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人教版高中英语选修七课件:Unit 4 Sharing --Learning about language

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check the exercise (5m)
 Ex. 1 on page 32
          1. adjust
          2. grill
          3. relevant
          4. concept
          5. privilege
          6. arrangement
          7. paperwork
          8. sniff
Ex. 2 on page 32

           airmail
           muddy
           otherwise
           adjusted
           remote
           heard
           from
           fortnight
           platform
           was dying to
Ex. 3 on page 32
dry_______out/up  to become completely dry
dry___off  to become dry on the surface
dry___up  to come to an end
hear____out  to listen to somebody till the end
hear_____from to receive a letter or a phone call from 
         someone
hear___of to have knowledge of sb/sth
be dying______to/for  to want to do something very much
die____out  to disappear or stop existing completely
die______down  to gradually get quieter
         定语从句复习

在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句叫做定
 语从句。别修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。
 引导定语从句的关系代词有:which, that, 
 who, whom, whose。引导英语从句的关系
 副词有:where, when, why。
            先行词是     先行词是    定语   地点   时间
            物        人            状语   状语
            主    宾   主    宾
关系   which 
代词   that
     who
     whom
     whose
关系   where
副词   when
 注:1.介词提前时一般只用which和whom。
     2.whose+名词=the+名词+of which/ of whom
(1) 宜用that引导的定语从句
1)序数词或最高级形容词修饰先行词时,要用that。
  The first English novel that I read was A Tale of 
   Two Cities by Charles Dickens.
2) all, everything, nothing, something, anything 等不
   定代词作先行词时用that。
  Everything that we saw in the factory greatly 
   interested us.
3) 先行词有两个,既有人也有物,要用that。
  We were talking about the persons and things that 
   we remembered in our school.
4) 先行词前有the only, the very, the right等修饰时,
   要用that。
   It is the very skirt that suits me well.
(2)宜用which引导的定语从句
1) 当定语从句的借此提前时,要用which。
  The house in which they lived last year has 
  been rebuilt.
2) 引导非限制性定语从句时,要用which。
  He bought a railway ticket for the woman, 
  which helped her a lot.
(3)宜用as引导的定语从句
1) 先行词与such, the same连用或先行词本身
   就是the same, such时,要用as。
  Such people as you describe are rare 
   nowadays.
  Would you like to buy the same pen as I 
   have?
2)  代替整个句子,在从句中作主语,而从句
   位于句首时,要用as。
  As is well known, the earth goes around the 
   sun.
(4) 宜用who引导的定语从句。
 当先行词是人称代词或是those, anyone等时,
  常用who。
 He who does not reach the Great Wall is not 
  a true man.
 Those who were either fools or unfit for 
  their offices could not see the cloth.
Exercises
 高考链接
1. I have many friends, _____of  whom some 
   are businessmen.
  A. of them                B. from which
  C. who of                 D. of whom
   解析:考查介词+关系代词
 高考链接
2.   The doctor advised Vera strongly that she 
  should take a holiday, but ________it  didn’t 
  help.

   解析:此句不是考试定语从句,而是一个
   并列句。and连接两个句子。it指代前一
   句的内容。
 高考链接
5.   Many people who had seen the film were 
   afraid to go to the forest when they 
   remembered the scenes ________in  which 
   people were eaten by the tiger.

   解析:该题考查定语从句介词+关系代词。
高考链接
6.   Do you still remember the chicken farm 
   _______which  we visited three months ago?


  解析:先行词farm在从句中作visit的宾语。
高考链接
7.   The journey around the world took the old 
   sailor nine months, ________of  which the 
   sailing time was 226 days. 
   A. of which                B. during which
   C. from which            D. for which

  解析:该题考查定语从句介词+关系代词。
 高考链接
8.   There were dirty marks on her trousers 
   ______where  she had wiped her hands.

  解析:先行词her trousers在定语从句中作
  状语,故用关系副词where。
 高考链接
10. Is this the only reason ______that  he explained 
   at the meeting for his carelessness in his 
   work?

 解析:先行词前有the only, the very, the 
   right等修饰时,要用that。
Revising useful structures

Suggested answers to Exercise 2 on page 33:

1. I made the jar which I gave her for her birthday.
2. Painting is an activity that I really enjoy.
3. The interpreter to whom you need to talk is on 
  holiday.
4. The man who my best friend has just married is 
  a doctor.
5. The woman whose daughter I went to school 
  with is over there.
6. The school where you studied last year has 
   been improved.
7. Anne is doing some research on the time when 
   her grandmother was a child.
8. The reason why he was late for school was 
   that he was watching an interview of the first 
   Chinese astronaut on TV.
Suggested answers to Exercise 3 on page 33:
2. I’d like to go to a place where I can go swimming 
  every day.
3. The story which/that I enjoy most is Harry potter.
4. I’d like to learn to play the musical instrument 
  which/this is easy to carry.
5. The reason why I didn’t finish my homework was that 
  I had a terrible headache.
6. The person to whom she is married is very thoughtful.
7. I participate most often in badminton classes 
  which/that our school coach holds on Tuesdays.
8. I won’t ever forget the day when my team won the 
  soccer competition.
 Suggested answers to Exercise 4 on page 33:
1. A large brush which has a long handle for sweeping
2. A container which is made of glass
3. A container which is made of metal
4. A book which is used for studying in school
5. A structure which covers a building
6. A flat frame which is made of metal on a cooker 
   with strong direct heat below
7. A person whose job is to make you understand what 
   people are saying in another language
8. A plant in the garden which you don’t want
         Homework

Summarize the rules of attributive clause
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