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2018-2019学年高中英语外研版 必修三 Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia -Integrating Skills

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ModuleModule  44      SandstormsSandstorms  inin  AsiaAsia

      Period Two Integrating Skills
    Listening & Vocabulary –1. Vocabulary

  Look at the pictures , and see what words 
  you will think of ?


____________pollution    _____________environment    _____________atmosphere
 Listening & Vocabulary–2. Exercise

Finish the exercise at Activity 1, Page 35.

             Answers:
1.  ___________atmosphere                 2.  ___________damage
3.  ___________chemical                 4.  ___________environment
5.  ___________melt                 6.  ___________recycle
7.  carbon___________ dioxide                8.  ___________the Poles
9.  ___________garbage                 10. ___________pollution
 Listening & Vocabulary– 3.Numbering

Listen to the tape and finish Activity 2. 
Then talk about the relationship between them.

           Answers:
           1. E
           2. D
           3. C
           4. B
           5. A
  Listening & Vocabulary ­ 4. Answering

Listen to the tape , then finish the exercise 
at Activity 3, Page 35.

Answers:
1. The climate
2. New York and Shanghai.
3. Because pollution is stopping the sun’s heat 
     leaving the atmosphere.
  Listening & Vocabulary ­ 4. Answering

Listen to the tape , then finish the exercise 
at Activity 3, Page 35.

4. Carbon dioxide from cars.
5. There is less oxygen and more carbon 
dioxide in the atmosphere.
6.   Optimistic.
     Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises

    Listen to the tape, then fill the blank.
Int:   David, what do you see as the main problems 
          with the ____________?environment
D.U: Well, ____________,in a nutshell  the most ______urgent problem of    
          all is the ________.climate  The world’s climate seems to 
          be getting warmer.
Int: We’ve seen ________________a lot of evidence  of that, haven’t we? 
    _______Hotter  summers, ________warmer  winters, that kind of 
    thing.
     
     Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises

    Listen to the tape, then fill the blank.
D.U: Yes, we have. Also, scientists have found that the 
ice  at the Poles is beginning to ______.melt
Int: We’ve heard that too. Is that really happening?
D.U: Yes, I’m afraid it is. Ad ___________at sometime  in the 
     future, the ice may melt ___________.completely  Then it’s 
     possible that the sea could rise and coastal___________ cities  
     like New York and Shanghai could disappear 
     under water.
     Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises

John: It sounds very ____________.frightening
D.U:  I couldn’t agree with you more. It’s _______!scary
Int:  Can you explain why the climate’s getting warmer?
D.U:  Well, I’ll do my best! It’s __________pollution  that’s the 
                                atmosphere
          problemstop. Gases from cars enter leavingthe __________ 
           and _____ the sun’s heat fromgive ________ out  the 
     atmosphere. And factories _________as a result chemicals 
     that do the same thing. So __________, the climate 
     is getting warmer.
    Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises

John: Int: From ___________________,what I understand  carbon      
           dioxide from cars is a major problem.
D.U: You’re absolutely right. Carbon dioxide is the    
           gas that does most _________damage  to the 
atmosphere. 
           But wegive have out a problem withtake trees in too. You see,    
           trees ________ oxygen and _______ carbon 
     dioxide.use up  So they’re very useful because they   
           ______the carbon dioxide.
  Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises

Int: I know what you’re going to say. We’re 
         ________cutting  _______ down  all the trees.
D.U: Yes, we cut them down because we need the   
          land and because we use the wood for paper   
          and _________.furniture  That leaves more carbon  
          dioxide in the atmosphere.
   Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises


Int: It’s a terrible _________.situation
D.U: Yes, and another problem is _______________all the garbage   
          that we produce. We burn a lot of garbage, 
          and once again, the gases pollute the 
          atmosphere. That situation couldn’t be worse, 
          really.
   Listening & Vocabulary – 5. Extra­exercises

Int: We should _________recycle  garbage, not burn it.
D.U: Of course we should.
Int: It’s strange, we know all this, and yet we do 
     _____________________itnothing but talk about . I can’t help but 
     feel very __________.concerned
D.U: Yes, well, it is __________.worrying  But governments 
          are beginning to do something about it. I don’t  
          think it’s too late.
Everyday English – Exercise 

      Answers:

         1.B
         2.A
         3.B
         4.A
         5.A
   Function­1.Matching 

I couldn’t agree with you 
more.                          agreements

I think you’re absolutely right.

I disagree with you all.

I am afraid I cannot agree with 
                             disagreements
you.

I don’t think so.
    Function ­ 2. Exercise

 Fill the blank with the phrases we learnt just now.

1. A: We need to plant more trees.
     B: ________________________________________I couldn’t agree with you more./ I think you’re 
          _______________absolutely right.
2. ________________________________________It couldn’t be worse. / It’s absolutely hopeless.
      The traffic in this city just doesn’t move.
    Function ­ 2. Exercise

3. A: People don’t care enough about
           the environment.
B: 
_____________________________________________I couldn’t agree with you more. / I think you’re 
_____________________absolutely right.
4. It_______________________________________ couldn’t be worse. / It’s absolutely hopeless.
      I can’t see anything. There’s sand everywhere.
    Speaking 1 ­ 1. Description 

     How do you describe a terrible experience?

       Some people must put on a mask and cycled to 
work in the sandstorm, what do they see and how do 
they feel about the sandstorm.

Ren Jiabao: terrible, be caught in, nothing to be done,  
          survive, disappear
   Speaking 1 ­ 1. Description 

Beijing citizens : wake up to, strong winds, cover   

                             the city in a thick, brown­yellow   

                             dust, move slowly

Huang Xiaowei: cycling in a sandstorm, 

                             frightening, strong winds,  

                             difficult to breathe, make me ill,          

                             wear a mask
    Speaking 1 ­ 2. Role­play 

Two reporters: 
(1) Ask citizens questions about their experience and 
feelings.
(2) Ask experts about the cause, the danger and the 
measures.

•Group One: Citizens. Experience and feelings.

•Group Two: Experts. Cause, danger and measures.

Note: More interesting questions are welcome.
the world used to be beautiful
But now the beautiful world becomes 
polluted.
The climate is getting worse and 
many animals are extinct.
What is the boy doing?
 Read the passage and answer these questions:

1. How do countries in Europe try to improve the 
  environment? 
2. Are there organizations in China whose aim is to 
  protect the environment?
3. What do you know about these organizations?
  Discussion


What environmental problems are there 
in your hometown?
Can you make some suggestions to the government
or the public?
     Language points

1.  Sandstorms have been a major disaster for many 
Asian countries for centuries. 长达数世纪之久,
沙尘暴一直是许多亚洲国家的主要灾祸。
本句谓语是现在完成时态。现在完成时表示过去开始
  ,
但持续到现在的动作,或过去发生的动作,对现在留
下后果或影响。常和for+一段时间, already, ever, 
  never, 
just, yet, in the past few years/ over the last thirty years, 
so far, up to now, since 等状语连用。 
1) I have never been abroad up to now.
2) Emergency assistance may have been good for 
  trade between the two cities.
3) We have already taken action to improve the 
  environment. 
  汉译英


1. 大多数大学生学英语已经超过六年。
   Most college students have learned English for 
 more than six years. 
2. 在过去的几年里,中国发生了巨大的变化。
    Great changes have taken place in China 
    in the past few years. 
2. be caught in 
a.  I am often caught in a heavy traffic on my 
way to school.
    我在上学路上常常遇到塞车。
b. Medical teams were caught in the crossfire 
   of the opposing armies.
    医疗队陷入了敌军的交叉火力中。
    be caught in 被困于,遭遇
______ his idea,we wouldn’t ______ the rain.
A. If we followed; have been caught in  
B. If we had followed; have been caught in
C. Had we followed; had been caught in  
D. Had we followed; be caught in
3. cut down
 a. This is a process that happens when land becomes 
desert because of climate changes and because people 
cut down trees and dig up grass.
这是由于气候变化和人们伐树挖草,使土地变成荒漠
后产生的一种作用。
b. Many big trees along the road have been cut down for 
building houses.路边的许多大树都被砍掉用来建房了。
cut down 砍倒,使倒下;削减, 减价
If you don’t ________ your smoking,I will 
________ your supply.
A. cut up; cut down     
B. cut down; cut off
C. cut in; cut off           
D. cut in; cut up
4. strength
a. He has been doing weight­trainingto  build up 

his strength.他一直进行举重训练以增强体力。

b. Much of the country’s military strength lies in its 
missile force.
这个国家的军事实力主要体现在导弹部队上。

c. The boy lifted the stone with all his strength.
   男孩用尽全力举起了石头。
strength n. 力量;力气;体力;实力
           force/strength/energy/power
(1) force主要指自然界的力量、暴力、势力以及法律、
道德或感情的力量、效力、强制力、军事力量、武力等
(2) strength说人时,指“力气”;说物时,指“强度”
(3) energy主要指人生理上的精力或自然界中的能量、能
源。
(4) power主要指做一件事所依靠的能力、功能;也可
指人或机器等事物潜在或所能发挥出来的力量,还可指
职权、权力、政权,也可指电力、动力、功率
用strength,energy,power填空。

 ① Young people are full of ________.energy
 ② It takes _________strength  to lift weights.
 ③As the saying goes, “Unity is strength_______”,
      let us work hard.
 ④ Knowledge is ______.power
 Homework 


Working in group, try to make a postcard that 
 encourages people to protect the environment.
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