of the healthiest. 

归纳:确定为名词性从句后,_________________________________________

归纳:(P92)为了避免主语显得过长,可以用__________                     作为句子的形式主
语,把________________移到句子的末尾。
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

5)模仿翻译:
55. 我们感到非常兴奋听到我们的队伍获胜这一消息。(P93)
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
56. 我对他准备退学(drop out of school)的消息感到很惊讶。
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
57. 为什么恐龙灭绝了还是一个谜。(P92)
_____________________________________________________________________
58. 琥珀宫发生了什么仍然是一个谜。 
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
59. 她的愿望是她能很快减重。(P92)
_____________________________________________________________________
60. 我的梦想是我能进入一所重点大学。
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
61. 我们的格言是不劳无获。
_____________________________________________________________________
62. 众所周知,美国人都喜欢吃得很多。(P22)
_____________________________________________________________________
63. 众所周知,空气污染对气候(climate)有很大影响。(have a great effect on)
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
64. 我们很快就会知道他是不是像一匹狼一样聪明。(P22)
_____________________________________________________________________
65. 我们很快就会知道他是不是像一只蜜蜂一样勤奋工作。
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


                            名词性从句

1. 主语,  表语
2. 宾语
3. 主语
4. 介词后宾语
5. 划线部分为   problem 为了要在其后添加同位语从句所以没有划线
6. 主语
温馨提示:请结合下面的        7-13 对应进行引导
                       主语
                       表语
归纳:名词可以充当              及物动词后宾语
                       介词后宾语
                       (同位语)

7. 主语从句, 
8. 表语从句
9. 宾语从句
10. 主语从句
11. 介词后宾语从句
12. 同位语从句
13. 主语从句
                             主语
归纳:名词性从句可以充当                 表语
 即名词性从句       = 名词           宾语
                             同位语

3)用标志判断从句类型:
   (1)     主语从句       + 谓语  + 其它成分
   ⑵ 主语    + 连系  V +    表语从句   
   ⑶   ① 主语   + 谓语(Vt.)+       宾语从句      
       ② 主语   + 谓语  (+ … ) + 介词 +    宾语从句   
   ⑷ ① 主语(抽象名词)+            同位语从句       + 谓语+  其它成分
      ② 主语    + 谓语  + 宾语(抽象名词)+         同位语从句  
                                           陈述句
   回忆:必修一       P87:直接引语      →  间接引语      一般疑问句 
          (红色部分可以变成宾语从句)                   特殊疑问句
                                           祈使句

       直接引语变成间接引语时要注意:时态,人称,时间,地点等细节变化。

14. Anne said that she didn’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary.(陈述句)  
15. The boy asked whether I was interested in English.(一般疑问句)  
16. My mother asked whether I had finished my homework the night before.(一般疑
问句)  
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 17. Anne’s sister asked her what she called her diary.(特殊疑问句)  
 18. Father asked Anne how they had overcome their weakness.(特殊疑问句)  
 19. The student asked the teacher when he had won the Nobel Prize.(特殊疑问句)  
 20. The teacher asked the students whose novels they liked best.(特殊疑问句)  
 21. Everyone wants to know why he dropped out school.(特殊疑问句)  
 22. The students wondered who would come to their school to make a speech.(特殊疑
 问句)  
 23. I think that women can also reach very high achievements in many fields of 
 science.(陈述句)
 归纳:直接引语        →  间接引语     ==> 宾语从句:
        陈述句用    that 连接,如果不是在介词或形容词后可以省略                  that
        一般疑问句用      whether/ if 连接,表“是否”
        特殊疑问句用特殊疑问词连接,用特殊疑问词的本义理解

 24.what  25.how  
 (26-28 为一小组:26    缺少必要成分主语;27         缺少次要成分时间和方式;28             多
 了一个   could,则应注意“为什么能”/“什么时候能”/ ......)
 26.who  27.when / how  28.why / when / how / whether  
 29.that  
 (30-33 为一组:30   同 26;31  后有方式    with  the new   technology 所以不能用
 how;32 可以问方式/时间;33         应理解为“哪一家公司”)
 30.who  31.when/ whether  32.when/ whether/ how  33.which  
 (34-36 为一组,分析方法同上) 
 34.whether/ how/ when/ where  35.who  36.what  
 37.why  
 (38-39 为一组,同    1;7&8)
 38.(P92)what  39.what  
 (40-43, P92) 40.Whether ”是否能被好好保护”/       How“如何才能被好好保护”/ 
Where “在哪里才能被好好保护”             41.how(其后有   well,应理解为“能被保护得
 有多好”)     42.Whether/ How/ Where(同 40,开始引导第三页末的第二个“归纳”
)  43.how(同   41,引导同上)  
 44.what  45.what  
 (46-50 为一组)46.who      47.whether/ when/ where/ how  48.whether/ when(后虽
有时间    these days,但未具体)/ where / how   49.whether/ where/ how  50.whether  
 (51-54 为一组) 51.that  52.that  53.that  54.that (引导第三页末的第二个“归纳”
)

 归纳:确定为名词性从句后,__缺啥补啥(先考虑必要成分主与宾,后考虑次
 要成分时地等状语);什么也不缺用                that;不缺但含疑问用        whether__
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

归纳:(P92)为了避免主语显得过长,可以用_____it_____                     作为句子的形式
主语,把_______主语从句_________移到句子的末尾。

55. We were very excited at the news that our team had won. 
56. I was very surprised at the news that he was going to drop out of school. 
57. Why dinosaurs died out remains a puzzle. 
58. What happened to the Amber Room remains a puzzle. 
59. Her wish is that she could lose weight soon. 
60. My dream is that I can go to a key university. 
61. Our motto is that there is no pains, there is no gains. 
62. It is well-known that Americans like to eat a lot. 
63. It is well-known that air pollution has a great effect on climate. 
64. We’ll see if he’s clever as a wolf. 
65. We’ll see if he works hard as a bee. 

                       
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