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                            专题    2 七选五阅读


                                     真题题组

                                        A
                                                                  (2018·北京)
                              Why Do We Get Angry?
    Anger seems simple  when we are  feeling it,but  the  causes of anger  are 
various. Knowing these causes can make us examine our behavior,and correct bad 
habits. The main reasons we  get angry are triggering(触发)events,personality 
traits(特征),and our assessment of situations. __1. F__

    Triggering events for anger are so many that to describe them all would take 
hundreds of pages. However,here are some examples:being cut off in traffic,a 
deadline approaching,experiencing physical  pain,and  much more. __2. G__  The 

reason why someone is triggered by something and others are not is often due to 
one’s personal history and psychological traits. 
    Each person,no  matter who they  are,has  psychological imbalances. People 

who have personality  traits that connect  with competitiveness and low  upset 
tolerance are much more likely to get angry. __3. E__ Also,sometimes pre-anger 
does not have  to do  with a lasting  condition,but  rather a temporary  state 

before a triggering event has occurred. 
     __4. A__ Sometimes even routine occurrences become sources of pre-anger,
or  anger  itself. Sometimes  ignorance  and  negative  (消极的)     outlooks  on 

situations can create anger. 
     __5. D__ However,anger can easily turn violent,and it is best to know the 

reasons for anger to appear in order to prevent its  presence. With these main 
reasons in mind,we   can evaluate our  level of anger  throughout the day  and 

prevent cases of outbursts by comprehending the reasons for our feelings. 
    A.Our  attitude and viewpoint on situations can create anger within us  as 

well. 
    B.But some types of situations can help us to get rid of the occurrence of 

anger. 
    C.Anger  is rarely  looked upon  as a  beneficial character trait,and   is 

usually advised to reduce it. 
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    D.Anger is a particularly strong feeling and maybe people think that they 

have reasons to feel angry. 
    E.Having these personality traits implies the pre-anger state,where anger 

is in the background of your mind. 
    F.Understanding these reasons will control our own anger if we are willing 

to evaluate ourselves with a critical eye. 
    G.Not  everyone acts the same in response to events,and  that is why  what 

triggers one person may or may not trigger another. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。文章说明了人生气的几种原因。人们通过了解生气的原
因,可以控制好自己的情绪而不去生气,由此减少生气对自己造成的危害。 

    ❶ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。                 由空前的    the  main  reasons 锁定选项    F 中的
these  reasons。结合上下文内容可知,作者提到了一些引发生气的原因,理解这些原因有
助于我们控制生气。

    ❷ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法以及关联逻辑法。由空后的                          someone is triggered. . . 
others are not.  . .  可知,相同的事情并不会引发每个人都生气,这与选项                       G 中的  not 
everyone acts the same in response to events 以及 triggers 相吻合。

    ❸ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。由空前的                   personality  traits 以及空后的     pre-
anger 锁定选项   E 中的  personality traits implies the pre-anger state。由此可知选
E 项。

    ❹ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。由空后的                   situations,create 锁定选项     A 中的 on 
situations can create anger within us,即对于某些情况的态度和看法是生气的原因。

    ❺ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。由空后表转折的副词                        however 以及    anger   can 
easily turn violent 可知,因为生气容易转变为暴力,所以作者不赞同生气,即使有理由
生气。选项     D 中提到“人们认为有理由去生气”,显然它可以放在空格中构成前后文意思的
转折。故选     D。

                                        B
                                                                  (2018·浙江)

    Moving into a new home in a new neighborhood is an exciting experience. Of 
course,you want to make sure that you become an accepted and valuable part of 

your new neighborhood. The easiest way to accomplish this is to make  sure you 
conduct yourself as a good neighbor should. __1. G__
    Perhaps one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is to 
keep your property(房产) neat,clean,and    in good repair. __2. F__  By choosing 
to keep the outside of the  home in great shape,you  will help to  improve the 
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look and feel of the area. 
    Second,take  the overall  appearance of  the neighborhood seriously.  When 
going for a walk,take along a small garbage bag. __3. E__ This small act will 

let your neighbors know that you care about the area. 
     __4. B__ If a neighbor is going to be out  of town,offer  to collect mail 
and newspapers.  If a  neighbor suffers an  illness,offer  to  do the  grocery 

shopping. Let  them know  that  you are  there  to help  in  any way  that  is 
acceptable,while still respecting the privacy of your neighbor. 
     __5. C__ By following the basic rules of respecting others,taking care of 
what belongs to you,and taking pride in the appearance of the neighborhood in 
general,you will quickly become a good neighbor that everyone appreciates. 
    A.In general,keep an eye on their property while they are gone. 
    B.A good neighbor is also one who likes to help out in small ways. 
    C.Being a good neighbor is more or less about considerate behavior. 
    D.Sometimes neighbors may go to the supermarket together to do shopping. 
    E.Should you come across waste paper thrown out of a passing car,pick it 

up. 
    F.People tend to take pride in keeping everything in their street fresh and 

inviting. 
    G.Here  are a few tips to  help you win over everyone in  the neighborhood 

quickly. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,介绍了几个帮你迅速赢得新邻居欣赏的小技巧。本文为
“总—分”结构,从四个方面说明了如何做个好邻居。

    ❶ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。通读全文可知,本文是“总—分”结构。由第二
段中的“. . . one of the most important things you can do as a good neighbor is 
to keep. . . ”以及第三段的      second 可知,本题选      G,也就是本文的主题句。

    ❷ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。该空格前面的                     neat,clean,in   good repair  以
及空格后面的      in great shape 都与 F 项的   fresh and inviting 相吻合。

    ❸ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。空格前提到,散步时随身带个小垃圾袋;空格后
提到,这个小小的举动会让你的邻居知道你关心这个区域。因此此处要填                              E 项“如果你碰到
从路过的车里扔出的废纸,把它捡起来”。

    ❹ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。由本段中的                    you  are  there to  help  in  any 
way 可知,选   B 项“一个好邻居也是一个在小的方面乐于助人的人”。

    ❺ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。空后的                  respecting  others,taking  care  of,
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taking pride in 都是替别人着想的表现,故           C 项符合语境。

                                        C
                                                                (2017·全国Ⅰ)

    If anyone had told me three years ago that I would be spending most of my 
weekends camping,I   would have  laughed heartily.  Campers,in  my  eyes,were 
people who enjoyed insect bites,ill-cooked   meals,and  uncomfortable sleeping 

bags. They had nothing in common with me. __1. D__
    The friends who  introduced me to camping  thought that it  meant to be  a 
pioneer. __2. C__ We slept in  a tent,cooked  over an open fire,and  walked  a 

long distance to take the  shower and use the bathroom. This brief visit  with 
Mother Nature cost me  two days off from  work,recovering  from a bad case  of 

sunburn and the doctor’s bill for my son’s food poisoning. 
    I was,nevertheless,talked into going on another fun-filled holiday in the 
wilderness. __3. A__ Instead,we had a pop-up camper with comfortable beds and 
an air conditioner. My nature-loving  friends had remembered to bring all  the 

necessities of life. 
     __4. F__ We have done a  lot of it since. Recently,we  bought a  twenty-
eight-foot  travel trailer complete with  a bathroom and  a built-in  TV  set. 
There is a separate bedroom,a modern kitchen with a refrigerator. The trailer 

even has matching carpet and curtains. 
     __5. E__ It must be true that sooner or later,everyone  finds his or  her 

way back to nature. I recommend that you find your way in style. 
    A.This time there was no tent. 
    B.Things are going to be improved. 
    C.The trip they took me on was a rough one. 
    D.I was to learn a lot about camping since then,however. 
    E.I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping. 
    F.After the trip,my family became quite interested in camping. 
    G.There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者对野营活动由抵触到喜欢的转变过程。

    ❶ 解析:考查上下文的连贯。上文说,作者一开始对野营产生过抵触情绪。但是,
从下文可知,作者后来喜欢上了野营活动。本空表示意义的转折,承上启下,为下文做铺垫。
故选  D。

    ❷ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。根据下文可知,这次野营活动从住宿、饮食到洗澡都
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很艰苦。故选      C,对下文内容进行概括。

    ❸ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。前句说,作者被说服参加另一次野营活动,后句说,
这次野营活动有舒服的床和空调。故选                A,起承上启下的作用。

    ❹ 解析:考查上下文的连贯。本段讲述作者一家开始野营,并采购很多野营的装备。
由此可知,自上次活动以来作者一家对野营活动非常感兴趣。故本空选                             F。

    ❺ 解析:考查总结概括的能力。上文讲述了作者对野营活动由抵触到感兴趣的转变
过程,由此可见,作者已经完全喜欢上了野营活动。故本空选                          E。

                                        D
                                                                (2017·全国Ⅱ)

    Interruptions are one of the worst things to deal with while you’re trying 
to get work done. __1. B__,there are several ways to handle things. Let’s take 

a look at them now. 
     __2. A__. Tell the person you’re sorry and explain that you have a million 
things to do and then ask if the two of you can talk at a different time. 
    When people try to interrupt you,have set hours planned and let them know 

to come back during that time or that you’ll find them then. __3. E__. It can 
help to eliminate(消除) future interruptions. 
    When you need to someone,don’t do it in your own office. __4. D__,it’s 

much easier to excuse yourself to get back to your work than if you try to get 
someone out of your space even after explaining how busy you are If you have a 
door to your office,make good use of it. __5. G__. If someone knocks and it’s 

not an important matter. Excuse yourself and let the person know you’re busy so 
they can get the  hint(暗示)   than when the  door is closed,you’re   not to  be 

disturbed. 
    A.If you’re busy,don’t feel bad about saying no
    B.When you want to avoid interruptions at work 
    C.Set boundaries for yourself as your time goes
    D.If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area
    E.It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available
    F.It might seem unkind to cut people shirt when they interrupt you
    G.Leave  it open when you’re  available to talk and close it  when you’re 

not
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,介绍了避免工作时被打断的几种方法。

    ❶ 解析:考查承启句。根据上文的“Interruptions are one of the worst things 
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to deal with”以及下文的“there are several ways to handle things”可知,工作时
被打断是要处理的最糟糕的事情之一,有几个处理事情的办法。空处承上启下,应选                                   B 项。

    ❷ 解析:考查主题句。根据下文的“Tell the person you’re sorry. . . ask if 
the two of you can talk at a different time”可知,本段讲述的是当你忙的时候,要
拒绝别人打断你。故         A 项符合文意。

    ❸ 解析:考查承启句。根据上文的“let                 them  know to  come back during  that 
time or that you’ll find them then”及下文的“It can help to…”可知,此处指让
他们知道你什么时候有空是很重要的。故选                  E 项。

    ❹ 解析:考查承启句。根据上文的“don’t do it in your own office”以及下文
的“excuse yourself to get back to your work”可知,你如果不在自己的办公室里,就
更容易给自己找到借口返回来工作。故选                 D 项。

    ❺ 解析:考查承启句。根据本段的首句“If you have a door to your of fice,
make good use of it”以及下文的“when the door is closed”可知,G         项符合文意。

                                        E
                                                                  (2017·北京)
    Every animal sleeps,but  the reason for this has remained foggy. When  lab 
rats are not allowed to sleep,they die within a month. __1. C__

    One idea is that sleep helps us strengthen new memories. __2. E__ We  know 
that,while awake,fresh memories are recorded by reinforcing (加强) connections 
between brain cells,but  the memory processes  that take place while we  sleep 

have been unclear. 
    Support is growing  for a  theory that sleep  evolved so that  connections 
between neurons(神经元) in the brain can be weakened overnight,making room for 

fresh memories to form the next day. __3. F__
    Now we have the  most direct evidence yet that he  is right. __4. G__  The 
synapses in the mice taken at  the end of a  period of sleep were 18 per  cent 
smaller than those  taken before  sleep,showing  that the connections  between 

neurons weaken while sleeping. 
    If  Tononi’s  theory  is  right,it   would explain  why,when   we  miss  a 
night’s,we   find  it  harder  the  next  day to  concentrate  and  learn  new 
information-our brains may have smaller room for new experiences. 

    Their research also suggests how we  may build lasting memories over  time 
even though the synapses become thinner. The team discovered that some synapses 
seem to  be protected  and stayed  the same  size. __5.  B__  “You  keep  what 
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matters,” Tononi says. 
    A.We should also try to sleep well the night before. 
    B.It’s as if the brain is preserving its most important memories. 
    C.Similarly,when people go for a few days without sleeping,they get sick. 
    D.The processes take place to stop our brains becoming loaded with memories. 

    E.That’s   why students do better in tests  if they get a chance to  sleep 

after learning. 
    F.“Sleep   is the  price we pay  for learning,”   says  Giulio Tononi,who 

developed the idea. 
    G.Tononi’s   team measured the size of  these connections,or  synapses,in 

the brains of 12 mice. 
    文章大意:这是一篇说明文。文中主要探讨了充足的睡眠帮助人们巩固新记忆,为第二
天的全新记忆腾出空间。

    ❶ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。所有的动物都睡觉,但其原因仍然是谜。当实验室的
老鼠不被允许睡觉时,它们一个月内就死了。同样,人类如果连续几天不睡觉,就会生病。
所以  C 项正确。

    ❷ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。第二段首句指出一个观点,即睡眠帮助人们巩固新的
记忆。而    E 项则支持该观点,其中         That 指代的就是睡眠帮助巩固新的记忆这一观点。所以
E 项正确。

    ❸ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。空前讲,睡眠会为第二天的新记忆腾出空间,且由第
四段第一句中的人称代词           he 可知,F  项正确。

    ❹ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。空前讲,有最直接的证据证明                          Tononi 的观点是对的,
而空后的内容介绍了实验结果,故可推知空处应是介绍了                        Tononi 做的相关实验,故       G 项正
确。

    ❺ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。根据空前的关键词                     protected,stayed 以及空后的
keep,matters 可知,B   项正确。

                                        F
                                                                  (2017·浙江)
                     How to Do Man-on-the-Street Interviews
    The man-on-the-street interview is an interview in which a reporter hits 

the streets with a cameraman to interview people on the sport. __1. D__ But with 
these tips,your first man-on-the-street interview experience can be easy. 
    When your  boss  or professor  sends you  out  to do  man-on-the-street 
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interviews for a story,think  about the topic and develop a list of  about ten 
general  questions relating  to  it.  For  example,if   your  topic  is  about 
environmental  problems  in  America,you   might   ask,“Why    do  you   think 
environmental protection is important in America?” __2. G__
    Hit the streets with confidence. __3. B__ Say,“Excuse me,I work for XYZ 
News,and I was wondering if you could share your opinion about this topic. ” 

This is a quick way to get people to warm up to you. 
    ● Move on to the next person if someone tells you she is not interested in 
talking on camera. Don’t get discouraged. 
    ● __4. A__ Each interview that you get on the street shouldn’t be longer 
than ten minutes. As soon as you get the answer you need,move  on to  the next 
person. Make sure that as you go from interview to interview,you are getting a 
variety of answers. If everyone is  giving you the same answer,you  won’t   be 

able to use it. A safe number of interviews to conduct is about six to ten. __5. 
F__ 
    ●  If your  news station or  school requires interviewees to sign  release 
forms to appear on the air,don’t leave work without them. 
    A.Limit your time. 
    B.As you approach people,be polite. 
    C.If you don’t own a camera,you can buy one. 
    D.For new reporters,this can seem like a challenging task. 
    E.To get good and useful results,ask them the same question. 
    F.That number of interviews should give you all the answers you need. 
    G.With  a question like this,you  will get  more than a “Yes”   or  “No” 

reply. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。街头采访对于新手记者来说可能是一大挑战,但只要按
照作者在文章中提到的几个技巧来做,你也可以完美地完成任务。

    ❶ 解析:解本题可用句意判断法。由空格后的                    but 以及  can  be easy 可以反推,该
空讲的应该是街头采访并非易事,选项                D“对于新手记者,这可能像是一项有挑战性的任务”
符合语境。本设空类型为过渡句类。

    ❷ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。本段说去采访前要列出大约十个与采访话题相关
的问题,并在空前给出例子“Why             do  you think.  . .  ?”选项    G 中 With a  question 
like this 中的 question 指的就是这个问句。本设空类型为细节理解类。

    ❸ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。空格后的                   excuse  me 以及  I was  wondering  if 
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you could. . .  都体现了采访者的礼貌。这与选项              B“当你接近人们时,要有礼貌”前后
照应。本设空类型为过渡句类。

    ❹ 解析:解本题可用设题位置法。显然,该空要填本段的段落小标题。根据空格后
的“你在街上的每次采访都不应超过十分钟”可知进行街头采访时要控制好时间。选项                                    A 正
合语境。本设空类型为段落主题句类。

    ❺ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。选项                 F“这一数量的采访应该能给你你所需要的全
部答案”中的      that number of interviews 与空格前的    a safe number of interviews to 
conduct(采访的保险数量)前后照应。本设空类型为段落总结类。

                                        G
                                                            (2017 年 11 月浙江)

                          How to Remember What You Read
    Reading is important. But the next  step is making sure that  you remember 
what you’ve  read!  __1. D__ You may have just read  the text,but  the ideas,
concepts and images (形象)may fly right out of your head. Here are a few tricks 

for remembering what you read. 
    ● __2. A__
    If the  plot,characters,or  word  usage is  confusing for you,you   likely 

won’t  be able to remember what  you read. It’s  a bit like reading a  foreign 
language. If you don’t understand what you’re reading,how would you remember 
it? But there are a few things you can do. . . Use a dictionary; look up the 

difficult words. 
    ●Are you connected?
    Does a character remind you of a friend? Does the setting make you want to 
visit the place?  Does the book inspire you,and  make you want to  read more? 
With some books,you may feel a connection right away. __3. F__ How willing are 
you to make the connections happen?
    ●Read it; hear it; be it!
    Read the lines. Then,speak them out loud. And,put some character into the 
words. When he was writing his novels,Charles Dickens would act out the parts 
of the characters. He’d make faces in the mirror,and change his voice for each 

character. __4. G__
    ●How often do you read?
    If you read frequently,you’ll likely have an easier time with remembering 

what you’re  reading (and what you’ve  read).  __5. B__ As you make reading  a 
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regular part of your life,you’ll make more connections,stay more focused and 

understand the text better. You’ll  learn to enjoy literature—as  you remember 
what you read!
    A.Are you confused?
    B.Practice makes perfect. 
    C.What’s your motivation?
    D.Memory is sometimes a tricky thing. 
    E.Marking helps you remember what you read. 
    F.But other books require a bit more work on your part. 
    G.You can do the same thing when you are reading the text!
    文章大意:本文主要介绍了记住阅读过的内容的技巧。

    ❶ 解析:根据空前的“the            next step is making sure that you  remember what 
you’ve  read”和空后的“but      the  ideas,concepts and  images(形象)  may  fly right 
out of your head”可知,阅读是重要的,但是你要确保记住所阅读的内容。你可能刚读过
了文本,但并没有记住其中的思想、概念和形象。由此可知                         D 项“记忆有时候是一件很困难
的事情”符合上下文的衔接,所以选               D 项。

    ❷ 解析:本空是段落主题句。由“If                 the plot,characters,or   word usage  is 
confusing for you,you likely won’t be able to remember what you read”可知,该
段主题与处理一些令人困惑的信息有关,故                  A 选项与此处匹配。

    ❸ 解析:根据空前的“With            some  books,you  may  feel a  connection  right 
away”可知,读有些书时,你可以很快建立联系;空后一句提到“你有多大意愿让这些联系
发生”,故     F 项“但是(阅读)其他书对你的要求更多一些”与前后句衔接紧密。故选                            F 项。

    ❹ 解析:本空是段落结尾句。由本段内容可知,大声读出来所阅读的材料并加以演
绎也是一个技巧。本段又以狄更斯写作时演绎自己作品中的角色为例来说明我们也可以这样
做,所以选     G 项。

    ❺ 解析:根据空前的“If you read frequently,you’ll likely have an easier 
time with remembering”和空后的“As       you  make reading a  regular part of  your 
life”可知,有规律的阅读可以让记忆变得更加轻松,即“熟能生巧”,所以选                               B 项。

                                        H
                                                                (2017·全国Ⅲ)

    Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning and put the blame on 
the alarm clock. In fact,the   key to easy morning wake-up  lies  in resetting 

your body clock. __1. C__ Here is how to make one. 
     ●  __2.  B__ In  order to  make a  change,you  need to  decide why  it’s 
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important. Do you want to get up in time to have breakfast with your family,get 
in some exercise,or just be better prepared for your day? Once you are clear 
about your reasons,tell your family or roommates about the change you want to 

make. 
    ●Rethink mornings. Now that you know why you want to wake up,consider re-

arranging your morning activities. If you want time to have breakfast with your 
family,save some time the night before by setting out clothes,shoes,and bags. 
__3. G__ That’s  a  quarter-hour  more you could be  sleeping if you bought  a 

coffee maker with a timer. 
    ●Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekends. If you’re tired out by Friday 
night,sleeping  in on Saturday could sound wonderful. But compensating on  the 
weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness the following week,a recent study 

found. __4. F__
    ●Keep a record and evaluate it weekly. Keep track of your efforts and write 
down how you feel. After you’ve tried a new method for a week,take a look at 
your record. __5. E__ If not,take another look at other methods you could try. 
    A.Get a sleep specialist. 
    B.Find the right motivation. 
    C.A better plan for sleep can help. 
    D.And consider setting a second alarm. 
    E.If the steps you take are working,keep it up. 
    F.Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time,no matter the day. 
    G.Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the café to get coffee. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,介绍了如何做计划建立好生物钟,保持早睡早起的好习
惯。

    ❶ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。第一段最后一句说“以下是如何制作一个”,代词
one 指代“计划”一词,因此本空选             C。

    ❷ 解析:考查小标题概括。空后谈到要改变,先要说清楚做出改变很重要的原因;
后面谈到一旦明白了其中的原因,就可以告诉你的家人或室友你想做出改变;由此可以推断
出这段总的在说找到正确的动机,因此本空选                   B。

    ❸ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。本段最后一句谈到如果买咖啡机自己弄咖啡,早上可
以多睡一会儿,因此前一句应该要与咖啡有关,本空选                       G。

    ❹ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。本段谈到周末起床、睡觉的时间应该和平常一致,不
然周末多睡反而会增加接下来工作日的睡意。F                   项中的   no matter the day 指的就是周末也
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应该和工作日的作息一致。因此本空选                F。

    ❺ 解析:考查前后句的连贯。本段谈到对自己所做的计划要记录、评价和调整。本
空后的   If not 说明前面是讨论计划有效就应该坚持,因此选                   E。
                                     模拟题组

                                        A
                                                            (2018·石家庄二模)
    A daily multivitamin may  give your  well-being  an extra benefit,but   if 
you’ve  ever swallowed one and felt sick right after,you  know it’s  hardly  a 

pleasant experience. __1. B__
    ◆You’re taking vitamins on an empty stomach. 
    Vitamins that are more acid in nature,like vitamin C,may cause nausea(恶心)
if they’re  consumed on an empty stomach. Vitamins A,D,E   and  K,unlike  some 
others,may be better absorbed when not taken with food. 

    ◆ __2. A__
    Vitamins are like medicines in that they  can act on each other and  other 
medicines you’re  taking. __3.  G__ Some research suggests  that multivitamins 
could cause side effects when taken at the same time with high estrogen(雌激素)

levels. 
    ◆There’s a lot of iron in your pill. 
    Multivitamins that contain a lot of iron or iron supplements themselves can 
cause nausea. This is especially true if you’re taking them outside of a meal. 
Iron is interesting in that it’s best absorbed on an empty stomach,but it’s 

hardest to take on  an empty stomach because  of the nausea. __4. E__It  might 
decrease the absorption a little bit but it’s better than nothing. 
    ◆Allergic reaction side effects. 
    Since  multivitamins  contain  so  many  vitamins  and  minerals,allergic 

reactions  are  certainly  possible.  Mild  allergic  reactions  can   include 
itchiness(痒)  and a  few hives(荨麻疹).     __5. F__ Should  you experience  more 
advanced signs of an allergic reaction,such as trouble breathing,chest pain,
widespread hives or a swollen facial region,visit  the  closest emergency room 

immediately. 
    The lable on your vitamins should provide directions for taking them. Check 
the information before taking them to see what else you should know. 
    A.You’re taking vitamins with other medicines. 
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    B.Below are a few reasons why multivitamins may be making you ill. 
    C.It’s important to discuss with an expert the timing of these vitamins. 
    D.These stomach issues can be extremely disturbing. 
    E.It’s   better to take  it with food  than trying taking  it on an  empty 

stomach. 
    F.If you experience these side effects,stop use and contact your doctor. 
    G.Please  review  the  combinations to  make  sure there  are  no  harmful 

interactions. 
    文章大意:本文主要讲述了服用多种维生素可能让人感到不适的几种原因。

    ❶ 解析:本句出现在第一段的段尾。从第二段开始一直到第五段都是在分析让人感
到不适的原因,所以         B 项符合语境。B     项的意思是“以下是多种维生素可能会使你感到不适
的几个原因”。

    ❷ 解析:本空是段落的主题句。本段落讲的是各种维生素之间以及维生素与其他药
物之间会相互作用,所以           A 项作为本段小标题合适。A          项的意思是“你是与其他药物一起服
用了维生素”。

    ❸ 解析:本句出现在段落中间,起到承上启下的作用。上文讲的是,各种维生素之
间以及维生素与其他药物之间会相互作用;下文讲的是,当雌激素水平高时服用多种维生素
可能引起副作用,所以          G 项符合语境。G     项的意思是“请检查一下混合物(多种维生素),确
保它们之间没有有害的相互作用”。

    ❹ 解析:本句出现在段落中间,起到承上启下的作用。上文讲的是,多种维生素中
的铁在空腹时服用吸收效果是最好的,但空腹服用会让人恶心;下文讲的是,这可能会吸收
得少一点,但总比一点也不吸收要好,所以                  E 项符合语境。E      项的意思是“比起试图空腹服
用来说,跟食物一起服用多种维生素更好一些”。

    ❺ 解析:本句出现在段落中间,起到承上启下的作用。上文讲的是,轻微的过敏反
应症状;下文讲的是较重的过敏反应症状,所以                    F 项“如果你感受到了这些副作用,就不要
服用了,要联系你的医生”符合语境。

                                        B
                                                              (2018·郑州二模)
    Whether they’re  for  a teenager  or not,all  great  stories have  certain 
elements: they have  interesting characters we enjoy reading about;  they show 

these characters in a world we can recognize and understand. 
     __1. B__ The main character faces a problem,usually quite a serious one. 

The thing that most draws us to reading the story is the way the character deals 
with the problem—whether  the character gets the better of it,or  it gets  the 
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better of the character. 
    Characters in a book for young adults are generally young adults themselves. 
__2. A__ On the one hand,they’re not children anymore. They’re growing up and 
want to stretch their wings. On the other  hand,they’re  not yet  adults. They 
can’t  do certain things,as  they’re  not yet  able to do them or  because the 

world tells them that they can’t. 
    To make things even more complicated,almost all young adults feel at some 
point that the whole growing-up process is happening too quickly. __3. E__
    This year,TEENS has  selected seven of the ten books;  nominated(提名) for 

the US 2017 National Book Awards in the categories of Young People’s Literature. 

    Some stories are specifically written for teenagers or young adults,meaning 
that their authors are very sensitive to the “in-between” nature of teenage 

life. They’re about problems that appear for young people because of tensions 
between them and their parents and teachers,their siblings(兄弟姐妹),or wider 
society. Often,these problems are presented very seriously by writers. __4. D__
    At the same time,fiction  isn’t  supposed to be just  about the challenges 
people face in life,but also about how people overcome those problems. __5. C__ 
They discover something about themselves that they never knew before,and which 

enables them to succeed. And the solution that they find opens the future up to 
them,setting them on the path to adulthood. 
    A.And they are in a challenging period of life. 
    B.But most importantly,great stories have a central drama. 
    C.To some degree,challenges bring out the best in characters. 
    D.But that’s what young adults want in fiction:to be taken seriously. 
    E.They want to hold back a little and remain a child a little longer. 
    F.These are stories that someone of any age could pick up and enjoy. 
    G.When  closing  a  good  book,we   feel we’ve   learned  something  about 

ourselves. 
    文章大意:本篇文章是文学艺术类说明文。作者主要分析了优秀的小说的特点,着重分
析了写给年轻人看的小说。

    ❶ 解析:本空出现在段首,起承上启下的作用。第一段讲了好的故事都共有的两个
因素,空后主要讲了小说中的主人公通常都要面临一个相当严重的问题,并且讲到最吸引人
们读小说的是主人公处理问题的方式。这里主要谈的是小说的情节,所以答案是                                 B。
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    ❷ 解析:本空出现在段落中。根据后面的“On                     the   one  hand,they’re     not 

children anymore. They’re  growing up and want to stretch their wings. On  the 
other hand,they’re not yet adults. They can’t do certain things,as they’re 
not yet able to do them or because the world tells them that they can’t”可以看
出,这个时候的年轻人有着非常矛盾的心理感受,一方面想去做一些事情,另一方面又有一
些事情不能做,所以答案是            A“他们处于人生中一个很有挑战性的阶段”。

    ❸ 解析:本句出现在段尾。根据上文中的“To                       make   things    even    more 
complicated,almost all young adults feel at some point that the whole growing-
up process is happening too quickly”可知,几乎所有的年轻人都会在某个阶段感觉整
个成长过程发生得太快了,所以,他们希望时光能倒回一点,让他们再当一段时间的小孩子,
所以答案是     E。

    ❹ 解析:本句出现在段尾。根据上文中的“Often,these problems are presented 
very seriously by writers”可知,作者通常会很认真地展现这些问题,而                    D 项“但这正
是年轻人在小说中想要(看到)的——被认真对待”能很好地承接上文,所以答案是                                 D。

    ❺ 解析:本句出现在段落中。根据上文中的“At                     the same  time,fiction  isn’t 
supposed to be just about the challenges people face in life,but also about how 
people overcome those problems”可知,小说不只是要写人们生活中遇到的挑战,所以答
案是  C,“在某种程度上,挑战能够激发人物最优秀的品质”。

                                        C
                                                            (2018·南昌市二模)

    Last week the electricity in my flat went out. I had just got home from work 
and was happily making my tea,when all of a sudden I was surrounded by complete 

darkness. I tried to fix it but failed. I had to wait for an electrician to come 
in the morning. __1. D__
    I sat down to eat  my half-cooked  dinner. And then I wasn’t   really sure 

what to do.  My typical evening is spent  watching the TV and  looking through 
social media. __2. A__ So for me it was an early night. And I couldn’t help but 
think,do we rely  too much on electricity?  That night,losing  our electricity 

felt like losing a basic necessity. As basic as running water. __3. F__ I  use 
electricity all the time,even when it’s not really necessary. 

     __4. C__ It contributes to global warming. It is  harming our environment 
and we need to do what we can to stop it. Not only that,but if we continue to 

use the same large amount of energy we will soon run out. 
    So,shouldn’t  we  start preparing for it now?  Cutting back on our use  of 
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electricity would make losing it slower,and also save energy resources so that 
they could last for longer. __5. G__ And if everyone does the same,we can make 

a big difference. 
    A.Tonight this wasn’t possible. 
    B.Obviously,we can’t survive without it. 
    C.Our overuse of electricity is a big problem. 
    D.This left me a whole night without any electricity. 
    E.Electricity brings us convenience and trouble. 
    F.But really,electricity is a luxury that we’ve grown to take for granted. 

    G.I know for sure that I could cut down on my use of electricity. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。下班回家正准备泡茶时,“我”突然遭遇了停电。
这次停电经历让“我”反思:我们习惯于使用电,即使在不必要的时候;过度用电导致全球
变暖、环境破坏;节约用电,从我做起!

    ❶ 解析:根据第一段第二句“I              had  just got home from work and  was happily 
making my tea,when all of a sudden I was surrounded by complete darkness”可知,
晚上“我”正准备泡茶时,突然遭遇停电,周围一片漆黑;再结合空处前一句“I                                   had  to 
wait for an electrician to come in the morning”可知,“我”整个晚上都没有电用,
故 D 项正确。

    ❷ 解析:根据空处前一句“My              typical evening is spent watching the TV  and 
looking through social media”可知,“我”一般习惯在晚上看电视以及浏览社交媒体;
结合上文停电的叙述可知,今晚(做这些)是不可能了,故                       A 项正确。

    ❸ 解析:根据空前两句可知,停电让人感觉像是失去了自来水一样的必需品;根据
空处后一句“I       use  electricity  all  the  time,even   when  it’s   not  really 
necessary”可知,即使在没有必要的时候,“我”也在使用电。据此可知,F                           项“但事实
上,电是一种奢侈品,我们将它视为理所当然的东西”,符合语境。此处                              luxury 和
necessity 形成对比关系。

    ❹ 解析:结合空后两句“It contributes to global warming. It is harming our 
environment and we need to do what we can to stop it”可知,过度用电导致全球变暖,
破坏了我们的环境;据此可以判断,空处介绍过度用电这个问题,故                             C 项与此处匹配。

    ❺ 解析:根据空处前一句“Cutting back on our use of electricity would make 
losing it slower,and  also save energy  resources so that they could last  for 
longer”可知,节约用电将会减缓资源损失速度;结合空处后一句“And if everyone does 
the same,we can make a big difference”可知,如果每个人都做同样的事情,那么我们
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将起到很大的作用;G         项承上启下,故       G 项与此处匹配。

                                        D
                                                            (2018·合肥市二模)

                     What to Do When Someone Doesn’t Like You
    When someone tells me “I don’t care if people like me”,they are showing 

me the emotional wall they use to block the hurt of rejection. 
    As humans are social animals,all of us care if people like us. Based on the 
need for social connection,your  reactions to rejection and  negative judgment 

can range from minor hurt to outbreaks of depression. __1. F__
    The first step to handle a negative situation is to recognize your reaction. 
Ask  yourself,“What    am  I  feeling?”    __2.  B__Any  betrayal  (背叛)     or 
embarrassment in your heart? Identify what feeling has shown up in your body,

so you can choose what to do next. 
     __3. C__ When you sense yourself shutting down  or feeling defensive,ask 

yourself what the person actually meant to do  to you. Did they truly mean  to 
offend you,or make fun of you? Your brain works very hard to keep you safe,so 

it will judge a situation as threatening if there is any possibility of social 
harm. 
    When our brains sense a possible threat,we react as if we were personally 

attacked. Take a breath to relieve the stress. __4. G__
    Finally,if you believe the  person doesn’t  like you,ask yourself  if this 
matters. __5. E__ If not,what  can you do to release your need to be  liked by 
this person? And,what can you do to stay neutral and not return the dislike? 
The more you can come to accept others as who they are,the  more you  can move 

forward with your goals regardless of if someone likes you or not. 
    A.If you can,look the person in his eyes. 
    B.Do you feel any fear or anger in your head?
    C.Ask yourself what is true about the situation. 
    D.Often people do not realize the impact of their words. 
    E.Will the person’s judgment of you impact your work or life?
    F.The  ability to let a  show of dislike roll off  your back is a  learned 

skill. 
    G.This  will ground you in the present and take you out  of your trembling 

mind. 
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    文章大意:本文主要介绍了摆脱不受别人喜欢的情况的方法和策略。

    ❶ 解析:由空处承接下文“The first step to handle a negative situation is 
to recognize your reaction”可推知,本空是一个承上启下的过渡句,即应对别人的拒绝
和负面评价是一种可以学习的技能,下文具体阐述如何达成这种技能,所以选                                F 项。

    ❷ 解析:由空处承接上文“Ask yourself,’What am I feeling?’”可推知,此
处表示个人的感情倾向,与下文“Any                 betrayal(背叛)or    embarrassment   in   your 
heart”呼应,所以选       B 项。

    ❸ 解析:由空处承接下文“When             you sense  yourself shutting down or feeling 
defensive,ask yourself what the person actually meant to do to you”可知,本段
讲的是要搞清楚真实的状况,然后再具体地应对,故选                       C 项。

    ❹ 解析:由空处承接上文“Take a breath to relieve the stress”可推知,空处
应进一步讲这样做的好处,所以选              G 项。

    ❺ 解析:由空处承接上文“Finally,if              you believe the  person doesn’t  like 
you,ask  yourself if this matters”可推知,搞清楚他人的不喜欢对自己是否有影响对
接下来的应对很重要,这种影响可能是工作或生活上的,所以选                           E 项。

                                        E
                                                            (2018·太原市一模)

                 How to Be Productive in a Challenging Environment
    A lot of organizations deal with  challenges like maintaining productivity 
and quality  of work. __1.  G__In this  article,we’ll   share with  you a  few 

essential tips on staying focused at work. 
    Prepare a to-do list. 
    Half the battle is won once you prioritize (优先处理)your tasks. Make a list 

of what need to be  done. Plan your day through these lists and  set realistic 
deadlines to accomplish each one of them. __2. E__
    Schedule your work. 
    Don’t overstretch yourself with your work. __3. C__ To avoid burnout,take 
a walk to renew your brain,allowing it to concentrate better. Though breaks are 
essential for a healthy workday,you  must learn to  take them with a pinch  of 

salt. Frequent breaks can be addictive and can affect your work. 
     __4. A__
    Nowadays,being online on various social media platforms is a trend. Several 
notifications (通知)   pop up every now and  then,commanding your  attention. If 
you are constantly attending to such notifications,how are you supposed to do 
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meaningful work?  While  working on  an important project,set   your phone  to 

silent mode or  switch it off. If  you really want  to stay updated with  your 
social media accounts,you can set specialized time slots to check your phone. 

    Cut outside noise. 
    Until you do away with noise,you won’t be able to focus. Limiting auditory 
distractions is crucial in increasing your attention span. You can use noise-

canceling headphones  for that.  __5.  F__ In  case  that doesn’t   solve  the 
problem,choose remote work for a day or two to regain your lost focus. 

    Keep on practicing these positive habits and you’ll surely see a noticeable 
improvement in your productivity level at work. 
    A.Avoid distractions. 
    B.Take regular exercise. 
    C.Rather,split your work into parts. 
    D.Changing your working environment may have unexpected benefits. 
    E.When  you  start  prioritizing tasks,you   won’t  just  be  focused  but 
efficient,too. 
    F.If  you  still can’t  concentrate,move  to  a quieter  place,such  as  a 

conference room. 
    G.Managers are pressed to motivate their team members while boosting their 

productivity. 
    文章大意:本文主要介绍了在工作中保持专注的一些建议。

    ❶ 解析:根据本空前的句子“A               lot  of organizations  deal with  challenges 
like maintaining productivity and quality of work”可知,许多组织要应对既要保持
生产效率又要保证工作质量的挑战。本题中的“productivity and quality of work”为关
键词,故选     G 项。

    ❷ 解析:根据本段中的“Half the battle is won once you prioritize(优先处理)
your              tasks”可知,一旦你优先处理你的任务你就胜利了一半了。本题中的
“prioritize(优先处理)”为关键词,故选            E 项。

    ❸ 解析:根据本段小标题            Schedule      your      work 及本空前的句子“Don’t 
overstretch yourself with your work”可知,要学会安排你的工作,不要过长时间工作,
因此  C 项(而要把你的工作分成几部分)与本段主旨相照应,故选                       C 项。

    ❹ 解析:根据上下文可知,本空为本段小标题,根据本段中的“While                             working  on 
an important project,set your phone to silent mode or switch it off”可知,在做
重要工作的时候要把手机调成静音或者关掉。因此本段主要讲的是在工作的时候要专心,不
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要分心,故选      A 项。

    ❺ 解析:根据本段小题           Cut outside noise 及本空前的句子“You can use noise-
canceling headphones for that”和空后的句子“In         case  that doesn’t  solve  the 
problem,choose remote work. .  . ”可知,前面讲了你可以使用消音耳机来消除外界的
噪音,后面又讲了如果那也解决不了问题的话可以采用的方法。故本空应与上下文一致,介
绍远离噪音的方法,F         项(如果你仍然不能集中精力的话,搬到更安静的地方,比如会议室)
符合题意。

                                        F
                                                            (2018·石家庄一模)

    A gratitude journal is a great way to keep yourself in a positive state of 
mind. This article will offer some tips for starting and keeping one. 
    ◆Make it a role to write down things you are thankful for per day. __1. A__ 
This will make writing the journal more challenging as time goes on,but that’s 

how your awareness and thankfulness will  grow. You’ll  find new things to  be 
thankful for that you hardly noticed before. 
    ◆Write about extended material things in your life. __2. F__ For example,
if you love to paint,you may be grateful for the paints that you have. Or,if 
you like music,you may be grateful for your CD collections. 

    ◆ __3. B__You can start by feeling grateful to be alive. Avoid the trap of 
being grateful for something that  is better than what others  have. Instead,

compare whatever you are grateful for with  how you would feel if  you didn’t 
have it. 
    ◆Think about your abilities. You may start with basic abilities like your 
ability to see and hear. __4. D__ Think about skillful things like dancing and 
singing,and  your character  like your skills  in cheering up  people or  your 

skills in being a good friend. 
    ◆Consider  the people in  your life.  Think about all  the people you  are 
grateful to and  write down the  reasons. It’s  also good  to write about  the 
people that you don’t  really like and find a reason  to appreciate them. __5. 
C__ After all,there is good in everyone. 
    A.Avoid repeating the same things. 
    B.Describe how you are grateful for what you have. 
    C.This can be difficult but very uplifting. 
    D.Then progress to those that are unique to you. 
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    E.Feel grateful for any advantage you may have. 
    F.These things vary greatly depending on your interests. 
    G.In this way,everything will become more heartwarming. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了一些写感恩日志的建议。

    ❶ 解析:上文提到把你每天感恩的事情写下来,下文提到随着时间的推移,这会使
写日志变得更具挑战性,并且你会发现以前几乎没有注意到的值得感谢的事情。A                                 项表示避
免重复同样的事情,前后语义衔接,故选                 A 项。

    ❷ 解析:下文说,如果你喜欢画画,你可能会感激你所拥有的颜料,或者,如果你
喜欢音乐,你可能会感激你的            CD 收藏。F   项表示这些事情会因你的兴趣而有很大不同,前
后逻辑一致,其中        love to paint 和 like music 与 interests 对应,故选   F 项。

    ❸ 解析:结合其他段可知,空处位于段首,为段落主题句。下文提到你可以从感激
自己活着开始,而        B 项表示“描述你是如何感激你所拥有的”,符合语境,其中                        what   you 
have 亦为提示,故选      B 项。

    ❹ 解析:本段的主旨是想想你自己的能力。上文提到你可以从感激你有基本的能力
开始,如看和听的能力;下文提到思考一些需要技巧的事情,如跳舞和唱歌;前后为递进关
系,D  项提到然后感激那些你特有的能力,前后语义衔接,故选                        D 项。

    ❺ 解析:上文提到把你不喜欢的人写下来,找一个欣赏他们的理由也很好,根据常
识及下文可知,空处应表示这可能很难,但非常令人振奋,故选                           C 项。

                                        G
                                                      (2018·福建省毕业班质检)
    Many people think only professionals—engineers,accountants,teachers,etc. 
—have careers. __1. B__ Even if you’ve never had a paid job,you still have a 

career. Your career is  the sum of  your life and  work. It includes all  your 
activities and experiences. Your schooling,your  volunteer work,and  even your 

relationships with your family are all big parts of your career. __2. C__
    During your career,you will have a variety of jobs,occupations and roles. 
People used to  think of a job  as fulltime,permanent,paid   work done for  an 
employer at a work site. But in our changing world,a job is a set of duties or 
tasks. It can be paid or unpaid. __3. F__ Even someone who is self-employed has 

a job. 
    An occupation is a group of jobs with similar responsibilities that require 
a common set of skills. __4. D__Programmers may have permanent or temporary jobs 
working for  specific employers,be  self-employed,work   full-time  or  part-
time,be paid for their work or volunteer their services. They may change jobs 
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or hold several jobs at one time but,until  they change the type of  duties or 
tasks they perform,they are still computer programmers. 

     __5. A__ We all play a  number of roles in our lives and our  roles often 
change over time. For example,Kris works four days a week as a receptionist in 

a clinic and takes evening courses in social work. She also sews gymnastic wear 
for her neighbor who sells it  at summer markets. Now Kris has at  least three 
roles. 
    A.A role is a part you play. 
    B.Actually everyone has a career. 
    C.In other words,your career is your life story. 
    D.For example,a computer programmer is an occupation. 
    E.As a matter of fact,a job is different from a role in some way. 
    F.It can be completed at a work site,at home,or somewhere else. 
    G.The following is about your work,your family,and your life story. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,主要讲述了每个人都有自己的事业。在事业生涯中,每
个人都会从事各种各样的工作、职业、担任各种各样的角色。

    ❶ 解析:空处的前一句“很多人认为只有像工程师、会计、老师等专业人员才有事
业”,B   项“实际上每个人都有一份事业”对前一句进行转折且与下一句“即使你从来没有
一份有报酬的工作,你仍然有一份事业”衔接自然,故选                        B。

    ❷ 解析:根据前一句“你的教育,你的志愿者工作,甚至你和你的家人的关系都是
你事业的重要组成部分”可知,C             选项“换句话说,你的事业就是你的生活故事”是对上文
的总结,故选      C。

    ❸ 解析:根据上文中的“But in our changing world,a job is a set of duties 
or tasks. It can be paid or unpaid”可知,在不断变化的世界里,我们对工作的认识有
所变化,且根据空前“It can be paid or unpaid”的句式结构可知选                 F。

    ❹ 解析:根据空处前一句“职业是一组具有相似职责的工作,需要一套共同的技能”
和空处后对“Programmers”的工作介绍可知,D              项符合语境,起到承上启下的作用,为下
文举例说明什么是职业做好铺垫。

    ❺ 解析:根据文章的结构以及空处的位置可知,本空应该是本段的主题句,即对下
文内容的概括和总结。下文举例说明我们在生活中扮演不同的角色且随着时间的流逝,我们
的角色在不断地变化,故选            A。

                                        H
                                                            (2018·郑州市一模)
    Helen Keller once wrote,“The   unselfish effort  to bring cheer to  others 
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will be the beginning of a happier life for ourselves. ” __1. G__The UN has set 
December 5 as International Volunteer Day to give recognition to these people. 
    Nineteen-year-old   Andrew  Makhoul  was a  communications  major  at  the 
University of Pennsylvania. It was  coming up to spring break,but  unlike  his 
classmates,Makhoul wasn’t planning on spending the break relaxing. __2. E__
    He traveled to Guatemala. He went to an orphanage(孤儿院) in one of the most 

violent and poor parts of  Guatemala City. __3. A__ Although he  didn’t  speak 
much Spanish,he found communication wasn’t a problem:“You communicated with 
love. ”And what he gave out,he got back:“ You could see love when you looked 

in their eyes. ”
    Makhoul’s first time as a volunteer only lasted a week,but by the end of 
that week,he knew he’d be back in the future. 

     __4. D__The UN highlighted the case of Palestinian women who are survivors 
of breast cancer. As part of the UN’s Aid and Hope Programme for Cancer Patient 
Care,the  women have been  volunteering their time to create  low-cost  breast 
prostheses (假  体)  to be distributed to women for  free,among whom  Shahd El-
Swerki is  a brilliant example. __5.  B__ By  the end  of her time  there,she 

admired these women who are “not only survivors but also volunteers”. 
    About 2,400 years ago,Greek philosopher Aristotle said,“The essence (本
质) of life is to serve others and do good. ” Volunteers all around the world 
are making these words come true,each and every day. 
    A.It depends upon volunteers to stay open. 
    B.She worked with the women as part of the programme. 
    C.Here,we tell two volunteering stories from around the globe. 
    D.Sometimes,volunteers themselves live with huge challenges. 
    E.He decided to spend his time doing something useful for people. 
    F.Volunteers  want to  do their  best to  make the world  warmer and  more 

beautiful. 
    G. These words certainly prove true for the millions of volunteers all over 
the world. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了志愿活动的意义以及一些志愿者所从事的志
愿活动。

    ❶ 解析:上文提到         Helen Keller 的话:为他人带来快乐的无私努力将是我们自己更
幸福生活的开始。G        项意为“这些话对全世界数以百万计的志愿者来说无疑是真实的”与上
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文语义衔接。其中        unselfish effort 与 volunteers 相呼应,故选     C。

    ❷ 解析:上文说假期就要开始了,但是和他的同学不同的是,Makhoul                           不打算把时间
花在休息上。正项表示他决定把时间花在为人们做一些有用的事情上,符合语境,故选                                    E。

    ❸ 解析:上文说他去危地马拉城局势最动荡和最贫困的其中一个地区的一家孤儿院,
A 项表示它依靠志愿者来维持运行。根据常识和语境可知,A                       项与此处匹配。A       项中的    It 指
代上文的    an orphanage。

    ❹ 解析:下文说乳腺癌的幸存者已经自愿花时间去制作低成本乳房假体,并且免费
分发给其他女性(乳腺癌的幸存者),其中                Shahd   El-Swerki 就是一个杰出的例子。D          项表
示有时志愿者自己也面临着巨大的挑战,概括准确,故选                        D。

    ❺ 解析:上文提到         Shahd El-Swerki  是一个乳腺癌幸存者但仍然作为志愿者帮助他
人,下文说在哪里的一段时间结束后,她钦佩这些女性既是幸存者又是志愿者。故                                  B 项“作
为项目的一部分,她与这些女性一起工作”,承上启下,符合语境,故选                              B。
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