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2019年高考英语二轮复习 夹叙夹议文(三)

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夹叙夹议文(三)

                         Passage 1
    (2018·河北五个一名校联盟第二次考试)A             woman  professor 
was giving a lesson to her students on __1__ management. As she 
raised a glass of water, everyone in the class __2__ they would be 
asked the “half­empty or half­full”question. __3__, that was 
not the case. With a smile on her face, she asked the students, 
“How much do you think this glass of water weighs?”
    Answers called out __4__ from eight to twenty ounces(盎司). 
    She quieted the students down and then replied, “The absolute 
weight doesn't __5__. But it counts how long you hold it. If I hold it 
for a minute, it is OK. If I hold it for an hour, I will have an ache in 
my __6__. If I hold it for a day, my arm will feel numb. In each case, 
the __7__ of the glass of water doesn't change, but the __8__ I hold 
it, the heavier it becomes. Why?”
    Lost in __9__, all the students kept silent and listened to the 
professor carefully.
    “Our stresses and __10__ in life are like that glass of water. If 
we __11__ our burdens all the time, sooner or later, we will feel 
exhausted, even unable to __12__.”
    __13__ you have to do is put all your burdens down, as __14__ 
in the evening as possible. Don't carry them through the evening into 
the night; by doing this, we can get __15__ next morning and are 
__16__ to move forward.
    More often than not, life gets terrible when we __17__ too 
much. And the moment you __18__ your burdens, you'll find 
yourself feeling much more relaxed.
    So rather than being upset and feeling __19__ for yourself, start 
doing something about it. After all, life is too short to __20__ 
yourself to anything that is not making you happy.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章通过一杯水
的重量的事例告诉读者:只有卸下压力和负担,才能活得更轻
松。
    【核心词汇】 range       v.(在……范围内)变动;变化 quiet 
vt.安静下来,使……安静,使平和 count              v.有价值,有重要
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意义 numb    adj.麻木的 exhausted adj.筋疲力尽的;耗尽的;用
完的 more    often than not 通常,多半 let   go  of 放手,松开 
abandon oneself to 沉湎于,陷入
    1.A.class        B.emotion
    C.time  D.stress
    答案与解析:D 根据下文中的“Our stresses and __10__ in 
life are like that glass of water”可知,本文讲的是压力管理。
stress management 意为“压力管理”。
    2.A.wondered  B.expected
    C.agreed  D.argued
    答案与解析:B 当她举起一杯水时,每个人都预计他们会
被问到“杯子是半空还是半满”的问题。wonder                 意为“想知道”
;expect 意为“预料,预计”;agree        意为“同意”;argue       意
为“争论”。
    3.A.However   B.Meanwhile
    C.Anyhow    D.Therefore
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,教授微笑着问:“这杯水
有多重?”这与学生预计的不同,故选                A。however  意为“然而”
;meanwhile 意为“同时”;anyhow       意为“无论如何”;
therefore 意为“因此”。
    4.A.ranged  B.replied
    C.read  D.exchanged
    答案与解析:A 根据下文中的“from               eight to  twenty 
ounces(盎司)”可知,喊出的答案从          8 到 20 盎司不等。range 
from...to...意为“范围从……到……”,符合语境。
    5.A.exist  B.change
    C.matter  D.increase
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“But it counts how long you 
hold it”可知,此处表示绝对的重量不重要。matter              与  count 同
义,意为“要紧”。
    6.A.head  B.arm
    C.leg  D.stomach
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“If             I hold it for a day,my 
arm will feel numb”可知,  此处指的是手臂。因此选           B。
    7.A.shape  B.position
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    C.weight  D.size
    答案与解析:C 根据下文中的“but             the ____ I hold it, the 
heavier it becomes”可知,此处指的是水的重量。shape            意为
“形状”;position   意为“位置”;           weight 意为“重量”;
size 意为“大小,尺寸”。故答案为            C。
    8.A.better  B.deeper
    C.longer  D.further
    答案与解析:C 每一种情况下,这杯水的重量都没有改变,
但是举的时间越长,          它就会变得越重。根据“If          I hold it for a 
minute”,“If I hold it for an hour”及“If I hold it for a day”可
知,此处说的是时间。
    9.A.fantasies  B.thought
    C.dreams   D.discussion
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“all            the students kept silent 
and listened to the professor carefully”可知,此处表示“(学生们)陷
入沉思”,(be)lost    in thought 为固定搭配。
    10.A.doubts  B.joys
    C.surprises  D.worries
    答案与解析:D 根据空前的“stresses”和下文中的
“burdens”可知,这里表示“我们生活中的压力和烦恼就像那
杯水”。
    11.A.cover  B.carry
    C.hide  D.show
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“you              have to do is put all 
your burdens down”可知,         此处表示如果我们一直背着
(carry)沉重的负担,故选      B。
    12.A.pick up  B.work out
    C.carry on  D.catch on
    答案与解析:C 如果我们一直背着沉重的负担,迟早我们
将感到筋疲力尽,甚至难以坚持下去。pick                up 意为“捡起,恢
复健康、体力等”;work         out 意为“算出”;carry     on 意为“继
续进行,坚持下去”;catch on        意为“流行起来”。故选           C。
    13.A.Something  B.All
    C.Nothing  D.Anything
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,此处表示你需要做的一切
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事情就是卸下负担,故选           B。
    14.A.eagerly  B.naturally
    C.quickly  D.early
    答案与解析:D 根据“Don't carry them through the evening 
into the night”可知,此处表示晚上尽早卸下负担。
    15.A.refreshed  B.entertained
    C.depressed  D.amazed
    答案与解析:A 通过这样做我们第二天可以重新振作精神,
能够奋勇向前。refresh“使恢复精神”;entertain          意为“使快乐”
;depress“使沮丧”;       amaze“使大为惊奇”。故选          A。
    16.A.able  B.anxious
    C.passive  D.ambitious
    答案与解析:A 参见上题解析。able            意为“有能力的”,
符合语境。anxious    意为“焦虑的”;passive       意为“被动的”;
ambitious 意为“有志气的”。
    17.A.fear  B.think
    C.rest  D.get
    答案与解析:B 通常,当我们想得太多时生活就会变得糟
糕。
    18.A.catch up with  B.look down on
    C.let go of  D.put up with
    答案与解析:C 根据上文中的“____             you have to do is put 
all your burdens down”可知,当你卸下负担的时候,你会发现
你自己更加放松。catch         up  with 意为“赶上”;look       down 
on“轻视”;let     go of 意为“放手,松开”;put         up with 意为
“忍受,忍耐”。因此选           C。
    19.A.happy  B.sorry
    C.disappointed  D.greedy
    答案与解析:B 与其感到不安,自我怜悯,不如做一些改
变它的事。feel sorry for oneself 意为“自我怜悯”,为固定搭配。
因此选   B。
    20.A.help  B.treat
    C.drive  D.abandon
    答案与解析:D 毕竟人生苦短,不要使自己沉浸在让自己
不开心的事情中。abandon oneself to“沉湎于,陷入”,符合语
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境。help    oneself  to 意为“自用,自取,依靠自己”;treat 
oneself to 意为“犒劳自己”;drive oneself to  意为“自己开车去”
。
                         Passage 2
    (2018·长春监测二)When I was a teenager I volunteered to pass 
out water at a local race. I was so excited to __1__ all the different 
runners who passed by and quickly took a cup of water. Some 
walked past, some jogged past and a few __2__ past.
    Watching so many __3__ of people doing it, I thought maybe I 
could do it too! The next year I decided to __4__ the race.  With 
__5__ running practice, I just wanted to finish.
    On the day of the race, it was terribly hot. Only after 2 miles, I 
felt sweat __6__ off me and my legs swelling.  I began to __7__, 
“Why  am I doing this? What was I thinking? I must be __8__.” 
For the following miles, I jogged, I walked, I jogged and walked.  
At times,  I wonder if I could __9__.
    __10__ the end, a 70­year­old man rushed past me, very 
__11__,   and I felt a little __12__ that I was more than 50 years 
younger than him and I couldn't __13__ keep up with him. But then 
I realized something: he was running his race and I was running 
mine. How often in life do we __14__ ourselves to others and feel 
disappointed in ourselves when we really __15__? We are all 
unique human beings with unique __16__. It's really no good 
focusing  on others' race.  I decided  that I would not __17__ 
running, and that one day I would be one of those __18__ people 
who were still running races.
    As I crossed the finishing line, I was proud of myself.  I didn't 
regret having such an experience.  If you don't __19__ others but 
get the lesson and grow, you are truly a __20__.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,主要讲述了作者
参加跑步比赛得出的人生感悟。
    【核心词汇】 swell        vi.肿,肿胀(尤指身体部位) unique 
adj.独一无二的 finishing line (比赛的)终点线
    1.A.see  B.inspect
    C.stare  D.notice
    答案与解析:A 根据下文“Watching            so many  ____  of 
people doing it, I thought maybe I could do it too” 可知,作者看
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到不同的跑步者很激动。
    2.A.struggled  B.dragged
    C.rushed  D.moved
    答案与解析:C 根据语境中的            walked 和 jogged 可推知,
此处作者表示的是速度上的递进关系,故选                  C。
    3.A.styles  B.ranks
    C.types  D.races
    答案与解析:C 根据上文“I           was so excited to ____ all the 
different runners who passed by and quickly took a cup of 
water”可推知,作者观看不同的人参与比赛。type“类型”,
符合语境。
    4.A.run up  B.run out
    C.run across  D.run for
    答案与解析:D 根据下文可知,作者第二年也参加了比赛。
run up“跑上去”;run out“用完”;run across“偶然碰见”;
run for“竞选,参加”。
    5.A.some   B.little
    C.much   D.any
    答案与解析:B 根据语境“I           just wanted to finish”并结合
下一段作者在比赛中的表现可推知,作者并没有进行跑步练习。

    6.A.pouring  B.taking
    C.melting  D.blowing
    答案与解析:A 根据语境“On            the day of the race, it was 
terribly hot”可推知,参赛那天天气很热,作者出了很多的汗。
    7.A.doubt  B.remember
    C.imagine  D.suppose
    答案与解析:A 根据下文“At            times, I wonder if I could 
____”和下文作者一连串的问句可推知,作者对参加赛跑这件
事开始怀疑。
    8.A.friendly  B.crazy
    C.generous  D.tired
    答案与解析:B 根据语境“Why am I doing this? What was 
I thinking”可推知,作者认为自己是疯了才决定参加这次比赛,
不仅大汗淋漓,而且腿也肿胀起来。
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    9.A.win  B.stop
    C.make   D.finish
    答案与解析:D 此处与上文“I            just wanted to finish”呼应
可推知,作者跑跑走走,不知道自己是否能够坚持到最后,完
成比赛。
    10.A.On   B.At
    C.Near   D.By
    答案与解析:C 根据下文可推知,作者在比赛快结束时,
被一位   70 岁的老人超过。
    11.A.slowly  B.gently
    C.heavily  D.fast
    答案与解析:D 根据语境可推知,老人跑得非常快。
    12.A.pleased  B.frightened
    C.delighted  D.embarrassed
    答案与解析:D 根据下文“I            was  more  than 50 years 
younger than him and I couldn't ____ keep up with him”可推知,
作者作为一个身强力壮的年轻人跑不过一个老人,实在是有些
尴尬。embarrassed“尴尬的”。
    13.A.just  B.even
    C.still  D.already
    答案与解析:B 根据上文可推知,作者对自己的状况感到
有点尴尬。故此处应用          even“甚至”,使作者和老人形成了强
烈的对比,符合语境。
    14.A.compare  B.devote
    C.recommend   D.show
    答案与解析:A 根据上文“But            then I realized something: 
he was running his race and I was running mine”可推知,作者下
文是对我们自己和他人进行比较,这与下文“It's                  really no good 
focusing on others' race”形成呼应。
    15.A.couldn't  B.won't
    C.shouldn't  D.can't  
    答案与解析:C 根据下文“It's          really no good focusing on 
others' race. I decided that I would not ____ running”可推知,作
者认为我们没有必要和他人进行比较,而让自己有挫败感。
    16.A.significance  B.pace
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    C.principle  D.concept
    答案与解析:B 根据语境并结合常识可知,作者认为我们
都是独一无二的,有独一无二的速度。significance“重要性”
;pace“速度”;principle“原则”;concept“观念”。
    17.A.insist on  B.look up to
    C.put up with  D.give up
    答案与解析:D 根据下文“As             I  crossed the finishing 
line”可推知,作者决定不放弃,最终完成了比赛。insist 
on“坚持”;look     up to“敬仰”;put     up with“容忍”;give 
up“放弃”。
    18.A.elderly  B.professional
    C.international  D.educated
    答案与解析:A 根据上文“a            70­year­old man rushed past 
me...”及空后的    still 可知,作者希望向上文中提到的老人学习,
虽然有一天也会变老,但仍会继续参加赛跑。
    19.A.persuade  B.change
    C.beat  D.follow
    答案与解析:C 根据上文可知,作者跑步不顺利,但最终
还是坚持了下来,跑完了比赛。作者认为尽管并没有打败他人,
但是吸取了教训,获得了成长,就是真正的赢家。beat“打败”
。
    20.A.learner  B.winner
    C.dreamer  D.competitor
    答案与解析:B 参见上题解析。
                         Passage 3
    (2018·辽宁五校协作体模拟)Falling      off a boxcar and landing 
on my head, I lost my sight when I was four years old.  Now I am 
thirty­two.  I can __1__ remember the brightness of sunshine. It 
would be wonderful to see again, __2__ a tragedy can do strange 
things to people.
    It __3__ to me that I might not have come to love life as I do 
now if I hadn't been blind.  My parents and my teacher saw 
something __4__ me, and they made me want to __5__ against 
blindness.
    The hardest __6__ I had to learn was to believe in myself. If I 
hadn't been able to do that, I would have __7__ down for the rest of 
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my life.When I say __8__ in myself I am not talking about __9__ 
the kind of self­confidence that __10__ me down an unfamiliar 
staircase (楼梯) alone.  But I mean something bigger than that: the 
assurance that I am a real positive person __11__ imperfections.
    It took me years to obtain this __12__. It had to start with the 
__13__. Once a man gave me an indoor __14__. “I can't use this,”
 I said.“Take it with you,”  he __15__ me, “and  roll it 
around.” The __16__ stuck in my head. “Roll it around!” By 
rolling the ball I could hear where it went.  This gave me an idea 
how to achieve a goal I had thought __17__. At the School for the 
Blind I __18__ a new kind of baseball called the “ground ball”. 
All my life I have set a series of goals and then tried to reach them, 
one at a time. I had to learn my __19__. I would fail sometimes 
anyway but on the average I made __20__.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章主要讲述了
“我”在四岁的时候失去了视力,但通过一件小事,“我”学
会了自信,并逐渐取得进步的过程。
    【核心词汇】 tragedy      n.悲剧 imperfection  n.缺点 on 
the average 一般来说 roughly adv.粗略地
    1.A.randomly  B. abruptly
    C.roughly  D.completely
    答案与解析:C “我”四岁时失去视力,现在已经三十二
岁了。由此可推知,此处表示“我”粗略地记得,故选                       C。
roughly“粗略地,大致上”。
    2.A.so  B.but
    C.thus  D.and 
    答案与解析:B 根据语境可知,上下文之间是转折关系,
故选  B。
    3.A.occurred  B.referred
    C.brought  D.turned
    答案与解析:A “我”想到如果“我”没有失明“我”可
能不会像现在这样热爱生活。It occurs to sb. that...为固定句型,
意为“某人想到……”。
    4.A.of  B.for
    C.to   D.in
    答案与解析:D “我”父母以及老师看到了“我”内在的
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一些东西,他们让“我”想要与失明作斗争。根据语境可知,
此处应选    D。
    5.A.get  B.fight
    C.find  D.drop
    答案与解析:B 参见上题解析。fight             against...“与……作
斗争”。
    6.A.method  B.experience
    C.lesson  D.manner
    答案与解析:C “我”学到的最困难的一课(lesson)就是要
相信“我”自己。
                                                                                                                       
7.A.broken  B.put
    C.settled  D.lay
    答案与解析:A 如果“我”做不到那样的话,“我”可能
已经精神崩溃了。break down“(在健康或精神等方面)垮掉”。
    8.A.courage  B.ambition
    C.belief  D.power
    答案与解析:C 根据上文中的“to believe in myself”可知,
此处应选    C 项与上文相照应。
    9.A.firmly  B.simply  
    C.fairly  D.slightly
    答案与解析:B “我”说的信心并不仅仅(simply)指帮助
(helps)“我”走下陌生楼梯的自信。
    10.A.stops  B.helps
    C.finds  D.gives
    答案与解析:B 参见上题解析。
    11.A.despite  B.besides
    C.without  D.unlike
    答案与解析:A 尽管“我”是一个不完美的人,但是“我”
是一个积极的人。despite“尽管”,符合语境。
    12.A.description  B.existence
    C.accusation  D.recognition
    答案与解析:D “我”花了很多年才认识到这一点。A                      项
意为“描述”;B       项意为“存在”;C        项意为“控告”;D         项
意为“认识”。
            中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                               13.A.intelligence  
B.incident
    C.trouble  D.determination
    答案与解析:B 这从一件小事开始。A               项意为“智慧”;
B 项意为“小事”;C        项意为“麻烦”;D        项意为“决心”。
    14.A.chair  B.baseball
    C.game   D.design
    答案与解析:B 根据下文中的“a new kind of baseball”可
知,此处指棒球。
    15.A.urged  B.blamed
    C.greeted  D.teased
    答案与解析:A 根据语境可知,此处指他一直在敦促“我”
。urge“强烈要求,敦促”。
    16.A.goals  B.words
    C.images  D.ideas
    答案与解析:B 他所说的话(words)印在“我”的脑海中,
故选  B。
    17.A.valuable  B.reasonable
    C.impossible  D.unbearable
    答案与解析:C 这给了“我”一个如何实现“我”认为不
可能(impossible)的目标的想法。A       项意为“有价值的”;B          项
意为“合情理的”;C         项意为“不可能的”;D          项意为“无法
容忍的”。
    18.A.discovered  B.equipped
    C.formed   D.invented
    答案与解析:D 在盲人学校“我”发明(invented)了一种新
的被称之为“地滚球”的棒球。A              项意为“发现”;B        项意为
“配备”;C     项意为“形成”;D         项意为“发明”。
    19.A.limitations  B.advantages
    C.puzzles  D.personalities
    答案与解析:A “我”不得不了解自己的不足之处。
limitation“(某人或某物的)局限性,不足之处”。
    20.A.sense  B.progress
    C.mistakes  D.decisions 
    答案与解析:B “我”有时会失败,但一般说来“我”取
                      中国现代教育网         www.30edu.com    全国最大教师交流平台

得了进步。make progress“取得进展”。
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