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高三英语非谓语动词复习课件

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基本基本    时态时态
用法用法    语态语态

    练习练习
      动名词动名词
非
非              现在分词现在分词
谓谓
语语    分分      词词
动动
词词            过去分词过去分词
      不定式不定式
                G.G.    ++    O.O.  //  A.A.
动名词动名词  v.v.    动名词短语动名词短语  
GerundGerund n.n. 主主//表表//宾宾//定定
                 P.P.  ++  O.O.  //  A.A.
分分      词词 v.v.   分词短语分词短语
participleparticiple adj.adj.  adv.adv. 表表//定定//补补//状状
不定式             inf.inf.  ++  O.O.  //  A.A.  
不定式     v.v.   不定式短语不定式短语
infinitivinfinitiv n.n.  adj.adj.主主/表表/宾宾/定定/补补/状状
ee      adv.adv. / / / / /
                G.G.    ++    O.O.  //  A.A.
动名词动名词  v.v.    动名词短语动名词短语  
GerundGerund n.n. 主主//表表//宾宾//定定
                 P.P.  ++  O.O.  //  A.A.
分分      词词 v.v.   分词短语分词短语
participleparticiple adj.adj.  adv.adv. 表表//定定//补补//状状
不定式             inf.inf.  ++  O.O.  //  A.A.  
不定式     v.v.   不定式短语不定式短语
infinitivinfinitiv n.n.  adj.adj.主主/表表/宾宾/定定/补补/状状
ee      adv.adv. / / / / /
    TheThe  GerundGerund
动名词的特点:动名词的特点:
    ①①  抽象抽象
    ②②  习惯性习惯性
HisHis  hobbyhobby  isis  paintingpainting..

     习惯习惯

I’mI’m  proudproud  ofof  beingbeing  aa  Chinese.Chinese.
   抽象抽象
ParticipleParticiple

     主动、进行、主动、进行、
doingdoing
     令人令人…………的的
           被动、完成、被动、完成、
           感到感到……的的
     donedone  ……
TheThe  swimmingswimming  boyboy  isis  Tom.Tom.
      ((主动、进行)主动、进行)

  thethe  roomroom  facingfacing  southsouth
      (主动)(主动)

TheThe  filmfilm  isis  disappointingdisappointing..
    (令人(令人…………的的))
II  havehave  aa  radioradio  mademade  inin  China.China.
                            (被动)(被动)
  LookLook  atat  thethe  brokenbroken  glass.glass.
              (被动、完成)(被动、完成)
 TheThe  excitedexcited  peoplepeople  shoutedshouted
     andand  cheered.cheered.
                 (感到(感到…………的)的)
     infinitiveinfinitive

表将表将         表目的表目的
 来来

 表某一次具体的动作表某一次具体的动作
II  havehave  aa  lotlot  ofof  workwork  toto  dodo..
                              (将来)(将来)
 II  likelike  dancing,dancing,  butbut  II  don’tdon’t
         likelike  toto  dancedance  today.today.
     (某一次具体的动作)(某一次具体的动作)
ToTo  learnlearn  EnglishEnglish  wellwell,,  youyou
    mustmust  practisepractise  more.more.
                            (目的)(目的)
        主主      语语

 动名词动名词       不定式不定式
1.1.若句子的主语和表语都为非若句子的主语和表语都为非
      谓语动词,其形式要求一致。谓语动词,其形式要求一致。
2.2.ItIt  isis  (no)(no)  good/usegood/use  doingdoing  sthsth..
TeachingTeaching  isis  learninglearning..

    教也是学。教也是学。
ItIt  isis  nono  useuse  doingdoing  that.that.
  那样做是没用的。那样做是没用的。
 看性质看性质  表表      语语 看性质看性质

 动名词动名词         不定式不定式
 doingdoing 分词分词 donedone
主动、进行、主动、进行、 被动、完成、被动、完成、
令人令人…………的的  感到感到…………的的
HisHis  jobjob  isis  teachingteaching  ChineseChinese..
TheThe  newsnews  isis  excitingexciting..
AllAll  ofof  usus  areare  disappointeddisappointed..

WhatWhat  youyou  shouldshould  dodo  isis  
      toto  looklook  afterafter  thethe  babybaby..
 分类                将来
 分类      定   语     将来
 无主谓无主谓  定          语 具体动作具体动作
 动名词动名词          不定式不定式
          分词分词

         主动主动  被动
doingdoing       被动 donedone
                进行进行 完成完成
  令人令人……的的     感到感到……的的
     作定语作定语
drinkingdrinking  waterwater
=the=the  waterwater  forfor  drinkingdrinking

readingreading  roomroom
=the=the  roomroom  forfor  readingreading
     thethe  sleepingsleeping  babybaby
fallenfallen  leavesleaves thethe  brokenbroken  cupcup
runningrunning  waterwater excitingexciting  newsnews
   thethe  disappointingdisappointing  boyboy
   thethe  disappointeddisappointed  boyboy
      thethe  workwork  toto  dodo
 thethe  boyboy  standingstanding  therethere

 TheThe  windowwindow  brokenbroken  byby  TomTom

thethe  clothesclothes  toto  washwash  tomorrowtomorrow
      分析下列句子分析下列句子
HeHe  isis  thethe  rightright  personperson  toto  dodo  itit..
       主谓主谓
 HeHe  hashas  aa  lotlot  ofof  workwork  toto  dodo..
          动宾动宾
It’sIt’s  thethe  bestbest  wayway  toto  learnlearn  EnglishEnglish..
  说明内容说明内容
 不定式作定语的基本条件不定式作定语的基本条件
不定式与它所修饰的名词在逻不定式与它所修饰的名词在逻
辑上必须具备以下条件之一:辑上必须具备以下条件之一:
 1.1.  主谓关系主谓关系
 2.2.  动(介)宾关系动(介)宾关系
 3.3.  说明所说明所修饰词修饰词的内容的内容
  多为抽象名词或序数词多为抽象名词或序数词
PayPay  attentionattention  toto  thethe  followingfollowing

 II  havehave  nono  chairchair  toto  sitsit  onon..

  II  havehave  aa  lotlot  ofof  clothesclothes  
                              toto  wash.wash.
                              toto  bebe  washedwashed..
thethe  foodfood  toto  livelive  ____________onon
thethe  busbus  toto  comecome  herehere  ________onon
thethe  penpen  toto  writewrite  __________withwith
thethe  roomroom  toto  livelive  ________inin
thethe  knifeknife  toto  cutcut  __________withwith
thethe  personperson  toto  writewrite  aboutabout________
         宾宾      补补

 分词分词            不定式不定式

       doingdoing
               取决于取决于
donedone      谓语动词谓语动词
               makemake    letlet
seesee  
               havehave
watchwatch    
looklook  atat dodo
hearhear ++ sbsb..   ++ doingdoing  
listenlisten  toto  donedone
feelfeel
noticenotice
      seenseen  
      watchedwatched    
      lookedlooked  atat
sbsb..  bebe heardheard ++ toto  dodo  
      listenedlistened  toto  
      feltfelt mademade
      noticednoticed letlet
adviseadvise  allowallow  askask  
begbeg  causecause  expectexpect  
encourageencourage  forceforce  
getget  hatehate  inviteinvite  
                sbsb..  toto  dodo
orderorder  obligeoblige  wishwish
wantwant  warnwarn  remindremind
promisepromise  permitpermit
persuadepersuade  request…request…
thinkthink
considerconsider
findfind
believebelieve
            sb.to be
supposesuppose sb.to be
knowknow
understandunderstand
taketake
  makemake  oneselfoneself  donedone

II  can’tcan’t  makemake  myselfmyself  under-under-
  stoodstood  becausebecause  ofof  mymy  brokenbroken  
  English.English.
AA  liarliar  can’tcan’t  makemake  himselfhimself
    believedbelieved..
   findfind  ++  O.O.  ++  doingdoing  //  donedone

HeHe  foundfound  aa  walletwallet  lyinglying  onon  
    thethe  groundground..

II  foundfound  thethe  citycity  changedchanged  aa  lotlot..
         宾语宾语

动名词动名词        不定式不定式


    取决于谓语动词取决于谓语动词
        作宾语
只能用动名词作宾语的动词和词组:只能用动名词作宾语的动词和词组:
advise,admit,avoid,consider,advise,admit,avoid,consider,
delay,enjoy,excuse,finish,delay,enjoy,excuse,finish,
deny,allow,escape,deny,allow,escape,  forgive,forgive,
imagine,mind,keep,miss,imagine,mind,keep,miss,
practise,prevent,resist,riskpractise,prevent,resist,risk,,
suggestsuggest,,  understand,understand,
appreciate,can’tappreciate,can’t  helphelp
putput  off,off,  givegive  upup
 动名词常可用于下列词组后动名词常可用于下列词组后
  feelfeel  like,like,    devote…to,devote…to,    
    bebe  busy,busy,    
          needneed
          useuse (in)(in)  
ThereThere  isis  nono 
          harmharm doingdoing
          hurryhurry
       difficultydifficulty
       troubletrouble
ThereThere  isis problemproblem
                (in)(in)
  //  are/are/ funfun
                doingdoing
I/weI/we  havehave  pleasurepleasure
       aa  goodgood  timetime
       aa  hardhard  timetime
只能接不定式作宾语的动词只能接不定式作宾语的动词

hope,hope,  wish,wish,  promise,promise,  refuse,refuse,
arrange,arrange,  decide,decide,  fail,fail,  manage,manage,
offer,offer,  prepare,prepare,  pretend,pretend,  hate,hate,  
prefer,prefer,  ask,ask,  choose,choose,  expectexpect  ……  
    注意下列动词注意下列动词
  beginbegin
            toto  dodo  
①① startstart   ++
            doingdoing
  continuecontinue
     likelike
     lovelove
             toto  dodo
②②   hatehate ++
             doingdoing
     preferprefer
     learnlearn
  rememberremember
             toto  dodo
③③ forgetforget ++
  regretregret doingdoing
                                                              trytry
                                                              meanmean                                                                                                                               toto  dodo
④④                                                                                                                                                           ++
                                                              stopstop                                                                                                                               doingdoing
                                                              gogo  onon
注意下列结构注意下列结构

bebe  usedused  toto  dodo
bebe  //  getget  usedused  toto  doingdoing
usedused  toto  dodo
作其他状语作其他状语    作目的状语作目的状语
分分  词词   状语状语    不定式不定式

      donedone                      其其
    与主语为与主语为                  逻辑逻辑
    被动关系被动关系              主语必主语必
  doingdoing
 与主语为与主语为           须与句子须与句子
 主动关系主动关系   主语保持一致主语保持一致
HearingHearing  thethe  badbad  news,news,    
theythey  couldn’tcouldn’t  helphelp  crying.crying.

      WhenWhen  theythey
            heardheard  thethe  
       badbad  newsnews
GivenGiven  moremore  attentionattention,,
    thethe  treestrees  couldcould  havehave  growngrown  
    better.better.

        IfIf  theythey  hadhad  
      beenbeen  givengiven  moremore  
         attentionattention
BeingBeing  soso  angryangry,,  
      hehe  couldn’tcouldn’t  gogo  toto  sleep.sleep.

 BecauseBecause  hehe  waswas  soso  angryangry
TheyThey  camecame  intointo  thethe  classroom,classroom,
singingsinging  andand  laughinglaughing..


   andand  theythey  werewere  
   singingsinging  laughinglaughing
ToTo  serveserve  thethe  peoplepeople  well,well,
              II  studystudy  hard.hard.

                       InIn  orderorder  
     toto  serveserve  thethe  peoplepeople  
                             wellwell
判断下列句子正误:判断下列句子正误:
1.1.  ToTo  learnlearn  EnglishEnglish  well,well,  aa  lotlot
        ofof  practicepractice  mustmust  bebe  done.done.
2.2.  SeeingSeeing  fromfrom  thethe  hill,hill,  thethe  citycity
          isis  moremore  beautiful.beautiful.
3.3.  HeatingHeating  ,,  waterwater  willwill  boil.boil.
4.4.  GettingGetting  there,there,  thethe  doordoor  waswas
          foundfound  opened.opened.    
 判断句子正误并改正:判断句子正误并改正:
1,1,  BeingBeing  ill,ill,  hishis  classmateclassmate  sentsent
          himhim  toto  hospital.hospital.
2.2.  ToTo  getget  therethere  inin  time,time,  hehe  toldtold
          meme  toto  getget  upup  early.early.
3,3,    BrokenBroken  byby  Jim,Jim,  II  can’tcan’t  useuse
            thethe  cup.cup.
将下列状语从句改为非谓语将下列状语从句改为非谓语
短语作状语:短语作状语:
1.1.  BecauseBecause  sheshe  waswas  movedmoved    byby
          thethe  herohero,,  sheshe  decideddecided  toto  
          studystudy  harder.harder.

   MovedMoved  byby  thethe  hero,hero,
2.2.  WhenWhen  hehe  foundfound  thethe  doordoor
        locked,locked,  hehe  wentwent  home.home.

   FindingFinding  thethe  doordoor  locked,locked,
HeHe  startedstarted  earlyearly  inin  orderorder  thatthat  
    hehe  couldcould  getget  therethere  onon  timetime..

      toto  getget  therethere  onon  timetime
将下列非谓语短语改写为状语从句将下列非谓语短语改写为状语从句
 1.1.  NotNot  knowingknowing  herher  address,address,  
     II  can’tcan’t  writewrite  toto  her.her.
 2.2.  EnteringEntering  thethe  room,room,
           II  sawsaw  aa  strangestrange  sight.sight.
 3,3,  ScoldedScolded  byby  thethe  teacher,teacher,
           hehe  waswas  veryvery  sad.sad.
4.Not4.Not  knowingknowing    wherewhere  toto  go,go,  
  hehe  askedasked  aa  policemanpoliceman  ..  
5.5.  HearingHearing    herher  friendfriend  waswas  bad-bad-
lyly  hurt,hurt,  sheshe  burstburst  intointo  tears.tears.
6.6.  KnowingKnowing  hishis  teamteam  hadhad  
won,won,  hehe  becamebecame  happyhappy  atat  once.once.
             两个复合结构两个复合结构

  不定式不定式           动名词动名词
复合结构复合结构       复合结构复合结构
   ItIt  isis  
 importantimportant  toto  learnlearn  EnglishEnglish..
ItIt  isis  importantimportant  
            forfor  usus  toto  learnlearn  EnglishEnglish..

        逻辑主语逻辑主语
  ItIt  isis  //  waswas  ++  
  adj.adj.  +for+for  //  ofof  sbsb..  toto  dodo

  It’sIt’s  kindkind   of of      youyou  toto  saysay  soso..
It’sIt’s  strangestrange  for for         youyou  toto  dodo  thatthat..
StudyingStudying  EnglishEnglish  isis  important.important.

  OurOur  studyingstudying  EnglishEnglish

      逻辑主语逻辑主语
 LiLi  Lei’sLei’s  StudyingStudying  EnglishEnglish
      逻辑主语逻辑主语
用两个复合结构翻译句子:用两个复合结构翻译句子:
1.1.  李明的迟到使得老师很生气。李明的迟到使得老师很生气。
2.2.我现在离开你介意吗?我现在离开你介意吗?
3.3.他对我打电话会很吃惊的。他对我打电话会很吃惊的。
4.4.你在这河里游泳是很危险的。你在这河里游泳是很危险的。
        AnswerAnswer
1.1.  LiLi  Ming’sMing’s  beingbeing  latelate  mademade  
        hishis  teacherteacher  veryvery  angry.angry.
2.2.  DoDo  youyou  mindmind  mymy  leavingleaving  
        now?now?
3.3.  HeHe  willwill  bebe  surprisedsurprised  atat  
          mymy  calling.calling.
4.It’s4.It’s  dangerousdangerous  forfor  youyou  toto
        swimswim  inin  thethe  river.river.
非谓语动词非谓语动词
                的的
时态和语态时态和语态
英语基本时态构成一览表英语基本时态构成一览表
 一般式一般式       dodo
 进行时进行时   bebe doingdoing
 将来时将来时  shallshall              //      willwill              dodo
 完成时完成时   havehave              donedone
                           beenbeen  
完成进行时完成进行时 havehave  
           doingdoing
   动名词的时态和语态动名词的时态和语态
  语态语态
       主主      动动 被被      动动
时态时态
                beingbeing  
一般式一般式  doingdoing
                donedone
               havinghaving  
       havinghaving  
完成式完成式          beenbeen  
        donedone
                donedone
ThankThank  youyou  forfor  havinghaving  helpedhelped  
    meme  soso  much.much.

HeHe  isis  praisedpraised  forfor  havinghaving  
devoteddevoted  hishis  lifelife  forfor  hishis  country.country.

BeforeBefore  beingbeing  usedused,,  thethe  machinemachine
mustmust  bebe  checked.checked.
      对比下列句子对比下列句子

HeHe  insistedinsisted  onon  beingbeing  sentsent  toto
    hospital.hospital.

HeHe  insistedinsisted  onon  sendingsending  herher  toto  
    hospital.hospital.
       注意下面句式注意下面句式
                                                    n.n.
S.S.  ++  bebe  worthworth
                                                    doingdoing
            ofof  ++  n.n.
S.S.  ++  bebe  worthyworthy toto  bebe  donedone
            ofof  beingbeing  donedone
    不定式的时态和语态不定式的时态和语态
   语态语态
时态时态      主主      动动 被被      动动
 一般式一般式   toto  dodo toto  bebe  donedone

         toto  havehave  toto  havehave  
 完成式完成式
          donedone beenbeen  donedone

 进行式进行式 toto  bebe  doingdoing 无无
HeHe  pretendedpretended  toto  bebe  workingworking  
hardhard  whenwhen  hishis  bossboss  passedpassed  him.him.  
 HeHe  seemsseems  toto  bebe  eatingeating  
       somethingsomething
 I’I’mm  sorrysorry  后后
 toto  havehave  keptkept  youyou  waiting.waiting.
       前前
PayPay  specialspecial  attentionattention  to:to:
hopedhoped
promisedpromised
wantedwanted toto  havehave  donedone
wishedwished
           表示过去没有表示过去没有
expectedexpected
           实现的期待和实现的期待和
plannedplanned
              愿望愿望
HeHe  wantedwanted  toto  havehave  metmet  youyou  atat  
thethe  airport,airport,  butbut  hehe  didn’tdidn’t  getget
  therethere  inin  time.time.    

WeWe  plannedplanned  toto  havehave  donedone  goodgood
  deedsdeeds  forfor  thethe  poorpoor  peoplepeople  lastlast
  monthmonth
shouldshould  
oughtought  toto
needneed
maymay  (not)(not)  havehave  donedone
mightmight
couldcould
        (过去)本来(过去)本来
wouldwould        …………
        结果与事实相反结果与事实相反
YouYou  shouldshould  havehave  finishedfinished  
    youryour  homework.homework.

WeWe  needn’tneedn’t  havehave  worriedworried  
    aboutabout  him.him.

YouYou  shouldn’tshouldn’t  havehave  beenbeen  there.there.
 mustmust  
 can’tcan’t
           bebe  n.n.  //  adj.adj.  //  ……
 cancan
       ++  bebe  doingdoing
 maymay
           havehave  donedone
 mightmight
 couldcould bebe  ill.ill.
HeHe  mustmust bebe  waitingwaiting  forfor  us.us.
        havehave  seenseen  her.her.
NobodyNobody  openedopened  thethe  door.door.
SheShe  mightmight  (may)(may)  havehave  leftleft..

TheThe  roadroad  isis  allall  wet.wet.  ItIt  mustmust
havehave  rainedrained  lastlast  night.night.

II  sawsaw  himhim  justjust  now.now.  HeHe  can’tcan’t  
havehave  gonegone  toto  Shanghai.Shanghai.
  现在分词的时态和语态现在分词的时态和语态
  语态
  语态   主主      动动 被被      动动
时态时态
 一般一般         beingbeing  
       doingdoing
  式式          donedone
              havinghaving  
 完成完成 havinghaving  
              beenbeen  
  式式   donedone
              donedone
现在分词的时态和语态:现在分词的时态和语态:
HavingHaving  beenbeen  toto  thethe  GreatGreat  WallWall
  manymany  timestimes,,  HeHe  didn’tdidn’t  gogo  
therethere  yesterday.yesterday.  

分词的动作发生在谓语动词分词的动作发生在谓语动词
      的动作之前的动作之前
NotNot  havinghaving  receivedreceived  hishis  
father’sfather’s  letter,letter,  hehe  decideddecided  toto  
makemake  aa  callcall  toto  him.him.

 因为没收到他父亲的来信,因为没收到他父亲的来信,
 他决定给他打个电话。他决定给他打个电话。
NotNot  havinghaving  beenbeen  finished,finished,
thethe  bookbook  can’tcan’t  bebe  returnedreturned
atat  present.present.

TheThe  buildingbuilding  beingbeing  builtbuilt  isis
  ourour  newnew  library.library.
1.____is1.____is  aa  goodgood  ofof  exerciseexercise  forfor
    bothboth  thethe  youngyoung  andand  thethe  old.old.

A.A.  TheThe  walkwalk        B.B.  WalkingWalking        
C.C.  ToTo  walkwalk            D.D.  WalkWalk
2.When2.When  andand  wherewhere  toto  buildbuild  
thethe  newnew  powerpower  station____station____  yet.yet.

A.A.  isis  notnot  decideddecided    
B.B.  areare  notnot  decideddecided      
C.C.  hashas  notnot  decideddecided      
D.D.  havehave  notnot  decideddecided
3.Is______necessary3.Is______necessary  toto  changechange
  trainstrains  atat  Beijing?Beijing?

        A.A.  thisthis B.B.  thatthat
        C.C.  itit D.D.  hehe
4.Our4.Our  fatherfather  oftenoften  toldtold  usus  inin  
thethe  pastpast  thatthat  _____is_____is  believing.believing.
      A.A.  ToTo  seesee              
      B.B.  SeeingSeeing            
      C.C.  SeeSee            
      D.D.  ToTo  bebe  seenseen
5.She5.She  pretendedpretended  ________the________the  
      letterletter  II  wrotewrote  thethe  dayday  beforebefore  
      yesterday.yesterday.

A.A.  notnot  toto  receivereceive      
B.B.  notnot  receivingreceiving    
C.C.  notnot  toto  hearhear  fromfrom    
D.D.  havinghaving  notnot  receivedreceived
6.I6.I  can’tcan’t  imagineimagine  __________  thatthat  
      withwith  suchsuch  aa  famousfamous  author.author.

      A.A.  workwork            
      B.B.  toto  workwork      
      C.C.  toto  bebe  workingworking        
      D.D.  workingworking
7.She7.She  reachedreached  thethe  toptop  ofof  thethe  
      hillhill  andand  stoppedstopped  __________  onon  aa  
    rockrock  byby  thethe  sideside  ofof  thethe  path.path.
      
      A.A.  toto  havehave  restedrested      
      B.B.  restingresting        
      C.C.  toto  restrest        
      D.D.  restrest
8.People8.People  couldn’tcouldn’t  helphelp  __________
    thethe  funnyfunny  villager.villager.

      A.A.  laughlaugh  atat          
      B.B.  toto  laughtlaught  atat      
      C.C.  laughinglaughing  atat        
      D.D.  laughinglaughing  onon
9.I9.I  can’tcan’t  helphelp  _____the_____the  househouse
      becausebecause  I’mI’m  busybusy  makingmaking  
      aa  cake.cake.

      A.A.  toto  cleanclean        
      B.B.  cleaningcleaning        
      C.C.  cleanedcleaned        
      D.D.  beingbeing  cleanedcleaned
10.Do10.Do  youyou  considerconsider  __________  anyany  
      goodgood  attemptingattempting  manymany  
      scientificscientific  experiments?experiments?

      A.A.  therethere        
      B.B.  itit        
      C.C.  thisthis        
      D.D.  thatthat
11.I’m11.I’m  thirsty.thirsty.  WouldWould  youyou  
          pleaseplease  givegive  meme  somethingsomething
          ________.________.
      
      A.A.  drunkdrunk            
      B.B.  toto  drinkdrink            
      C.C.  toto  bebe  drunkdrunk            
      D.D.  forfor  drinkingdrinking
12.When12.When  II  handedhanded  thethe  reportreport  
        toto  John,John,  hehe  saidsaid  thatthat  GeorgeGeorge  
        waswas  thethe  person______.person______.
  
      A.A.  toto  sendsend        
      B.B.  forfor  sendingsending  itit        
      C.C.  toto  sendsend  itit  toto        
      D.D.  forfor  sendingsending  itit  toto  
13.There13.There  waswas  aa  terribleterrible  noisenoise
          _______the_______the  suddensudden  burstburst  
        ofof  light.light.
      
      A.A.  followedfollowed          
      B.B.  followingfollowing        
      C.C.  toto  bebe  followedfollowed        
      D.D.  beingbeing  followedfollowed
1414..TheThe  firstfirst  textbookstextbooks    __________
  forfor  teachingteaching  EnglishEnglish  asas  aa  
  foreignforeign  languagelanguage  camecame  outout  inin  
  thethe  16th16th  century.century.
      A.A.  havinghaving    writtenwritten      
      B.B.  toto  bebe  writtenwritten      
      C.C.  beingbeing  writtenwritten      
      D.writtenD.written
1515..Mrs.SmithMrs.Smith  warnedwarned  herher  
  husbandhusband  __________  afterafter  drinkingdrinking  
  againagain  andand  again.again.

      A.A.  nevernever  toto  drivedrive      
      B.B.  toto  nevernever  drivedrive      
      C.C.  nevernever  drivingdriving      
      D.D.  nevernever  drivedrive
16.They16.They  knewknew  herher  veryvery  well.well.
  TheyThey  hadhad  seenseen  her____upher____up  
  fromfrom  childhood.childhood.

    A.A.  growgrow        
    B.B.  grewgrew    
    C.C.  waswas  growinggrowing      
    D.D.  toto  growgrow
17.17.  BelieveBelieve  itit  oror  not,not,  hehe  waswas  
    seenseen  ______upstairs______upstairs  justjust  now.now.

      A.A.  toto  gogo      
      B.B.  toto  goinggoing      
      C.C.  havinghaving  gonegone      
      D.D.  gogo
18.It18.It  waswas  soso  coldcold  thatthat  theythey  
keptkept  thethe  firefire  _______all_______all  night.night.

      A.A.  toto  burnburn        
      B.B.  burnburn      
      C.C.  burningburning        
      D.D.  burnedburned
19.The19.The  salesmansalesman  scoldedscolded  thethe  
    girlgirl  caughtcaught  ____  andand  letlet  herher  off.off.

      A.A.  toto  havehave  stolenstolen    
      B.B.  toto  bebe  stealingstealing      
      C.C.  toto  stealsteal    
      D.D.  stealingstealing
20.He20.He  waswas  disappointeddisappointed  toto  
    findfind  hishis  suggestion_______.suggestion_______.

      A.A.  turningturning  downdown      
      B.B.  turnedturned  downdown          
      C.C.  toto  bebe  turnedturned  downdown        
      D.D.  toto  turnturn  downdown
21.The21.The  murderermurderer  waswas  broughtbrought
          inin  ,with,with  hishis  handshands  ____________
        behindbehind  hishis  back.back.

      A.A.  beingbeing  tiedtied        
      B.B.  havinghaving  tiedtied      
      C.C.  toto  bebe  tiedtied        
      D.D.  tiedtied
22.Tom22.Tom  keptkept  quietquiet  aboutabout  thethe  
  accidentaccident  _______lose_______lose  hishis  job.job.

      A.A.  notnot  inin  orderorder  toto      
      B.B.  soso  asas  notnot  toto      
      C.C.  inin  orderorder  toto  notnot      
      D.D.  notnot  soso  asas  toto  
23.They23.They  havehave  hadhad  aa  longlong  andand  
      bitterbitter  strugglestruggle  __________  theirtheir  
      livingliving  conditions.conditions.
      A.A.  toto  improvingimproving    
      B.B.  forfor  improvingimproving      
      C.C.  toto  improveimprove    
      D.D.  improveimprove
24.To24.To  mastermaster  aa  foreignforeign  
          language,______.language,______.

A.A.  aa  lotlot  ofof  practicepractice  isis  neededneeded
B.B.  itit  needsneeds  aa  lotlot  ofof  practicepractice
C.C.  practicepractice  isis  inin  needneed  ofof  
D.D.  oneone  needsneeds  aa  lotlot  ofof  practicepractice
25.The25.The  secretarysecretary  workedworked  latelate  
      intointo  thethe  night,night,  ____________  aa  longlong  
    speechspeech  forfor  thethe  president.president.

      A.A.  toto  prepareprepare      
      B.B.  preparingpreparing      
      C.C.  preparedprepared        
      D.D.  waswas  preparingpreparing
26.________more26.________more  attention,attention,  
      thethe  workwork  wouldwould  havehave  beenbeen  
      donedone  better.better.
    A.A.  GivenGiven        
    B.B.  ToTo  givegive        
    C.C.  GivingGiving        
    D.D.  HavingHaving  givengiven
27._________a27._________a  reply,reply,  hehe  
decideddecided  toto  writewrite  aa  sixthsixth  letter.letter.

    A.A.  NotNot  receivingreceiving        
    B.B.  NotNot  toto  receivereceive      
    C.C.  NotNot  havinghaving  receivedreceived      
    D.D.  HavingHaving  notnot  receivedreceived
28.Charles28.Charles  BabbageBabbage  isis  
    generallygenerally  considered______considered______
    thethe  firstfirst  computer.computer.

    A.A.  toto  inventinvent      
    B.B.  inventinginventing      
    C.C.  toto  havehave  inventedinvented      
    D.D.  havinghaving  inventedinvented
29.The29.The  squirrelsquirrel  waswas  luckylucky  thatthat
        itit  justjust  missed___________.missed___________.

    A.A.  catchingcatching        
    B.B.  toto  bebe  caughtcaught      
    C.C.  beingbeing  caughtcaught      
    D.D.  toto  catchcatch
30.Little30.Little  JimJim  shouldshould  lovelove  __________
        toto  thethe  theatretheatre  thisthis  evening.evening.

    A.A.  toto  bebe  takentaken      
    B.B.  toto  taketake      
    C.C.  beingbeing  takentaken    
    D.D.  takingtaking
31.—What31.—What  dodo  youyou  thinkthink  ofof  thethe  
                    book?book?
      —Oh—Oh  ,excellent.,excellent.  It’sIt’s  worthworth
                ______a______a  secondsecond  time.time.
    A.A.  toto  readread      
    B.B.  toto  bebe  readread      
    C.C.  readingreading      
    D.D.  beingbeing  readread
32.The32.The  librarylibrary  needsneeds  ______,______,
          butbut  it’llit’ll  havehave  toto  waitwait  
          untiluntil  Sunday.Sunday.

    A.A.  cleaningcleaning        
    B.B.  bebe  cleanedcleaned      
    C.C.  cleanclean        
    D.D.  beingbeing  cleanedcleaned
MoreMore  ExercisesExercises
lielie          liedlied    liedlied      lyinglying撒谎撒谎

lielie    vivi        laylay      lainlain      lyinglying
                          躺下躺下;;  位于位于

laylay  vtvt            laidlaid    laidlaid      layinglaying
  放置;下蛋、产卵  放置;下蛋、产卵
TheThe  bookbook  isis  lyinglying  onon  thethe  desk.desk.

 TheThe  bookbook  isis  laidlaid  onon  thethe  desk.desk.

          lyinglying  onon  thethe  deskdesk
 thethe  bookbook
          laidlaid  onon  thethe  deskdesk
withwith  ++  复合宾语结构:复合宾语结构:
              adj.adj.
              adv.adv.
withwith  ++ n./n./  pronpron..  ++ p.p.
              inf.inf.
              prep.prep.  ph.ph.
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