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2018-2019学年人教版英语必修一 Unit 2 English around the world

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Book 1  Unit 2
English around the world
内容索引


                          基础语境串记

                          考点互动探究

                          跟踪达标训练
基础语境串记
                         重点单词

Ⅰ.核心必记单词
1. native            adj.本国的;本地的
                n.本国人;本地人
2. actually               adv.事实上;实际上
3. base         vt.以……为根据
              n.基部;基础;基地
 → basic     adj.基础的
 → basis     n.基础;基部;基准
4. vocabulary                    n.词汇;词汇量;词表
5. latter           adj.较后的;(两者中)后者的;后半的
               n.后者
  → former       adj.以前的
                      n.前者
6. command                  n.& vt.命令;指令;掌握→ commanding            adj.威严的;指挥的
7. request              n.& vt.请求;要求
8. expression                    n.词语;表示;表达→ express       vt.表示;表达
9. recognize                  vt.辨认出;承认;公认→ recognition           n.识别;承认;赞誉
10. straight               adv.直接;挺直
                     adj.直的;笔直的;正直的
Ⅱ.阅读识记单词
11.official adj._______________________官方的;正式的;公务的
12.voyage n.___________航行;航海
13.apartment n._______________________<美>公寓住宅;单元住宅
14.gradual adj. 逐渐的;逐步的                             → gradually         adv.逐渐地;逐步地
15.enrich v. 使富裕;充实;改善                                     → rich    adj.富有的
16.spelling n.  拼写;拼法                     → spell     vt.拼写
17.identity n. 本身;本体;身份                                 → identify        v.确认;识别
18.fluent adj. 流利的;流畅的                             → fluently       adv.流利地;流畅地
  → fluence       n.流利;流畅
19.frequent adj. 频繁的;常见的                             → frequently          adv.常常;频繁地
20.block n._____________________街区;块;木块;石块
语境活用 [用所给词的正确形式填空]
1.“I don’t understand,” he said,with an    expression           (express) of 
complete surprise on his face.
2.My computer has a program which corrects my   spelling              (spell).
3.When he returned to his hometown after the war,he found it had 
changed beyond all   recognition                   (recognize).
4.Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a   basic         (base) part of 
communicating among people.(2016·全国Ⅰ)
5.However,it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long.So codes 
must be changed   frequently                  (frequent).(2016·全国Ⅰ)
6.Right now you’re in a more  commanding                      (command) position than you 
have been for ages.
7.With a sinking feeling,he realized that he    actually          (actual) enjoyed 
doing it.(2017·江苏)
8.Embryonic learning helps mother birds to   identify          (identity) the baby 
birds which fit the environment better.
9.I went to a workshop and  gradually                 (gradual) got good at making things 
with clay(黏土).(2016·天津)
10.Uses of Prezi in listening and speaking courses draw students’ 
attention to speaking more  fluently              (fluent).(2015·安徽)
联想拓展·多积累

 1.常见的形容词和副词同形的单词
 (1)straight adj.& adv.直的(地)
 (2)fast adj.& adv.快的(地)
 (3)far adj.& adv.远的(地)
 (4)pretty adj.漂亮的;adv.相当地;很;非常
 (5)well adj.健康的;adv.好
2.en前后缀构成的动词
(1)enrich v.使富裕;充实
(2)enlarge v.扩大;使增大
(3)encourage v.鼓励
(4)sharpen v.削尖;使锐利
(5)strengthen v.加强;使变强
3.“旅行”家族
(1)voyage 航行;航海
(2)tour (观光)旅行
(3)travel 旅行
(4)trip (短途)旅行;外出
(5)journey (长途) 旅行
(6)outing 远足
                            高频短语

1. more           than         超过;非常;不只是;不仅是
2. because                of    由于;因为
3. come           up     走近;提出;上来
4. base...on/upon                          以……为基础/根据
5. at      present             目前;现在
6. make            use       of     利用;使用
7. such          as    例如……;像这种的
8. leave           for      动身去
9. believe              it     or     not      信不信由你
10.  play         a    part          (in)      扮演一个角色;参与
语境活用 [用上述加颜色短语的正确形式填空]
1.By last year,the Yellowstone wolf population had grownmore than to 
__________
170 wolves.(2017·全国Ⅲ)
2.Byplaying focusing a part on in saving oil,water,paper,food,and clothing,we are 
                               cutting down on waste.make use of
3.If you have a door to your office, at      present     good              it.(2017·全国Ⅱ)
4.I’m afraid I can’t help you just                   —I’m too busy.
5.A gentleman at the office  came       up  and patted Jason’s shoulder 
fondly.“You’re just the boy I am looking for.” (2015·湖北)
6.It was a very lucky dog.She survived  because              of    a plentiful supply of 
fresh water.(2015·陕西)
联想拓展·多积累

 1.than短语集锦
 (1)more than超过;不只是
 (2)other than除了
 (3)rather than 而不是
 (4)less than不到;少于
 (5)no more than仅仅;只不过
2.“因为,由于”短语速递
(1)because of 因为;由于
(2)due to由于
(3)owing to 由于
(4)thanks to多亏;由于
(5)as a result of 因为
(6)on account of因为
3.“动词+for”意为“动身去”的短语
(1)leave for动身去
(2)head for走向;朝……进发
(3)make for前往;走向
(4)start for动身去
(5)set out/off for动身去
                         经典句式

1....even if...即使……
Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t 
speak the same kind of English.
以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相互理
解。

2.more...than...与其说……,倒不如说……
It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.
当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语不是。
3.no such...没有这种……
Believe it or not,there is no such thing as standard English.
信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。
句式仿写
1.即使你计划得很好,没有实际行动你也不会成功。(2016·浙江)
You can’t make it without practical action  even         if     you        plan          so     well        .
2.她对我说的事与其说让我感到震惊,倒不如说让我觉得好笑。
I was  more           amused               than          shocked               by what she told me.
3.任何事情都是要付出代价的,在这个世界上并没有免费的午餐。
Everything comes with a price;there is   no      such         thing          as     a    free        lunch           in 
the world.
考点互动探究
               边讲
               边练    突破核心词汇

1 base vt.以……为据点(或总部等);以……为根据
          n.基部;基地;基础

拓展词:basis n.原因,缘由;基准,准则;方式;基础
basic adj.基本的;基础的

(1)base...on/upon...把……建立在……;以……为根据
be based on/upon以……为根据(基础)
(2)on the basis of在……的基础上
(1)When planning Encyclopaedia Britannica,I had to create a table of 
contents  based           (base) on the topics of its articles.
规划《大英百科全书》的时候,我不得不创建一个基于文章主题的目
录。
  Basing                                       (2016·天津)
(2)           (base) an important decision more on emotion than on reason
,you will regret it sooner or later.
把一个重要决定更多地建立在情感而不是理性的基础上,你迟早会后
悔。
[句式升级]
(3)The restaurant is based on trust,and it is working all right.(用形容
词短语作状语改写)
 Based             on      trust         ,the restaurant is working all right.
 2 separate v.把……分开;分隔
                  adj.分开的;单独的;独立的

拓展词:separation n.分开;分离;分居

 separate A from B 把A和B分开
 divide...into...把……分成……
(1)There is a separate bedroom,a modern kitchen with a refrigerator.
有一个独立的卧室,一个带冰箱的现代化厨房。(2017·全国Ⅰ)
(2)I separated the good apples   from           the bad ones and she divided the 
best   into        halves.
我把好苹果与坏苹果分开,她把最好的苹果分成两半。
[熟词生义] 写出句子中加颜色词的汉语意思
(3)Millie’s parents separated when she was five years old.
                                          ________________(夫妻或伴侣)分居
 3 command v.命令;博得;拥有;指挥
                     n.命令;掌握;运用能力

拓展词:commanding adj.指挥的;威严的

 (1)command sb. to do sth.命令某人做某事
 command that...(should) do...命令……
 (2)at one’s command听某人支配
 take command of指挥;控制
 have a good command of 掌握……;精通……
 in command of掌管;掌握
(1)I am here  at      the       president                ’    s    command                 .
我在这儿听从总统的命令。
(2)Much as he confirms he      has      a   good       command              of      English,he 
sometimes feels it hard to find an appropriate version for some Chinese 
idioms.
虽然他确定自己精通英语,但有时他感到为一些汉语习语找到合适的
英语翻译很难。
[同义句改写]
(3)He commanded that we should set off at once.
→He commanded  us        to       set         off      at once.
 4 request vt.& n.要求;请求

 (1)request sb.to do sth.请求某人做某事
 It is requested that...(should) do...要求……
 (2)at one’s request(=at the request of sb.)应某人的要求

(1)The request is that manuscripts(手稿)   (should)              be     written            (write) on 
one side only.
要求手稿只写在一面上。
[同义句改写]
(2)He requested that he should be transferred to another department.
→He was transferred to another department at        his         own           request             .
(3)All members are requested to be present at the party.
→ It       is       requested                   that        all members  be        present              at the party.
[易错点拨]
(1)动词request后的宾语从句以及名词request后的表语从句、同位语从句
都要用虚拟语气,即从句谓语动词为“(should+)动词原形”。
(2)request后不能直接跟不定式,即不能说request to do...。
5 recognize v.认识;辨认出;意识到;承认,认可;赏识,表彰
  ;      
                      向……打招呼
拓展词:recognition n.认出;认识

(1)recognize...as/to be...把……看作……
It is recognized that...人们公认……
(2)beyond recognition 认不出来
(1)For example,she received the 2007 BRICK Award ____________recognizing
(recognize) the efforts of young people to change the world.
例如,她获得了2007年BRICK Award,这个奖项是对年轻人为改变世界
所做出的努力的认可。(2017·北京)
(2)I haven’t seen Sara since she was a little girl,and she has changed 
beyond  recognition                    (recognize).
从萨拉还是个小女孩我就没有见过她,她已经变得认不出来了。
[一句多译]
(3)我们都认为屠呦呦是位伟大的科学家。
①______________________________________________We all recognize Tu Youyou as/to be a great scientist.
②__________________________________________It is recognized that Tu Youyou is a great scientist.__
 6 come up走近;上来;发生;出现;被提出;发芽;升起

[写出下列句子中加颜色词语的汉语意思]
(1)The snowdrops(雪花莲) are just beginning to come up.长出地面;发芽______________
(2)We watched the sun come up.                          ___________(太阳)升起
(3)I’m afraid something urgent has come up;I won’t be able to see 
you tonight.                          ___________ 发生;出现
(4)The problem of getting new uniforms came up at the meeting.
                                           _______________被提出;被讨论
come up with提出;想出
come across(偶然)遇见;发现;穿过
come about发生
come out出来;出版,发行

(5)I  came           across            this old photograph when looking for a book yesterday.
我昨天找书的时候,偶然发现了这张早年的照片。
[链接高考写作·翻译句子]
(6)我们班提出了更好地利用旧材料的想法。(2016·北京)
_____________________________________Our class came up with the idea to make better_______________________ use of used materials.
[易错点拨]
come  up被提出,不及物,主语常是计划、建议、问题等;come                   up 
with提出,及物,主语是人或团体组织。
7 make use of利用;使用

(1)make full/good use of充分/好好利用
make the best/most of充分利用
(2)come into use开始使用
bring/put...to use加以使用……
be of use有用
It’s no use doing...做……没用。
(1)Your time should be made full use of  to     exercise              (exercise).
你应该充分利用时间锻炼身体。
(2)This old machine is   useless         (use);we’ll try to get rid of it./This old 
machine is  of      no      use      ;we’ll try to get rid of it.
这部旧机器没用了,我们将想法把它处理掉。
(3)My mother always told us it is no use   crying            (cry) over spilt milk.
母亲总是告诉我们为打翻的牛奶哭泣是没有用的。
 8 play a part (in)扮演一个角色;参与

 play a role in在……中起作用;扮演……角色
 take part in参加

(1)But Sarah,who has   taken           part         in      shows along with top models,
wants to prove that she has brains as well as beauty.
但是,曾和顶级模特一起参加表演的萨拉想证明她既美丽又聪明。
                                              (2017·全国Ⅲ)
(2)There are many reasons for animals dying out,but the most 
important one is the part that humans   have          played            .
动物绝种的原因很多,但是最重要的原因是人类所起的作用。
                 点拨
                 规律    突破经典句型

  9 Native English speakers can understand each other even if they 
    don’t speak the same kind of English.
    以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以相
    互理解。

句型:...even if...

even if/though即使,尽管,引导让步状语从句,在从句中常用一般现在时
代替将来时。在主从句主语相同或从句主语为it,且从句谓语动词含有be
动词的某种形式时也可采用省略句结构,即省略从句的主语和be动词。
(1)My grandfather still plays tennis now and then,__even________________ if/though he’s
 in     his       nineties              .
尽管我的祖父已经九十多岁了,但他仍不时打网球。(2016·北京)
(2)I’ll go there even if the weather   is    (be) bad tomorrow.
即使明天天气不好,我也要去那儿。
[句式升级]
(3)He won’t come to our party even if he is invited.(改为省略句)
He won’t come to our party  even          if    invited             .
10 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.
   当时的英语更多的是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语不
   是。
 句型:more...than...

 more...than...与其说……,倒不如说……
 more than多于;不仅仅;非常;岂止
 not more than不多于;不超过;至多
 no more than仅仅;只不过
 no+比较级+than...前者和后者都不……(两者的否定)
 less...than...比……少,不如……多;与其……不如……
(1)The man was more  brave            than  wise        ,so he failed many times.
这个人有勇无谋,所以他失败了很多次。
[句式升级]
(2)He is very happy at the good news.(用more than改写)
_______________________________He is more than happy at the good news._____
(3)Neither he nor you are diligent.(用no more...than...改写)
____________________________He is no more diligent than you.
(4)He is more clever than diligent.(用less...than...改写)
__________________________He is less diligent than clever.
跟踪达标训练
Ⅰ.单句语法填空
1.The professor came to our school to give lectures  by      request.
2.There are lots of people there who can  actually              (actual) help you.
3.He has a great number of English idioms  at     his command.
4.The government provides them with not only food and shelter,but also 
the  basic         (base) skills for their living.
5. It     is recognized that environmental pollution has become one of the 
most serious problems that people face.
6.I don’t like the way  that         you talked to the old man.
7.He failed in the exam again.In my view,he was more lazy  than         
stupid.                        asked
8.The boy wouldn’t leave even though            has (ask) dropped to twice.
9.The number of smokers,as is reported,                (drop) by 17 
percent in just one year.             expression
10.Kayla came back downstairs with a worried                  (express) on 
her face.
Ⅱ.单句改错(每小题仅有1处错误)

1.To my knowledge,there is no such an idiom in English.
                       not
或To my knowledge,there is no such an idiom in English.

2.All of us made a request that the problem was discussed at the meeting.
                                  be
3.The question is bound to be come up at the meeting.
4.Basing on a true love story,the film we watched yesterday is highly 
  Based
thought of.

5.You should have made good use of the time you spent together∧ discuss 
                                                 to
the matter.
Ⅲ.教材与语法填空
    At the end of the 16th century,English was 1. mostly           (most) spoken by 
people from England.They were native speakers.Today,thelargest 2.            
(large) number of peoplelearning 3.             (learn) English may be in China.A lot of 
Chinese people speak English 4.  as     their foreign language.
   The English language 5.   has       changed              (change) quite a lot over the 
last few centuries.Old English sounded more like German for it 6.______was
 based           (base) on German,but modern English sounds more like French 
than German because those who ruled England spoke French.Two 
people had great effectson  7.       the English changes.8One .          was Samuel 
Johnson,who wrote his dictionary;the other was Noah Webster,who 
wrote The American Dictionary of the English Languagewhich,9.           gave 
American English itsidentity own 10.               (identify).
Ⅳ.教材与短文改错

            STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS

    What is standard English?Is it spoken in Britain,the US,Canada

,Australia,India and New Zealand?Believe it or not,there is no such 

things as standard English.Many people believe the English spoke on TV 
 thing                                         spoken
and the radio is standard English.This is why in the early days of radio,
                               because
those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.
 Therefore,on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way 
  However
∧which people speak.
in
 或on TV  and the radio you will hear differences in the way which 
                                                   that
 people speak.

 或on  TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way which 

 people speak.
    When  people use words and expressions different from the 

“standard language”,it is called∧ dialect.Even in some parts of the 
                            a
USA,two people from neighbouring towns speak a little different.
                                           differently
    Geography also played a part in making dialects.When Americans 
                 plays
moved from one place to another,they took their dialects with them.So 

people in the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the 
     from
same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.Although many 

Americans move a lot,but they still recognize and understand each 

other’s dialects.
Ⅴ.教材与微写作
写作素材(关于英语)
1.目前,英语在我们的生活中起着重要作用。
2.我们应充分利用每一次机会来练习英语,这样我们就能逐渐扩大词汇量
并能流利地讲英语。
3.如果你掌握好英语,对你将来的发展是有好处的。
提示:加颜色部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用so that引导的目的状语
从句和if引导的条件状语从句。
连句成篇(将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文)
   At present,English plays an important part in our daily life.We 
should make full use of every opportunity to practise English so that we 
can gradually enrich our vocabulary and speak English fluently.If you 
have a good command of English,it is good for your future development.


                                                       答案
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