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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit3Warming Up & Reading

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                          Unit 3 Computers


          ►转化
          total adj.总的;整个的→n.总数;合计

          signal vi.&vt.发信号→n.信号
          ►派生
             名词后缀:­or,­tion,­ity

             calculate vt.计算→calculator n.计算器
             operate  v.操作;运转→operator        n.(电脑)操作员;接线员→operation 
             n.操作;手术;运转
             real adj.真的;真实的→reality n.真实;事实;现实
             副词后缀:­ly

             total n.总数;合计     adj.总的;整个的→totally adv.完全地;整个地
             动词后缀:­ify

             simple adj.简单的;容易的;朴素的→simplify vt.简化
          ►合成

            any(任何)+how(怎样)→anyhow adv.(也作       anyway)无论如何;即使如此
          down(向下)+load(负荷)→download vt.下载


在中国,传统的红包只出现在春节和婚礼上。2014                   年中国春节首发微信红包。数据显示,
2016 春节期间,超过       4 亿人送出或接收大约        80 亿个红包。
In China,cash gifts are traditionally given in real red envelopes during weddings and the Chinese 
New Year.The WeChat red envelope was launched during the 2014 Chinese New Year with a 
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stipulation(规定)that the amount should be less than 200 yuan.Figures from Tencent Holdings 
Ltd.(腾讯控股有限公司)show        that during that festival period,about 8 million users snapped 
up 40 million red envelopes.
For example,if a person in a WeChat group of 10 sends 100 yuan as a gift and says any one can 
have a maximum of 20 yuan,the first five to “grab”get the money while the other four miss 
out.
Red envelopes add a sense of atmosphere and strengthen interaction.The amount everybody 
gets could be different,so it is funny to see the comparisons.
During the 2016 Chinese New Year's Eve,more than 420 million people gave or received the 
envelopes and about 8 billion red envelopes were sent out that day,eight times the figure for the 
last year's eve.
The WeChat red envelope is an innovative(有创意的)way for people to send greetings.It also 
gets people into the habit of using WeChat payment,because you need to link it to your bank 
account.
For Internet companies,functions such as WeChat payment are an important part of the whole 
Internet ecosystem,as many other functions such as hailing taxis or shopping are based on online 
payment.
        词海拾贝

        1.maximum n.最大限度;最大量

        2.a sense of...一种……感  3.strengthen v.加强
        4.more than 多于,不仅仅       5.figure n.数字

                       Warming Up & Reading


   Ⅰ.重点单词

   1.calculate vt.计算 
   2.universal adj.普遍的;通用的;宇宙的

   3.simplify vt.简化
       simple adj.简单的 
   4.operator n.(电脑)操作员;接线员
   5.logical adj.合逻辑的;合情理的
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    logically adv.逻辑上;合逻辑地;有条理地 
6.technology n.工艺;科技;技术
    technological adj.科技的
7.revolution n.革命 
8.artificial adj.人造的;假的 
9.intelligence n.智力;聪明;智能
    intelligent adj.智能的;聪明的 

10.solve vt.解决;解答 
11.reality n.真实;事实;现实 
     real adj.真实的
12.personal adj.私人的;个人的;亲自的

    personally adv.就个人而言;亲自
13.total adj.总的;整个的;n.总数;合计 

    totally adv.完全地;整个地
14.application n.应用;用途;申请
15.finance n.金融;财经 
16.mobile adj.可移动的;机动的 

17.explore vt.& vi.探索;探测;探究 
    explorer n.探险家;勘探者 
    exploration n.探索

18.anyhow adv.(也作   anyway)无论如何;即使如此 
19.goal n.目标;目的;球门;(进球)得分
20.happiness n.幸福;快乐 
     happy adj.快乐的;高兴的
Ⅱ.核心短语

1.have...in common 有共同之处
2.compare...with ... 把……与……相比
3.from...on 从……时起
4.go by 走过;经过
5.as a result 结果
6.share sth with sb 与某人分享某物
7.as well as 也;和;既……又……
8.provide sb with sth 为某人提供某物
Ⅲ.经典句式
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   1.I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an 
   analytical machine by Charles Babbage.我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔
   斯·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。
   2.As time went by,I was made smaller.随着时间的推移,我被制造得更小了。
   3.Anyhow,my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality.不管怎样,我的目
   标是为人类提供高质量的生活。

   4.I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human 
   race!现在我充满了幸福感,我是人类忠实的朋友和帮助者!


                                   阅读清障


  ①calculate/'kælkj leIt/vt.计算

  calculator/'kælkj leItə/n.计算器

  calculation n.[C,U]计算

  ②simplify/'sImplIfaI/vt.简化

  ③sum/s  m/n.总数;算术题;金额
  a sum of money 一笔钱

  ④program/'prə ɡræm/v.编写程序      n.程序
  programmer/'prə ɡræmə/n.编程人员

  ⑤operator/' pəreItə/n.(电脑)操作员

  ⑥logically/'l d IklI/adv.逻辑上

  logical/'l d Ikl/adj.合逻辑的;合情理的

  ⑦technological/ teknə'l d Ikl/adj.科技的

  technology/tek'n ləd I/n.工艺;科技
  technological advances 科技进步

  ⑧revolution/ revə'lu n/n.革命
  technological revolution 技术革命

⑨artificial/ ɑ tI'fI l/adj.人造的;假的

⑩intelligence/In'telId əns/n.智力;聪明
artificial intelligence 人工智能

⑪solve/s lv/vt.解决;解答

⑫mathematical/ mæθə'mætIkl/adj.数学的
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※Alan  Turing 是 my real father 的同位语;how  引导的从句作介词        about 的宾语。动词不定
式短语   to solve 作定语,修饰“universal machine”。

  ⑬reality/rI'ælətI/n.真实;事实;现实
  in reality 事实上,实际上

  ※as 引导的时间状语从句。
  ⑭personal/'pз sənl/adj.私人的;个人的

  personally/'pз sənəlI/adv.就个人而言
  ⑮tube/tju b/n.管;管子;电子管

  ⑯transistor/træn'zIstə/n.晶体管
  ⑰as a result 结果

⑱totally/'tə tlI/adv.完全地;整个地
total/'tə tl/adj.总的;整个的 n.总数
in total=in all 总计;合计
※本句为主从复合句。so...that       引导结果状语从句,其中           I have been told 为省略了关系词的
定语从句,修饰先行词          anything。

⑲network/'netwз k/n.网络;网状物
※本句为主从复合句。until         引导时间状语从句。在主句中,现在分词短语在句中作状语;
在从句中,过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰                   a family。

  ⑳web/web/n.网

  21application/ æplI'keI n/n.应用;用途
   ○
  22finance/'faInæns/n.金融;财经
   ○
  financial adj.金融的;财政的

  23mobile/'mə baIl/adj.可移动的;机动的
   ○
  24rocket/'r kIt/n.火箭
   ○
  25explore/Ik'spl /vt.&vi.探索;探测
   ○
  26anyhow/'enIha /adv.(也作  anyway)无论如何;即使如此
   ○
  27goal/gə l/n.目标;目的;球门
   ○
  ※to provide...为不定式短语作表语。

  28happiness/'hæpInIs/n.幸福;快乐
   ○
  29a devoted friend 一个忠实的朋友
   ○
                                   原文呈现

                                    WHO AM I?
     Over time I have been changed quite a lot.I began as a calculating① machine in France in 
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1642.Although I was young I could simplify② difficult sums③.I developed very slowly and it 
took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles 
Babbage.After I was programmed④  by an operator⑤ who used cards with holes, I could 

“think”logically⑥ and produce an answer quicker than any person.At that time it was considered 

a technological⑦ revolution⑧ and the start of my “artificial⑨ intelligence⑩”.In 1936 my 
real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a“universal 
machine”to solve⑪ any difficult mathematical⑫ problem.From then on, I grew rapidly both in 
size and in brainpower.By the 1940s I had grown as large as a room, and I wondered if I would 
grow any larger.However, this reality⑬ also worried my designers.As time went by,I was 
made smaller.First as a PC (personal⑭ computer) and then as a laptop, I have been used in 
offices and homes since the 1970s.
     These changes only became possible as my memory improved.First it was stored in 
tubes⑮,then on transistors⑯ and later on very small chips.As a result⑰ I totally⑱ changed 
my  shape.As I have grown older I have also grown smaller.Over time my memory has 
developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told!And my 
memory became so large that even I couldn't believe it!But I was always so lonely standing there 
by myself, until in the early 1960s they gave me a family connected by a network⑲.I was able 
to share my knowledge with others through the World Wide Web⑳.
     Since the 1970s many new applications21 have been found for me.I have become very 
                                      ○
important in communication,finance22 and trade.I have also been put into robots and used to 
                               ○
make mobile23 phones as well as help with medical operations.I have even been put into space 
           ○
rockets24 and sent to explore25the Moon and Mars.Anyhow26,my goal27 is to provide 
       ○                  ○                          ○          ○
humans with a life of high quality.I am now truly filled with happiness28 that I am a devoted 
                                                           ○
friend29 and helper of the human race!
     ○


                                                 ,

                                     课文译文

                                     我是谁?

     随着时间的推移我已经被改变了很多。1642                 年我在法国诞生时是一台计算机器。虽
然我很年轻,但我能把复杂的算术简单化。我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔

斯·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。在操作员用穿孔卡为我设计程序之后,我能够进行逻
辑“思考”,并且能够比任何人更快地算出答案。那时这被当作是一次技术革命,也是我

“人工智能”的开始。在           1936 年,我真正的父亲,艾伦·图灵写了一本书,讲述了怎样能
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

使我成为一台“通用机器”来解决任何数学难题。从那时起,在体积和智能方面我都快速

发展。到    20 世纪  40 年代,我已经变得像一间房屋那样大了,我不知道我是否还会再变得
更大。然而,这个现实也使我的设计者们担心。随着时间的推移,我被制造得更小了。自

从  20 世纪 70 年代以来,我一直被用于办公室和家庭,开始时是作为个人电脑,后来作为
笔记本电脑。
     随着我的记忆能力的提高,这些变化才成为可能。最初是被存储到电子管上,以后是
晶体管上,后来是非常小的芯片上。结果我的形状完全改变了。随着年龄的增长,我变得
更小了。随着时间的推移,我的记忆能力发展得如此之快,就像一头大象一样,我从来不
会忘记告诉我的任何事情!我的记忆能力变得如此之大,以至于我自己都不敢相信!但我

总是孤孤单单地独自站在那里,直到                20 世纪  60 年代初期,他们才给了我一个用网络连成
的家。我能够通过万维网和其他人分享我的知识。

     20 世纪  70 年代以来,我又被开发出了很多新的用途。在通讯、金融和贸易方面我变
得非常重要。人们还把我放到机器人里,用于制造手机和辅助医疗手术。我甚至已经被安
装在航天火箭里去探索月球和火星。不管怎样,我的目标就是为人类提供高质量的生活。
能成为人类忠实的朋友和助手我现在真的很高兴!


Ⅰ.Match the main idea with each paragraph.
Para.1(C) A.These changes only became possible as my memory improved.
Para.2(B)  B.Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me.
Para.3(A)  C.Over time I have been changed quite a lot.
Ⅱ.True (T) or False (F).
1.Alan Turing built an Analytical Machine to solve any mathematical problems.(F)
2.People began to realize that the computer got cleverer and quicker with time passing.(T)
3.The computer began to serve the human race since it was brought into people's homes.(F)
4.Since the 1970s,the computer was used by people around the world through the Internet.(T)
5.The larger the computer is,the more memory it has.(F)


1.I  developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an 

analytical machine by Charles Babbage.(教材 P18)我发展得很缓慢,差不多到了           200 年之
后,查尔斯·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。
before 引导时间状语从句时可以根据语境译作“过了……(时间)才……”,“还没来得
及……就……”和“在……之前”。

①Three weeks went by before she realized her mistakes.
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三周过去了,她才意识到自己的错误。

             (1)It was+时间段+before...过了……才……,从句常用一般过去时
     归纳      (2)It was not long before...不久就……,从句常用一般过去时
     拓展      (3)It won't be long before...不久就会……,从句常用一般现在时
             (4)It will be+时间段+before...要过……才……,从句常用一般现在时

②It didn't take long before the fire was under control.
不久火势就被控制住了。

③It will be ten years before we see each other.
要过十年我们才能彼此相见。

④It won't be long before we get used to the new school life.
不久我们就会习惯新的学校生活。

2.In 1936 my real father,Alan Turing,wrote a book about how I could be made to work 

as a“universal machine”to solve any difficult mathematical problem.(教材 P18)
在  1936 年,我真正的父亲艾伦·图灵写了一本书,讲述了怎样使我成为一台“通用机器”
来解决任何数学难题。

                              solve v.解决,解答

①If we all work hard,this problem can be solved in the future.
如果我们都努力工作,这个问题在将来能解决。

                        (1)solve a problem 解决一个问题
               归纳
                        (2)solution n.解决办法;答案
               拓展
                        the solution to...……的解决办法

②The new manager was trying to find a solution to the problem.
这位新经理正在试图找到问题的解决办法。

3.From then on,I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower.(教材 P18)
从那时起,我在体积和脑容量方面迅速成长。

                              from...on 从……时起


                               from now on 从今以后
                     归纳
                               from then on 从那时起
                     拓展
                               from that day on 从那天起

①Please be more careful when you cross the street from now on.
从今以后你过马路时要更加小心。
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②From that day on,the ending of the missing Amber Room remains a mystery.
从那天起,丢失的琥珀屋的结局仍是一个谜。

4.As a result I totally changed my shape.(教材 P18)
因此,我完全改变了形状。

                         as a result 因此;结果(后跟句子)

                     as a result of 由于;作为……的结果
           归纳        without result 毫无结果地
           拓展        result from...由……产生(后跟原因)
                     result in...导致;结果(后跟结果)

①As a result of automobile pollution,the air quality in most major cities has been lowered.
由于汽车污染,各主要城市的空气质量有所降低。

②Let us hope that peace will result from our talks.
让我们期望,我们的会谈会带来和平。

③The game resulted in another victory for our team.
那场比赛为我们队带来了又一次胜利。

[名师点津] as a result  单独使用作状语,多位于句首,用逗号隔开;as a result of               引起表示
原因的短语,位于句首或句末。

5.And my memory became so large that even I couldn't believe it!(教材 P18)
我的存储容量变得如此巨大,连我自己都不敢相信!

(1)句中  so...that...表示“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句。其中                    so 是副词,常
用来修饰形容词或副词。

                  so+adj./adv.+that...
         归纳       so+adj.+a/an+可数名词单数+that...

         拓展       so+many/few/much/little(少)+可数名词复数/不可数名词+
                  that...
①The box is so heavy that I can't lift it.
这个箱子太重了,我拎不起来。

②There was so much snow on the road that the cars couldn't move fast.
路上雪太多,汽车难以跑快。

③There was so little time left that we must hurry.
时间不多了,我们必须快一点。

(2)在“so...that...”结构中,当位于句首时,其所在的句子要部分倒装。

④So hot a day was it that they all went swimming.
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天气非常热,他们都去游泳了。

6.Anyhow,my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality.(教材 P18)
不管怎样,我的目标是给人类提供高质量的生活。

                        anyhow adv.不管怎样,无论如何

①I can see as well as you,anyhow.
不管怎么说,我看得和你一样清楚。

[易混辨析] anyhow/somehow
     anyhow(=
                      意为“无论如何;即使如此”等,可以放在句首、句末或者句中
      anyway)
                      意为“以某种方式;不知怎么地;不知为什么”,表示某种未知的
     somehow
                      原因

[即学即用] 选用以上单词填空

②Anyhow I disagree with her.

③He was nervous somehow.
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