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广东省廉江市实验学校人教版高一英语必修4Unit 4 Using Language

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Enjoy the pictures–facial 
expressions.


fearful          happy
sad           angry
Go on enjoy 
body 
languages.
                          hug
handshake


       bow
1. What is the function of body language?
2. What role do you think the body 
    language in our daily life play?
3. Are all the body languages the same in 
    the world? What do you know about 
    them?
Showing our feelings
Which of the following can best express main 
idea?
A. Only gestures without spoken language may 
     cause misunderstanding.
B. Some body languages or gestures are the 
     same throughout the world.
C. Different gestures stand for different 
     feelings, wishes or attitudes while many are 
     universal.
D. It is important to give attention to the 
     differences in body language.
Read the passage carefully and decide 
whether the sentences are true or 
false.1. Body  language is never as powerful 
  as spoken language.
2. If you are angry at a person, you 
  might turn your back to him or her.
3. You can threaten a person by 
  refusing to speak.

4. You should not greet your new boss by 
  giving her or him a hug.
5. Body language is the same all over 
  the world.
6. Most people can understand each 
  other if they try.
 Fill in the blanks below according to 
 the text. 
   Feelings      Body language
Happiness   ▲smiling
Anger or    ▲__________ and turning 
unhappiness   one’sfrowning back to someone
            ▲making a(n) ______ and 
              shaking it fist
Agreement   ▲nodding the head up 
              and down
Disagreement ▲_______shaking the head from 
or refusal    side to side
Boredom     ▲looking away from 
              people or ________yawning  
Interest    ▲turning toward and 
              __________ someone or 
              looking at
              something
Respect      ▲not giving a(n) ______ 
               to a boss or teacherhug
             ▲not standing too close 
               to someone of a higher 
               ______
               rank
             ▲standing at a little 
               distance with ______ 
                          open
               hands
     Universal body languages

A smile shows 
happiness and puts 
people at ease.
            smilesmile

 If someone “loses A smile can hide other 
 face” they may   feelings, such as anger, 
 smile to hide it. fear or worry.
Use what you have read in the passage 
and answer the following questions.
1. How can we know others’ feelings, 
    even if they do not speak to us?  
 We can watch the expressions on 
 people’s faces; we can see whether they 
 face us or look away; we can observe 
 how they hold their arms and hands; 
we can see whether they are close to or 
far away from others. Are they smiling, 
frowning, shrugging, holding their 
arms in front of them or touching other 
people?
2. Why should we be careful with our 
    body language?  
  We should be careful of our own 
  body language, as we must be sure 
  not to be impolite in other cultures, 
  and we need to communicate without 
  being misunderstood.
3. Why is it important to watch as well as 
    listen to others?  
  We need to watch other people because 
  they may be communicating one idea 
  in words and a different one in body 
  language.
4. What are some jobs in which using 
    body language is extremely important?  
  Body language is very important in 
  any job where clear communication 
  with others is necessary. For example, 
  teachers and medical care people 
  should have good clear body language; 
anyone who is interviewing people for 
jobs (and the people being interviewed) 
should communicate clearly; anyone 
giving orders or directions needs good 
body language; people working in 
diplomatic jobs and in some 
government jobs.
1. It is possible to “read” others around 
  us, even if they do not intend for us to 
  catch their unspoken communication.                       
  我们可以了解别人, 即使有时他们并不
  想要我们了解他们没说出来的语言。
even if是连词词组, 用来引导让步状语从
句, 意为 “尽管; 即使”。
注意: 若主句与从句皆表示将来情况, 
even if从句可用一般现在时代替将来时
。
e.g. We have decided to visit the museum 
   even if it rains tomorrow.                                
   我们决定明天参观博物馆, 即使天下
   雨。
Even if I leave now, it’ll be too late. 
即使我现在离开, 我也会迟到的。
She understood what I was talking about, 
even though it was the first time we had 
spoken together. 
即使那是我们第一次谈话,她还是明白
了我在谈什么。
辨析: 
  even if 与even though
  even if 从句所说的不肯定,  而 even  
  though 从句所说的则是事实。

e.g. He will not let out the secret even if 
   he knows it.                                                        
   即使他知道这个秘密, 他也不肯说出
   来。(他对秘密知道与否不一定)
He will not let out the secret even though 
he knows it.                                           
他虽然知道这个秘密, 却不肯说出来。(
他知道这个秘密)
2. Looking away from people or 
  yawning will, in most cases, make me 
  appear to be uninterested.
    如果把眼光从某人身上移开, 或者打
  了个哈欠, 这就会让人知道我不感兴
  趣。
look away from = not look at …  不看, 不
注视
e.g. Don’t look away from me when I’m  
       speaking to you.    当我和你说话时看
      着我, 不要看别处。
look 短语
look at  看; 视为 
look back  回头看; 回顾
look down on/upon  轻视, 瞧不起
look for 寻找
look forward to  盼望 
look into 调查
look out  小心          
look on  旁观
look over 仔细检查
look through  浏览
look up  仰视; 在词典, 参考中查找
Complete the sentences.
Just _________look at  what you’ve done!                     
瞧你干了些什么!
The old like ___________looking back on the past. 
老年人喜欢回顾过去。
I wish you wouldn’t ______________look down upon  this 
kind of work.                           
我希望你不要看不起这类工作。
We are ______________looking forward to seeing you 
again.                                                                        
我们盼望再见到你。
The police are ___________looking into  the accident.                                                       
警察正在调查这件事。
In that case we will not _________look on  with 
folded arms.                                                   
在那种情况下, 我们不会袖手旁观。
yawn
1) v. 打呵欠
e.g. She yawned during the lecture 
       because it was boring.                                   
       她听课时打哈欠, 因为这堂课很乏味。
2) n. 哈欠
e.g. He gave a yawn and then fell asleep.                             
       他打了一个哈欠之后就睡着了。
3. If I roll my eyes and turn my head 
    away, I most likely do not believe what 
    I am hearing or do not like it.
 most likely在这里是省略: it is most 
 likely that。 
用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。
1. The importance of his ideas is that they 
  represent the ________ (spoken) opinion of 
            unspoken
  the silent majority.
2. His _____ (face) expression shows he is 
     facial
  angry now.
3. He stood up, stretched and _______ 
                       yawned
  (yawn).
          subjective 
4. He took a _________ (subject) view of the 
  problem.
Look at the following pictures, can you 
guess the correct order of the pictures 
below? 
Look at the following expressions may 
help your listening.

You may not...           Always stay...
Keep away from...     Do not... 
You should never...   Look out!
You must...                Watch out!
You will need to ...    Be careful when…
You’ll have to…     You’ll be fined 200 yuan
Listen to the tape and write down 
the correct order.
Answer: 2  1  3  4  6  5
  Listen again and then answer 
  the questions. 
1. From whom did Lin Pu buy the car?
  From his brother-in-law.
2. What did the cyclist tell LinPu to 
  do?To pay for his apples. At least Lin Pu 
  should pick the apples up.
3. What did the policeman tell LinPu 
    to do?
  To pay a fine by the end of the 
  month for breaking the traffic 
  rule. 
Work in groups of three act the 
story you just heard. Act it out once 
without speaking. Then act it a 
second time with words. The 
following words may help you.
You may not...           Always stay...
Keep away from...     Do not... 
You should never...   Look out!
You must...                Watch out!
You will need to ...    Be careful when…
You’ll have to…     You’ll be fined 200 yuan
           Lin Pu and his brother-in-law

                 Money changing hands,
                 smiling faces,
                 shaking hands,
                the brother-in-law smiling 
bought a car from very happily and rubbing 
his brother-in-law his hands with joy.
           Lin Pu

           Nervously looking around

           reacting to 
           traffic,
           sudden left turn,
           reacting to 
           crash.
driving nervously for the first time
Lin Pu and a cyclist

  Lin Pu hit a bicycle.

         My hand hurt.
         Come here.
 TheThe  cyclistcyclist
  Lin Pu knocked over 
  a basket full of apples.
    Lin Pu, the cyclist and a policeman
           angry, shouting

           pointing at bicycle, 

           pointing at apples on road,
           shaking his fist (closed 
           hand) at Lin Pu ,
Lin Pu and the cyclist quarreled, and 
a policeman walked towards them.
Lin Pu, the cyclist and the 
policeman
 Walking slowly and 
 frowning,
 Taking out paper to 
 write on, 
 Shaking finger at Lin Pu, 
       Pointing at red light, 

       Pointing at traffic lanes,

       Shaking his head 

The police made Lin Pu pay the fine.
Finish exercises on 
workbook.
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