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人教版新课标 高考英语第一轮复习教案 ---- 语法复习—代词(二)

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

一.  教学内容:
    语法复习—代词(二)

二.  具体过程:
  9、指示代词 
    1)指示代词分单数(this / that)和复数(these / those)两种形式,既可作限定词又可
作代词,例如: 
    单数            复数 
    限定词:This girl is Mary.  Those men are my teachers. 
    代词:    This is Mary.    Those are my teachers. 
    2)指示代词的句法功能: 
    a. 作主语 
    This is the way to do it. 
    这事儿就该这样做。 
    b. 作宾语 
    I like this better than  that. 
    我喜欢这个甚过那个。 


    c. 作主语补语     [来源:Zxxk.Com]
    My point is this. 
    我的观点就是如此。 
    d. 作介词宾语 
    I don’t say no to that. 
    我并未拒绝那个。 
    There is no fear of that. 
    那并不可怕。 
    注意:①指示代词在作主语时可指物也可指人,但作其他句子成分时只能指物,不能
指人,
    (对)That is my teacher. 那是我的老师。(       that 作主语,指人) 
    (对)He is going to marry this girl. 他要和这个姑娘结婚。(this     作限定词) 
    (错)He is going to marry this. (this 作宾语时不能指人) 
    (对)I bought this. 我买这个。(this    指物,可作宾语) 
    ②that 和 those 可作定语从句的先行词,但          this 和 these 不能,同时,在作先行词时,
只有   those 可指人,试比较: 
    (对)He admired that which looked beautiful. 他赞赏外表漂亮的东西。 
    (对)He admired those who looked beautiful. 他赞赏那些外表漂亮的人。(those        指人)
 
    (错)He admired that who danced well. (that 作宾语时不能指人) 
    (对)He admired those who danced well. 他赞赏跳舞好的人。(those       指人) 
    (对)He     admired those which  looked beautiful. 他赞赏那些外表漂亮的东西。
(those 指物) 
  10、疑问代词 
    1)疑问代词在句中用来构成疑问句。疑问代词有下列几个: 
    指  人:   who, whom, whose 
    指  物:   what 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    既可指人又可指物:          which 
    2)疑问代词在句中应位于谓语动词之前,没有数的变化,除                         who 之外也没有格的变
化。what, which, whose 还可作限定词。试比较: 
    疑问代词:Whose are these   books on the desk?  桌上的书是谁的? 
    What was the directional flow of U. S. territorial expansion? 
    美国的领土扩张是朝哪个方向的? 
    限定词:Whose books are these on the desk?  桌上的书是谁的? 
    What events led to most of the east of the Mississippi River becoming part of the United 
    States? 哪些事件使密西西比河以东的大部分土地归属于美国? 
    注意①无论是作疑问代词还是限定词,which                 和  what 所指的范围不同。what        所指的
范围是无限的,而        which 则指在一定的范围内,例如: 
    Which girls do you like best? 
    你最喜欢哪个姑娘? 
    What girls do you like best? 
    你喜欢什么样的姑娘? 
    ②whom  是  who 的宾格,在书面语中,它作动词宾语或介词宾语,在口语中作宾语时,
可用   who 代替,但在介词后只能用          whom,  例如: 
    Who(m)    did  you meet on the street? 
    你在街上遇到了谁?(作动词宾语) 
    Who(m)    are you taking the book to? 
    你要把这本书带给谁?(作介词宾语,置句首) 
    To whom did you speak on the campus? 
    你在校园里和谁讲话了?(作介词宾语,置介词后,不能用                         who 取代。) 
    ③疑问代词用于对介词宾语提问时,例如: 
    For what d o most people live and work? 
    大部分人生活和工作的目的是什么?(旧文体) 
    What are you looking for? 
    你在找什么?(现代英语) 
    ④疑问代词还可引导名词性从句,例如: 
    I can’t make out what he is driving at. 
    我不知道他用意何在。 
    Can you tell me whose is the blue shirt on the bed?  
    你能告诉我床上的蓝衬衣是谁的吗? 
    Much of what you say I agree with, but I cannot go all the way with you. 
    你说的我大部分同意,但并不完全赞同。
  11. it 的用法: 
    1)it 指前面已经提到的人或事物。
    2)模糊   it: it 指时间, 季节,  气候,  距离,  情况等。
    a. It is time for the meeting. 
    b. It is Saturday today. 
    c. It is fine today. 
    d. It often rains in summer and it often snows in winter in this city. 
    e. It is five kilometer from home to the school.  
    3)it 作形式主语:     it 作形式主语时,     真正的主语可以是动词不定式,             动名词或由     that 引
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

导的主语从句.当句中的这些真正主语用词较多时,                     常用  it 作形式主语,     而把真正的主语移
到后面。
    a. It is a good habit to do morning exercise. 
    b. It is no use learning without thinking. 
    c. It is pity that you didn’t see such a good film. 
    4)it 作形式宾语:     it 作形式宾语时,     真正的宾语可以是不定式,           动名词或    that 引导的宾
语从句.   当宾语之后有宾补,        而作宾语的不定式或宾语从句用词较多时,                  常用  it 作形式宾语, 
而把真正的宾语移到后面 
    a. I find it easy to learn English well if in the right way. 
    b. I consider it wrong that you stand too close to an Englishman. 
    c. They want to make it clear that they are doing an important and necessary job. 
    5)it 用于强调句型: It + is / was + 被强调的部分       + that / who + 其他 
    a. Professor Wang teaches us English every Monday afternoon.(一般陈述句) 
    b. It is Professor Wang that / who teaches us English every Monday afternoon.(强调句) 
    c. It is us that / who Professor Wang teaches English every Monday afternoon.(强调句) 


    d. It is English that Professor Wang teaches us every Monday afternoon.(强调句) [来源:学。科。网 Z。X。X。K]
    e. It is every Monday afternoon that Professor Wang teaches us English.(强调句) 

【模拟试题】(答题时间:35                分钟)
  1.Was it during the Second World War_____ he died?        
    A. that             B. while            C. in which       D. then       
  2. Is ____ necessary to complete the design before National Day?


    A. this             B. that             C. it             D. he        [来源:学+科+网


Z+X+X+K]
  3. I don’t think ____ possible to master a foreign language without much memory work.       
    A. this             B. that             C. its            D. it    
  4. Does ______ matter if he can’t finish the job on time?
    A. this            B. that              C. he             D. it      
  5. It was not _____ she took off her glasses _____ I realized she was a famous film star.
  A. when, that        B. until, that       C. until, then    D. when, then 
  6. I was disappointed with the film . I had expected ______ to be much better.
    A. that            B. this              C. one            D. it     
  7. It was not until 1920 ______ regular radio broadcasts began.
    A. while           B. which             C. that           D. since            
  8. ______is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language.
    A. There            B. This             C. That           D. It      
  9. It was only when I reread this poems recently _____ I began to appreciate their beauty.
    A. until           B. that              C. then           D. so    


  10. I hate _____when people talk with their mouths full.[来源:学科网 ZXXK]
    A. it              B. that              C. these          D. them   
  11. It is the ability to do the job _____ matters not where you come from or what you are.
    A. one             B. that              C. what           D. it  
  12. It is generally considered unwise to give a child _________he or she wants.
    A. however         B. whatever          C. whichever      D. whenever 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  13. The Parkers bought a new house but _________will need a lot of work before they can 
move in.
    A. they            B. it                C. one            D. which
  14 . We didn’t plan our art exhibition like that but it _________very well. 
    A. worked out      B. tried out         C. went on        D. carried on
  15. _________is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. 
    A. It              B. As                C. That           D. What 
  16. It is said in Australia there is more land than the government knows________.
    A. it what to do with                   B. what to do it with
    C. what to do with it                   D. to do what with it 
  17 Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, ________I will always 
treasure. 
    A. that            B. one               C. it             D. what 
  18. —There’s coffee and tea, you can have_____             .
   —Thanks. 


    A. either          B. each              C. one            D. it[来源:Zxxk.Com]
  19. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ______ we would have lost our way. 
    A. it               B. that             C. this           D. which   
  20. The Foreign Minister said, “_______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace. ”
    A. This is         B. There is          C. That is        D. It is   
  21. ______ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. 
    A. It              B. As                C. That           D. What         
  22. We needed a new cupboard for the kitchen. So Peter made _____ from some wood we had.
    A. it              B. one               C. himself        D. another
  23. — The window is dirty. 
    — I know. It _____ for weeks.
    A. hasn’t cleaned  B. didn’t clean      C. wasn’t cleaned  D. hasn’t been 
cleaned
  24. It is reported that the United States uses _____ energy as the whole of Europe.
    A. as twice        B. twice much        C. twice much as  D. twice as much
  25. Bill’s aim is to inform the viewers t hat cigarette advertising on TV is illegal, _______? 
    A. isn’t it        B. is it             C. isn’t be       D. is he 
  26. Why! I have nothing to confess. _______ you want me to say? 
    A. What is it that B. What it is that   C. How is it that D. How it is that
  27.The chairman thought         necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting .
    A. that            B. it                C. this           D. him
  28. The doctor advised Vera strongly that she should take a holiday, but _______ didn’t help.
   A. it               B. she               C. which          D. he
  29. There was a loud scream from the backstage immediately after the concert ended, ______ ?
    A. wasn’t there    B. was there         C. didn’t it      D. did it
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

【试题答案】
  1~5 ACDDB                6~10 DCDBA 
  11~15 BBBAB              16~20 CBADD  
  21~25 BBDD               26~29 ABAA 
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