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2018-2019学年外研版必修三 Module1 Europ --Integrating Skills

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   Module 1 Europe
Period Two Integrating Skills
        Integrating skills


1. opposite   prep. 在……对面(P4)
▶The bank is just opposite (to) the church. 
这家银行就在教堂对面。

▶I got into a train and found myself sitting 
opposite a woman. 
我上了火车,发现自己对面坐着一个女人。
▶They were walking in the opposite direction. 
他们在朝相反的方向走。
▶Jack is considerate; his wife is just the 
opposite. 
杰克能体贴人, 而他的妻子却恰恰相反。
                                完成句子
①许多人对此事持相反的观点。
Many people  hold         the        opposite                view        about the 
matter. 
②街道的对面是一个花园。
There is a garden on     the        opposite                side       of the 
street. 
③“重”的反义词是什么?
What is  the       opposite                of “heavy”? 
2. sign  vt.  签署 vi. 打手势;示意 n.  手势;符
号;招牌;迹象
【原句】France and Germany aren’t going to 

sign the agreement. (P7)
法国和德国不打算签署这一条约。
▶He signed to the workers to stop for a break. 
他示意工人停下来休息一会儿。
▶The sign says “Good computers on sale”. 
招牌上写道: “优质电脑低价销售”。
▶There was no sign of life in the house. 
房子里没有一点生命的迹象。 


                         _________ your name here and 
the brand new car is yours. 
A. Signal B. Sign   C. Sigh   D. Sight
【解析】选B。考查动词辨析。句意为:在这
儿签上你的名字,这辆崭新的汽车就是你的了
。sign签署,签字,与句意相符;signal 作动词
,意为“发出信号”;sigh叹息;sight作动词,
意为“看见”。
3. in terms of   据……;依照……
【原句】In    terms of size and population, how 
big is the European Union compared with 

China? (P9)
就面积和人口而言,与中国相比,欧盟有多大
?
▶Nuclear power is being questioned in terms of 
safety. 
从安全角度而言,核能越来越受到人们的质疑
。

                          The special school accepts all 
disabled students, ________ educational level and 
background. [2009江苏,30]
A. according to    B. regardless of
C. in addition to  D. in terms of
【解析】选B。考查介词短语辨析。句意为:这所
特教学校接收所有的残疾学生,不管他们的受教育
水平和背景如何。according        to 根据,按照;
regardless of 不管,不顾;in addition to 除……之
外;in terms of 就……而言。
1. But each of them sends representatives to the 
European Parliament, which has some control 
over what happens in each of the member 

countries. (P9)
但是,每个成员国都派代表参加欧洲议会,欧
洲议会对每个成员国内所发生的事情都有一定
的控制权。
              1)句中的which引导非限制性定语从句
,修饰先行词the European Parliament。
▶The New York city, which is one of the largest 
cities in the world, is facing many challenges in 
its development. 
纽约,世界上最大的城市之一,在其发展方面
正面临着许多挑战。
2)what  happens in each of the member 
countries为名词性从句,在句中充当介词over
的宾语。what在引导名词性从句时既可以用于
指人,也可以用于指物,常译为“……的人或物
”,在名词性从句中充当主语、表语、宾语等,
是高考中名词性从句考查的一个重点。
▶They are wondering what the new comers 
will bring to the local people. 
他们想知道这些新来的人会给当地人带来什
么东西。
▶The  mother is worried about what 
difficulties children may have in their study. 
妈妈正在担心孩子们在学习中会遇到什么样
的困难。
                              ①The school shop, ______ 
customers are mainly students, is closed for the 
holidays. [2011四川, 17]
A. which B. whose C. when   D. where
【解析】选B。考查定语从句。句意为:因为
这个学校商店的顾客多是学生,故假期关门停
业了。whose引导的非限制性定语从句,补充
说明商店的情况,在从句中whose作定语修饰
名词customers。故选B。
②Before the sales start, I make a list of ______ my 
kids will need for the coming season. [2010山东,26
]
A. why   B. what   C. how   D. which
【解析】选B。考查名词性从句的引导词。句意为:
在大甩卖开始前,我把孩子们在下个季节里要用到的
东西列了一个清单。分析句式结构可知,空格处在句
中引导宾语从句且在从句中充当need的宾语,故B项
正确;which 引导名词性从句时多表示疑问且要有一
个明确的范围。
2. The expanded European Union has a population 
of more than half a billion people, twice as big as 

the population of the United States. (P9)
扩大后的欧盟有五亿多人口,为美国人口的两倍。
             句中twice as big as the population of the 
United States是形容词短语在句中充当非限制性定
语,相当于which is twice as big as the population 
of the United States。而twice as big as the 
population of the United States是倍数关系的句型
。
倍数关系句型用于比较级的常见句式:
1)分数/. . . times as + adj. +as
2)分数/. . . times+ adj. 的比较级+ than
3)分数/. . . times the size(length, height, width, 
etc. ) of. . . 
4)分数/. . . times +what引导的名词性从句
▶Now  the housing price is more than 3 times as 
high as it was five years ago. 
现在的房价是五年前房价的3倍。
▶The room is two-thirds larger than they desired. 
这房子要比他们要求的大三分之二。
▶Our dormitory is in fact only half the size of the 
classroom we are studying in. 
我们的宿舍实际上只有我们学习的教室的一半大
。
▶The man’s monthly income is almost 
ten times what I earned in a year. 
这个男子的月收入几乎是我一年所挣的
钱的10倍。
                             My uncle’s house in the 
downtown area is much smaller than ours, but 
it is twice ______ expensive. [2009四川,19]
A. as   B. so   C. too   D. very
【解析】选A。考查倍数关系句型的表达形式
。句意为:我叔叔在闹市区的房子比我们的房
子小多了,但却是我们房子价钱的两倍。该题
采用了“倍数+as+ adj./adv. +as”这一结构,完整
的句子为but it is twice as expensive as ours。
1. refer to 提到,谈到;涉及;指的是;查阅;

适用于(P7)
▶Do you know how many  people the third 
sentence refers to?  
你知道第三个句子提到了多少人吗?
▶He has never referred to you to us. 
他从来就没有对我们提起过你。
▶The new rule refers to every driver. 
新规定适用于每一位驾驶员。
▶Please refer to the user’s manual before using 
the computer. 
使用电脑前请查阅用户使用手册。

▶They  have referred the dispute to the trade 
committee. 
他们已经将这一争端提交给了贸易委员会。
▶Many people referred to him as the most valuable 
player, which I have been doubtful. 
许多人把他看作是最有价值的运动员,对此我表示怀
疑。 

                               The president spoke at the 
business meeting for nearly an hour without 
______ his notes. 
A. bringing up         B. referring to
C. looking for         D. trying on
【解析】选B。考查动词短语辨析。句意为: 总
统在商业会议上讲了将近一个小时却没有参考
他的演讲稿。refer    to 参考,  查阅;bring   up 
抚养,教育;look for 寻找;try on 试穿,试验
。由此可知,要选B。 
2. agreement   n. 协议;契约
【原句】France   and Germany aren’t going to 

sign the agreement. (P7)法国和德国不打算签署
这项协议。 
▶Finally the two sides reached an agreement on 
the land issue. 
最后双方就土地问题达成了一致。 
▶We are quite in agreement with your decision. 
我们非常同意你的决定。
                                   完成句子
① Only after a three-year-long talk between the two 
countries did        they         reach/come                      to     an      agreement                    (他
们才达成协议) on the border issue.  
② The exam result  is    in      agreement                    with         what           we      expected               
(与我们所预料的相一致). 
③ He suggested  signing              an       agreement                   on      the       oil      prices  (
就油价问题签署一项协议)based on the discussion. 
3. on the other hand  另一方面; 反过来说
【原句】In France, on the other hand, the head 

of state is a president. (P9)
而从另一方面,法国的元首则是总统。
▶On the one hand, the Internet has changed and 
is changing the way we do many things, but on 
the other hand, safety of cyber applications is 
becoming a public concern. 
一方面,互联网已经并正在改变着我们的做事
方式,但在另一方面,网络应用的安全性也成
为一个公众关心的问题。

           on the other hand是用以引出支持以上的
观点还是引出与上述相对的或相反的观点?英
语中是否还学过其他的表达“一方面……,另一
方面……”的结构?
【思考提示】
on the other hand与on the one hand相呼应出现
,用于引出与以上观点相对的看法。类似用法
:for one thing, for another一方面,另一方面
。
                               用hand短语完成下列句子
①一方面,旅游业使当地人迅速致富;而另一
方面,太多的游客也给当地的环境带来了影响
。
On the one hand , tourism helps the local people 
get rich quickly. On the other hand , too many 
tourists are affecting the local environment. 
②他将在离任之前把其工作交给新经理。
He will have his work handed over to the new 
manager before he leaves office. 
4. little by little  一点点地;逐渐地
【原句】Little  by little, the number increased 
during the second half of the twentieth century. 

(P9)
在二十世纪下半叶其成员的数量渐渐地增加了
。
▶Her health is improving little by little. 
她的身体状况在渐渐地好转。

▶Step by step we learned to communicate with 
the disabled children. 
我们渐渐学会了与残疾的孩子交流。
▶Two girls are walking in the street hand in 
hand with their mother. 
两个女孩与妈妈手拉手走在街上。
                               ______ the old man started to 
walk in the house slowly, which made his children 
feel quite relieved. 
A. Hand in hand   B. Side by side
C. Little by little D. Face to face
【解析】选C。考查短语辨析。句意为:渐渐地老
人开始在房子里慢慢走动,这让孩子们感到宽慰。
little by little渐渐地;hand in hand 手拉手地; side 
by side 肩并肩地;face to face 面对面地。
5. belong to 属于
【原句】How     Many  Countries Belong to It 

Now? (P9)
现在有多少国家属于欧盟?
▶The car parking there belongs to the general 
manager. 停在那里的那辆车是总经理的。
▶Several companies belonging to the family 
have been affected by the rumour. 隶属于这一
家族的几家公司已经受到了这一谣言的影响。

                                 — The English exam is not 
difficult, is it? 
—Just the opposite. Even Tom, _______ to the top 
students, failed. 
A. belongs        B. belonging
C. belonged       D. to belong
【解析】选B。考查belong       to充当定语的用法。根据
句子语境可知,这次考试非常难,即使是属于好学生
的Tom也没有及格。belonging to the top students在句
中作定语,修饰Tom, 不能用被动形式。 
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