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河北省邢台市育才中学高中英语必修1 Unit 3 Travel Journal 3-2 Reading 课件

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     Unit 3
     Reading
Journey down the Mekong
Language points

 1. Since middle school, my sister Wang 
   Wei and I have dreamed about 
   taking a great bike trip.                                   
   从中学起, 我姐姐王薇和我梦想作一
   次了不起的自行车旅行。
dream about = dream of    梦见, 梦想
My younger brother dreams of 
becoming a spaceman. 
He always dreams about traveling 
around the world.

 注意    dream  dreamed/dreamt
              dreamed/dreamt
2. It was my sister who first had the 
  idea to cycle along the Mekong River 
  from where it begins to where it 
  ends.是我姐姐首先想到骑自行车沿
  湄公河从它的源头行走到入海口。 
 这是一个强调句。
    强调句的结构是:
    It was/is+强调成分+that-/who-分句
 如果强调的部分是人,可用who,也可用
 that, 强调其他成分与内容都用that。
  注意

强调时间和地点不能用when或where,
只用that。
 e. g. It was in Shanghai that I saw the film.     
                                  (强调地点状语)                                                   
    我看这部电影是在上海。
All the members held a meeting in the 
club yesterday.

根据上下文和语义意图,说话人可以通
过强调句分别强调主语, 宾语, 状语, 使
之成为信息中心。
       all the members that/who held a 
       meeting in the club yesterday.  (
       强调主语, was不能换用were) 
It was
       a meeting that all the members 
       held in the club yesterday.       (
       强调宾语a meeting)
    in the club that all the members 
    held a meeting yesterday.               (
    强调地点状语,that不可换用 where) 
It 
was  yesterday that all the members 
     held a meeting in the club.                   
     (强调时间状语that不可换用 
     when)
练一练

把这个句子的不同成分改成强调句。
John gave Mary a handbag at Christmas.
高考链接
Was it ___ that I saw last night at the 
concert?
A. you                  B. not you                                           
C. your                  D. that yourself
It was because of bad weather ___ 
the football match had to be put off.
A. so                     B. so that               
C. why                 D. that
  
—Who is making so much noise in the   
     garden?
—______ the children.
A. It is      B. They are                       
C. That is    D. There are
  
3. Then she persuade me to buy one.
  然后她动员我也买了一辆. 
     persuade vt.说服; 劝服; vi.被说服
          sb. 
          sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事
persuade  sb. that clause
          sb. (not) to do sth. 
          sb. into / out of doing sth.

       Bear them in your mind!
               Compare ! 
 persuade sb. to do sth.                   
 = persuade sb into doing sth. 
 persuade sb. not to do sth.                 
 = persuade sb out of doing sth.
e.g. I persuaded him to do it.                  = 
   persuade him into doing it.           我
   已说服他做这件事。
高考链接
While shopping, people sometimes can’t 
help ____ into buying something they 
don’t really need.
A. to persuade          B. persuading
C. being persuaded    D. be persuaded 
  注意

 如果“劝说”不服, 不能直接用persuade, 
 而应用try to persuade或advise, 或者用
 persuade的否定式。
 e.g. Some of us advised him to change 
    his mind but no one could 
    persuade him to do so. 
实例
 1. I __ him not to smoke, but he didn’t 
  think it necessary.                             
  A. persuaded    B. advised            
  C. hoped     D. suggested  
 2. I was able at last to ____ my mother 
  to follow my advice.                          
  A. suggest    B. advise         
    C. persuade     D. leave off   
4. Although she didn’t know the best way 
 of getting to places, she insisted that we 
 find the sources of the river and begin 
 our journey there.                         尽管
 她不知道旅行的最佳方式, 她坚决主张
 我们找到河流的源头并在那里开始旅
 程。
although, though引导让步状语从句不
能再和but, and, however连用, 但可以
和副词yet, still连用。
although从句多放在句首, though从句
可在主句前,中,后任何位置,而且
though可以作副词用于句末,作 “但是
,不过”讲,而although无此用法。
  insistinsist  ::    declaredeclare  firmlyfirmly    
                              坚持认为,坚持主张坚持认为,坚持主张
1) insist on/upon (one’s) doing sth 坚持做
  ,坚决做 
e.g. I insisted on/upon his coming with us.
2) insist that +从句坚持说(后表示一个事
  实), 后接的从句用陈述语气, 按需要选
  择时态。 
 e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen 
 the girl’s handbag.
3) insist that sb. (should) do sth.  坚决
  主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚
  拟语气, 既 “should +v.” 
e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted 
   that she (should) see a doctor.
高考链接
 I insisted that a doctor __ immediately.
 A.  has been sent for     B. sent for
 C.  will be sent for         D. be sent for
    
5. My sister doesn’t care about details. 
  我姐姐是不会考虑细节的。
    care about : be worried about 忧虑,
  关心
e.g. He doesn’t care much about what 
   happens to me.
care for sb/sth : look after, love or like
希望, 喜欢, 照顾
1) Would you care for a drink?
2) He cares for her deeply.
3) Who will care for your child if you 
  are out?
6. She gave me a determined look –the 
  kind that she wouldn’t change her 
  mind.她坚定地看了我一眼----这眼神表
  明她不会改变主意。
     determinedetermine  vv..  决定决定,,  下定决心下定决心,,  确定确定
1) determine to do sth.
2)e.g. He determined to learn French.
2) determined adj. 坚决的, 有决心的 

be determined to do sth. 决心做
e.g. She was determined to go to 
   university.
change one’s mind   改变某人的主意
e.g. No matter what you say, I won’t 
   change my mind.
be determined to do sth. 决心做
e.g. She was determined to go to 
   university.
change one’s mind   改变某人的主意
e.g. No matter what you say, I won’t 
   change my mind.
make up one’s mind   下定决心
read one’s mind   看出某人的心思
speak one’s mind   直言不讳
give/ put one’s mind   专心于
keep…in mind   记住

      Bear them in your mind!
7. When I told her that our journey 
 would begin at an altitude of more 
 than 5000 meters, she seemed to be 
 excited about it. 当我告诉她我们将
 在海拔5000米处开始旅程, 她好像
 对此很兴奋。
  at an altitude of = at a height of
                                 在海拔……米处
e.g. The plane is flying at a height / 
   altitude of 10,000 feet.

        at  在此处表 “在……处/时, 
 注意
        以……”后接年龄, 速度, 长
        宽深高, 价格, 费用等                                 
at the age of    
at a high / low price    
at a depth/width of     
at the cost of     
at a distance of     
8. When I told her the air would be hard 
  to breath and it would be very cold…   
  当我告诉她将呼吸困难, 天气严寒……
  主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth.  是一常用句
  式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义
  e.g. The problem is really hard to work 
     out. 
         My boss is easy to deal with.
8. Finally, I had to give in.                     
 最后, 我只好让步。 
    give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交
 e.g. He had to give in to my views. 
        It’s time you gave in your papers.
     give up      放弃, 认输 
     give out     筋疲力尽;分配
     give away  捐赠, 泄露
练一练
1) After the long trip, both the men and 
  the horses ________.gave out
2) Because of his small salary, he had to 
  _______give up  his dream trip to Europe.
3) Seeing that he could not persuade 
  me, he had to give________ in to  my view.
4) He _________gave away most of his fortune to 
  the poor.
5) Please keep the secret, don’t ____gave it 
   _____.away
 
8. It becomes rapids as it passes 
 through deep valleys, traveling 
 across western Yunnan Province.                                  
 穿过深谷流经云南省西部时它变成
 急流.
  across    
           prep.   穿过 
  through    
辨析: 
 across 常表示从一定范围的一边
 到另一边或事物交叉位置, “横穿, 
 横跨”  表面, 含义与on 有关
 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间
 内部, 含义与in 有关
 over表示 “越过” 是指越过较高的
 物体从一侧到另一侧
e.g. She swam across the river. 
      The river flows through the city 
   from west to east. 
      Walk across the square and go 
   through the gate, then you’ll come 
   to the cafe. 
      The thief climbed over the wall 
   and ran away. 
实例
The new railway winds its way to 
Hong Kong, ___ mountains ___ 
tunnels and ___ rivers.
A.across; over; through
B. over; across; through
C. over; through; across
D. through; over; across
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