# 人教版新课标 高考英语第一轮复习教案 ---- 非谓语动词

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非谓语动词

（一）常识：动词的分类：

（二）非谓语动词作定语
Do you like the articles ________________ (write) by Yu Qiuyu?
The girl _____________ (wait) for a bus is my neighbour.
He is the man _________ ( see) you.
The meeting ___________ (hold) tomorrow is of great importance.
The bridge ___________ (build) will be completed next month.
总结：

（三）非谓语动词作状语[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]
___ (see) from the hill, the city looked beautiful.
___ (see) from the hill, we found the city beautiful.
____ (achieve) our aim, we must learn from other countries.
They stood there for half an hour, _______ (watch) the stars in the sky.
_________ (Give) another chance, he will do it better.
总结：

注意三点：
1、分词前面出现连词、副词。
1）When _____ help, one often says “Thank you.” or “It’s kind of you.”
A. offering     B. to offer    C. to be offered  D. offered
2）If ______ (heat), water can be turned into steam.
A. beating      B. beaten      C. to be beaten D. to be beating
3）The bad weather continued the whole week, completely _____ our holiday.
A. ruined       B. to ruin     C. ruining      D. having ruined
4）New ideas sometimes have to wait for years before _____.
A. being fully accepting       B. fully accepting
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C. having fully accepted       D. fully accepted

2、给出分词结构，如何选择恰当的主句。
While watching television, __________ _.
A. the doorbell rang             B. the doorbell rings
C. we heard the doorbell ring     D. we heard the doorbell rings

3、现在分词的完成式。
1) ____ from other continents for millions of years, Australia has many plants and animals
A. Being separated             B. Having separated
C. Having been separated       D. To be separated
2) Not having received  any news from home for a long time, she is becoming more and more
homesick.
4、分词作状语，可以表示各种内容；不定式作状语，一般只作目的状语或结果状语。
1) ________ (walk) out of the room, he found the boy still there.
2) ________ (give) better attention, the plants could have grown better.
3) Her husband died, ______ (leave) her five children.
4) They stood there，________ (wait) to be interviewed.
5) Usually they eat _________ (use) their right fingers.
6) He rushed there, only __________ (tell) the tickets had been sold out.

（四）非谓语动词作宾补
关键  1：要掌握哪些动词才可以接宾补，每个可接宾补的动词可以用什么形式作宾补
关键  2：如何选择宾补
常见的可接宾补的动词：

 do（做了）
、   、      、      、    、    、     ＋宾语＋
1  see notice watch  hear feel have         doing（正做）

 done（被做）
 doing（正做）
2、find、keep＋宾语＋                   [来源:Zxxk.Com]
 done（被做）
  do（做了）
3、make＋宾语＋     
  done（被做）
     （去做）
  to do
4、leave、get、want＋宾语＋       doing（正做）

  done（被做）
5、catch sb. doing
 to do（去做）

 doing（正做）
 done (被做)
6、with＋宾语＋     
 形容词
 副词

 介词短语
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【典型例题】
1) Frank, who built an art museum in New York, found himself     by Japanese seashells.
(inspire)
2) I noticed a man       out of the bank when I got off the car.  (run)
3) They wanted their buildings      in a way to look unusual.  (construct)
4) It’s easy to have your pocket       in a crowd like this.  (pick)
5) When he was a boy, he used to go there and watch _____.
A. to repair bicycles          B. bicycles to be repaired
C. bicycles being repaired     D. repairing bicycles
6) He looked around and caught a man _____ his hand into the pocket of a passenger.
A. put          B. to be putting   C. to put     D. putting
7) “Well, I’ll tell you a secret ...” said the boy, with his mouth almost _____ my ear.
A. touched      B. touching    C. touch        D. to touch

（五）非谓语动词做主语、宾语、表语
Seeing is believing.＝To see is to believe.
1、不定式作主语，经常借助            it 作为形式主语，把真正的主语（不定式）放在后面。常见

It is +形容词/名词+for sb. + to do
It is +形容词/名词+of sb. + to do
It’s kind of you to say so.
2、能接不定式作宾语的动词有：afford、agree、demand、determine、expect、fail、
appear、seem、hope、happen、choose、prepare, promise, plan, decide, pretend, refuse, manage,
offer, wish, attempt, aim, prove, desire 等
3、能接   v-ing 作宾语的动词有：admit、enjoy、escape、imagine,         finish, keep, mind,
practice, delay, suggest, consider, permit, allow, forbid, appreciate, avoid, risk, deny 等
4、有些动词的宾语既有          to do，也有   v-ing，一般在含义上没有太大的区别，但以下几组

 Don’t forget to bring some beer.
1) remember\forget\regret 
 I forgot having brought some beer with me.
 I think the house needs cleaning.
2) need\want\require 
 We need to go through the plan carefully.
 He tried to stop them rushing in.
3) try  You go home by bus everyday. Why not try walking this time?

 I’m so busy that I can’t help (to) cook the dinner.
4) can’t help 
 The story was so interesting that I couldn’t help laughing.
 She stopped crying and stood up.
5) stop 
 At his sound she stopped to open the door.
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 Waving one’s hand means saying goodbye.
6) mean 
 I’m sorry. I didn’t mean to hurt you.

（六）其它应该注意的问题：
1、动词不定式的省略：
1）You can study any subject you want to.
2）—You ought to have finished your work.
— I know I ought to have.
3）China is no longer what it used to be.

2、有些常见的固定短语采用非谓语动词形式：
generally speaking
judging from\by…
compared with\to…
to begin with
to be honest
to tell you the truth
3、有些动词的用法与汉语习惯有所不同，常用过去分词作各种成分。
如：be seated、be devoted to、be dressed in、be prepared to、be determined to、be lost、
be faced with、be located in 等
1）_____ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him.
A. Losing       B. Having lost   C. Lost       D. To lose
2) Please remain ____ until the plane has come to a complete stop.
A. to seat      B. to be seated   C. seating    D. seated

1. The play           next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture.
A. produced                    B. being produced
C. to be produced              D. having been produced
2. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit _____ on his own farm.
A. grown        B. being grown  C. to be grown D. to grow
3. All of them try to use the power of the workstation ___ information in a more effective way.
A. presenting   B. presented   C. being presented D. to present
4. ___ twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.
A. Being bitten  B. Bitten     C. Having bitten  D. To be bitten
5.    not to miss the flight at 15:20, the manager set out for the airport in a hurry.
A. Reminding    B. Reminded    C. To remind    D. Having reminded
6. In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao,     the 60th anniversary of
the founding of the PLA Navy.
A. marking      B. marked      C. having marked D. being marked
7. At the age of 29, Dave was a worker,        in a small apartment near Boston and ______
what to do about his future.
A. living; wondering           B. lived; wondering
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C. lived; wondered         D. living; wondered
8. Nowadays people sometimes separate their waste to make it easier for it       .
A. reusing      B. reused      C. reuses   D. to be reused
9. Please do me a favor — ______ my friend Mr. Smith to Youth Theater at 7:30 tonight.
A. to invite    B. inviting    C. invite       D. invited
10. _________ the right kind of training , these teenage soccer players may one day grew the
international stars.
A. Giving       B. Having given  C. To give       D. Given
11. The government plans to bring in new laws _____ parents to take more responsibility for the
education of their children.
A. forced       B. forcing     C. to be forced  D. having forced
12. The children all turned         the famous actress as she entered the classroom.
A. looked at    B. to look at   C. to looking at   D. look at
13. We are invited to a party _________in our club next Friday.
A. to be held    B. held         C. being held     D. holding
14. I still remember      to the Famen Temple and what I saw there.
A. to take      B. to be taken    C. taking      D. being taken
15. A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all f our people on
board.
A. killed        B. killing      C. kills        D. to kill
16. With the government’s aid, those _____ by the earthquake have moved to the new
settlements.
A. affect        B. affecting      C. affected     D. were affected
17. Bill suggested _____ a meeting on what to do for the Shanghai Expo during the vacation.
A. having held   B. to hold      C. holding      D. hold
18. Ladies and gentlemen, please remain __________ until the plane has come to a complete
stop.
A. seated       B. seating     C. to seat      D. seat
19. David threatened        his neighbour to the police if the damages were not paid.
A. to be reported  B. reporting   C. to report      D. having reported
20. He told us whether _________ a picnic was still under discussion
A. to have      B. having      C. have         D. had
21. ________ many times, he finally understood it.
A. Told         B. Telling         C. Having told  D. Having been told
22. ______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends.
A. Competing                   B. Having completed
C. To have completed           D. To complete
23. _____ by the advances in technology, many farmers have set up wind farms on their land.
A. Being encouraged            B. Encouraging
C. Encouraged                  D. Having encouraged
24. There is a great deal of evidence __ that music activities engage different parts of the brain.
A. indicate     B. indicating  C. to indicate  D. to be indicating
25. Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______with his old one.
A. comparing    B. compares    C. to compare   D. compared
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26. With the world changing fast, we have something new      with all by ourselves every
day.
A. deal         B. dealt       C. to deal      D. dealing
27. They use computers to keep the traffic         smoothly.
A. being run    B. run         C. to run        D. running
28. Schools across China are expected to hire 50,000 college graduates this year as short-term
teachers, almost three times the number hired last year,       reduce unemployment pressures.
A. help         B. to have helped C. to help    D. having helped

【模拟试题】（答题时间：55                分钟）

1. ______ in the queen for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in
the car.
A. Waiting      B. To wait     C. Having waited D. To have waited
*2. —Can those ____ at the back of the classroom hear me?
— No problem.
A. seat         B. sit          C. seated       D. sat
*3. The message is very important, so it is supposed         as soon as possible.
A. to be sent     B. to send      C. being sent    D. sending
**4.        around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 2008
Olympic Games.
A. Having shown                B. To be shown
C. Having been shown           D. To show
5.          to reach them on the phone, we sent an email instead.
A. Fail          B. Failed       C. To fail       D. Having failed
*6. —They are quiet, aren’t they?

—Yes. They are accustomed ____________ at meals. [来源:学科网 ZXXK]
A. to talk       B. to not talk    C. to talking    D. to not talking
7. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ________ as much as we
can.
A. speak        B. speaking     C. spoken      D. to speak
8. _____ their hats into the air, the fans of the winning team let out loud shouts of victory.
A. To throw     B. Thrown      C. Throwing     D. Being thrown
9. We had an anxious couple of weeks _____ for the results of the experiment.
A. wait         B. to be waiting  C. waited       D. waiting
**10. Lucy's new job paid twice as much as she had made ____ in the restaurant.
A. working      B. work        C. to work      D. worked
11. The director had her assistant ___ some hot dogs for the meeting.
A. picked up     B. picks up     C. pick up       D. picking up
*12. I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good_____.
A. to be breathed B. to breathe   C. breathing   D. being breathed
13. He was busy writing a story, only ____ once in a while to smoke a cigarette.
A. to stop                     B. stopping
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C. to have slopped               D. having stopped
14. Please remain____; the winner of the prize will be announced soon.
A. seating      B. seated       C. to seat     D. to be seated
15. We finished the run in less than half the time ____.
A. allowing     B. to allow       C. allowed      D. allows
16.          the website of the Fire Department in your city, and you will learn a lot about
firefighting.
A. Having searched             B. To search
C. Searching                   D. Search
17. The trees ___ in the storm have been moved off the road.
A. being blown down            B. blown down
C. blowing down                D. to blow down
18. _____the project as planned, we’ll have to work more hours a day.
A. Completing   B. Complete    C. Completed    D. To complete
*19. Susan wanted to be independent of her parents. She tried ___alone, but she didn’t like it
and moved back home.
A. living       B. to live       C. to be living   D. having lived
20. ______ that she was going off to sleep, I asked if she’d like that little doll on her bed.
A. Seeing       B. To see      C. See          D. Seen
21. —Did the book give the information you needed?
A. to find      B. find        C. to finding    D. finding
22. I feel greatly honored ____ into their society.
A. to welcome    B. welcoming    C. to be welcomed D. welcomed
23. It is worth considering what makes “convenience” foods so popular, and ____ better ones of
A. introduces    B. to introduce   C. introducing   D. introduced
24. __ in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring.
A. To walk.      B. Walking      C. Walked      D. Having walked
*25. After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother’s voice ____ him.
A. calling      B. call ed        C. being called   D. to call
**26. There is nothing more I can try __ you to stay, so I wish you good luck.
**27. The Town Hall _____ in the 1800’s was the most distinguished building at that time.
A. to be completed                B. having been completed
C. completed                     D. being completed
28. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English
in a short period.
A. improved     B. improving   C. to improve   D. improve
—Sorry. With so much work         my mind, I almost break down.
A. filled       B. filling        C. to fill       D. being filled
30. When asked why he went there, he said he was sent there        for a space flight.
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A. training       B. being trained   C. to have trained D. to be trained
31. —It’s a long time since I saw my sister.
—____________ her this weekend?
A. Why not visit                 B. Why not to visit
C. Why not visiting               D. Why don’t visit
32. —The last one ______________ pays the meal.
—Agreed!
A. arrived       B. arrives     C. to arrive    D. arriving
*33. We all know that, __________, the situation will get worse.
A. not if dealt carefully with         B. if not carefully dealt with
C. if dealt not carefully with         D. not if carefully dealt with
34. I smell something ____ in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute?
A. burning      B. burnt        C. being burnt  D. to be burnt
35. As a result of the serious flood, two-thirds of the buildings in the area
A. need repairing B. needs to repair C. needs repairing D. need to repair
36.         that she didn’t do a good job, I don’t think I am abler than her.
A. To have said B. Having said   C. To say      D. Saying
37. —Excuse me sir, where is Room 301?
—Just a minute. I’ll have Bob ____you to your room.
A. show         B. shows       C. to show      D. showing
38. He is a student at Oxford University, __ for a degree in computer science.
A. studied      B. studying      C. to have studied D. to be studying
39. —Can I smoke here?
—Sorry. We don’t allow ________ here.
A. people smoking          B. people smoke
C. to smoke                    D. smoking
40. He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ______ in his
lectures.
A. interest ed    B. interesting    C. interest     D. to interest
*41. My parents have always made me ________ about myself, even when I was twelve.
A. feeling well   B. feeling good  C. feel well     D. feel good
*42. The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported ______ the world
record in the 110-meter hurdle race.
A. breaking     B. having broken  C. to have broken D. break
**43. You can't imagine what difficulty we had _____ home in the snowstorm.
A. walked       B. walk        C. to walk      D. walking
44. Peter received a letter just now ________ his grandma would come to see him soon.
A. said         B. says         C. saying       D. to say
45. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless ________ every day.
A. watered      B. watering    C. water        D. to water
46. The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance, _______ in the
natural light during the day.
A. to let        B. letting       C. let         D. having let
47. The children talked so loudly at dinner table that I had to struggle ______.
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A. to be heard    B. to have heard  C. hearing      D. being heard
*48. ______ by a greater demand of vegetables, farmers have built more green houses.
A. Driven       B. Being driven   C. To drive     D. Having driven
*49. Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519) ________ birds kept in cages in order to have the
pleasure of setting them free.
A. is said to be buying            B. is said to have bought
50. All the staff in our company are considering         to the city centre for the fashion
show.

A. to go        B. going        C. to have gone   D. having gone[来源:学科网]
51.          the safety of gas, the government has checked the city’s gas supply system
thoroughly.
A. To ensure    B. Ensuring    C. Having ensured D. To have ensured
*52. She wants her paintings       in the gallery, but we don’t think they would be very
popular.
A. display      B. to display    C. displaying   D. displayed
53. If your race car isn’t insured, you may       losing everything when it hits something
solid.
A. delay        B. deny        C. avoid        D. risk

It was one of the hottest days of the dry season. We had not seen rain in almost a month. The
crops were _1_. The rivers were long gone back into the _2 _. If we didn’t see some rain soon, we
would lose everything. It was on this day that I learned the true  3 _of sharing and  4_  the only
miracle I had seen with my own eyes.
I was in the kitchen making lunch when I saw my six-year-old son, Billy, walking toward the
woods. Minutes after he disappeared  5   the woods, he came running out again, toward the
house.
I went back to making sandwiches,   6  that what he had been doing was completed.
Moments later,   7  , he was once again toward the woods. This   8   went on for an hour —
— walked   9   to the woods, and ran back to the house.
10   I couldn’t take it any longer, so I went out of the house quietly and   11   him on his
journey.
As I leaned in （屈身）to  spy on him. I saw the most   12   sight. Several large deer
were in front of him. Billy walked right up to them. And I sa w a tiny young deer lying on the
ground _13  suffering from dehydration（脱水）and heat exhaustion. Lifting its head with   14
effort to drink up the water in my beautiful boy’s   15  .
When the water was   16 , Billy jumped up to run back to the house. I followed him back to
a tap that we had  17  off. Billy opened it all the way up and a small trickle （细流）began to
creep out. When he stood up and began to   18  , I was there in front of him. His little eyes were
just filled with tears.
“I’m not   19  ,”was all he said.
As the tears that rolled down his face began to hit the ground, they were suddenly  20   by
other drops…more drops…and more.
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All I can say is that the rain that came that day saved our farm, just like one little boy saved
deer.
1. A. dying       B. producing    C. harvesting    D. drying
2. A. sea         B. field        C. earth        D. land

3. A. skill       B. lesson      C. impression    D. opinion[来源:学科网]
4. A. found       B. watched     C. noticed      D. witnessed
5. A. into        B. under        C. behind       D. over
6. A. expecting   B. thinking    C. imagining    D. wondering
7. A. otherwise   B. besides     C. however      D. instead
8. A. experience   B. activity   C. exercise     D. arrangement
9. A. hurriedly   B. secretly    C. worriedly    D. carefully
10. A. Immediately B. Finally    C. Fortunately    D. Unexpectedly
11. A. stopped    B. caught       C. followed    D. showed
12. A. amusing    B. interesting    C. exciting   D. amazing
13. A. directly    B. disappointedly C. naturally    D. obviously
14. A. no         B. brave       C. great        D. poor
15. A. hands      B. face          C. eyes       D. legs
16. A. gone        B. empty        C. lost        D. faded
17. A. put        B. taken       C. shut         D. set
18. A. stop       B. leave        C. turn        D. run
19. A. wasting    B. drinking    C. littering    D. washing
20. A. connected   B. added        C. attac hed    D. joined

A
I always feel sorry for world leaders busy dealing with fights between nations. When my
three children were young, most days it was hard keeping my house from becoming a battlefield.
It got worse as they grew old. Three years ago, Zack, then 16, couldn’t make it through a day
without making his sister, Alex 11 and Taryn 9, angry.
My husband and I tried to be understanding the boy at such an age. We reasoned, punished,
and left heartfelt notes on his bed about how he was hurting our family. His answer was “ I say it
because it’s true.”
I even tried telling the girls to fight back. Bad idea. Now I had three children at war.
Whatever I said to them, they paid no attention. When there was no way out, I told everything to
my sister in an e-mail. She replied, “Don’t e-mail me. E-mail him.”
Our son was online every day, mailing and talking with his friend. Maybe he would actually
hear me this way. I didn’t say anything different, but e-mail just took the tension away. There’d be
no shouting or door banging. Zack wouldn’t feel under attack.
Zack didn’t reply for days. When he finally did, his entire message was four small words. I
smiled when I read them: “You’re right. I’m sorry.”
The children still fought, of course, but Zack changed. Best of all, I now have a better way to
talk with not one but three of them. I like it that they don’t tune me out as much as they used to.
They like not having to listen to me shouting to them. Or as Alex says, “You’re so much nicer
online”.
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All I know is that the house is quiet. But we’re talking.
1. What was the trouble before the online talk in the family?
A. The children couldn’t get along peacefully.
B. The writer failed to understand her daughters.
C. The family found it difficult to keep the house clean.
D. The parents were not willing to talk with their children.
2. The writer once tried to deal with her son’s problem by __________.
A. talking with him about his pain
B. encouraging her daughters to fight against him
C. telling her daughters to keep away from him
D. telling him about the truth of the family
3. The writer e-mailed her sister __________.
A. to tell about her the family problem B. hoping she’d e-mail the boy
4. The underlined phrase “tune me out” in the passage probably means “______”.
A. pay no attention to me          B. get angry with me
C. quarrel with me                D. keep me out of their rooms

B
Having visited museums and churches, visitors will be delighted to try these things which can
be done and seen in London. They are well worth visiting.
London Eye
Make a reservation(预订)for London Eye before you leave the United States. The Eye is a
huge wheel that takes you up into the sky. It was built to celebrate the millennium(千禧年), and
has drawn millions of tourists ever since. Fun for the entire family, the Eye is a great way to see
all the spectacular sites, including the Thames River, Parliament, Leicester Square, and Big Ben.
Speaker’s Corner
Speaker’s Corner never fails to draw a crowd. Near Marble Arch in Hyde Park, a group
gather every Sunday to speak their mind. You’ll hear everything from political activities to
religious zealots(狂热者), and all who live between these extremes. Go shopping on Oxford Street
afterward, and walk over to Trafalgar Square to see where people have toured for ages.
Kew Gardens
If you garden, or appreciate beautiful surroundings, then you will be in heaven wandering the
paths of the Royal Botanic Kew Gardens, simply known as Kew Gardens. Featuring the world’s
largest collection of living plants, the collections in the greenhouses and beautiful displays of
foliage throughout the garden will take your breath away. Walk around on your own, or take a
guide and learn about the garden’s secrets.
Camden Town
Camden Town is well known for its pop culture ways and extensive street markets. Home to
many punk(朋克摇滚乐) performances and artists, Camden Town also hosts amazing markets on
the weekends, selling goods of all types including fashion, food, books and even some rather
bizarre(极其怪诞的) items.
Portobello Market
Nestled in the middle of Notting Hill, Portobello Market is one of London’s most popular
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spots. The market actually has several distinct sections and they are dedicated to antiques, fruits
and vegetables, fashion, and secondhand “finds”. Top off a visit to Portobello with a pub lunch, a
couple of pints and some lively conversation with the locals.
5. What do you know about London Eye?
A. It is not necessary to book a seat in advance.
B. It is designed mainly for visitors from abroad.
C. It was completed to welcome the new century.
D. It allows you to see all tourist attractions in London.
6. The Speaker’s Corner is famous for __________________.
A. free admission               B. freedom of speech
C. its favorable location          D. the number of speakers
7. One remarkable feature of Kew Gardens is that ____________________.
A. it is a garden for the royal family only
B. it helps fight against greenhouse effect
C. its scenery is the most beautiful in Britain
D. it is a place with the largest number of living plants
8. If you want to pick up a used bargain, where should you go?
A. Oxford Street.                B. Portobello Market.
C. Camden Town                 D. Leicester Square.
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【试题答案】

1~5: CCACD      6~10: DCCDA    11~15: CBBBC    16~20: DBDAA
21~24: ACCB     25~29: ADCAB   30~34: DACBA    35~39: ABABD
B) CBDB