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高考专题英语之非谓语动词现在分词在句中的形式及用法同步练习

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高考专题英语之非谓语动词现在分词在句中的形式及用法同步练习

 1. The next morning she found the man _________in bed, dead.

   A. lying       B. lie           C .lay        D. laying

 2. Your idea surprised me, it is a(n) ________.

   A. idea surprised  B. surprised idea  C. surprising idea  D. idea surprising

 3. There was a terrible noise _________ the sudden burst of light.

   A. followed   B. following      C. to be following    D. being following

 4. The secretary worked late into the night,_______ a long speech for the president.

   A. to prepare    B. preparing       C. prepared      D. was preparing

 5. __________,she saw Tom in tears.

   A. Turning round  B. Turn round  C. Turned around  D. Being turned around

 6. _________,I went to the station to see Jim off.

   A. After eating quickly my dinner   B. After my quickly eating dinner

   C. After eating my dinner quickly   D. After eating my quickly dinner

 7. _________ nobody at home, she decided to leave them note.

   A. Having seen   B. Seen      C. Seeing      D. Being seen

 8. Why do you stand and watch the milk _________ over?

   A. boiling      B. beating        C. bumping       D. knocking

 9. Why do you have the water ________ all the time?

   A. ran          B. to be running       C. running     D. being running

 10. Having read "The Emperor's New Clothes", we all found it _________.

   A. interest      B .interested      C. interesting   D. to interest

 11. Mother caught the boy ___________ in the corner.

   A .smoke        B. to smoke    C. smoking      D. being smoked

 12. At present, English is the main subject __________ here.

   A. to be taught  B. being taught   C. teaching   D. to be teaching
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  13. The pen ___________ belongs to me.

    A. which it is on the table       B. lying on the table

    C. is on the table              D. which on the table

  14. Look around when __________ the street.

    A. across        B. crossing          C. crossed     D. to be crossing

  15. We walked as fast as we could,_________ to catch the 9:30 train.

    A. hoping        B. to hope        C. we hoped       D. being hoped

  16._______the cry for help, people immediately rushed out of the rooms.

    A. To hear      B. Hearing        C. Having heard    D. They hearing

  17. I held the little bird in my hand and felt its heart ________.

    A. is beating      B. beat       C. to beat       D. beating

  18. Finding her car stolen, _______.                            

    A. a policeman was asked to help B. the area was searched thoroughly

    C. it was looked for everywhere    D. she hurried to a policeman for help

  19. While building a tunnel through the mountain, _______.       

    A. an underground lake was discovered  

    B. the workers discovered an underground lake

    C. a lake was discovered underground

    D. there was an underground lake discovered

  20. Suddenly, a tall man driving a golden carriage ________ the girl and took her away, 
________ into the woods.                                

    A. seizing; disappeared            B. seized; disappeared

    C. seizing; disappearing           D. seized; disappearing

  21. The glass doors have taken the place of the wooden ones at the entrance, ________ in the 
natural light during the day.

    A. to let       B. letting      C. let             D. having let

  22. The picture _____ on the wall is painted by my nephew.
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    A. having hung      B. hanging        C. hangs       D. being hung

  *23. (  )At one point I made up my mind to talk to Uncle Sam. Then I changed my mind, 
______ that he could do nothing to help.           

    A. to realize   B. realized    C. realizingD. being realized

  *24. ( )         the city center, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height.

    A. Approaching    B. Approached        C. To approach       D. To be approached

  *25. ( )The lady walked around the shops, _______ an eye out for bargains.

    A. keep           B. kept             C. keeping                  D to keep

  **26. (  )  Peter received a letter just now _______ his grandma would come to see him 
soon.

    A. said      B. says        C. saying      D. to say

  **27. (  )The  retired man donated most of his savings to the school damaged by the 
earthquake in Yushu ,________the students to return to their classrooms. 

    A. enabling     B. having enabled     C. to enable     D. to have enabled

  *28. (  )The  news shocked the public, _____to great concern about students’ safety at 
school.

    A. having led      B. led     C. leadingD. to lead

  **29.( )The traffic rule says young children under the age of four and       less than 40 
pounds must be in a child safety seat. 

    A. being weighed     B. to weigh     C. weighed          D. weighing

  *30. (  )In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao,       th e 60th 
anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy.   

    A. marking      B. marked      C. having marked    D. being marked  

  *31. (  )At the age of 29, Dave was a worker,        in a small apartment near Boston 
and ______ what to do about his future.

    A. living; wondering         B. lived; wondering

    C. lived; wondered       D. living; wondered

  **32. (   )The  government plans to bring in new laws _____ parents to take more 
responsibility for the education of their children.  

    A. forced       B. forcing    C. to be forced     D. having forced  
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  *33. ( )A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____all four people 
on board.  

    A. killed          B. killing           C. kills         D. to kill  

 **34. ( )  Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock,       supplies to Yushu, 
Qinghai Province after the earthquake.

    A. sending  B. to send C. having sent        D. to have sent

  **35. (  )There is a great deal of evidence _______ that music activities engage different 
parts of the brain.

    A. indicate         B. indicating      C. to indicate     D. to be indicating

  *36.( )           that she was going off to sleep, I asked if she’d like that little doll on her 
bed.

    A. Seeing       B. To see      C. See          D. Seen

  **37.( )          that he was in great danger, Eric walked deeper into the forest.

    A. Not realized        B. Not to realize

    C. Not realizing       D. Not to have realized

  **38. ( )            in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had 
left the cheque in the car.

    A. Waiting      B. To wait    C. Having waited        D. To have waited

  **39. (  )At the beginning of class, the noise of desks ____ could be heard outside the 
classroom. 

    A. opened and closed               B. to be opened and closed  

    C. being opened and closed          D. to open and close

  **40. ( )_____ that she didn’t do a good job, I don’t think I am abler than her. 

    A. To have said       B. Having said     C. To say       D. Saying
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  1—10 ACBBA        CCACC         11—20 CBBBA   BDDBD

  21—30 BBCAC       CACDA          31—40 ABBAB    ACCCB

    思路解析:

  23. 考查现在分词,realize      的逻辑主语是      I,故要用现在分词,由于          I 和 realize 之间是主
动关系,所以不能选择          D 项

  24. 考查现在分词作状语,表示正在进行或主动的动作。此时分词的逻辑主语就是主句
的主语,因此要注意人称、时态和语态的一致性                       。

  25. 句子主语    lady 和 keep 之间是主动关系,       而且   walk 和 keep 同时发生。

  26.  根据句子结构,此处应用非谓语动词作定语。现在分词表示动作正在进行或经常发
生,此处的     saying 相当于  which said;不定式作定语表示将来,         不合题意。

  27. enabling 表示在他捐献后的结果。

  28.  句意:这个消息使公众震惊,也引起了人们对学生在校安全的关注。The                              news 和
lead 之间是主谓关系,并作         shocked 的伴随状语,所以用        leading。

  29. 根据句子结构:主语:the          traffic rule;谓语动词:says;宾语从句:young         children 
under the age of four and ____ less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat。宾语从句中
的主干为:young children must be in a child safety seat。under the age of four and ____ less 
than 40 pounds 用于修饰宾语从句的主语          children。动词  weigh 与名词  children 之间是主动
关系,所以选择       weighing。句意:交通法则规定四岁以下并且体重不超过四十磅的婴儿必
须坐在婴儿安全座椅上。

  30.  非谓语动词作状语,其后有宾语,故与逻辑主语间是主动关系,且表示的动作与谓
语动词的动作同时进行,用现在分词,选                  A。

  31.  句意:29   岁的大卫,是一个工人,住在波士顿附近的一间小公寓里,对自己的未来
一无所知。现在分词作定语修饰              a worker,and 为并列连词,连接相同的成分。

  32. 现在分词短语作后置定语,修饰             new laws,相当于    which forces …

  33.  句意:一架小型飞机在这城市以东               5 公里处坠毁于山坡,机上四人全部死亡。用现
在分词表示伴随状态。

  34. 表示伴随。从“were working”可以判断是进行时,排除               C。

  35.   evidence 与 indicate 之间是主动关系,所以用现在分词作定语,可以恢复为                    which 
indicates。句意:大量证据显示音乐活动要动员到大脑的各个部分。在                        There  be 结构中,
作主语的名词或代词后有时接不定式或现在分词作其定语。定语用不定式表示未做或将要
去做的动作;用现在分词表示动作正在进行或与谓语动作所表示的动作几乎同时发生,或
表示某个经常的动作或状态。

  36. see 这一动作由句子的主语        “I” 发出,故空格处须用现在分词。
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  37. realize 与句子的主语构成主谓关系,故排除              A 项;B  项和   D 项都指将来的动作,故
选  C。

  38.      逗号前的部分是时间状语,不定式一般不作时间状语,首先排除                           B、D  两项;
wait 的动作在   realize 之前,故用分词的完成式。

  39.  过去分词作定语表完成、被动;不定式作定语表将来;现在分词作定语表示正在进
行。句意:开始上课时,在教室外面就能听到开关课桌的声音。由句意可知表示开关课桌
的动作正在进行,因此用现在分词作定语。

  40.    本题考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构,可知此处应为现在分词短语作状语,排除
A、C  两项;并且     say 这一动作发生在从句动作          didn’t do 之前,故应用    having done。
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