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2019版高考英语黄冈经典一轮(实用课件)全国通用版 素养提升模拟练 十

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                     素养提升模拟练 十
                              社会生活


  2017   年北京高考题完形填空讲述了加拿大学生通过自己的努力建立公益组

织,  筹集资金帮助无家可归的人的故事。培养考生自尊、自律、诚实守信,                             文

明礼貌,    宽以待人,    孝亲敬长,    有感恩之心。提高考生热心公益和志愿服务的文

化意识。


                                                      (2017·北京高考)

  Hannah Taylor is a schoolgirl from Manitoba, Canada. One day,  when she was 

five years old, she was walking with her mother in downtown Winnipeg. They saw a 

man 1  out of a garbage can. She asked her mother why he did that,  and her 

mother said that the man was homeless and hungry. Hannah was very 2  . She 

couldn’t understand why some people had to live their lives without shelter or enough 

food. Hannah started to think about how she could 3  , but, of course, there is not 

a lot one five-year-old can do to solve(解决)the problem of homelessness.  

  Later, when Hannah attended school,  she saw another homeless person. It was 

a woman,  4  an old shopping trolley(购物车)which was piled with 5  . It 

seemed that everything the woman owned was in them. This made Hannah very sad,  
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and even more 6  to do something. She had been talking to her mother about the 

lives of homeless people 7  they first saw the homeless man. Her mother told her 

that if she did something to change the problem that made her sad,  she wouldn’t 8  

as bad.  

  Hannah began to speak out about the homelessness in Manitoba and then in 

other provinces. She hoped to 9  her message of hope and awareness. She started 

the Ladybug Foundation, an organization aiming at getting rid of homelessness. She 

began to  10 “Big Bosses” lunches,  where she would try to persuade local 

business leaders to 11  to the cause. She also organized a fundraising(募捐)drive 

in “Ladybug Jars” to collect everyone’s spare change during “Make Change” month. 

More recently,  the foundation began another 12  called National Red Scarf 

Day—a day when people donate $20 and wear red scarves in support of Canada’s  

13  and homeless.  

  There is an emergency shelter in Winnipeg called“Hannah’s Place”, something 

that Hannah is very 14  of. Hannah’s Place is divided into several are as, 

provid ing shelter for people when it is so cold that 15  outdoors can mean death. 

In the more than five years since Hannah began her activities, she has received a lot 

of 16  . For example,  she received the 2007 BRICK Award recognizing the 17  

of young people to change the world. But 18  all this,  Hannah still has the 19  

life of a Winnipeg schoolgirl,  except that she pays regular visits to homeless people. 

 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  Hannah is one of many examples of young people who are making a 20  in 

the world. You can, too!  

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文,              讲述了加拿大学生        Hann ah Taylor 通过自己

的努力建立公益组织,         筹集资金帮助那些无家可归的人的故事。

1. A. jumping     B. eating   C. crying  D. waving

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。她们看见一个人在垃圾桶里捡东西吃。根据下文

的  the man was homeless and hungry 可知答案为 eating。

2. A. annoyed     B. nervous

C. ashamed        D. upset

【解析】选      D。词语辨析题。看到有人在垃圾桶里捡东西吃,                   她感觉很“难过”

。  annoyed 生气的;    nervous 紧张的; ashamed 羞耻的; upset 难过的。

3. A. behave      B. manage     C. help     D. work

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。Hannah       开始思考她如何能帮助他们。

4. A. pushing     B. carrying   C. buying      D. holding

【解析】选      A。背景常识题。她看到一位女士推着一辆破旧的购物车。                         众所

周知购物车一般是推着的。

5. A. goods       B. bottles    C. foods       D. bags

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据下文的句子              everything the woman owned was 

in them 可知, 购物车上装满了袋子。

6. A. excited     B. determined

C. energetic      D. grateful
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【解析】选      B。词语搭配题。她更加坚定决心去帮助他们。be determined to do 

sth. 决定做某事。

7. A. since    B. unless

C. although    D. as

【解析】选      A。词义辨析题。自从第一次看到那位无家可归的人她一直在和母

亲谈论他们的生活。since        自从; unless 除非; although 尽管; as 因为。

8. A. sound    B. get      C. feel    D. look

【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。她就不会和以前一样感觉那么糟糕了。sound                       听

起来; get 变得; feel 感觉,  觉得; look 看起来。


9. A. exchange    B. leave      C. keep     D. spread[来源:学*科*网 Z*X*X*K]

【解析】选      D。词义辨析题。她希望把帮助人的希望和想法传播开来。

exchange 交换; leave 离开;  keep 保持; spread 传播。

10. A. sell    B. deliver     C. host    D. pack

【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。她举办了一个基金会,               又推出“Big Bosses” 

lunches 项目。sell 出售; deliver 递送; host 主持, 举办; pack 包装,  打包。

11. A. contribute    B. lead

C. apply             D. agree

【解析】选      A。词义辨析题。她试图劝说那些当地的企业领导能为此事业捐款

捐物。    contribute 捐助, 捐献;  lead 引导, 领导; apply 申请,  应用; agree 同意。

12. A. campaign   B. trip

C. procedure      D. trial
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【解析】选      A。词义辨析题。她又开展了一项运动。campaign                运动; trip 旅行;  

procedure 过程;  trial 实验。

13. A. elderly    B. hungry     C. lonely      D. sick

【解析】选      B。词汇复现题。根据上文可知,             她是为了帮助那些饥饿的人和无

家可归的人。


14. A. aware      B. afraid     C. proud       D. sure[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。此处是指           Hannah 为之感到非常骄傲的事情。

proud 骄傲的。

15. A. going      B. sleeping

C. traveling      D. playing

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。天气很冷时在室外睡觉就意味着死亡。

sleeping 睡觉。其他不合语境。

16. A. praises    B. invitations

C. replies        D. appointments

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。她收到了很多的称赞。根据下文可知,                      她的行为

得到了人们的赞扬,        并被授予     the 2007 BRICK Award 奖。

17. A. needs      B. interests

C. dreams         D. efforts

【解析】选      D。词义辨析题。此处是指她获得的奖项是为了认可年轻人改变这

个世界所作出的努力。efforts        努力。

18. A. for     B. through     C. besides    D. along
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【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。除了她所做的所有的这些, Hannah                依然过着

Winnipeg 学校一名女生的普通的生活。             for 为了; through 通过; besides 除外; 

along 沿着。

19. A. healthy    B. public     C. normal      D. tough

【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。Hannah       依然过着    Winnipeg 学校一名女生的普通

的生活。healthy   健康的; public  公共的; normal 正常的,    普通的; tough  艰难的。

20. A. choice     B. profit

C. judgement      D. difference

【解析】选      D。固定搭配题。make a choice     做出选择; make a profit 获取利润; 

make a judgement 做出判断; make a difference 起作用, 有影响。句意即她的所作

所为影响了世界。


1. 通读文章,    根据框架写出关键词


答案:①experiences     ②help  ③homeless   ④starting  ⑤difference

2. 难句剖析

There is an emergency shelter in Winnipeg called “Hannah’s Place”,  something that 

Hannah is very proud of. 
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

分析:   这是一个复合句,       主句是   There is an emergency shelter, 过去分词短语

called “Hannah’s Place”作定语修饰名词   shelter, something 是名词 shelter 的同位

语,  后跟定语从句      that Hannah is very proud of。

翻译: ____________________________________________________________

答案:在     Winnipeg 这个地方有个叫      Hannah’s Place 的应急庇护所,    这是

Hannah 为之感到自豪的地方。 


Ⅰ. 完形填空

  An old woman was sitting outside an ice cream shop with dirty clothes and 

rough hair.  She  1  and walked,  but it seemed quite  2 ,  her legs 

shivering(颤抖) and her eyes showing deep sorrow of being left alone and homeless.  

  I didn’t  3  an ice cream,  so I was outside the shop,   4  her,  while 

my family went in.  Her legs were weak.  I saw her difficulties and came up to her 

with 10 dollars in my  5  and handed it over to her.  She was so  6  and 

started blessing me instantly.  

  I wanted to talk with her as that seemed very important  7 .  I asked her 

about her  8 . She said there was no one,  and that all died one by one,  with 

tears in her eyes.  

  “Where does she live? ”I  9 .  The response was quite  10 .  I noticed 

her “luggage”,  two plastic bags,  containing her  11 .  At this point,  I gave 

her my  12 ,   thin stole(披肩). It was bright yellow and looked new.  
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  But she was not ready to accept  13 .  She was worried about my feeling 

cold for few minutes before I got home.  She finally  14  the stole and covered 

herself,  when I insisted.  She was  15  me even more.  I checked my bag and 

kept giving anything that I thought she could use.  How grateful she was!  At this 

moment,  I saw change in her  16  state of mind.  By this time,  she seemed 

calm and  17 .  And so did I.  

  The look of  18  and hopelessness was transformed.  She looked at the 

people who passed by us with more  19  at that moment.  

  I realized it was my small kind act that had  20  a lot to the old woman.  

【文章大意】俗话说“勿以善小而不为”。小小的善举也能给人以温暖和力量, 

作者的善良行为,       让无家可归的老太太对过往的行人都变得很信任。

1. A. got out     B. got over

C. got off        D. got up

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据上句           An old woman was sitting outside an ice 

cream shop with dirty clothes and rough hair. 穿着脏衣服头发凌乱的老太太坐在

冰淇淋商店的外面。可知,           她需要站起来才能走。故选            D。

2. A. funny       B. interesting

C. difficult      D. attractive

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下句           her legs shivering 可知她走起路来很困

难。故选     C。

3. A. want     B. touch    C. serve   D. taste
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【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。根据         so I was outside the shop 可知, 我不想要冰淇

淋,  所以待在商店外面。故选           A。

4. A. finding     B. leading

C. ignoring       D. watching

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据上下文作者观察到的老太太的状态可知选

D。

5. A. pocket      B. bag

C. hand           D. luggage

【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。句意:         我看出了她的困难,        手里拿着    10 美元走向

她,  然后把钱递给了她。根据语境可知选               C。

6. A. angry       B. thankful

C. strange        D. cautious

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。作者给了无家可归的老太太                  10 美元,  因此她非常

感激,   立刻开始祝福作者。故选           B。

7. A. as well     B. in all

C. so well        D. at all

【解析】选      A。词义辨析题。句意:         我想要和她说说话,        因为那也非常重要。as 

well 也。故选   A。

8. A. friend      B. habit

C. career         D. family

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据下句           She said there was no one,  and that all 

died one by one, 可知, 我问了她家人的情况。故选          D。
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9. A. replied     B. wondered

C. claimed        D. stated

【解析】选      B。词义辨析题。根据前面的内容“Where does she live? ”可知这是

作者想的。reply     回复; wonder 想知道; claim 声称,   断言,  宣告; state 陈述, 阐明。

故选   B。

10. A. different  B. serious

C. obvious        D. weak

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文我注意到她带着的行李,                    可知她无家可

归,  答案是很明显的。故选          C。

11. A. belongings B. goods

C. clothes        D. books

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。我注意到她的行李,               用两个塑料袋装着她的东西。

故选   A。

12. A. smooth     B. warm       C. special     D. rough

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。由下文她不肯接受,               担心我被冻着,      可知我给她的

是温暖的披肩。故选         B。

13. A. one     B. them     C. those   D. it

【解析】选      D。词语辨析题。但是她并不想接受它,                因为她担心我到家之前的

几分钟会感觉冷。这里用           it 指代上文提过的      stole。故选  D。

14. A. brought    B. received

C. took           D. carried
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

【解析】选      C。词语辨析题。当我坚持要给她时,               她接受了披肩披在她身上。


bring 带来; receive 收到; take 拿, 取, 接受; carry 携带。故选   C。[来源:学§科§网 Z§X§X§K]

15. A. calming    B. supporting

C. blessing       D. helping

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。因为我给了她披肩,               所以她给了我更多的祝福。

故选   C。

16. A. emotional     B. common

C. conventional      D. unique

【解析】选      A。根据下文,     老太太显得更加信任地看着过路人,               可知作者看到

的是老太太内心情感状态的变化。故选                 A。

17. A. convenient    B. content

C. appropriate       D. available

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。此刻,         她看起来平静且满意。故选            B。

18. A. desperation   B. expression

C. confusion         D. devotion

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。这里用          desperation, 和 hopelessness 词义相近。

本句表示老太太绝望的表情转变了。故选                  A。

19. A. doubt      B. trust

C. regret         D. confidence

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。作者的善举让她更加信任陌生人,                    让她的情感发

生转变,    所以这时她信任地看着经过的人。故选                B。

20. A. talked     B. made
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C. thought        D. cou nted

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。我意识到我的善举对老太太来说意义重大。故选

D。

Ⅱ. 语法填空

  阅读下面短文,        在空白处填入       1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Amalie Emmy Noether was born in Germany in 1882—an environment in 

which a female 1. ________(probable) could not find a chance to success.  Noether 

initially went through the traditional educational route for women: she finished 

school,  and 2. ________(become) qualified to teach English and French.  But she 

soon found her passions in math.  

  3. ________(gain) higher-level math education,  Noether applied to join a 

university.  Unfortunately German universities did not accept female students,  so 

Noether was only allowed to audit(旁听) classes.  However,  she did so well in the 

exams 4. ________ she was allowed to graduate from the university.  She 

experienced similar discrimination when 5. ________(apply) for a job.  In fact,  

she had to accept 6. ________ position without being paid at the University of 

Gottingen and wrote lectures under a man’s name!  

  Noether struggled and 7. ________(success) to find a place in the field of 

mathematics.  What’s more,  Noether began studying physics,  8. ________ led to 

her greatest 9. ________(discover) of Noether’s Theory and changed the face of 

physics.  
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  Over the past few years,  Noether’s work 10. ________(get) the recognition it 

deserves; she was honored with a Google doodle on her 133rd birthday,  March 23,  

2015.  

【文章大意】本文主要向我们介绍了一个成功的女性人物——Amalie Emmy 

Noether。

1. 【解析】probably。考查词性转换。此空修饰动词                find, 故用副词形式。

2. 【解析】became。考查动词时态。根据             and 前动词   finish 的形式, 可判断此

处用一般过去时。

3. 【解析】To gain。考查非谓语动词。句意:             为了获得更高水平的数学教育,  

Noether 申请了上大学。不定式作目的状语。

4. 【解析】that。考查状语从句。so. . . that      为固定搭配,     意为“如此……以至

于……”。

5. 【解析】applying。考查省略结构。该句为             when 引导的时间状语从句的省略,  

补充完整应为       when she was applying for a job。

6. 【解析】a。考查冠词。句意:           事实上,   在格  廷根大学,      她不得不接受一个没


有薪水的职位。此处不定冠词表泛指。[来源:学&科&网][来源:学_科_网 Z_X_X_K]

7. 【解析】succeeded。考查词性转换。此空形式应和                and 前 struggled 保持一致。


8. 【解析】which。考查非限制性定语从句。此处为定语从句,                     从句中缺主语, 

主语为前面整个句子,         故用   which。

9. 【解析】discovery。考查词性转换。greatest        为形容词最高级形式,          后要用

名词形式。
                  中国现代教育网  www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

10. 【解析】has got。考查动词的时态。Over the past few years      意为“在过去的

几年中”,     为现在完成时的标志。
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