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2019新人新版必修4 高考英语词汇考查+题型练Unit3AtasteofEnglishhumour含解析

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                                   Unit 3
                                    李仕才
词汇考查+词汇应用
必修四 Unit 3
 一、词汇复习
(一)单句语法填空
    1. Little Tom sat ________(amaze) watching the monkey dancing in front of 

him. 
    答案:amazed amazed    意为“感到吃惊的”,常修饰人。句意:小汤姆吃惊地坐在那
儿看着猴子在他面前跳舞。拓展:These soldiers spent three days in the old 
weather,cold and hungry.这些士兵们又冷又饿,在严寒的天气中过了三天。
    2.(2015·福建,23     改编)It was ________(consider) of Michael to inform us 

of his delay in case we got worried. 
    答案:considerate considerate“考虑周到的,体贴的”,常用结构                   It is 
considerate of sb. to do sth。句意:迈克尔告知我们他耽搁了一些时间,以防我们担
心,真是太考虑周到了。
    3.(2015·江苏,31     改编)The police officers decided to conduct a thorough 

and________(comprehension) review of the case. 
    答案:comprehensive comprehensive“全面的,详尽的”。句意:警官们决定对这
个案件做一个彻底、详尽的审查。
    4.(2014·课标全国Ⅰ,70        改编)Just be ________(patience). 
    答案:patient 句意为:要耐心。设空前为系动词                  be,因此要用提示词的形容词形
式作表语,故填       patient。
    5.(2014·湖北,27     改编)What was so ______(impress) about Jasmine 

Westland's victory was that she came first in the marathon bare­footed. 
    答案:impressive 句意为:贾丝明·韦斯特兰的胜利给人印象很深的是,她赤脚取
得了马拉松的第一名。设空处和前面的系动词                    was 构成系表结构,所以用形容词作表语。
impressive 意为“给人印象深刻的”。

(二)英汉互译
117.humour n. __________
118.△punchline n. __________
119.△verbal adj. __________
120.△nonverbal adj. __________
121.△mime n. __________
122.△Charlie Chaplin  __________
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123.△Edward Lear __________
124.comedy n. __________
125.△Victor Hugo__________
126.up to now __________
127.△brighten vt. __________
128.△depressed adj. __________
129.content adj.  n.  vt. __________
130.feel/be content with __________
131.performer n. __________
132.astonish vt. __________
133.astonishing adj. __________
134.fortunate adj. __________
135.unfortunately adv. __________
136.badly off __________
137.△teens n. __________
138.ordinary adj. __________
139.bored adj. __________
140.△subtle adj. __________
141.entertain vt. & vi. __________
142.△entertaining adj. __________
143.△charming adj. __________
144.△tramp n. __________
145.throughout prep.  adv. __________ 
146.homeless adj. __________
147.moustache n. __________
148.worn adj. __________
149.△worn-out adj. __________
150.△stiffly adv. __________
151.failure n. __________
152.△optimism n. __________
153.overcome vt. & vi. (overcame,overcome) __________
154.△underdog n. __________
155.△snowstorm n. __________
156.leather n. __________
157.pick out __________
158.△lace n. __________
159.cut off __________
160.chew vt. & vi. __________
161.△mouthful n. __________
162.△enjoyment n. __________
163.convince vt. __________
164.convincing adj. __________
165.direct vt. & vi.  adj. __________
166.star in __________
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 168.outstanding adj. __________
 169.Switzerland n. __________
 170.△confidence n. __________
 171.△costume n. __________
 172.gesture n. vi. __________
 173.particular adj.  n. __________
 174.particularly adv. __________
 175.occasion n. __________
 176.budget n. __________
 177.actress n. __________
 178.slide vt. & vi.   n. __________
 179.amuse vt. __________
 180.△amusing adj. __________
 181.pancake n. __________
 182.explanation n. __________
 183.detective n. __________
 184.△Sherlock Holmes n. __________
 185.mountainous adj. __________
 186.whisper n.  vt. & vi. __________
 187.vast adj. __________
 188.△rhythm n. __________
 189.mess n. __________
 189.react vi. __________
 190.porridge n. __________
 191.drunk adj. __________
 二、阅读理解
 A

    When I recently revealed to my friends, colleagues, and family members that I 

would be moving my family to Israel, the reactions were numerous and varied. Some 

people said it was an expected thing while others asked: Why now? What will you 

do?

    For me, making the move to Israel is the fulfillment of a dream that has 

lasted for my 47 years of life. I have always known that Israel is my home. Over 

the years Israel has been in my heart, but I have found a number of reasons to 

put off making it my permanent residence: kids, the economy, education...you name 

an excuse, and at some point I have probably used it.

    Truthfully, I believe that I was always just a little bit scared. And of 

course I still am, with the fear factor that is reported by the press surrounding 
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the Israeli military and economy. However, it has come to the point when I have 

realized that for over 2 000 years we yearned for this land, and for 47 years I 

have denied the opportunity to make it my home. I am finally ready to fully grasp 

this opportunity.

    Over the years, I have always loved visiting Israel. I have traveled there 

with my family, and enjoyed introducing thousands of travelers to the country. 

All of these things that I have come to love about Israel as a tourist are 

because I get to love my home. And as far as waiting for the "perfect" 

condition under which to make aliyah, I believe the time is now!

    I have been asked many times if I am nervous about moving to Israel. Before I 

answer, I remember that we have overcome the Greeks, the Romans, the Russian 

killings, Hitler and the  Holocaust(大屠杀), and the armies of seven countries.

    How can I not feel confident that I, and my family, will overcome any 

difficulties that may come our way? I am not worrying, complaining, crying, or 

fearing as I prepare to make aliyah. I am proud and excited to say that I am 

fulfilling a 47-year-old dream; I am going home.

1.What does the author want to say in the passage?

  A. His dream is to come true after 47 years.

  B. It is a dilemma for him to return to Israel.

  C. He didn’t live a happy life in Israel.

  D. It is a latest trend to fulfill everyone’s dream.

2.The author didn’t return to Israel before because    .

  A. his children mainly held him back

  B. he failed to get determined

  C. he didn’t save enough money

  D. he hoped to finish his education

3.What does the underlined part "make aliyah" mean in the passage?

  A. To return to Israel.                       B. To make a decision.

  C. To live happily.                       D. To catch a chance.
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4.It can be inferred from the passage that    .

  A. the author will be happy to meet his relatives in Israel

  B. Israel is a familiar word but a strange place for the author

  C. the Israeli suffered a lot in the history

  D. Israel is still a place between war and chaos

    【文章大意】本文是一篇讲述个人经历的记叙文。

1.A 【解析】主旨大意题。作者在文中叙述了自己经历了在外流浪的                           47 年后,决定带着家人

    回到以色列,使自己多年的梦想得以实现的故事,由此可知答案。


3.A 【解析】词义猜测题。通读全文可知,作者带着家人回到以色列的梦想马上就要实现,

    再结合画线词后面的"I believe the time is now"以及最后一段中的"as I prepare 

    to make aliyah"可知画线部分指的是回到家乡以色列。

4.C 【解析】推理判断题。依据倒数第二段中的"we have overcome the Greeks, the 

    Romans, the Russian killings, Hitler and the Holocaust(大屠杀)..."可知,以色

    列人在历史上遭受了很多苦难。

 B
     When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they’re usually 

 thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it good for your heart? Does 

 it increase blood pressure? Does it help you concentrate? However, coffee 

 affects the health of the human population in other ways, too.

     Traditionally, coffee bushes are planted under the canopy(树荫) of taller 

 trees. However, more and more farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land 

 to grow full­sun coffee. At first, this increases production because more 

 coffee bushes can be planted if there aren’t any trees. With increased 

 production come increased profits.

     Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediately decreases the 
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local wildlife habitat, because native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食

者) on the tall trees and migrating birds rest there.

    Furthermore, in the long term, the full­sun method also damages the 

ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides(杀虫剂) are needed 

to grow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffee 

plants, and then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicals 

kill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people 

will eventually drink.

    Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning to grow 

more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buying coffee 

with such labels as “shade­grown” and “bird­friendly”. Sure, these 

varieties might cost a little more. But we’re paying for the health of the 

birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. I think it’s worth it.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇科普说明文,通过拉丁美洲的农民种植咖啡作物的事例说

明了咖啡作物长在树下对生态系统的重要性。

    1.Which opinion does the author agree with?

    A.People should buy full­sun coffee.

    B.Shade­grown coffee should be supported.

    C.Farmers should change the places to grow coffee.

    D.Pesticides should be forbidden in coffee planting.

    B 解析:细节理解题。根据第五段的第二句可知,作者支持农民种植对鸟类无害的长

在树下的咖啡作物,故          B 项正确。

    2.Compared with the traditional method, what advantage does the full­sun 

method have?

    A.It can protect the ecosystem.

    B.It can promote people’s health.

    C.It can provide more nests for birds.

    D.It can increase the production of coffee.

    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的最后两句可知,全阳光照射这种方法能提高咖啡

豆的产量,增加利润,故           D 项正确。
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     3.How do farmers get more land to grow full­sun coffee?

     A.They cut down trees.

     B.They move to other countries.

     C.They turn grassland into farmland.

     D.They buy more land from other farmers.

     A 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的第二句可知,农民通过砍伐树林来种植全阳光照

 射的咖啡作物,故        A 项正确。

     4.What can we learn from the passage?

     A.It is quite worthwhile to buy shade­grown coffee at any cost.

     B.Farmers all have realized the importance of protecting the environment 

 now.

     C.South American farmers are taking action to plant coffee bushes in the 

 traditional way.

     D.The full­sun method does good to the health of human beings in the long 

 run.
 C 解析:推理判断题。根据第五段的第一句并结合第二段的第一句可推知,中南美洲的农
 民意识到了咖啡作物长在树下的重要性,他们开始改变种植方法,选择传统的种植方法,
 故  C 项正确。
 三、七选五
    Which is much more significant to you when you are finding a job?Working 

experience or an advanced degree?Well,I believe diverse people have different 

answers.  1  Here are some reasons:

    Above all,most of jobs don't require such a high degree,which means just 

some work,such as theoretical physics,archaeology,or literature,needs high 

academic qualification.  2   For example,when you are offering a department 

manager post,and there is a man who has already been a manager for three years 

but only has a master's degree and an inexperienced person with a doctor's 

degree,which one would you choose?Definitely the first one for the manager who 

doesn't acquire a doctor's degree but has rich working experience.

      3    For instance,Bill Gates,who was the richest man in the world and one 

of the most successful merchants.What a wise choice when he decided to abandon 
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studying so that he could gain more working experience instead of a doctor's 

degree!Or Steve Paul Jobs,who discontinued his study at the age of nineteen in 

order to become a member of a computer company just like Bill Gates.  4  

      5   Maybe you shouldn't have to gain an advanced or high degree,but that 

doesn't mean nothing.Probably a bachelor's degree is still necessary in this 

fiercely competitive society.

    All in all,I think rich working experience is much more important than an 

advanced degree.

A.However,a degree is still required for most people.

B.Meanwhile,rich working experience will draw more attention.

C.Secondly,plenty of experience will bring you success much earlier.

D.In my view,either working experience or an advanced degree counts.

E.As for me,I will say working experience without hesitation.

F.As a matter of fact,more people with rich working experience become 

   successful.

G.From all of these,we can see that an advanced degree isn't so necessary as 

   working experience.

【语篇解读】 本文是一篇议论文。论述了工作经验是工作成功的最重要的因素这一论点。

1.E [根据空处位置可知,空处承上启下,根据该段第二句“Working experience or an 

   advanced degree?”可知,空处提出自己的观点并引出下文,故                    E 项与此处匹配。]

2.B [根据本段最后一句“Definitely the first one for the manager who doesn't 

   acquire a doctor's degree but has rich working experience.”并结合空后所列举的

   例子可知,该例旨在证明丰富的工作经验在应聘时更受欢迎,故                           B 项与此处匹配。]

3.C [根据空处所在的位置可知,空处为本段的主题句;根据本段列举的比尔·盖茨放弃学

   业创业成功和乔布斯在十九岁时辍学这两个例子可以判断,本段旨在说明丰富的工作经验

   能促使人早日成功,故          C 项正确。]

4.G [根据该空所在的位置可知,该空总结本段大意;由空前列举的比尔·盖茨和乔布斯这

   两个例子可以判断,高学历不如工作经验重要,故                     G 项正确。]

5.A [根据空处所在的位置可知,空处为本段的主题句;由本段最后一句“Probably a 

   bachelor's degree is still necessary in this fiercely competitive society.”可
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知,在这个竞争激烈的社会中,学历仍然是有必要的。据此可以判断,本段主要陈述学历

对于大部分人来说还是需要的,故              A 项正确。]
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