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2019高考英语一轮复习练习题新人教版必修5 Unit5FirstAid含解析

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                             Unit 5 First Aid
                                     李仕才
 一、阅读理解
    My daughter Kelly is a cautious person. She needs to warm up situations, and 

is hesitant to try new things. When with close friends, she becomes a leader who 

laughs loudly and chants. “Girls rule, boys drool.” But when that comfort zone 

is not around her, she is shy and nervous.

This has been challenging for me at times. “Shy” is not a word that I think has 

ever been used to describe me. But this has been year of firsts for my girl that 

has filled her with a new sense of confidence. This year she moved to lap lane in 

swimming where she was preparing for a swim team. This year she learned to ride a 

bike without training wheels. And this year she completed her first kids’ 

triathlon(三项全能).

    On Saturday, with a thunderstorm coming soon and my son’s birthday party 

later in the day, we all went out in the dark of the morning for Kelly to 

participate in her first triathlon. We practiced transitions from swim to bike to 

run with her, we got all the equipment she’d need, and we kept talking about the 

race. But as we waited the two hours for the older kids to finish before her turn, 

she held my leg a little harder and told me she loved me a few too many times. 

She was nervous but trying to keep it together.

    And then it was her turn. From the second she jumped into the water, my heart 

soared. My daughter transformed into the most confident human being I had ever 

seen. She dominated that swim, crushed that bike ride and ran to the finish with 

the biggest smile on her face.

    I can honestly say that I never felt so proud of someone in my entire life. 

It wasn’t because she did a sport or anything like that. It was because she was 

afraid of something and conquered that fear with confidence and a fire I hadn’t 

seen before.

    All day I would find myself just looking over at her and smiling. She might 

be wearing the finalist medal but I felt like I won that day. I won the chance to 
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

see my girl shine.

Shine on, sweet baby.

1.Kelly is nervous when ________.

  A. boys are around her

  B. she changes into a leader

  C. she is away from her mom

  D. situations are new to her

2.We can learn from Paragraph 3 that______.

  A. the race began in the early morning

  B. Kelly was eager for her turn in the race

  C. the whole family gave Kelly support

  D. her brother’s birthday party was delayed.

3.In the ending paragraphs the author “felt like I won that day” because 

Kelly________.

  A. Took part in the sport

  B. Expressed love to her

  C. Won the gold medal

  D. Changed completely

4.What kind of person do you think Kelly is?

  A. Timid and determined

  B. Cute and confident

  C. Fearful and energetic

  D. Sociable and brave

    【文章大意】本文讲述了“我”的女儿                 Kelly 是个慢热型的人,和陌生人在一起她会很

紧张很害羞,看到女儿赢得奖牌是作为父母最大的荣耀。

1.D 【解析】考查文章细节理解,根据文章中第一段所描述的                        She needs to warm up to 

      situations,is hesitant to try new things 以及  But when that comfort zone is 

      not around her,she is shy and nervous.,可知   Kelly 是一个慢热型的人,如果有

      新的情况,必然需要一段较长的时间适应,故选                    D。
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


3.D  【解析】考查文章细节理解,根据文章第五段中的                     It was because she was afraid 

      of something and conquered that fear with confidence and a fire I hadn’t 

      seen before 以及第六段中的 I felt like I won that day,可知她已经克服了她的

      恐惧了,故选      D。

4.A  【解析】推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句                  when that comfort zone is not around 

      her, she is shy and nervous.和倒数第二段最后一句         It was because she was 

      afraid of something and conquered that fear with confidence and a fire I 

      hadn’t seen before.由此可知     Kelly 有点害羞,又意志坚定。故选            A。

 二、教材与语法填空
 根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
     There are  three types of burns.  They are called first,  second or third 
 degree burns, 1.      (depend) on which layers of the skin 2.      (burn).
     First degree burns affect only the top layer of the skin. These burns are 
 not serious  and should feel 3.         (good) within a day  or two. Examples 
 include mild sunburn and burns caused by touching a hot pan, stove or iron for 
 4.       moment.
     Second degree burns affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. 
 These burns are serious 5.         take a few weeks 6.        (heal).Examples 
 include severe sunburn and burns 7.      (cause) by hot liquids.
     Third degree burns affect all three layers of the skin and any tissue and 
 organs 8.       the skin. Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, 9.      
 (burn)  clothes, or severe  petrol fires. These  burns cause very  severe 10.      
 (injure) and the victim must go to hospital at once.
 答案:1.depending 2.are burned 3.better 4.a 5.and
 6.to heal 7.caused 8.under 9.burning     10.Injuries

 三、完形填空。
     When your child is supposed to be doing homework, are they chatting with 
 their friends on Facebook or playing games? Many studies have shown that 
 multitasking doesn't __1__, __2__ you child is probably proudly claiming they 
 can do ten things __3__! Many people believe that they can __4__ two or more 

 tasks at the same time, but Dr. Edward Hallowell says this is __5__. The 
 reality is that multitasking __6__ poor job performance.
     New hand­help __7__ such as smartphones, iPads, games and social networking 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

sites make it very easy to multitask and __8__ attention leading to difficulty 
focusing on the task __9__, such as listening in the classroom or doing 
homework. “__10__, the brain actually __11__ kids for multitasking even 

though your child's performance on every task gets worse and worse. Kids don't 
know that they are doing __12__ because they feel better when they multitask,”

 says Dr. Edward Hallowell.
    __13__ the appearance of hand­held devices and social networking sites, 
teachers have noticed a difference in __14__ performance, critical thinking 
skills and how information is __15__. “Multitasking prevents people from 
gaining a deep understanding of the information they are trying to learn,” 

says Dr. Edward Hallowell. Kids have a difficult time sticking with a 
“difficult to understand” topic and __16__ to allow themselves to be 
distracted (注意力分散的), to tune out and switch __17__ to Facebook or using 

their cell phones __18__ working harder at understanding a difficult subject or 
problem. In the long __19__, multitasking affects grades. One study shows that 

kids that use the Internet while in class do __20__ on tests, resulting in 
lower grades.
    1.A.play             B.understand
       C.use            D.work
    2.A.only if           B.even though
       C.so that         D.no wonder
    3.A.at once           B.right away
       C.in no time       D.at random
    4.A.advocate         B.deal
       C.perform        D.prefer
    5.A.impossible       B.important
       C.impatient       D.impolite
    6.A.results in        B.results from
       C.exists in       D.exists from
    7.A.designs          B.discoveries
       C.equipment      D.evidence
    8.A.attract           B.draw
       C.pay           D.share
    9.A.at hand         B.on time
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       C.on schedule    D.at times
    10.A.Uncertainly     B.Unfortunately
        C.Universally    D.Undoubtedly
    11.A.remains        B.rewards
        C.regards       D.reflects
    12.A.better          B.well
        C.bad          D.worse
    13.A.Since          B.Before
        C.When        D.While
    14.A.accidental       B.accurate
        C.accessible     D.academic
    15.A.produced       B.processed
        C.possessed     D.promoted
    16.A.tend           B.attend
        C.intend        D.pretend
    17.A.out            B.on
        C.off           D.over
    18.A.except for       B.rather than
        C.more than      D.apart from
    19.A.run             B.walk
        C.journey        D.distance
    20.A.hardly          B.successfully
        C.poorly        D.mildly
    【解题导语】本文主要讲述了孩子们同时做多项任务对学业所造成的负面影响。
    1.D 根据下文中的“The reality is that multi­tasking __6__ poor job 
performance”可推知,一次做很多事情并没有什么效果,work“奏效,起作用”。
    2.B 根据语境可知,空处上下句之间存在逻辑上的转折关系,even though“即使,
尽管”,符合语境。
    3.A 根据下文中的“Many people believe that they can __4__ two or more 
tasks at the same time”可知,孩子们会声称能同时做十件事情。at once“一起,同时”
。
    4.C 根据语境可知,许多人相信他们可以同时做两件或是更多事情。perform“做,
执行,履行”。
    5.A 根据下文中的“poor job performance”可知,Dr. Edward Hallowell            认为同
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

时做多个任务是不可能的。故             A 项正确。
    6.A 根据语境尤其是“poor job performance”可推知,同时做多项任务的结果很
不好。result in“导致,造成”。
    7.C 根据空后的“smartphones, iPads”可知,此处表示新的便携式装备,故                        C 项
正确。下文     13 空后的“hand­held devices”也是信息提示。
    8.D 根据下文中的“leading to difficulty focusing on the task”可推知,多
任务容易分散注意力。share“共享,共用”。
    9.A 根据空后的“such as listening in the classroom or doing homework”可
知,这些都是手头要做的事。at hand“在手边”。
    10.B 根据第一段最后两句可知,Dr. Edward Hallowell             并不赞成多任务行为,因
此当大脑给这种行为以肯定或鼓励时,他认为是不幸的。
    11.B 根据空后的“even though”可知,空处与              worse 形成对比,由此可推知大脑
反而鼓励这种多任务行为。reward“奖赏,报答”。
    12.D 根据上文中的“gets worse and worse”和空后的“because they feel 
better when they multitask”可知,孩子们并不知道自己变得更糟糕。
    13.A 结合空后现在完成时的运用可知,此处应用连词                      since“自从……之后”引导
状语从句。
    14.D 根据上文的“teachers”可推知,老师们注意到学生们在学业上的差异。
academic“学术的”。
    15.B 根据下文中的“Multitasking prevents people from gaining a deep 
understanding of the information they are trying to learn”可知,这些便携式工具
的出现改变了学生处理信息的方式。process“处理”。
    16.A 根据空前的“Kids have a difficult time sticking with a ‘difficult 
to understand’ topic”可知,孩子们很难坚持一个理解起来有困难的话题,他们的注意
力往往会分散。tend to do sth.“往往会做某事”。
    17.D 根据语境可知,既然注意力分散了,孩子们就有可能转而关注学习之外的东西。
switch over to“转向”。
    18.B 根据语境可知,孩子们去玩手机或                 Facebook,而不是更努力地学习。rather 
than“而不是”。
    19.A in the long run  为固定短语,意为“从长远来看”,符合语境。
    20.C 根据空后的“resulting in lower grades”可知,在课堂上上网的孩子考试
成绩差。

四、教材与话题写作
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.一天, 汤姆看到一个小女孩在交通事故中受了伤。 小女孩在流血。 (injure; bleed)
                                    
答案:One    day,  Tom saw a  girl injured in  a traffic accident. The  girl was 
bleeding.
2.他从车上跳下来, 对她进行了急救。 (first aid)
                                    
答案:He jumped out of the car, and gave her first aid.
3.首先, 他按压伤口, 并把她放在合适的位置。然后, 他等着医生来到做进一步处理。
 (apply pressure to; in place; treat)
                                    
答案:First, he applied pressure to the wound, put her in place and waited for 
the doctor to further treat.
4.他的急救知识对小女孩起了很大作用。 (make a great difference)
                                    
答案:His knowledge of first aid made a great difference to the girl.
5.毫无疑问,        懂得一些急救知识很有必要,               因为危险无处不在,           事故时时发生。 
(There is no doubt that...)
                                    
答案:There    is no doubt that  it is necessary to know some knowledge of first 
aid because dangers lie everywhere and accidents happen from time to time.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。
                                    
                                    
                                    
                                    
                                    

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。
    One day,  Tom saw  a girl  injuring in a  traffic accident. The  girl was 
bleeding. Jumped out  of the car,  Tom gave her first  aid. First, he applied 
pressure to the wound, put her in place and waited for the doctor further treat. 
As a result of, his knowledge of first aid made a great difference to the girl.
There is no  doubt that it is necessary to  know some knowledges of first aid 
because dangers lie everywhere and accidents happen from time to time.
答案:
                               injuring
    One  day, Tom  saw a  girl  injured  in a traffic accident. The  girl was 
         Jumped
bleeding.Jumping out of the  car, Tom gave  her first aid.  First, he applied 
pressure to the wound, put her  in place and waited for the doctor  ∧  further 
                                                                   to
treat. As a result of, his knowledge of first aid made a great difference to 
                                                           knowledges
the girl.There is no doubt that it is necessary to know some knowledge  of first 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

aid because dangers lie everywhere and accidents happen from time to time.

 


 
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