网校教育资源平台

2019高考英语一轮复习练习题 新人教版选修8 Unit1Alandofdiversity含解析

评价文档:
文档评论: 0

相关文档推荐

2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修8 Unit1知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修8 Unit4知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修8 Unit2知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修7 Unit3知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修7 Unit2知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修7 Unit1知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修8 Unit3知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修7 Unit5知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修7 Unit4知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修8 Unit5知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修5 Unit4知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修3 Unit5知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修3 Unit1知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修6 Unit4知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修4 Unit4知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修2 Unit4知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修5 Unit1知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修5 Unit2知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习选修6 Unit2知能演练轻松闯关
免费
2019届浙江高考一轮复习练习必修4 Unit5知能演练轻松闯关
免费

高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
分享到:
0积分 下载
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                           A land of diversity

                                     李仕才
 一、阅读理解

    Vinegar makes salad, fries and dumplings taste better, and you can even use 

it to clean your windows. And now, according to scientists, it may even the 

planet’s population survive climate change.

    Researchers from the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) in 

Japan found that growing plants in vinegar makes them more resistant to droughts. 

This could mean that in the future, worries about climate change affecting the 

world’s supply of food will be much lower. The discovery was made after the 

researchers studied the Arabidopsis, a plant known for its ability to survive in 

dry weather. It was found that when the plant was placed in drought-like 

conditions, it produced a chemical called acetate(醋酸盐)—the main component 

of vinegar.

    After discovering this, the scientists experimented further by adding acetate 

to the soil of other plants, before they stopped giving them water completely. 

After leaving the plants for 14 days, they found that the ones treated with 

acetate had survived, while the untreated plants had dried up and died.

    It’s hoped that this simple method of survival could soon be used to help 

farmers in dry countries keep their crops alive. "In the experiment, we targeted 

the staple foods of the world—rice, wheat and maize—and the basic plant of 

breeding species, rapeseed(油菜籽)," Jong Myong Kim, co-author of the study, 

told Popular Science magazine.

    Kim also told the magazine he’s already been in touch with people all over 

the world who are interested in trying this simple and cost-effective method out 

for themselves from flower growing companies to amateur gardeners. Although at 

this point keeping thirsty plants alive isn’t as easy as just pouring vinegar 

over them, Kim said he and his team are working on making the process as simple 

as possible. "Now we are trying to cooperate with some farmers, and also some 

companies, to make a method to apply this system, "he said. And for those of us 
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

who always forget to ask our neighbors to water our plants when we go away, 

hopefully this means the end of returning home from a trip to find our favorite 

flowers have died.

1.What is the article mainly about?  

  A. The world’s food supply will be increased. 

  B. Plants better survive droughts.

  C. The Arabidopsis is resistant to droughts. 

  D. Vinegar could be used to fight droughts.

2.It was discovered that acetate can       .

  A. be used by farmers to replace soil    B. only be produced by the Arabidopsis

  C. help plants survive dry conditions    D. be used to improve poor soil

3.What are the target plants of the experiment?

  A. all breeding species.              B. wheat and Arabidopisis.

  C. rice and maize.                D. rapeseed and Arabidopisis.

4.Jong Myong Kim’s experiment of trying out the method       .

  A. can make people’s trips pleasant

  B. turned out a worldwide success

  C. is as simple as pouring vinegar over the plants

  D. appeals to many flower growing companies

    【文章大意】 本文属于科普类文章。醋不仅使食物味道更好,还可以用它来清洁你的窗

户。研究发现醋中生长的植物,使它们更耐干旱。

1.D  【解析】主旨大意题。通读全文可知本文主要讲述了醋能让植物在干旱的环境中生存,

      即能抗击干旱,故选         D。


3.C  【解析】细节理解题。根据第四段中的“In the experiment, we targeted the 
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

      staple foods of the world—rice, wheat and maize—and the basic plant of 

      breeding species, rapeseed,”可知在实验中,主要针对大米,小麦和玉米等。故选

      C。

4.D  【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段中的第一句“Kim…he’s already been in touch 

      with people all over the world who are interested in trying this simple and 

      cost-effective method out for themselves from flower growing companies to 

      amateur gardeners”分析本句可知       Kim 已与对此感兴趣的花卉种植公司联系,也就是

      吸引这些公司。故选         D。

 二、教材与语法填空
     根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

     Exactly when the first people arrived in what we now know as California, no 
 one really  knows. However, it is  1.___________ (like) that Native Americans 
 were living in California at least fifteen thousand years ago.
     Scientists believe  that these first  2.___________ (settler) crossed the 
 Bering Strait in the Arctic to America by 3.___________ (mean) of a land bridge 
 which  existed  in   prehistoric times.   In  the  16th  century,  after  the 
 4.___________ (arrive) of Europeans, the native people suffered greatly.
     Thousands were killed or forced into slavery. 5.___________ addition, many 
 died  from the  diseases brought by  Europeans. However, some  survived these 
 terrible times, and today there are more Native Americans 6.___________ (live) 
 in California than in any other state.
     In  the 18th century,  California 7.___________ (rule) by  Spain. Spanish 
 soldiers first arrived in South  America in the early 16th century, when they 
 fought against the native people and took their land.
     Two centuries 8.___________ (late), the Spanish had settled in most parts 
 of South America and along the northwest coast of what we now call the United 
 States. Of 9.___________ first Spanish to go to California, the majority were 
 religious men, 10.___________ ministry was to  teach the Catholic religion to 
 the natives.
 答案:1.likely 2.settlers 3.means 4.arrival 5.In
 6.living 7.was ruled 8.later 9.the 10.whose
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

三、完形填空
    My daughter(now 18)was born with a hemangioma tumor(血管瘤)by her eye.At 
first it was small, and hardly __1__.After five months,it became the __2__ of 
a coin.__3__ I took her out,people could not __4__ their comments to 
themselves.“Who hit her?”,“Is that a bug bite?” I never could think of 
a(n) __5__ response for these people.I was __6__ to be kind and understanding,

and assumed that other people had also been taught these __7__.One day I was at 
the __8__,with my 3­year­old son,my daughter,and at this time pregnant with 
my third child.A woman __9__ me,I thought here we go __10__.
    She said that God must not have wanted my daughter to __11__ him,as he 

left her with a __12__.She went on to say that __13__ with these kisses were 
always surrounded by angels.I was astonished.What a __14__,more loving 

approach to someone with a problem!
    My daughter will __15__ this year from High School.She is beautiful.Her 
early years were spent in and out of __16__.Finally the tumor was removed,

because it __17__ her vision.It is not noticeable __18__ in the bright sun.She 
spent this year as the dance scholar for our school.She danced for 4 years on 
our dance­drill team.She had __19__ many scholarships.Her life is wonderful.The 
woman in the mall made me a better parent.Perhaps,this __20__ will help make 
someone else a better parent,too.
    1.A.noticeable    B.bearable
       C.recognized       D.accepted
    2.A.colour            B.weight
       C.size            D.width
    3.A.One day          B.Every time
       C.Later           D.Recently
    4.A.make             B.help
       C.tell             D.hold
    5.A.exact             B.appropriate
       C.rude            D.practical
    6.A.learned           B.brought
       C.considered       D.taught
    7.A.qualities           B.principles
       C.questions        D.opinions
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    8.A.party             B.office
       C.mall             D.meeting
    9.A.approached         B.saw
       C.appreciated       D.called
    10.A.now             B.later
        C.again           D.quickly
    11.A.understand        B.leave
        C.hate            D.remember
    12.A.scar              B.kiss
        C.mark           D.sign
    13.A.mothers          B.gods
        C.faces           D.babies
    14.A.stranger          B.cleverer
        C.kinder          D.happier
    15.A.develop           B.succeed
        C.graduate         D.improve
    16.A.hospitals          B.schools
        C.illness          D.sight
    17.A.blocked          B.stopped
        C.injured         D.deepened
    18.A.despite           B.except
        C.although        D.because
    19.A.given            B.proved
        C.left            D.received
    20.A.lesson           B.story
        C.adventure       D.tumor
    【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。一个陌生人的暖心话语使作者在女儿的问题上成为
了更好的家长,她希望这个故事能够使其他的父母也成为更好的家长。
    1.A 考查形容词辨析。根据前面的“At first it was small”可知,此处应指血管
瘤刚开始很小,几乎不能被注意到。A                项意为“明显的”,符合语境。B             项意为“可忍受的”
;C  项意为“公认的,经过验证的”;D              项意为“可接受的”,均与语境不符。故选                   A 项。
    2.C 考查名词辨析。上文提到,刚开始,血管瘤很小,几乎不能被注意到;由
“After five months”可知,此处与上文形成对比,指五个月后,血管瘤长到硬币那样大。
C 项意为“大小,尺寸”,符合语境。A               项意为“颜色”;B        项意为“重量”;D        项意为
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

“宽度”,均与语境不符。故选              C 项。
    3.B 考查状语从句。根据语境可知,此处指每次“我”带她出去玩的时候;分析句
子结构可知,空格处引导时间状语从句,every time                 意为“每当……的时候”,可引导时
间状语从句,符合题意,而其他三项无此用法。故选                      B 项。
    4.D 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,此处指人们看到“我”的女儿总是无法停下他
们的评论。D     项意为“停下”,符合语境。故选               D 项。
    5.B 考查形容词辨析。由语境可知,此处指“我”从没想出一个适当的回应给这些
人。B   项意为“适当的”,符合语境。A             项意为“精确的”;C         项意为“粗鲁的”;D         项意
为“实用的”,均与语境不符。故选                B 项。
    6.D 考查动词辨析。根据下文“assumed that other people had also been 
taught these”中的“taught”可知,“我”被教导要善良,要体谅别人,所以“我”认
为其他人也被这样教导。故选             D 项。
    7.A 考查名词辨析。根据上文中的“kind and understanding”可知,此处指他们
也被教导这样的品质。A          项意为“品质”,符合语境。B             项意为“原则”;C        项意为“问题”
;D  项意为“观点”,均与语境不符。故选                A 项。
    8.C 考查名词辨析。根据最后一段倒数第二句“The woman in the mall made me a 
better parent.”中的“mall”可知,此处指一天怀孕的“我”带着女儿和                       3 岁的儿子在
商场买东西。故选        C 项。
    9.A 考查动词辨析。根据下文可知,此处指有一个女人向“我”走来。A                              项意为
“靠近”,符合语境。B          项意为“看见”;C        项意为“欣赏,感激”;D           项意为“给……打
电话”,均与语境不符。故选             A 项。
    10.C 考查副词辨析。根据上文人们看见“我”的女儿就会进行评论可知,此处指
“我”想在这里“我们”会再次遭遇同样的经历。故选                       C 项。
    11.B 考查动词辨析。根据下文内容可知,此处指那个女人说,上帝一定是不想让
“我”的女儿离开他。B          项意为“离开”,符合语境。A             项意为“理解”;C        项意为“憎恨”
;D  项意为“记得”,均与语境不符。故选                B 项。
    12.B 考查名词辨析。根据下文中的“with these kisses were always surrounded 
by angels”可知,此处指上帝在“我”女儿的脸上留下了一个吻。B                        项意为“吻”,符合
语境。A   项意为“疤痕”;C        项意为“标记”;D        项意为“迹象”,均与语境不符。故选
B 项。
    13.D 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知,此处指有这样吻痕的孩子会永远被天使围绕着。
故选   D 项。
    14.C 考查形容词辨析。根据“more loving”可知,此处指这与那些总是进行评论
的人相比是更友善、更有爱意的方式。C                 项意为“更友善的”,符合语境。A              项意为“更奇
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

怪的”;B    项意为“更聪明的”;D          项意为“更快乐的”,均与语境不符。故选                   C 项。
    15.C 考查动词辨析。根据“from High School”可知,此处指“我”的女儿今年会
高中毕业。C     项意为“毕业”,符合语境。A             项意为“发展”;B        项意为“成功”;D        项意
为“改善”,均与语境不符。故选               C 项。
    16.A 考查名词辨析。根据上文内容可知,作者的女儿患有血管瘤;由此可推知,为
了看病,女儿早些年一定是进进出出于医院。故选                     A 项。
    17.A 考查动词辨析。根据上文中的“Finally the tumor was removed”可知,最
后,血管瘤被摘除了,因为它阻碍了她的视力。A                    项意为“阻碍”,符合语境。B             项意为
“停止”;C     项意为“伤害”;D        项意为“加深”,均与语境不符。故选                 A 项。
    18.B 考查词义辨析。根据语境可知,此处指现在,如果不是在明亮的阳光下,她那
小小的伤疤一点也不明显。B            项意为“除了”,符合语境。A             项意为“不管”;C        项意为
“尽管”;D     项意为“因为”,均与语境不符。故选                 B 项。
    19.D 考查动词辨析。根据空格后的“many scholarships”可知,此处指女儿得到
了许多奖学金。D       项意为“收到,拿到”,符合语境。A                项意为“给”;B       项意为“证明”
;C  项意为“离开”,均与语境不符。故选                D 项。
    20.B 考查名词辨析。纵观全文可知,本文作者叙述的是一个关于自己和女儿的故事。
故此处表示,那个在商场里遇到的女人让“我”成为一个称职的家长。或许,这个故事也
能够使其他人成为更好的家长。B              项意为“故事”,符合语境。A             项意为“课,教训”;
C 项意为“冒险经历”;D          项意为“肿瘤”,均与语境不符。故选                B 项。
    长难句分析:She said that God must not have wanted my daughter to leave him, 
as he left her with a kiss.(第二段第一句)
    分析:本句是复合句。that          引导宾语从句,作        said 的宾语;must not have done   表
示对过去事实的否定推测,意为“一定不……”;as                     引导原因状语从句。
    译文:她说上帝一定是舍不得让我的女儿离开他,因为他留给了她一个吻。
    词汇积累:tumor n.瘤 pregnant adj.怀孕的
    vision n.视力,视线 scholarship n.奖学金

四、教材与话题写作
(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.众所周知,自从        1978 年改革以来,中国经历了移民大潮。(immigration)

_____________________________________________________ 
答案:As    we  all know, China has  experienced immigration movements since the 

reform in 1978.
2.据报道成千上万的农民从农村涌向城市。(It is reported that...)
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

_____________________________________________________ 
答案:It is reported that thousands of farmers from the countryside crowd into 

the cities.
3.尽管辛苦,他们中的多数人都能适应城市生活。(make a life)

_____________________________________________________ 
答案:The majority of them can make a life in the cities despite great hardship.
4.有些农民甚至申请到了城市居住权,享受和当地人一样的权利。(apply for)

_____________________________________________________
答案:Some    farmers even  have applied for the  right to live in  the city and 

enjoy the same rights as the local people.
5.他们通过努力工作为城市的繁荣做出了贡献,自己也过上了幸福的生活。(by means of; 

boom)
_____________________________________________________  
答案:They have made great contributions to the boom of the cities by means of 

working hard and live a happy life.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。

_____________________________________________________ 
_____________________________________________________  
_____________________________________________________ 
_____________________________________________________ 
_____________________________________________________ 
_____________________________________________________ 

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。

    As we  all know,  China have experienced immigration  movements since the 
reform in 1978.It is  reported what thousands of farmers from the countryside 
crowd into  the cities, the  majority of them can  make a life  in the cities 
despite great hardship.Some even have applied for the right to live in the city 
and enjoy the same  rights with the local people. In addition, they have made 
great contribution to the boom of the cities by means of working hard and live 
a happy life.
答案:
                            have
    As  we all know,  China  has  experienced immigration movements since the 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                               what
reform in 1978.It  is reported that  thousands of farmers from the countryside 
                                         them
crowd into  the cities, the majority of  whom  can make a life  in the cities 
despite great hardship.Some even have applied for the right to live in the city 
                           with
and enjoy the  same rights  as  the local people. In addition, they have made 
      contribution
great contributions to the boom of the cities by means of working hard and live a 
happy life.

 

 


 
0积分下载