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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修2 4 Unit4

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    (2018·浙江名校协作体高三模拟)“Her grades are fine; I’m not worried about that, but she 
just doesn’t seem to love learning any more,” Alice’s mum said.
    She’s absolutely right. I’d noticed the same thing about her daughter over the previous 
two or three years when I’d been Alice’s middle school English, Latin, and writing teacher, 
and I have an answer, right there on the tip of my tongue, to what has gone wrong. Yet I’m torn 
between my responsibility to help Alice and the knowledge that what I have to say is a truth I’m 
not sure this mother is ready to hear.
    The truth for this parent and so many others is this: Her child has sacrificed her natural 
curiosity and love of learning at the altar(圣坛) of achievement, and it’s our fault. Alice’s 
parents, her teachers, society at large—we are all supposed to be blamed in this crime against 
learning. From her first day of school, we pointed her toward that altar and trained her to measure 
her progress by means of points, scores, and awards.We taught Alice that her potential is tied to 
her intellect(智力), and that her intellect is more important than her character. We taught her to 
come home proudly bearing grade As, championship prizes, and college acceptance, and not on 
purpose, we taught her that we don’t really care how she obtains them. We taught her to protect 
her academic and extracurricular perfection at all costs and that it’s better to quit when things get 
challenging rather than risk losing that perfect record. Above all else, we taught her to fear failure. 
That fear is what has destroyed her love of learning.

    【解题导语】 本文通过           Alice 的例子说明了父母、老师和社会有时会扼杀孩子的好

奇心和对学习的热爱。

    1.Both the mother and the author have noticed that________.
    A.Alice hates to tell them the truth
    B.Alice’s test scores are not so good
    C.Alice chooses several subjects to learn
    D.Alice doesn’t enjoy studying any more
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第一段中的“but she just doesn’t seem to love learning any 
more”和第二段中的“I’d noticed the same thing about her daughter”可知,Alice   的妈妈和
作者都注意到了       Alice 不再喜欢学习。
    2.What does the underlined word “torn” mean in the passage?
    A.Pained to choose.                        B.Guilty to quit.
    C.Tired to manage.                         D.Certain to decide.
    A 解析:词义猜测题。根据画线词后的“between                 my responsibility...and the knowledge 
that what I have to say is a truth”可知,作者在两者之间很难选择。
    3. What does the teacher think of the girl?
     A.Her academic perfection results from her character.
     B.She is a gifted girl with spirits of challenging.
     C.She is perfect in her character development.
     D.Her academic performance is great.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段中的“We                  taught her to protect...at all costs”可知,
Alice 的学业表现很好。
                                        B
    Despite being used by 1.34 billion people each year,traveling on 
the Tube in London can actually be quite lonely.
    One citizen,however,is trying to change this.“You get on the 
Tube and it’s completely silent and it’s weird,” says Jonathan 
Dunne,who   has started a worldwide dialogue after giving out 
badges(徽章)with  the words  “Tube   chat?”   last month,
encouraging passengers in London to get talking to one another.“I handed out 500 badges during 
rush hour in a  city of 8 million,expecting most of them to be thrown away,but after about 24 
hours it completely snowballed,”he says.Dunne and his “Tube chat” campaign have since 
been reported by media across the world,seeing TV interviews in Sweden, Brazil and the 
U.K.,as well as countless website,newspaper and magazine appearances.
    Although Dunne says he’s received mostly positive feedback,not everyone agrees with 
his idea.Londoner Brian Wilson responded with a campaign of his own,handing out 500 badges 
with the words “Don’t even think about it” on them. Michael Robinson,24,a student from 
London,agrees.“Being on the Tube is the only peace and quiet some people get on their 
journeys to and from work.It doesn’t need to be spoiled by people coming up and chatting to 
you,” he says. 
    “People assume that I just walk up and talk to strangers, which I don’t,but it’s been a 
great way to meet people you would never have normally spoken to,” Dunne says. 
    So if you ever end up using public transport in the West, why not say hello to the person next 
to you?Just make sure to check for a badge first.

    【解题导语】 每年乘坐伦敦地铁的乘客众多,可是人们仍然感到孤独;为此

Jonathan Dunne 发起了一个旨在鼓励乘客相互交谈的运动,此举引起了世界媒体的关注。

尽管如此,人们对此仍有不同的态度。

    4.How did Dunne encourage London passengers to talk with each other?

    A.By putting up posters on the Tube.
    B.By advocating his idea on the media.
    C.By offering passengers special badges.
    D.By starting a dialogue with passengers.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的“who                  has started a worldwide dialogue after 
giving out badges(徽章)with the words‘Tube chat?’”可知,Dunne      给乘客们分发写着
“Tube chat?”的徽章来鼓励乘客聊天,故              C 项正确。
    5.How is Dunne’s campaign getting along?
    A.It has caught international attention.
    B.It has become a worldwide campaign.
    C.Most passengers have refused to accept it.
    D.Wilson has made great efforts to promote it.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的“‘Tube chat’campaign                have since been reported 
by media across the world, seeing TV interviews in Sweden, Brazil and the U.K., as well as 
countless website, newspaper and magazine appearances”可知,Dunne 和他的“Tube chat”运动
引起了世界各种媒体的关注,故              A 项正确。
    6.According to Michael Robinson,what should Tube passengers do?
    A.Hand in their feedback in time.
    B.Walk up and talk to strangers.
    C.Stop using public transport.
    D.Enjoy the peace quietly.
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段的“Being                 on the Tube is the only peace and quiet 
some people get on their journeys to and from work. It doesn’t need to be spoiled by people 
coming up and chatting to you”可知,Michael Robinson 认为乘伦敦地铁是人们上下班时享
受安静的时刻,而不是交谈的时刻,故                 D 项正确。
    7.What can be the best title for the text?
    A.Tube Chat or Not
    B.Lonely Travel in the London Tube
    C.Silence on the Tube
    D.Tube Passengers Wearing Badges
    A 解析:标题归纳题。通读全文可知,文章第二段介绍                        Dunne 和他的“Tube    chat”运
动引起了世界各种媒体的关注;第三段介绍一些人持不同的观点;最后一段建议如果要跟
陌生人打招呼,先看看他有没有徽章。据此可以判断,文章主要介绍了人们对于是否在伦
敦地铁相互交谈持不同的观点,故               A 项最能概括文意。
    Ⅱ 七选五
                         How to Avoid a Boring Conversation
    What excuses should you use to avoid talking to people you don’t want to talk to?Here are 
tips and inoffensive ways to get out of unwanted conversations.
·Go for a refill(续杯).
    It is natural for anyone at a party to be excused to get a refill.1.________And once you 
excuse yourself,make a move fast before the person requests you to get a refill for him as well.
·Pretend bad mood.
    Cut off the conversation before it starts by saying something along the lines of “I’m not in 
a good mood.Can I talk to you later if you don’t mind?” 2.________Say it firmly so that 
people get the message loud and clear.
·Ask your friend to save you.
    3.________Simply text your friend and ask him or her to come for apparently something 
important.You will be able to skip a boring chat with a seemingly reasonable excuse.
·4.________
    You are advised to look away from that person and don’t make eye contact,so that you 
can give powerful hints(暗示)that you find the conversation extremely boring.5.________Be sure 
to tune in to the conversation every now and then so you don’t come across as rude.
    A.Behave in an obviously careless way.
    B.Just be sure that the person you are talking to does not offer to accompany you to do so.
    C.Don’t act too polite in an attempt to draw sympathy.
    D.Use body language to indicate boredom.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    E.Your friend is bound to perform brilliantly in coping with the dull one.
    F.Look elsewhere and pretend that something else has caught your attention.
    G.Stuck in an unwanted conversation,how do you get out of it?

    【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了怎样避免无聊的谈话。
    1.B 解析:选项       B 中的   so 就是指空前的“get      a refill”这一行为;同时空后的“make 
a move fast...as well”与选项 B 的内容相呼应。
    2.C 解析:空后的代词          it 指代空处前一句中的“I’m not in a good mood.Can I talk to 
you later if you don’t mind?”,所以空处及后一句与这一问题有关;同时后一句中的“Say 
it firmly”与选项 C“不要为了获得同情而表现得太礼貌”在内容和语气方面是一致的。
    3.G 解析:根据该段的主题句以及空后两句可知,空后的两句话是对选项                               G 这一疑
问句的回答,选项        G 能够引出下文,符合语境。
    4.D 解析:根据上文中的主题句都使用祈使句这一特点可知,该段也应用祈使句作
主题句;同时根据该段中的第一句可知,把目光从这个人身上移开,不要有眼神交流,这
样可以给对方强烈的暗示,使其发现这段谈话极其无聊,这与选项                            D  “使用肢体语言暗示
厌烦”相吻合。
    5.F 解析:空处起承上启下的作用,且根据该段主题句可知,使用肢体语言暗示厌
烦,所以选项      F “看向别处并假装你的注意力被其他东西吸引”与之吻合。
    Ⅲ  应用文写作
    (2018·浙江金、丽、衢十二校高三联考)假如你是李华,你代表学校给外教                           John 写一封
信,请他对你校正在创建的英语口语教室提点建议。内容包括:
    1.口语教室的重要性;
    2.主要功能(上口语课,举办各类活动);
    3.征求建议。
    注意:1.词数     80 左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数;
    2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear John,
    I’m Li Hua, one of your students from Grade Three.
    ________________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________
    Looking forward to your reply!
                                                               Yours sincerely,
                                                                        Li Hua
One possible version:
Dear__John,
    I’m__Li__Hua,__one__of__your__students__from__Grade__Three. In an attempt to seek 
for your suggestions on our building a spoken­English classroom, I am specially writing to you.
    As you know, with significantly important role of spoken­English, we are in great need of a 
spoken­English classroom. First of all, we can have a special place for our spoken­English class. 
Meanwhile, it will be an ideal centre for us to carry out our various colorful English activities.
    However, lacking related experience, I would appreciate it very much if you can give us 
some constructive suggestions on our program.
    Looking__forward__to__your__reply!
                                                             Yours__sincerely,
中国现代教育网         www.30edu.com    全国最大教师交流平台

                                                                    Li__Hua
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