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2018-2019高三 作文专题五、复合句写作导练(三)—状语从句

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             ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语


五、复合句写作导练(三)——状语从句
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

写作要领
     状语从句在复合句中起状语的作用,修饰主句中的谓语动词、形容词或 
副词。
1.时间状语从句
  引导时间状语从句的连词有
when,whenever,as,while,after,before,until,
  till,since,once,as soon as等。引导时间状语从句的词语常用的还有the 
  minute/instant/moment,immediately/instantly/directly,the day/
  week/year,the first time,any time,next time,every time,each time,
  the last time,all the time,by the time。
  当我到达时,我看到了一只两到三周大的猫头鹰。
  When I arrived, I saw a 2- to 3-week-old owl.(2017全国Ⅰ)
                 ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

不论你什么时候遇到麻烦,他们随时都会伸出援助之手。
Whenever you get in trouble,they are ready to lend their hands to you.
就在她正要说话的时候,一个学生冲进来把她推到一边!
Just when she was about to speak,a student rushed in and pushed her aside!
我在去书店的路上,正在十字路口处等绿灯,这时一个大约十岁的小女孩被一辆路过的车撞倒
了,车很快开走了。
I was  on my way  to the bookstore and was  waiting for the green light  at a 
crossing when a girl of about ten was knocked down by a passing car,which drove 
off quickly.
我回到家之前,他已经做完了家庭作业。
He had finished his homework before I got home.
我记得上次你访问我们学校时,让我看了有关那个主题的照片。
I remember you showed me some photos on that theme the last time you visited our 
school. (2016 全国 Ⅱ)
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.地点状语从句
  引导地点状语从句的词是where和wherever。
  在有疑问的地方做个记号。
  Make a mark where you have questions.
  哪里有充足的阳光和雨水,哪里的田地就绿油油的。
  Where there is plenty of sunlight and rain,the fields are green.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.原因状语从句
  常用because,as,since,now that,for the reason that,in that等引导原 
  因状语从句。
  它必须继续前进,因为世界的运作方式是不一样的。
  It has to continue to move,because the way the world works is not 
  the same.(2017全国Ⅰ)
  依我看,网上投票是现代生活不可分割的一部分,应当受欢迎,因为它不仅仅
  是参加公共生活的一种方式。
  In my opinion,on-line voting is an inseparable part of modern 
  life and should be welcomed,since it is no more than a way to 
  participate in public life. (2016 江苏 )
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

4.目的状语从句和结果状语从句
  目的状语从句可以用so that,in order that,in case等引导。结果状语从
  句可以用so that,so...that...,such...that...等引导。
  此外,每个学生都会有不同的弱科和强科,所以他们应该互相学习,这样比起
  劣势来他们就可以有更多的优势。
  Besides,every student may have different weak and strong subjects,
  so they should learn from each other so that they can have more 
  advantages than disadvantages.
  我们坐到前排去,以便可以看得更清楚些。
  Let’s take the front seats in order that we may see more clearly.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

我们周六早晨去好吗?我们可以早点出发从而有更多的时间阅读和挑选书籍。
Shall we go on Saturday morning? We can set out early so that we’ll 
have more time to read and select books.(2016全国Ⅲ)
我们做得非常出色以至于受邀和全校的同学分享我们的想法和体验。
We did so well that we were invited to share our idea and experience 
with all the students of our school.(2016 北京)
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

5.条件状语从句
  条件状语从句可用if,unless,in case,as(so) long as,once,on condition 
  that,supposing/suppose (that),provided/providing (that)等引导。
  如果你遭遇交通堵塞,那将没有用。
  And it won’t help if you’re stuck in traffic.(2017全国Ⅱ)
  你可以写任何相关的事情,只要它是有趣的且能增进知识。
  You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and 
  informative.
                 ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

6.让步状语从句
  让步状语从句可由though,although,as,even if,even though,whoever,whatever,
  however,no matter who(what,how,when,where ),whether,while等引导。
  虽然有些人对投票感到很高兴并积极主动地参与,但是许多人对投票的不利一面还是 
  感到有点困惑。
  Many people are somewhat puzzled at the negative side of the voting,
  although some are quite happy with it,and active in doing it.(2016江苏)
  虽然很累,我从来没有感到如此高兴过。
  Tired as I was,I never felt so happy.
  即使你的英语不好,你也必须使自己对英语感兴趣。
  Even if your English is poor,you must make yourself be interested in it.
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

名师指导

     根据高考试题写作要求和要点内容的表达,适当整合要点信息,采用较复
 杂句式,尤其是不同的状语从句会显示出你较强的语言运用能力。例如:2016
 全国Ⅰ卷写作范文中I know you have a very busy schedule,but I’d be 
 very grateful if you could take some time to go through them and 
 make necessary changes.2016江苏卷写作范文中In short,
 internet voting,to some extent,is unfair,if not immoral,and
 cannot be trusted.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

即时演练

 根据提示,译出下列句子
 1.尽管因特网有很大帮助,但我认为在上面花太多的时间不是好主意。 
   (although/though)
                                                              
                                                              

答案:1.Although/Though the Internet is of great help,I don’t 
       think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it.
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

2.无论结果怎样,我们都要微笑着接受,因为我们已经尽了全力。  
  (whatever)
                                                              
                                                              

 答案:2.Whatever the result is,we should accept it with a smile,
        because we have tried our best.
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.既然一切都准备好了,我们可以开始做实验了。(since)
                                                              
                                                              

 答案:3.Since everything is ready,we can begin our experiment.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

4.我父母希望我学理科,因为他们认为作为一名理科生,我的未来会更加光明。
                                                                     
                                                                   
5.如果你能就如何解决这些问题给我提供一些建议,我将不胜感激。
                                                                  
                                                                  

  答案:4.My parents wish me to study science because they believe   
         I will have a brighter future as a science student.
       5.I would appreciate it if you could give me some advice on 
         how to solve these problems.
︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
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