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18-19人教版 必修一 Unit 5 Section Ⅳ Language Points(Ⅱ)

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Section Ⅳ Language Points(Ⅱ) (Learning 
      about Language & Using Language)

                           [教  材  语  篇  细  研]
    第一步 速读——了解文章主题和段落大意

    速读课本    P38 内容,选择正确答案
    1.What's the main idea of the passage?
    A.Elias' new life.
    B.Elias' story.
    C.Nelson Mandela's story.
    D.Nelson Mandela's contribution to his country.
    2.Elias is proud of showing visitors over the prison,why?
    A.He could earn a living.
    B.He could know more about the prison.
    C.Which shows that he helped to make people free in their own land.
    D.Which shows that the new government is concerned about the people's life.
    【答案】 1-2 BC
    第二步 细读——把控文章关键信息

    细读  P38 课文内容,选择最佳答案
    1.Why did the name of Robben Island make them afraid?
    A.Because Robben Island was an island that was not beautiful.
    B.Because they spent the hardest time of their lives there.
    C.Because Robben Island was a bad man's name.
    D.Because Robben Island was not their home.
    2.Mr.Mandela began a school to        .
    A.make some money
    B.spend his spare time
    C.teach some prisoners
    D.make friends with the prisoners
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     3.Why did Mr.Mandela allow the prison guards to study too?
     A.Because he needed the guards' help.
     B.Because he thought the guards had their rights to study.
     C.Because the guards were black people too.
     D.Because the guards could pass their exams.
     4.How long was Elias in prison named Robben Island?
     A.Four years.                 B.Four months.
     C.Four weeks.                 D.Four days.
     5.Elias lost his job because        .
     A.he wasn't well educated when he was in prison
     B.the boss knew he had been in prison
     C.he was not fit for his work
     D.he didn't get on well with the other workers
     【答案】 1-5 BCBAB
     第三步 精读——能力升华 接轨高考

     根据  P38 课文内容,改正下列文中的           10 处错误
     Robben Island was a prison from which no one escaped.When Elias got to 
Robben  Island,Mandela was also there and help him.Mr.Mandela began a school 
and taught them during the lunch breaks and the evenings which they should have 
been asleep.In order to see the words they used anything they could find to make 
 candle.Mr.Mandela allowed the prison guards to join them and said they should not 
 be stopped from study for their degrees.After Elias set free from the prison,he found 
 a job because he was better educated.And he lost his job after the police found out and 
 told his boss about their experience.When Mr.Mandela and the ANC came to 
 power,he was given a job taken tourists around the prison on Robben Island.Though 
 he felt bad for the first time he talked to a group,now he is proudly to show visitors 
 over the prison,because he helped to make black people free in their own land.
     【答案】 
     Robben Island was a prison from which no one escaped.When Elias got to 
                                       help
Robben Island,Mandela was also there and helped him.Mr.Mandela began a school 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                               which
 and taught them during the lunch breaks and the evenings when  they should have been 
 asleep.In order to see the words they used anything they could find to make 
 candle
 candles.Mr.Mandela allowed the prison guards to join them and said they should not be 
             study
 stopped from studying for their degrees.After Eliaseq w∧as set free from the 
                                               And
 prison,he found a job because he was better educated. But  he lost his job after the 
                                   their
 police found out and told his boss about his  experience.When Mr.Mandela and the 
                                   taken
 ANC came to power,he was given a job taking tourists around the prison on Robben 
                                                              proudly
 Island.Though he felt bad fo﹨ r the first time he talked to a group,now he is proud  to 
 show visitors over the prison,because he helped to make black people free in their 
own land.
                            [语  言  基  础  自  测]

     Ⅰ.单词拼写
     根据汉语或首字母提示,写出下列单词

     1.She received an eight­year prison sentence(判决)for theft.
     2.In order to train the children's thought,the teacher encourages them to 
express their opinions(看法).
     3.The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts will be 
 rewarded(奖励)with success in the end.
     4.The tall walls are to prevent the lions from escaping from the zoo.
     5.Bill Clinton was elected President of the USA in 1992.
     6.It was not until Nelson Mandela and his government came to power that the 
 black began to be treated fairly.
     Ⅱ.拓展词汇
     根据词性和汉语提示,写出下列单词

     1.educate vt.教育;训练→educated     adj.受过教育的;有教养的→education 
 n.教育
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     2.beg vi 请求;乞求→beggar n.乞丐
     3.terror n.恐怖;可怕的人;恐怖活动/时期→terrorist n.恐怖分子

     Ⅲ.补全短语
     根据提示补全下列短语

     1.escape from                 从……中逃脱
     2.beg for                     乞求
     3.come to power               上台;当权
     4.set up                      建立
     5.lose heart                  失去勇气或信心
     6.be sentenced to             被判处……(徒刑)

     Ⅳ.选词填空
     选用上述短语的适当形式填空

     1.Since he came to power,the situation in the country has been greatly 
 improved.
     2.The policeman caught the robber,who was trying to escape from the police 
 car.
     3.After many failures,he finally set up his own company.
     4.The poor man had no money,so he had to beg for food in the street.

     Ⅴ.经典句式仿写
     1.You may change the form if necessary.必要时你可以改变形式。
     [记句式结构]if    句型省略
     [仿写促落实]I suggest you make a copy of the document,if possible.
     我建议你把文件复印一份,如果可能的话。

     2.Since I was better educated,I got a job working in an office.因为我受过
比较好的教育,我得到了一份坐办公室的工作。

     [记句式结构]since    引导的原因状语从句
     [仿写促落实]Since you know each other,I won't introduce.
     既然你们彼此认识,我就不介绍了。

     3.I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.第一次给旅行团作讲解时,我
感觉很糟。
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     [记句式结构]the first time 引导时间状语从句
     [仿写促落实]The first time I saw her,she wore a red skirt.
     我第一次见到她时,她穿着一条红裙子。

                            [核  心  要  点  探  究]

       escape vi.&vt.逃脱;逃走;避开

     (教材  P38)It was a prison from which no one escaped.那是一座任何人都逃不
 出去的监狱。

     (1)escape+n./doing            避免,逃脱……
     escape from+n.                从……中逃脱
         某事/某物被某人
     Error!   忘记
     (2)narrow escape              死里逃生

     ①Mary spoke to me,but her name escaped me at that moment.
     玛丽和我说话,但那个时候我没有想起她的名字。

     ②She managed to escape from the burning car.
     她设法从燃烧的汽车里逃了出来。

     ③Whoever breaks the law won't escape punishment/being punished(punish).
     谁违反了法律都将受到惩罚。              【导学号:11132056】

       come to power 当权;上台

     (教材  P38)I did not work again for twenty years until Mr.Mandela and the ANC 
came to power in 1994.
     在曼德拉和非洲人民大会党于             1994 年掌权之前,我有        20 年都没工作了。

     beyond/out of one's power     力所不能及的

     within one's power            力所能及的
     be in power                   执政
     take power                    掌权

     do all/everything in one's power to do sth.
                                   竭尽所能做某事

     ①Do you know when Hitler came to power?
     你知道希特勒是何时上台的吗?
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     ②China is a country where the people are in power.
     中国是个由人民掌权的国家。

     ③It's beyond my power to understand how the computer works.
     我不懂电脑运行原理。
     [名师点津] 
     come to power 表示动作,be in power  表示状态,所以       come to power 不能与

表示一段时间的状语连用,而              be in power 可以。
     How long has he been in power?
     他执政多久了?

       beg vi.请求;乞求

     (教材  P38)All that time my wife and children had to beg for food and help from 
 relatives or friends.
     在那期间,我的妻儿只得从亲戚或朋友那里乞求食物和帮助。

     (1)beg for                    乞求得到;请求得到
     beg(sb.)to do sth.            乞求(某人)做某事
     beg sth.of/from sb.=beg sb.for sth. 向某人要(求)某物

     beg one's pardon              对不起;没有听清,请求别人再重复
                                   一次,此时多用升调

     beg that...                   乞求……
     (2)beggar n.                  乞丐

     ①She ran to the nearest house and begged for help.
     她跑到最近的人家请求帮助。

     ②The children begged to come with us.
     那些孩子要求和我们一起来。

       (教材  P38)I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.第一次给旅行团作讲
 解时,我感觉很糟。

     【要点提炼】 名词性短语            the first time 在此作连词,引导时间状语从句,
 表示“第一次……时”。

     (1)the first time 用作连词引导时间状语从句,意为“第一次……时”,而
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 for the first time 是介词短语,意为“第一次”,在句子中作状语。
     (2)引导时间状语从句的短语或词还有              every time,each time,the last time,
the moment,the   minute,immediately,directly,instantly 等,起从属连词的作
用。

     ①I'll never forget meeting you for the first time.
     我从不会忘记第一次见你的情景。

     ②Every/Each time I was in trouble,he would come to help me out.
     每一次我遇到麻烦,他都会来帮我摆脱困境。

     ③The boy burst into tears immediately(immediate) he saw his mother.
     这个男孩一看到妈妈,就立刻哭了起来。

       reward n.报酬;奖金      vt.酬劳;奖赏

     (教材  P38)They said that the job and the pay from the new South African 
government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the 
Blacks.
     他们说从南非新政府得到的这份工作和薪水,是我毕生为争取黑人的平等
 权利而斗争所得到的回报。

     (1)give/offer a reward to sb.for(doing) sth.
                                   为(做)某事而给某人报酬
     as a reward for               作为对……的报酬/报答
     in reward(for)=in return(for) 作为(对……的)报答
     (2)reward sb.with...for(doing)sth. 为(做)某事而以……报答某人

     ①He gave the boy a reward of$100 for bringing back his lost dog.
     =He rewarded the boy with $100 for bringing back his lost dog.
     因为找回了丢失的狗,他奖励这个男孩                 100 美元。

     ②He received a medal in reward for his bravery.
     他因表现勇敢而获得了一枚奖章。

     ③They were rewarded(reward) for reading some books.
     他们因为读书而得到奖赏。             【导学号:11132057】

     [易混辨析] reward/award/prize
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     reward  报答;报酬;奖赏;表示由于做了某事而应该得到的东西
             奖项;奖品;指正式的或官方颁发、授予;也可以指法庭
     award
             裁决给予

     prize   奖赏;奖金;奖品;尤指在比赛中获得的荣誉
              (award/reward/prize)
    ①We will offer a reward of ten thousand yuan for information about the case.

    ②His movie won several awards at the film festival.

    ③In this competition you could win a prize worth $3,000.
      set up 设立;建立

    (教材  P39)Nelson Mandela set up law office to help poor black people in 
Johannesburg...
    纳尔逊·曼德拉成立法律办公室来帮助那些在约翰内斯堡的贫穷黑人……

    set down                      写下;记下
    set about                     开始做
    set aside                     把……放在一边;省出;留出
    set off                       出发;动身;使爆炸;引起;激发
    set out                       出发;动身;摆放;陈列;开始;着手

    注:set about doing sth.=set out to do sth.
    开始着手做某事(about      为介词,而      out 为副词)

    ①A letter from home set off an attack of his homesickness.
    一封家信一下子唤起了他的思乡之情。

    ②I'll set about preparing supper.
    我去准备晚饭。

    ③He set out to do (do) a lot of things,but didn't succeed.
    他着手做许多事情,但都没有成功。

      sentence vt.判决;宣判   n.判刑

    (教材  P39)Nelson Mandela was sentenced to five years' hard labour for 
encouraging violence against anti­black laws.
    纳尔逊·曼德拉因鼓励使用暴力对抗反黑人的法律而被判处五年劳教。

    (1)be sentenced to...         判某人……(徒刑)
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    sentence sb.to death          判某人死刑
    (2)life sentence              无期徒刑
    pass sentence on sb.          对某人宣判

    ①Having got involved in a theft,he was sentenced to five years in prison.
    由于偷窃他被判处五年监禁。

    ②With several sentences,the judge passed sentence on the criminal,who was 
sentenced(sentence) to death.
    法官用几句话宣布了对罪犯的判决,他被判处死刑。

                           [随  堂  效  果  落  实]

    Ⅰ.单句语法填空
    在空白处填入      1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
    1.He was sentenced(sentence)to ten years in prison just because he had helped 
the robbers escape.
    2.Mother is always able to make me feel (feel)good about myself when I fail in 
an exam.
    3.After finishing his homework,my son was allowed(allow)to go out to play 
with other children.
    4.It is necessary to set up a special team to deal with the matter.
    5.I felt her honesty the first time I met(meet)her.
    6.It is said that when the new president comes(come)to power he will have to 
face many difficult problems.
    7.Could you lend me a pump(打气筒)to blow up my bicycle tires?
    8.He lost(lose)heart,and finally failed in his work.
    9.That is a prison of high quality from which no one can escape.
    10.In my opinion,no one can stop her from marrying(marry)the American 
man.
    Ⅱ.单句改错(每个句子仅有          1 处错误)
    1.I felt he was a school teacher for the first time I saw him.去掉 for
    2.I will try my best to escape meet my boss at the gate of the company. 

meet→meeting
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    3.Did you know when the party came to the power? 【导学号:11132058】

                                                    去掉  power 前的  the
    4.Will the young man  be sentenced to die according to the new law?

die→death
    5.A fund(基金会)will be set off for the dead men's families.off→up
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