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必修① 
词句基础过关

  课文经典回顾

      重点词汇讲练

          写作句型仿写
词句基础过关
 写作词汇

1. _________organize  a talent show组织才艺表演
2. _________persuade  him into joining us说服他加入我们
3. The kettle is ________.boiling  壶里的水开了。
4. Her tears ________.flowed  她的眼泪流了下来。
5. a ________reliable  partner/fellow可靠的搭档/伙伴
6. the ______fond  father溺爱孩子的父亲
7. the bus _______fare  to London去伦敦的公交费
8. the weather ______________________forecast/forecasting/report 天气预报

9. enjoy the  _____view  from the window欣赏窗外景色
10. have a full _________schedule 预定计划表排得很满
11. forgive my _____________shortcomings 原谅我的缺点
12. his only means of transport_________他唯一的交通工具
阅读词汇

1. cycle    n. (山)谷;流域
2. pace     vi. 骑自行车
3. valley   n. 海拔高度;高处
4. altitude vi. 缓慢而行 n. 一步;步调
5. cave     n. 庙宇;寺庙
6. flame    n. 洞穴;地窖
7. bend     n. 火焰;光芒;热情
8. temple   n. 弯;拐角 vt. 使弯曲 vi. 弯身
9. pillow       n. 小包;包裹
10. beneath     n. 枕头;枕垫
11. parcel      prep. 在……下面
12. journal     n. 日记;杂志;定期刊物
13. waterfall   n. 路线;路途
14. source      n. 细节;详情
15. detail      n. 来源;水源
16. route       n. 瀑布
   助记:

        有一天,我骑自行车(cycle)缓慢而行(pace),
经过一个山谷(valley),看到高处(altitude)有个洞
穴(cave),从里面冒出火焰(flame),我绕过弯道
(bend),走近一看,洞穴里还有一座寺庙(temple),
庙里有个和尚,和尚床上有个枕头(pillow),枕头
下面(beneath)有个包裹(parcel),包裹里有本日记
(journal),日记里记载着瀑布(waterfall)来源
(source)的细节(detail),沿着这条线路(route)骑车
还真有意思。
词汇转换

1. Anyone who can’t use a computer is at a 
______________(advantage)disadvantage  these days.
在冠词后用名词;又由常识可知,现在这个年代还不
会用电脑的人应处于不利地位(at a disadvantage)。

2. My coat is made of a woollen________(wool) material.
在名词前作定语用形容词,表示“羊毛的”。
3. Those who have not bought __________insurance 
(insure) are now regretting.
作动词bought的宾语用名词,意为买“保险”。

4. He was _____________(determine)determined  to win the 
game.
作表语用形容词,表示“坚决的,有决心的”。
be determined to do sth表示“决心做某事”。
5. Her wish to become a movie star was _______finally  
(final) realized.
修饰动词用副词。

6. She managed to find a job immediately after 
___________(graduate).graduation
介词后用名词或动名词,后面没有说毕业于何处
,用名词。比较:after graduation (毕业以后), 
after graduating from college (大学毕业后),  after 
her graduation from the university(在她从那所大
学毕业以后)。
 词组搭配

1. be____________ fond of  you/music非常喜欢你/音乐

2. dream____________ of/about becoming a film star梦想成为影星
3. care__________ about  the poor/details关心穷人/细节
4. make___________________ up their minds  to leave他们下决心离开
5. persuade her to change______________ her mind劝服她改变主意

6. He’s too stubborn to _______(give in 让步).
7. You’re late, ___________.as usual  你照常迟到了。
8. wake up____________at midnight 在午夜醒来
9. We’ve been friends____________ever since  (自那以后).
10. be scheduled ________(start)to start  off now定于现
      在出发
11. determine ________to leave  (leave) at noon决定中午
      出发
12. can hardly wait _______(see)to see  her迫不及待要
      见她
13. change the car ____for  a big one换辆大车
14. go with you ____for  company跟你去作伴
15. go on/take a journey ____to  Hainan去海南旅行
16. prefer tea ____to  coffee喜欢茶胜于咖啡
17. have a positive attitude ___________towards/to  life对生
      活持积极态度
18. graduate in law ______from  university从大学法学
     专业毕业
美句必背

1. It was my sister __________who/that  first had the idea 
to cycle along the entire Mekong River from 
where it begins to ________itwhere  ends.是我姐姐先
想到要沿着湄公河骑自行车,从它的源头一直
骑到入海口。
2. Although she didn’t know the best way of 
getting_______(get) to places, she insisted that she  
(should)________________(organize) organize  the trip ________properly  
(proper).尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不
清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善
尽美。

3. We can hardly wait _______(see)to see  them.我们
迫不及待地想见到他们。
4. A determined person always tries to finish 
the job,no matter ______how  hard it is.一个有
决心的人不管工作多么困难,总是努力完成
工作。

5. Once she has made up her mind, nothing 
can change ___.it  她一旦下了决心,什么也不
能改变。
课文经典回顾
 语法填空

     I am fond of my sister but she has one serious 
shortcoming. She can be 1 ______(real)really  stubborn. 
Although she didn’t know 2 _____bestthe  way of 
getting to places, she insisted that she 3 ________(should) 
organize_________(organize) the trip properly. Now I know 
that the proper way is always her way. I kept 
4 _______ asking (ask) her, “When are we leaving and 
when are we coming back?” I asked her 5 ______whether 
____she/if  had looked at a map yet. Of course she 
hadn’t; my sister doesn’t care about details. So I 
told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai 
Province. 
She gave me a determined look—the kind that 
said she would not change 6 _____(she)her  mind. 
When I told her that our journey would begin 
7 ____anat  altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she 
seemed to be 8 _________(excite)excited  about it. When 
I told her the air would be hard 9 __________to breathe 
(breathe) and it would be very cold, she said it 
10 __________(be)would be  an interesting experience. I 
know my sister well. Once she has made up her 
mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to 
give in.
短文改错

       Although it was autumn, but the snow was 
already beginning to fall in Tibet. Our legs were
very heavy and cold that they feel like blocks of 
 so                    felt
ice. Have you ever seen snowmen rode bicycles? 
That’s how we looked like! ride /riding
     what
Along the way children dressing in long wool coats 
                  dressed
stopped to look at them. However, the lakes shone 
               us
like glass in the set sun and looked wonderfully. 
           setting         wonderful
Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She very 
                                 is
reliable and I knew I didn’t need to encourage 
her.
1. 去掉but  因为已有连词Although了,两者不可
连用。
2. very→ so   因为so…that…是固定句式。
3. feel→ felt  由上文谓语动词的时态可知,用一般
过去时描述过去的经历和感受。
4. rode→ ride /riding  由see sb do /doing sth可知。
5. how→ what  因look like中的like是介词,一定
要接宾语,所以要用连接代词what引导表语从句
。也可以去掉like。
6. dressing→ dressed   因表示“某人穿着……样的
衣服”是be dressed in,所以作定语修饰children要
用dressed in (=who were dressed in)。
7. them→ us   沿途穿长羊毛大衣的孩子们停下
来看“我们”,因为“我们”像雪人。
8. set→ setting   指“正在下落的”太阳,用动词
的-ing形式作定语。
9. wonderfully→ wonderful   因look作“看起来”
解是系动词,其后是表语,作表语的典型词类
是形容词。
10. 在she后加is   因主语后没有动词,而英语的
句子通常要有动词,reliable是形容词,所以要
在前面加be,系表结构( is very reliable)作谓语
。
重点词汇讲练
1. prefer vt. 宁愿,更喜欢(like better)

 搭  配

 prefer sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事 
 prefer (doing) A to (doing) B宁愿(做)A而
 不愿(做)B 
 prefer to do A rather than do B宁愿做A而
 不愿做B 
 运 用

⑴ 那位勇敢的士兵宁愿死也不肯屈服。 
The brave soldier _______________________preferred dying to giving
_________________________________.in/ preferred to die rather than give in

⑵ 我父母更希望我在广东上大学。 
My parents _________________________prefer me to go to college  in 
Guangdong.
2. persuade vt.说服;使相信

搭  配

persuade sb to do说服/劝服某人去做 
persuade sb into doing说服/劝服某人去做 
persuade sb out of doing说服/劝服某人不做

说  明
劝而不服则要用advise sb to do sth 或者try to 
persuade sb to do sth
  运  用
⑴ 我们劝李老师戒烟,他不再抽烟啦!
                               ,
__________________________________We persuaded Mr Li to stop smoking and he 
didn’t smoke any more . 

⑵ 我们劝王老师戒烟,可他不听。
_______________________________________We advised Mr Wang to stop smoking/We tried
                                ,
___________________________________to persuade Mr Wang to stop smoking but he 
wouldn’t. 

⑶ 不要让别人说服你去买那些你并不需要的东西
。
                         into buying things
Don’t let yourself be persuaded _______________ 
you don’t really want. 
3. graduate  vi.毕业  n.大学毕业生

 搭 配

 graduate from 毕业于

 运 用
她毕业于牛津大学,获得法学学士学位。
___________________________________She graduated from Oxford University  
with a bachelor’s degree in law. 
 4. schedule  n.时间表;进度表 
                     vt.为某事安排时间

 搭 配

be scheduled for+时间    安排在某个时间 
be scheduled to do sth 定于/安排做某事
ahead of schedule 提前
as scheduled 如期,按照事先预定时间 
运  用   会议定于3月12日举行。

The meeting is scheduled for March 12th/

The meeting will be held on March 12th.
5. organize  vt.组织

派  生

organized adj.有组织的
organizer n.组织者
organization n.组织
 运 用

学生会将于下个月举行一场音乐会。 

 The Students’ Union is going to 
 organize a concert next month. 
6. attitude n.态度;看法

搭  配

 attitude to/towards对……的看法/态度

运  用   他对工作的态度深深打动了我。

His_________________________moved attitude to/towards work  me deeply. 
7. be fond of 喜欢;喜爱

运  用

⑴ 他还是个孩子时就喜欢画画。
_______________________whenHe was fond of drawing  he was a child. 

⑵ 她很宠爱她的儿子。
She is very fond of her son. 
8. give in (to sb/sth)屈服;(向某人/某事物)让步
     give sth in 呈交(作业、试卷等)

联  想

give up停止/放弃做某事 
give out用完;用尽;分发(试卷等)
give away捐赠;暴露;泄露 
give off发散(气味);发出(光)
运  用

⑴ The gas gave _____off  an unpleasant smell.  

⑵ If you give ____up  smoking,you will save a 
lot of money every year.  

⑶ His accent gave him ______away ,so I knew he 
was from the USA.  
⑷ Please give your examination papers 
____in  to the teacher.

⑸ I won’t give _______in/up  in any case.

⑹ Her patience finally gave ______out  .
 9. care about 关心;在乎;惦念
     care for(=like,love)喜欢

 运 用   填入一个恰当的词。
⑴ No one seems to care _______about  my feelings. 

⑵ I don’t really care _____for  American movies. 
10. make up one’s mind 下决心;决定(decide)
      change sb’s mind 改变某人的主意
 运 用
⑴ He is very stubborn and it is not easy to 
________________change his mind  (改变他的主意).

⑵ 他已下定决心克服他自己的缺点。
He has made up his mind to overcome his 
shortcomings.
写作句型仿写
1. no matter how 无论多么…… 
                              (引导让步状语从句)

 仿 写
⑴ 无论你多忙, 每天你都应该抽点时间锻炼
身体。 
___________________________,No matter how busy you are  you should 
set aside some time to build up your strength.
⑵ 不论离家多远或多忙,我们都要尽力
回家过春节。

No matter how far away or how busy we 
are, we will try to come home to celebrate 
the Spring Festival.
2. insist that sb (should) do… 坚持……

 说 明

insist 表示“坚持要某人做某事”时,宾语从
句谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,其中
should 可以省略。
 仿 写

⑴ 我坚持要他学习弹钢琴而不要弹吉他。
I insisted that he _______________(should) learn  to play the 
piano instead of guitar. 

⑵ 医生坚持认为这个病人得马上做手术。
The doctor insisted that the patient _________(should)  
________________atbe operated on  once. 
3. sth+ be+ adj. +to do 某事很难/易/适合做

说  明  不定式用主动形式表被动意义。
仿  写

⑴ 这本书不适合小孩子看。 
The book is not fit for children _________.to read  

⑵ 经过几天的相处,我发现他很容易相处。
After days of staying with him, __________I find him
easy_____________________. to get along with  
4. find oneself… 发觉自己(处于某种状态)

 仿  写

⑴ 我受伤非常严重,当我醒过来时,我发
现自己躺在了医院里。
I was injured so badly that I found myself 
lying in hospital when I woke up. 

⑵ 我突然发觉自己越来越喜欢她了。
Suddenly, I found myself more and more 
interested in her. 
5. can’t/can hardly wait to do sth 迫不及待
地想做某事

运  用
⑴ 我迫不及待地想看那部电影。
I can hardly wait to see the movie.

⑵ 我们迫不及待地想知道这次考试的成绩。
We can’t wait to know the results of the exam. 
Thank you !
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