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2019新人新版必修4 高考英语词汇考查+题型练Unit1Womenofachievement含解析

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                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                   Unit 1
                                    李仕才
词汇考查+词汇应用
必修四 Unit 1
 一、词汇复习
(一)单句语法填空
    1.I have an appointment ______Dr. Brown, but I need to change it. 
    答案:with 句意为:我与布朗先生有约,但我需要改一下。have an   appointment 
with sb.意为“与某人有约”,为固定短语。
    2.(2015·陕西西安联考改编)Whoever comes here to have the  meeting will be 

treated ________ a wonderful dinner.  
    答案:to 句意为:所有来这儿开会的人都将享用美好的晚餐。treat sb. to sth.意
为“款待,招待某人享用……”,是固定短语。
    3.(2015·浙江名校联考改编)Anyway, I can't tell lies about it—it's 

________ my principles, you know. 
    答案:against 句意为:无论如何,对于这件事我不能说谎,你知道这违背了我的原
则。against  意为“反对;违反”,符合句意。
    4.(2015·浙江,3)Have you ever heard of the trees that  are homes ________ 
animals both on land and sea? 
    答案:to be home to...“是……的家园”。
    5.(2015·陕西,12     改编)The little pupil took his grandma ________the arm 

and walked her across the street. 
    答案:by “take sb. by+身体部位”为固定搭配,意为“抓住某人的……”。句意:
那个小学生抓着他奶奶的手臂,领她过了街道。拓展:The police took the thief by 
the collar and took him to the police station.“警察抓住那个小偷的衣领,把他带
到了警察局。”

(二)英汉互译
1.achievement n.__________
2.△Joan of Arc__________
3.△Elizabeth Fry __________
4.△Quaker n. __________
5.welfare n. __________
6.project n. __________
7.institute n. __________
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

8.△China Welfare Institute __________
9.specialist n. __________ 
10.△specialize vi. __________
11.△Jane Goodall __________
12.△chimp n. __________
13.connection n. __________
14.human being __________
15.△Jody Williams__________
16.campaign n. __________
17.△landmine n. __________
18.organization n. __________
19.△Gombe National Park __________
20.behave vt. & vi. __________ 
21.behaviour (=behavior) __________
22.shade n.  vt. __________
23.move off __________
24.worthwhile adj. __________
25.nest n. __________
26.bond n. __________
27.observe vt. __________
28.observation n. __________
29.childhood n. __________
30.outspoken adj. __________
31.respect vt. & n. __________
32.argue vt. & vi. __________
33.argument n. __________
34.entertainment n. __________
35.lead a … life __________
36.crowd n.  vt. __________
37.crowd in __________
38.inspire vt. __________
39.△inspiration n. __________
40.support n. & vt. __________
41.look down upon/on__________
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 42.refer vi. __________
  43.refer to__________
 44.audience n. __________
 45.by chance__________
 46.come across __________
 47.△career n. __________
 48.rate n. __________
 49.sickness n. __________
 50.intend vt. __________
 51.emergency n. __________
 52.generation n. __________
 53.△determination n. __________
 54.kindness n. __________
 55.considerate adj. __________
  56.consideration n. __________
 57.deliver vt. __________
 58.carry on __________
 59.modest adj. __________
 二、阅读理解
 A
    When I was in the sixth grade, I became a big K-pop (Korean pop) fan. Almost 

half the students at my middle school were Korean and almost all of them listened 

to Korean music, especially K-pop. I had never been interested in it. It sounded 

too strange to me, but all changed in the sixth grade when the huge hit Gee came 

out. All my friends were singing the chorus and imitating the dance. Gee fever 

sucked me into K-pop. It became my life. I listened to K-pop non-stop and filled 

my iPod with it. In a month, I had memorized the names of countless members of 

boy and girl bands and stuck pictures of my singer "boyfriends" on my walls. I 

would ditch my weekend art and math classes and go to concerts with my friends. 

This would always result in my mom shouting that I was wasting my life. My mom 

thought K-pop was trash and wanted me to like classical music as she did. But 

classical music made me sleepy.
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    Every day during middle school I went to a K-pop gossip and news site called 

allkpop.com. On this site I learned that I could audition(试音) to become a 

singer in a K-pop band. The shining clothes, thousands of screaming fans and 

hearing them chant my name seemed much more exciting than being a middle school 

student. Becoming a K-pop star was all I wanted.

    I started watching the audition videos of current stars and reading blog 

posts from people who had auditioned. They explained much about the audition. 

This made me want to audition even more. After watching those videos, I saw that 

most of the current stars weren’t that amazing in their auditions and that each 

singer had improved so much through training. I had never had vocal lessons(声乐

课) and didn’t think of myself as a good singer. "But if they could do it, I 

could do that too," I thought.

1.What caused the author to fall in love with K-pop?

  A. Her Korean origin.                     B.A new style of dance.

  C. Her friends’ influence.                    D. The popularity of Gee.

2.The underlined word "ditch" in Paragraph 1 probably means "________".

  A. forget          B. attend              C. ignore              D. hate

3.What do we know about the author’s mother?

  A. She has no interest in music.

  B. She has a low opinion of K-pop.

  C. She doesn’t care about her daughter.

  D. She prefers K-pop to classical music.

4.After visiting allkpop.com, the author ________.

  A. dreamed of becoming a pop singer

  B. called the manager of the news site

  C. contacted people who had auditioned

  D. knew she would never become a singer
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。大多数人都认为肿瘤科护士这一职业是让人感到很压

抑的,然而我却挚爱着这个职业。有时会有病人痊愈的奇迹发生,而我就是这奇迹创造过程

中的一分子。

1.D 【解析】细节理解题。根据第四段最后两句可知,当奇迹发生时,我就是这个奇迹创造过

    程中的一分子。因此         D 项正确。

2.A 【解析】推理判断题。根据第一段可知,在我当护士的                      16 年中,总是有人在问同样的问题:当

    肿瘤科的护士不令人感到沮丧吗?这说明大多数人不喜欢这个职业。因此                              A 项正确。


4.A 【解析】标题归纳题。全文主要谈论的是我选择护士职业的理由,因此                              A 项正确。而

      B 项作为文章标题过大;C         项以偏概全,不能作为文章的标题;D                项显然是对医院的阐

      述,不符合语篇主旨。

 B
     He had more than 160 reports as a reporter on the Metro desk and more than 

 170 in 19 months as a national journalist based in Kansas City,Mo.But perhaps 

 the most important piece of writing that A.G.Sulzberger did for The New York 

 Times before Wednesday—when he was named deputy publisher—was not an article 

 and was not published in The Times, but was all about The Times.

     That work came to be known as the “innovation(创新) report”,which zeroed 

 in on the importance of a digital future for the newspaper his family has owned 

 since 1896 and said The Times risked losing its leading place if it did not 

 make sweeping changes.

     In a conversation in his office on Wednesday, Mr. Sulzberger said he saw 

 the innovation report and the thinking that led to his conclusions as “a 

 wake­up call to the newsroom that we were at risk of missing the moment”.

     “It was always easy to see how changes will endanger the traditions of the 

 place,” he said,“but what became really clear to me was not changing was 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

the more dangerous course if we cared about the traditions of the place.”

    Unlike some of the former deputy publishers in his role, Mr.Sulzberger has 

been more experienced in the newsroom than in advertising or consumer 

marketing.Still,his colleagues described him as a quick study whose modesty 

masked deep inner confidence.Besides,in the newsroom or out on an assignment,

Mr.Sulzberger did not show off his connection to The Times’ owners.“I 

recognized the name,”said Vincent Bova,a video editor who figured in a 

feature article that Mr. Sulzberger wrote in 2010.“I mean, I knew I was 

dealing with royalty.There was no reason for me to bring that up with him, and 

he didn’t.”So Mr.Sulzberger,in some way,has qualified himself for the 

position since long time ago.

    【解题导语】 本篇文章属于人物介绍类,介绍了著名出版人                          A.G.Sulzberger 对《纽

约时报》的重要贡献,还介绍了他提出的“创新报道”理论以及他人对他的评价。

    1.A.G.Sulzberger wrote the “innovation report” mainly to     .

    A.urge revolutions in The Times

    B.gain the position of deputy publisher

    C.promote changes in New York City 

    D.show directions to his family future 

    A 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段可知,“创新报道”关注报纸数字化未来的重要性,

《纽约时报》如果不改革,则将面临危机。据此可以判断,A.G.Sulzberger                         提及“创新报

道”的目的是敦促《纽约时报》进行变革,故                    A 项正确。

    2.What is the biggest threat to traditional media according to 

Mr.Sulzberger?

    A.Scientific developments.

    B.Rapid social changes.

    C.Their own stubbornness.

    D.Decreasing readers.

    C 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段中的“and said The Times risked losing its 

leading place if it did not make sweeping changes”和文章中提到的

“innovation(创新) report”可知,A.G.Sulzberger      认为《纽约时报》如果不做出变革,
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 则将面临危机;据此可以判断,A.G.Sulzberger             认为传统媒体面临的最大的问题是它们固

 执己见,不思变革,故          C 项正确。

     3.How does the author show us what Mr.Sulzberger is like in the last 

 paragraph?

     A.By comparing him with others.

     B.By interviewing him in person.

     C.By giving examples of his routines.

     D.By quoting comments from others.

     D 解析:写作方法题。通读最后一段可知,该段第二句介绍了同事对

 A.G.Sulzberger 的评价,第四句和第五句介绍了视频编辑                 Vincent Bova 对他的评价;据

 此可以判断,最后一段是通过别人的评价来描述                    A.G.Sulzberger 的,故   D 项正确。

     4.What does the author think of Mr.Sulzberger according to the passage?

     A.Casual.                       B.Objective.

     C.Admirable.                    D.Critical.
 C 解析:观点态度题。通读全文可知,A.G.Sulzberger                提出“创新报道”理论并前瞻性
 地认识到数字化时代对传统媒体的影响,意识到传统媒体变革的重要意义;据此可以判断,
 作者对   A.G.Sulzberger 的态度是钦佩的,故         C 项正确。
 三、七选五
    As warming continues,scientists warn the oxygen content of oceans across the 

planet could be more and more reduced,with serious consequences for the future 

of fish and other sea life.

      1   One is the simple fact that as water gets warmer,it can hold less 

dissolved(溶解的)oxygen.The other reason is less obvious.The entire ocean gets 

its oxygen from the surface—either from the atmosphere,or from 

photosynthesizing algae floating at the top of the sea.  2  

    Global warming is expected to reduce the mixing of the ocean by making 

surface seawater lighter.That's because in a warmer world we can expect more 

rainfall and more melting(融化)of glaciers,icebergs,and ice sheets.  3   The 

extra heat from the warming atmosphere will also make surface water expand and 

thus make it lighter still.  4   Instead,more of the oxygen will remain near the 

surface,where it will be used up by oxygen­breathing organisms.
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A low­oxygen ocean may become an inescapable feature of our planet.A team of 

Danish researchers wondered how long oxygen levels would drop if we could somehow 

reduce our carbon dioxide emissions to zero by 2100.They determined that over the 

next few thousand years oxygen levels would continue to fall,until they declined 

by 30 percent.The oxygen would slowly return to the oceans,but even 100,000 

years from now they will not have fully recovered.  5   

A.It's not known why the oxygen level of oceans has reduced.

B.Scientists point to two reasons to expect a drop in ocean oxygen.

C.Fresh water's inpouring will make the water at the ocean's surface lighter.

D.The oxygen then spreads to the deep ocean as the surface water slowly sinks.

E.Global warming has caused the reduction of the oxygen content of oceans 

   worldwide.

F.The light surface water will be less likely to sink so the deep ocean will get 

   less oxygen.

G.If they are right,we have every reason to worry about the major effect it has 

   on sea life.

【语篇解读】 本文是说明文。文章简要介绍了海水中氧气含量主要原因及其可能对海洋生

物带来的长期的影响。

1.B [从文章篇章结构分析,本空为段落主旨句。本段介绍了全球变暖使海洋含氧量降低的

    原因,并且“One”“The other reason”与         B 项中的“two reasons”相呼应,故选

    B。]

2.D [根据段落主旨和空前的“The entire ocean gets its oxygen from the 

    surface...at the top of the sea.”可知,此处是通过说明海洋中氧气的来源与循环

    来解释海洋含氧量下降的原因的,故                D 项“然后,随着表层海水的慢慢下沉,氧气扩散

    至海洋深处”符合语境。]

3.C [根据空前的内容和常识可知,雨水和冰川、冰山及冰原融水都属于淡水,海洋中的水

    是咸水,而淡水的密度比咸水的小,因此淡水的注入会使海洋表面的水变得更轻。故

    C 项符合语境。C      项中的“make the water...lighter”与下文中的“make it 

    lighter”的对应关系亦是提示。]

4.F [根据空前的“The extra heat from the warming atmosphere will ...”和空后的
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    “Instead,more of the oxygen will remain...”可知,F     项与空前的句子的句式相

    同,且与空后的句子的内容存在语意上的转折关系,故                       F 项符合语境。]

5.G [G  项中的“they”与上文中的“A team of Danish researchers”相呼应,且上文讲

    到即使我们把二氧化碳的排放降低到零,海洋含氧量也需要很长时间才能恢复,其对海

    洋生物造成的影响将是长期的,故               G 项“如果他们是对的,那么我们完全有理由对它对

    海洋生物的重大影响感到担忧”符合语境。 ]
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