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辽宁省北票市高级中学高中英语必修五人教版:Unit 3 Life in the future Language Points 学案

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                 必修  5 Unit3 Life in the future Reading 知识点学案   

                                            领导签字: 
【重点单词短语】

1. impression 

His first speech as president made a strong impression on his audience. 
他当会长后的第一次演讲给听众留下了深刻的印象.
What’s your first impression of the new teacher? 你对新校长的初步印象怎么样?
通过观察以上句子,impression         是_____   词,意思是__________.
【用法归纳】

________________ an impression _______ sb. 给……留下印象
impression ______ (doing) sth. …    对(做)……的印象
【思维拓展】

impress vt. 使感动,使留下印象
impress sth. on / upon sb. / one's mind = impress sb. with sth. 
给某人留下……的印象
be impressed by/at/with 对……印象深刻
impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的         an impressive scene 难忘的场面
【即学即练】

(1)The new teacher _________________________ the students.
新教师给学生留下了一个好印象。

(2)I __________________ that I‘ve seen that man before.
我觉得我以前见过那个人。

(3)The robber _____________________ his feet in the mud.强盗在烂泥里留下了他的脚印。

(4)The teacher ____________ the importance of English ______ us.老师让我们铭记(向我们
强调)英语的重要性。
(5)I was deeply __________________ his performance.
他的表演给我留下极深的印象。

2.previous
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原文再现:________________________________________
意思是__________________    是________词。
We had met on a previous occasion. 我们上次见过面. 
He was there the previous day. 他前一天还在那儿呢. 
Who was the previous owner? 谁是以前的物主?
【思维拓展】

previous to...在……前;先于……(to     为介词)       previously adv.先前地;以前地
【即学即练】

(1)No ____________ experience is necessary for this job.这一工作无需相关的经验。
(2)____________ this, she’d always been ill.
这以前,她身体一向不好。

(3)The world record was _____________ held by a Spanish athlete.这项世界纪录以前是由
一位西班牙运动员保持的。


3.lack[来源:Zxxk.Com]

原文再现_______________________________________________________
I cannot buy the bike because of my lack of money. 我因为缺钱而不能买那辆自行车。

lack creativity, self-discipline, courage 缺乏创造性﹑ 自制力﹑ 勇气
They lacked the money to send him to university. 他们没钱送他上大学.
What he lacks in experience he makes up for in enthusiasm. 他热心工作以弥补其经验的不
足.
通过观察以上句子,lack          是_____  词或_________词,意思是__________.
【思维拓展】

for lack _______ … 由于缺少         lack _________... 在… 缺乏(不足)
lack ________... 缺少… (多用于否定句)
【即学即练】

1) 由于燃料不足,那个国家很多小厂都关闭了。
Many small plants in that country closed down ______ _______ ________ fuel.
2) 我深信他们在数量上缺乏的东西,就在质量上来补。
It strikes me that what they _______ ________ quantity, they make up in quality.
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3) 我什么都不缺,他既当父亲又当母亲。
I ________ _________ nothing, for he was both father and mother to me. 
4. adjustment


原文再现:______________________________________________________[来源:学*科*网 Z*X*X*K]
adjustment 是________ 词,   其动词形式是____________.       无论做动词还是作名词,都
常与介词______     连用。make adjustment   意为______________.


【即学即练】[来源:Zxxk.Com]

1). 他很快适应了她的生活方式。
He soon __________ himself ________ her way of life.
2). 我对座次表作了小小的调整。
I made a few minor __________ __________ the sitting plan.

4.take up 

原文再现:_______________________________________      ________________
take up 在此句中意为_________
He took up the telephone receiver and asked for a number. 
他拿起听筒,问了一个号码。

The bus stopped at the stop to take up the passengers. 公共汽车停下来让乘客上车。
Please take the large table out because it takes up too much room. 请把大桌子搬出去,它占
的空间太多了。

通过观察以上句子,我们发现              take up 的意思是___________________________.
【思维拓展】

take off 脱(衣服);起飞;成名        take in 吸入;领会;包含;收留(某人)
take away 解除;消除(痛苦等)
take back 收回(说过的话);退回(货物);与……重归于好,使回忆起
take down (=write down, note down) 写下;拆除
take on 呈现(新面貌);雇用;承担责任              take for 当做;误认为  
take apart 拆开               take over 接管,接收
【即学即练】       写出下列句中       take up 的意思。
(1)Finally he took up the textbook and read us the lesson.    (      )
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(2)The table takes up too much room. (      )
(3)She took up the story where Tim had left off. (      )
(4)John took up writing poetry while at school. (      )
(5)She took up his offer of a drink. (      )
(6)This skirt needs taking up. (      )
(7)Their protests were later taken up by other groups. (      )

5.lose sight of

原文再现:__________________________________________      __________
【思维拓展】

at the sight of     看到……     out of sight    看不见,看不到
in / within sight     在视野之内    in one’s sight   在某人看来


come into sight      进入视野,映入眼帘          go out of sight     从视野内消失[来源:学科网]
get / have / catch sight of     看得见,发现   lose one's sight     失明
at first sight     乍一看   Out of sight, out of mind.     眼不见,心不烦。(谚)
【即学即练】

(1)I __________________ him in the crowd.
在人群中我再也看不到他了。

(2)She let out a cry _______________________the snake.她一见到蛇,就发出叫喊声。
(3)Sheila __________________ her own face in one of the shop windows.
希拉在一扇橱窗里瞥见了自己的脸。

(4)When we got to the beach, there wasn’t a soul ____________.
我们到达海滩时一个人也看不到。

6. sweep up

原文再现:

_____________________________________________________________________
根据语境猜词义        A. 打扫;扫除  B.       横扫;掠过  C.      一把抱起某人
(1)  The strong wind swept up the leaves off the street. 
(2)  She swept her little child and went away. 
(3)  Please help me to sweep up the waste paper in the room. 
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【思维拓展】

sweep away  扫清;消灭;彻底消除           sweep off    扫清;  吹走;  大量清除
sweep out   扫掉;  清除     sweep over  将……一扫而光; (某种感情)掠过(……的心头)

【即学即练】        用sweep up的适当形式填空                   


①After the party, the house needed            .[来源:Z&xx&k.Com]

②The leaves were                 into the air by the strong wind.
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