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人教版必修四reading语法填空学案(附答案解析)

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                 人教版必修四      reading 语法填空学案


 1.Unit 1, Book 4  A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE


       It is 5:45 am and the sun is just rising over Gombe National Park in East Africa. 
 Following Jane's way of studying chimps, our group __1_(be) all going to visit them 
 in the forest. Jane __2___(study) these families of chimps for many years and helped 
people understand how much they behave like humans. Watching a family of chimps 
wake up is our first activity of the day. This means _3___(go) back to the place _4___ 
we left the family sleeping in a tree the night before. Everybody sits and waits in the 
shade of the trees ___5__ the family begins to wake up and move off. Then we follow 
as they wander into the forest. Most of the time, chimps either feed _6___ clean each 
other as a way of showing love in their family. Jane warns us that our group is going 
to be very __7__(tire) and dirty by the afternoon and she is right. __8___, the evening 
makes it all worthwhile. We watch the mother chimp and _9__ babies play in the tree. 
Then we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night. We realize that the 
bond between members of a chimp family is as _10___(strong) as in a human family.


 Key: 1. are   2. has studied   3. going   4. where   5. while

     6. or    7. tired   8. However   9. her   10. strong


 2.Unit 1, Book 4  A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE


 Nobody  before Jane fully understood chimp behaviour. She spent years 
__1__(observe) and recording their _2___(day) activities. Since her childhood she 
 __3__(want) to work with animals in their own environment. However, this was not 
 easy. When she first arrived in Gombe in 1960, it was unusual __4__ a woman to live 
 in the forest. Only after her mother came to help her for __5__ first few months was 
 she allowed _6___(begin) her project. Her work changed the way people think about 
 chimps. For __7___, one important thing she discovered was that chimps hunt and eat 
 meat. Until then everyone had thought chimps ate only fruit and nuts. She actually 
 observed chimps as a group hunting a monkey and then eating _8___. She also 
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discovered __9__ chimps communicate with each other, _10__ her study of their 
body language helped her work out their social system.

   

Key: 1. observing   2. daily   3. had wanted   4. for   5. the 

    6. to begin    7. example   8. it   9. how   10. and


 3.Unit 2, Book 4   A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE


       Although he is one of China's  __1__ (famous) scientists, Yuan 
Longping considers __2__(him) a farmer, for he works the land to do his research. 
Indeed, his sunburnt face and arms and his slim, strong body are just like _3____ of 
millions of Chinese farmers, for _4___ he has struggled for the past five decades. Dr 
Yuan Longping grows what _5___(call) super hybrid rice. In 1974, he became the 
first agricultural pioneer in the world to grow rice that has a high output. This special 
strain of rice makes __6__ possible to produce one-third more of the crop in _7__ 
same fields. Now more than 60% of the rice produced in China each year is from this 
hybrid strain.Born into a poor farmer's family in 1930, Dr Yuan graduated _8____ 
Southwest Agricultural College in 1953. Since then, finding ways to grow more rice 
_9___( be) his life goal. As a young man, he saw the great need for increasing the rice 
output. At that time, hunger was a __10__(disturb) problem in many parts of the 
countryside. Dr Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests without expanding 
the area of the fields. 


Key: 1. most famous   2. himself   3. those/ the ones  4. whom  5. is called

    6. it   7. the   8. from   9. has been   10. disturbing


4.Unit 2, Book 4   A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE


      Dr Yuan is quite satisfied __1__ his life. However, he doesn't care about being 
famous. He feels it gives him less ___2__(free) to do his research. He would much 
rather keep time for his hobbles. He enjoys __3___ to violin music, playing mah-jong, 
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 swimming and reading. Spending money on himself or leading a __4____(comfort) 
 life also means very little to him. Indeed, he believes that a person with too much 
 money has more __5__ than fewer troubles. He therefore gives millions of yuan to 
 equip others for their research in agriculture. Just dreaming for things, however, 
_6___(cost) nothing. Long ago Dr yuan had a dream about rice plants as tall as 
sorghum. Each ear of rice was as big as _7___ ear of corn and each grain of rice was 
as huge as a peanut. Dr Yuan awoke from his dream with the hope of producing a 
 kind of rice that could feed more people. Now, many years later, Dr Yuan has another 
 dream: to export his rice so that it can __8__(grow) around the globe. One dream is 
 not always enough, __9___(especial) for a person __10__ loves and cares for his 
 people.


 Key:  1. with   2. freedom   3. listening    4. comfortable    5. rather

       6. costs   7. an     8. be grown    9. especially   10. who


 5.Unit 3, Book 4   A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR


       As Victor Hugo once said, "Laughter is the sun _1__ drives winter from the 
human face", and up to now nobody has been able to do this __2__(well) than Charlie 
 Chaplin. He brightened the lives of Americans and British through two world wars 
 and the hard years in between. He made people laugh at a time when they felt 
 depressed, __3__ they could feel more content _4___ their lives. Not that Charlie's 
 own life was easy! He was born in a poor family in 1889. His parents were both poor 
 music hall __5__(perform). You may find _6__ astonishing that Charlie __7___(teach) 
 to sing as soon as he could speak and dance as soon as he could walk. Such training 
 was common in acting families at this time, especially when the family income was 
 often uncertain. __8___(fortunate) his father died, leaving the family even worse off, 
 so Charlie spent his childhood _9___(look) after his sick mother and his brother. By 
 his teens, Charlie had, through his humour, become one of the most popular child 
 actors in England. He could mime and act the fool doing ordinary everyday tasks. No 
 one was ever _10___(bore) watching him -his subtle acting made everything 
 entertaining.
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 Key:   1. which/that   2. better   3. so   4. with   5. performers

       6. it    7. was taught  8. Unfortunately  9. looking   10. bored


 6.Unit 3, Book 4   A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR


      As time went by, he began making films. He grew __1__ and more popular as 
 his charming character, the little tramp, became known throughout the world. The 
tramp, __2__ poor, homeless man with a moustache, wore large trousers, worn-out 
shoes and a small round black hat. He walked around stilly carrying a _3__(walk) 
stick. This character was a social _4___(fail) but was loved for his optimism and 
determination to overcome all difficulties. He was the underdog who was kind even 
when  others were unkind to him.How did the little tramp make a sad situation 
entertaining? Here is an example from one of his most famous films, The Gold Rush. 
It is the mid-nineteenth century and gold has just been discovered in California. Like 
 so many others, the little tramp and his friend have rushed there _5__ search of gold, 
 but without success. Instead they are hiding in a small hut on the edge of a mountain 
 during a snowstorm with nothing _6___(eat). They are so hungry _7___ they try 
 boiling a __8__ of leather shoes for their dinner. Charlie first picks out the laces and 
 eats them as if they were spaghetti. Then he cuts off the leather top of the shoe as if it 
 __9_(be) the finest steak. Finally he tries cutting and chewing the bottom of the shoe. 
 He eats each mouthful with great enjoyment. The acting is so convincing that it makes 
 you believe that it is one of the _10___(good) meals he has ever tasted!


 Key:  1. more   2. a   3. walking   4. failure   5. in 

       6. to eat   7. that  8. pair   9. were   10. best


 7.Unit 4, Book 4   COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?


        Yesterday, another student and I, representing our __1____(university) 
student association, went to __2__ Capital International Airport to meet this year's 
 international students. They were coming to study at Beijing University. We would 
 take them first to their dormitories and then to the student canteen. After half an hour 
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 of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter the waiting area 
_3__(look) around curiously. I stood for a minute watching them and then went to 
greet them. The first person _4___(arrive) was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely 
__5__(follow) by Julia Smith from Britain. After I met them and then introduced 
them _6__ each other, I was very surprised. Tony approached Julia, __7__(touch) her 
shoulder and kissed her on the cheek! She stepped back appearing surprised and put 
up her hands, as if in __8___(defend). I guessed that there was _9___(probable) a 
major misunderstanding. Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling, together 
with George Cook from Canada. As they were introduced, George reached his hand 
 out to the Japanese student. Just at that moment, __10___, Akira bowed so his nose 
 touched George's moving hand. They both apologized - another cultural mistake!


 Key:  1. university’s   2. the   3. looking/and look    4. to arrive   5. followed

      6. to    7. touched    8. defence   9. probably   10. however


 8.Unit 4, Book 4   COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?


        As I get to know more international friends, I learn more about this cultural 
"body language". Not all cultures greet each other __1__ same way, nor are they 
 __2___(comfort) in the same way with touching or distance between people. In the 
 same way __3__ people communicate with spoken language, they also express their 
feelings using _4___(speak) "language" through physical distance, actions or posture. 
English people, for example, do not usually stand very close __5__ others or touch 
strangers as soon as they meet. __6___, people from places like Spain, Italy or South 
American countries approach others closely and are more likely to touch them. Most 
people around the world now greet each other by __7___(shake) hands, but some 
cultures use other greetings as well, such as the Japanese, who prefer to bow. These 
 actions are not good or bad, _8___ are simply ways in which cultures have developed. 
 I have seen, however, that cultural customs for body language are very general - not 
 all members of a culture behave in the same way. In general, though, studying 
 international customs can __9___(certain) help avoid difficulties in __10___(today) 
 world of cultural crossroads!
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 Key:   1. the    2. comfortable    3. that/in which/ χ  4. unspoken   5. to

       6. However    7. shaking   8. but    9. certainly   10. today’s


 9.Unit 5, Book 4   THEME PARKS — FUN AND MORE THAN FUN


      Which theme park would you like __1__(visit)? There are various kinds of 
 theme parks, with a different park for almost everything: food, culture, science, 
 cartoons, movies or history. Some parks are famous __2__ having the biggest or 
 longest roller coasters, others for showing the famous sights and sounds of a culture. 
 Whichever and whatever you like, there is a theme park for you! The theme park you 
 are ___3___(probable) most familiar with is Disneyland. It can be found in several 
 parts of the world. __4__ will bring you into a magical world and make your dreams 
 come _5____, whether traveling through space, visiting a pirate ship _6__ meeting 
 your favourite fairy tale or Disney cartoon character. As you wander around the 
 fantasy amusement park, you may see Snow White or Mickey Mouse in a parade or 
 on the street. Of course Disneyland also has many __7___(excite) rides, from giant 
 swinging ships to terrifying free-fall drops. With all these __8____(attract), no   
 wonder tourism is increasing wherever __9___ is a Disneyland. __10___ you want to 
 have fun and more than fun, come to Disneyland!

     

 Key:   1. to visit   2. for   3. probably    4. It    5. true 

       6. or     7. exciting    8. attractions  9.there  10. If


 10.Unit 5, Book 4   THEME PARKS — FUN AND MORE THAN FUN


    Dollywood, in the beautiful Smoky Mountains in the southeastern USA, is one of 
__1____( unique) theme parks in the world. Dollywood shows and celebrates 
 America's traditional southeastern culture. Although Dollywood has rides, the 
 _2____(park) main attraction is its culture. Famous country music groups perform 
 there all year in indoor and outdoor theatres. People come _3___ all over America to 
 see carpenters and other craftsmen __4__(make) wood, glass and iron objects in the 
old-fashioned way. Visit the candy shop __5__(try) the same kind of candy that 
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American southerners made 150 years _6___, or take a ride on __7__ only steam- 
engine train still working in the southeast USA. You can even see beautiful bald 
eagles in the world's largest bald eagle preserve. And for those _8___ like rides, 
Dollywood has one of the best old __9___(wood) roller coasters, Thunderhead. It is 
world-famous for having the most length in the smallest space. Come to Dollywood to 
have fun __10___(learn) all about America's historical southeastern culture! 

    

Key:  1. the most unique   2. park’s   3. from   4. make   5. to try 

      6. ago   7. the    8. who    9. wooden   10. learning


答案及解析:

          1. Unit 1, Book 4  A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE

Key: 1. are   2. has studied   3. going   4. where/in which   5. while

    6. or    7. tired   8. However   9. her   10. strong

解析:

1. are。集合名词   group 充当主语,强调其中的成员,故谓语动词用复数。
2. has studied。上下文均属于现在时态,而且        for many years 是完成时的标志,故使用现
   在完成时。
3. going。mean doing sth.表示“意味着做某事”,该句译为“这意味着我们要返回前一
   天晚上我们离开时黑猩猩一家睡觉的大树旁”。
4. where/in which。先行词 place 在从句中充当地点状语,故使用关系副词            where 或 in 
   which 引导限制性定语从句。该句译为“这意味着我们要返回前一天晚上我们离开时黑
   猩猩一家睡觉的大树旁”。
5. while。while 充当并列连词,连接转折并列句,表示两种对比、对立的关系。该句译为
   “大家坐在树荫下等待着,然而猩猩们睡醒了,准备离开“。
6. or。属于  either…or…结构,连接并列成分。
7. tired。主语是  our group,意指“我们这批人”;be       之后缺少   very 所修饰的形容词表
  语,故使用     tired。该句意为“简预先提醒我们,到下午的时候我们就会又累又脏”。
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8. However.上下文构成转折关系,该句意为“但是到傍晚时分我们就觉得这一切都是值
   得的”。
9. her。上文提及到      the mother chimp,故使用形容词性物主代词修饰             babies。
10. strong。as…as…原级比较结构在应用中,修饰形容词或副词的原形,而且放在
   as…as 结构中,和第一个        as 紧密相连。

            2. Unit 1, Book 4  A STUDENT OF AFRICAN WILDLIFE

Key: 1. observing   2. daily   3. had wanted   4. for   5. the 

    6. to begin    7. example   8. it   9. how   10. and

解析:

1. observing.属于 spend time in doing sth.结构,在主动语态中,in      可以省略,保留后面
   的动名词,故使用         observing。
2. daily。充当定语,修饰中心词          activities,故使用  day 的形容词    daily,译为“每天的”
   。
3. had wanted。since her childhood 是完成时的标志,而且文章整体指过去时间而言,故
   使用过去完成时。
4. for。属于“it is+adj.+for/of + sb. to do sth.”句式。当表语形容词说明人的情况,用
    of 连接;当表语形容词说明不定时的情况,使用                  for 连接。unusual  说明不定时的情况,
    故使用   for。该句译为“就女士而言,生活在森林是不寻常的”。
5. the。属于多个限定词的排列,即,the+序数词+数量词+中心词。
6. to begin。属于  allow sb. to do sth.的应用结构。
7. example。for example 译为“举例而言”。
8. it。指上文提及到的        a monky,为了避免重复,故使用           it。
9. how。how   引导的宾语从句,充当          discover 的宾语,该句译为“他也发现了猩猩们的
   交流方式”。
10. and。and 连接的联合意义的并列句,该句译为“针对猩猩体态语方面的研究有助于她
   揭示猩猩的社交体系”。

            3. Unit 2, Book 4   A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE

Key: 1. most famous   2. himself   3. those/ the ones  4. whom  5. is called

     6. it   7. the   8. from   9. has been   10. disturbing

解析:

1. most famous。one of 之后接形容词或副词的最高级,表示“最…之一”。
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2. himself。属于   consider sb. (to be)+adj./n.结构,故使用反身代词充当宾语,该句译为
   “袁隆平认为自己是农民”。
3. those/the ones。同类不同人或同类不同物的代词称为替代词。使用                    those 或 the ones 替
   代前文提及到的        face、arms and body,特指复数可数名词,该句译为“实际上,他的
   晒黑的脸和手臂以及纤细却又强壮的身体就像数百万农民的一样”。
4. whom。先行词      Chinese farmers 在从句中充当介词      for 的宾语,故使用表示人的关系
   代词   whom 来引导定语从句。
5. is called。该句译为“袁隆平种植称为超级杂交水稻的作物”,包含                       what 引导的宾语
    从句,从句中      call 的执行者没有提及到,而且主句是一般现在时,主从句时态呼应,
    故从句使用一般现在时的被动语态。
6. it。属于   make it possible to do sth.应用结构,it 充当形式宾语,而真正的宾语不定式放
   在宾语补足语       possible 之后。
7. the。same  在应用中和定冠词连用,the same          表示“相同的”。
8. from。graduate from 译为“从…毕业”。
9. has been。句首的    since then 是完成时的标志,上下文时态呼应保持一致,故使用现在
    完成时。
10. disturbing。修饰无生命力的名词        problem,使用现在分词转化而来的形容词充当定语,
   表示“令人困扰的”,该句译为“当时,饥饿是农村大部分地区令人困扰的难题”。

            4. Unit 2, Book 4   A PIONEER FOR ALL PEOPLE

Key:  1. with   2. freedom   3. listening    4. comfortable    5. rather

      6. costs   7. an     8. be grown    9. especially   10. who

解析:

1. with。be satisfied with 表示“对…感到满意”。
2. freedom。属于    give sb. sth.结构,缺少  give 的直接宾语,故使用名词         freedom。
3. listening。属于  enjoy doing sth.结构,表示“喜欢做某事”。
4. comfortable。该空充当定语,修饰         life,故使用形容词      comfortable,表示“令人舒适
   的”。
5. rather。rather than 表示“而不是”,该句译为“他确信,有过多金钱的人拥有更多
   而不是更少的麻烦事”。
6. costs。非谓语动词      dreaming 充当主语,谓语动词用单数。该句译为“然而,对事物充
   满了幻想无济于事”。
7. an。泛指的单数可数名词表示类别时,与不定冠词搭配。
8. be grown。该从句表示“它能够种植在全球各地”,没有提及到                       grow 的动作执行者,
    故使用带有情态动词的被动语态,即,情态动词+be+过去分词。
9. especially。充当状语,修饰介词短语,故使用副词。
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10. who。person 充当定语从句的先行词,且从句缺少主语,故使用关系代词                         who 引导定
    语从句,该句译为“一个梦想并不够,尤其是针对关心、爱戴人民的人”。

            5. Unit 3, Book 4   A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR

Key:   1. which/that   2. better   3. so   4. with   5. performers

      6. it    7. was taught  8. Unfortunately  9. looking   10. bored

解析:

1. which/that。the sun 充当定语从句的先行词,且从句缺少主语,故使用                    which 或
    that 引导。
2. better。该空后面有连词        than,故使用    well 的比较级   better。
3. so。上下文构成因果关系,故使用              so 连接并列句,该句译为“他使人们情绪低落的时
    候开怀大笑,所以人们对生活感到更满足”。
4. with.属于  feel/be content with 搭配,译为“对…感到满足”。
5. performers。该空充当表语,表示父母的身份,故使用复数名词表示类别。该句译为
   “他的父母都是贫穷的音乐厅表演艺人”。
6. it。真正的宾语是       that 从句,故使用     it 充当形式宾语。
7. was taught。和  as soon as 从句谓语  could speak and dance 时态呼应,且   teach 的动作
    执行者没有提及到,故使用一般过去式的被动语态。该句译为“当他一会说话和跳舞
    的时候,就有人教他唱歌了”。
8. Unfortunately。在句首修饰整个句子,使用副词充当状语。该句译为“不幸的是,他
   父亲去世了,使他的家庭陷入更为拮据的局面”。
9. looking。属于   spend time (in) doing sth.结构。
10. bored。该空充当表语,说明主语所处的状态,译为“感到乏味的”。

            6. Unit 3, Book 4   A MASTER OF NONVERBAL HUMOUR

Key:  1. more   2. a   3. walking   4. failure   5. in 

      6. to eat   7. that  8. pair   9. were   10. best

解析:

1. more。属于“more and more+部分双音节及所有多音节形容词或副词”结构,表示
   “越来越…”。
2. a。该空所在部分在句中充当主语              tramp 的同位语,说明       tramp 的身份或类别,故使用
    泛指的单数可数名词。该同位语译为“一位留着胡须、无家可归的可怜汉”。
3. walking。说明中心词的用途或功能,故使用动名词充当定语,译为:“手杖”。类似
   的有   a swimming pool、a food factory 等。
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4. failure。该空前面有不定冠词         a,故使用名词,属于不可数名词可数化的用法,表示
    “一位失败人物”。
5. in。属于   in search of 搭配,表示“为了寻找…”。
6. to eat。在 with 复合结构中,充当宾语补足语,表示未发生的动作;而且句子的主语
    they 是 eat 动作的逻辑主语,故使用不定式的主动态。
7. that。属于   so…that…引导的结果状语从句。
8. pair。a pair of 单位词表示“一双、一副”。
9. were。as if 引导的方式状语从句构成的虚拟语气,表示与现在事实相反的情况时,从
   句使用一般过去时,be         的过去式只能使用        were。
10. best。该空前面有     one of 短语,后面又表示范围的定语从句             he has ever tasted,故使用
   最高级。

            7. Unit 4, Book 4   COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?

Key:  1. university’s   2. the   3. looking/and look    4. to arrive   5. followed

     6. to    7. touched    8. defence   9. probably   10. however

解析:

1. university’s.充当定语修饰    student association,故使用名词所有格,表示“我们大学的
   学生会”
2. the。普通名词搭配而成的专有名词与定冠词连用,表示“首都国际机场”。
3. looking/and look。从两个角度分析,一是宾语同时发生两个动作,主要动作构成宾语
   补足语,次要动作构成伴随状语,故使用                  looking;二是同时发生两个动作,一起构成
   并列的宾语补足语,故使用            and look。该句译为“我看到几位年轻人进了候车区,好
   奇地四处打量”。
4. to arrive。中心词部分有序数词,充当定语的非谓语动词使用动词不定式。
5. followed。伴随状语的动作执行者由           by 短语连接,故使用过去分词来充当。该句译为
   “第一位到达的是来自于哥伦比亚的托尼,来自于英国的茱莉亚紧随其后”。
6. to。属于   introduce A to B 结构,表示“把     A 介绍给   B”。
7. touched。表示过去动作的连续发生,故使用动词的过去式充当并列谓语。
8. defence。充当介词     in 的宾语,构成     in defence,表示“处于保护之中”。
9. probably。修饰整个句子,充当状语,故使用副词,该句译为“我猜想很有可能发生
   了误会”。
10. however。上下文构成转折关系,故使用             however 衔接上下句。该句译为“然而此时永
   田明正在鞠躬,他的鼻子碰到了乔治伸过来的手”。

            8. Unit 4, Book 4   COMMUNICATION: NO PROBLEM?

Key:   1. the    2. comfortable    3. that/in which/ χ  4. unspoken   5. to
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      6. However    7. shaking   8. but    9. certainly   10. today’s

解析:

1. the。same  在应用过程中,习惯上和定冠词连用。该句译为“各种文化背景下的人互致
   问候的方式不尽相同,身体接触和相互间距的程度也不尽相同”。
2. comfortable。系动词之后使用形容词充当表语,故使用                  comfortable。译文同上。
3. that/in which/χ.先行词  way 在定语从句中充当方式状语,常用省略关系词的方式,其
   次使用    in which,还可以使用     that 引导。
4. unspoken。未提及     speak 动作执行者,使用       spoken 表示被动;另外,根据下文中“身
   体之间的距离、动作和姿态”,表明是没有声音的,故使用否定前缀                             un。该句译为
   “用口头语言交流的同时,人们还使用不出声的语言——身体之间的距离、动作和姿
   态等”。
5. to。属于   close to 的搭配短语,译为“接近于”。
6. However。上下文构成转折,故在下一句句首使用衔接词                     however。该句译为“英国人
   通常不会站在离别人太近的地方,也不会一见面就接触陌生人。但是,来自像西班牙、
   意大利或南美等国家的人会站在离别人很近的地方,而且很可能接触对方”。
7. shaking。介词   by 之后接名词、代词或动名词充当介词的宾语,故使用                      shaking。
8. but。属于    not…but…英语结构,译为“不是…而是…”。该句译为“这些行为都无所
   谓好与坏,只不过是文化发展的不同方式而已”。
9. certainly。修饰整个句子,故使用副词充当状语。
10. today’s。充当定语修饰      world,故使用    today 的名词所有格。该句译为“在当今文化交
    融的世界,学习不同国家的习俗肯定能帮助我们避免交往中的困难”。

      9.Unit 5, Book 4   THEME PARKS — FUN AND MORE THAN FUN

Key:   1. to visit   2. for   3. probably    4. It    5. true 

      6. or     7. exciting    8. attractions   9.there 10. If

解析:

1. to visit。属于 would like to do sth.结构,译为“想要做某事”。
2. for。属于   be famous for 搭配,译为“因为…而出名”。
3. probably。放在形容词      familiar 之前,使用副词充当状语。该句译为“你非常喜欢的主
   题公园很可能是迪斯尼乐园”。
4. It。it 指代上文提及到的迪斯尼乐园,为了避免重复,而使用了人称代词。
5. true。属于   come true 的搭配,译为“实现”。
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6. or。whether…or…引导的让步状语从句,该句译为“无论你是在太空遨游,参观海盗
   船,还是邂逅你最喜欢的童话故事或者迪斯尼卡通里的人物,迪斯尼会把你带到魔幻
   的世界,使你的梦想变为现实”。
7. exciting。充当定语修饰      rides,表示   rides 的性质特征。该句译为“迪斯尼还有很多颇
   具刺激性的游乐设施,比如巨大的吊船和可怕的自由落体设施”。
8. attractions。充当介词    with 的宾语,而且之前由        all these 修饰,故使用   attract 的名词
    复数。
9. there. 属于  there be 句型,表示“存在”。
10.  If。if 引导的条件状语从句,该句译为“如果你想尽情娱乐,而且有更多的收获,那就
    来迪斯尼乐园吧”。

     10.Unit 5, Book 4   THEME PARKS — FUN AND MORE THAN FUN

Key:   1. the most unique   2. park’s   3. from   4. make   5. to try 

       6. ago   7. the    8. who    9. wooden   10. learning

解析:

1. the most unique.句尾有表示范围的介词短语          in the world,故 one of 之后使用形容词的
   最高级。该句译为“位于美国东南部美丽的斯莫基山脉中的多莱坞,是世界上最独特
   的主题公园之一”。
2. park’s。充当定语修饰       main attraction,故使用  park 的名词所有格。该句译为“尽管
   这里也有搭乘游乐设施,但是公园最具吸引力的还是它的文化”。
3. from。属于    come from 搭配结构,译为“来自于”。
4. make。所有的感官动词         see、notice、look at、watch、observe、listen to、hear、
   smell、taste 以及三个使役动词       have、let、make  在主动语态中,接省略          to 的动词不定
   式充当宾语补足语,强调动作的整个过程。
5. to try。表示  visit the candy shop 的目的,故使用   to try 充当目的状语。该句译为“还
   可以到糖果店品尝一下糖果,这些糖果和                  150 年前美国南方人制作的一模一样”。
6. ago。句中有     make 的过去式    made,故使用一般过去时的时间状语标志                ago。译文同上。

7. the。only 与定冠词连用时,表示“唯一的”。该句译为“这可是在美国东南部依然运
   行的唯一一辆蒸汽火车”。
8. who。those  充当定语从句的先行词,而且指人时,关系代词常用                      who。
9. wooden。在   roller coasters 之前充当定语,故使用形容词         wooden,译为“木制的”。
10. learning。属于  have fun(in) doing sth.结构,译为“做某事有乐趣”。
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