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2019 高考英语专题复习之主谓一致方法点拨

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中国现代教育网
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主谓一致方法点拨
主谓一致:句子中谓语动词的人称和数必须和

主语保持一致,主要包括:


        就近一致     就远一致
        语法一致     意义一致
          就近一致

He or his brothers were to blame.
Not only the students but also the teacher goes
 to the park.
Either you or I am mad.
Neither you nor he is right.


谓语要与离它最近的那个主语在人称和数上
一致。
          就远一致


No one except (but) me ______knows  (know) about it.
All the students, including Tom, _____leaving.are
The teacher, together with his students, ____is  
planting trees in the street.     


A with/ along with/ together with/ as well as/ 
 besides/ like/ without/ except / but/ including B
谓语动词与     A 保持一致
           意义一致

1. 有些名词   people, cattle, police 等,形式是单数
  而意义是复数,谓语动词这样用:

Many people are present at the meeting today.
The police have caught the thief.
2. 有些形容词与    the 连用,表示一类人,其意义
  为复数,谓语动词这样用:


The sick are being taken good care of at the hospital.
3. 有些集体名词,如      audience, family, group, 
  class, team, government, public 等作主语时,
  谓语动词这样用:


His family is a large one.(整体)
His family are early risers.(个体)
4. 书刊名、时间、距离、价格、重量等的复数
  名词作主语时,谓语动词常用单数。

Arabian Nights is an interesting book.

Thirty minutes is enough for the work. 
5. news,maths,politics,physics,plastics 等以
 s 结尾的名词,谓语动词应该用单数。


Physics is hard to learn.
The news is very exciting.
某些名词如    clothes,trousers,shoes,glasses 等
作主语时,谓语用复数形式。


My trousers are too long.
6. 百分数或分数+of+名词,谓语动词与           of 后面的名
   词一致:

Twenty percent of the workers in this factory are women.
One third of the land has been polluted.
7. a number of+ 名词复数+动词复数
  the number of+ 名词单/复数+动词单数
A number of children are interested in playing 
computer games.(许多)

The number of the people who are going to attend 
the party is 50. (…...的数量)
            语法一致


I am a student.  You are a student. He speaks Chinese.


 To see is to believe. What he said is important.
主语为单数形式,谓语用单数;
主语是复数形式,谓语用复数。


名词、代词、不定式、动名词、从句等充当主
语时,都属于语法一致原则
1. 由连接词   and 或 both ... and 连接起来的主
  语后面,谓语动词用复数形式。


Lucy and Lily are twins. 
Water and air are important for living things.
Both she and he are very happy.
2. 由 and 连接的并列成分指的是同一概念,谓
  语动词用单数

 The professor and writer is from France.  
 (那位教授兼作家…)   

比较:The   professor and the writer are from France. 
(那位教授和那位作家)
3. every…and every…/ each…and each…/                                                                
no…and no…整个短语在句中作主语时,
谓语动词常用单数。

Every minute and every second is important.
No voice and no sound has been heard.
Each boy and each girl has a new book.
4. 主语中有many a/an ,尽管从意义上看是复数,
 但它的谓语动词仍用单数。

Many a boy likes playing basketball.
=Many boys like playing basketball.
His family ___ all football fans.

A. is                               B. has been       

C. are being                   D. are 
                  √
The class ___ divided into three groups by the teacher 

according to their opinions.

A. was                                     B. were        
                      √
C. is                                         D. are
The company had about 20 notebook computers but 

only one-third _______ used regularly. Now  we have 
                    one-third of 
60 working all day long. the computers

 A. is    B. are   C. was   D. were
                            √
A library with five thousand books ____ to the nation 

as a gift.

A. is offered     B. has offered
√
C. are offered    D. have offered
The number of people invited ______ sixty, but a 

number of them _____ absent for different reasons.

A. were, was       B. was, was

C. was, were       D. were, were
牢记四个一致
Have a nice day!
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