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人教版高中英语选修七课件:Unit 5 Travelling abroad--Language points

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Language points for Reading I
Language points for Reading II
1.  How difficult do you think it is to adjust to the 
   customs of another country? 
   adjust to sth/ adjust oneself to sth: make oneself 
   suitable for; get used to sth, especially by 
   changing your behaviur or your ideas 适应…。
   adjust vi. 适应
   He adjusted quickly to the heat of India.
   adjust vt. 调整
   He adjusted his tie before entering the hall.
   adjustable   adj.可调整的
   adjustment  n.调整
adapt &adjust  
※  adapt (oneself) to “适应,适合”
You should adapt yourself to the new environment.    
 你应该适应新环境。
adjust   “适应” “调整”、“调节”使之适应
※ adjust (oneself) to =adapt (oneself) to                 
“适应”
He adjusted his tie before entering the hall.
注意
adapt(oneself) to 的to是介词,后跟名词或
动词-ing形式。类似的词组有:
 be (get) used to          习惯于
 be related to              与……相关
 lead to                        带领,导致,通向
 devote oneself to      献身于
 contribute to             为……作贡献
 access to            接近/进入(某地的)方法
look forward to                  盼望
pay attention to                 注意
give rise to                        引起
be accustomed to            习惯于
be addicted to                  沉溺于
stick to           坚持
belong to                          属于
refer to          提到,涉及到,查阅
2. Keep it up, Xie Lei.  谢蕾,再接再厉。
 keep it up: continue doing or trying 不松劲,坚持
 下去。在这个短语中,it 本身词义模糊,只是帮
 助构成习语。例如:
 If only he could keep it up, he would 
 break the world record.
 又如,在take it easy (别着急),so it seems. 
 (好像如此。)等习语中,it 也没有实际意义。
3. Chinese student fitting in well. 
 中国学生适应能力强
 这是  A Chinese student is fitting in well 的省略形
 式。在英语标题中,为了简介需要,通常只出现
 诗词,而把虚词,冠词,介词,助动词,连词等
 略去,省略是英语新闻标题的一大特点。
 fit in (with …): get alone (with); be in a suitable 
 relation (with) 相处融洽;适应。例如:
 It is necessary for us to fit in with the times. 
 我们必须与时俱进。
4. Six months ago, Xie Lei said goodbye to her family and 
 friends in China and boarded a plane for London.
 六个月以前,谢蕾告别中国的家人和朋友,登上了飞
 往伦敦的飞机。

  board n.&v.
   1) 上(船或别的交通工具)
   2) n. 木板,纸板,董事会,委员会
   3) 供食宿
e.g.   board a plane       搭乘飞机
I’m _________withboarding  a friend.
我向朋友提供食宿.

与board相关的短语:
on board (a ship /a train) 表状态
go on board (a ship /a train) 表动作
on the board 将在会上讨论
board of honor 光荣榜
5. It was the first time she had ever left her motherland.
  这是她第一次离开祖国。
  the first time 的用法:该句使用了句型
  "It is+ the+序数词+time+ that从句", 
  that从句中的谓语常用现在完成时。
  He cast his net for the first time.
  他撒了第一网. (for the first time的作用相
  当于一个副词)
It’s time for sth.   该做某事了。
It's time that...中, that从句中的谓语动词
用过去时或用"should+动词原形"(should
不能省略)。
e.g.   It's time we started.
   =It's time we should start.
辨析: the first time与for the first time
    the first time       作n. 或conj.
    for the first time 介词短语用作状语.
    Practice:
    I thought her honest ___ I met her.
    A. first time
    B. for the first time
    C. the first time
    D. by the first time
  这句话的意思是: “第一次和她见面时, 我就认
为她诚实。”      “第一次”英语为the first time, 
the first time I met her相当于when I first met 
her。for the first time的意思是 “作为第一次”。
如: He cast his net for the first time. 他撒了第一
网。for the first time的作用相当于一个副词。
 It’s time for sth.   该做某事了。
 It's time that...中, that从句中的谓语动词用过去
 时或用"should+动词原形"(should不能省略)。
  It's time we started.
  (It's time we should start.)
6. Xie Lei, who is 21 years old, has come to our 
  university to complete a business qualification.
qualification: 资格; 资格证明
admission qualification  入学资格
physical qualifications   身体条件
And your highest education qualification?
  你的最高学历是什么?
Even after qualification job is hard to find.
即使取得了资格,工作还是很难找到的。
7. She is halfway through the preparation year, 
  which most foreign students complete before 
  entering a degree course.
  preparation n.   准备
  The boy was very lazy. He did little preparation
  for the exam.
  这男孩很懒,他对考试几乎没有事先准备。
与prepare相关的短语:
  be prepared for sth. / to do sth. 
  对某事做好准备
  prepare for sth. / to do sth. 
  为某事做准备
  make preparations for sth. / to do sth. 
  为某事做准备
  prepare sb.(sth.)for sth. / to do sth. 
  使某人对某事做准备
  in preparation  
  在准备中
  make preparation  
  做准备
8. Xie Lei highly recommends the course. 
  highly adv.
  1) 高度的
    a highly developed economy /高度发达的经济
  2) very 很,非常
    highly skilled/intelligent /十分熟练/聪明
    辨析:  highly和high
    high表示空间高度, 通常指物;highly表示
    程度,相当于much。
    The plane was flying high. 
    I think highly of your opinion.
 Although he was disabled when he 
was only ten years of age, yet he aimed 
________, for which his classmates 
spoke ________ of him.
 A. high; high
 B. highly; highly
 C. highly; high
 DD. high; highly
recommend vt.
1) 推荐,赞许
   He recommended a book to his 
 students.
2) 劝告,建议
  后接doing 不接to do不定式作宾语。
   I recommend buying that pen.
  The doctor recommend his patient to 
go out for a walk.
类似用法的单词还有:
  allow/advise/forbid/permit等.
3) recommend 表示主观判断,推测,建议,
命令,要求的动词,通常引起虚拟语气的宾
语从句,从句谓语动词常用should+ v.原形,
且should可以
省略,类似的单词有:     suggest/
insist /recommend/propose/ 
require/request/demand
  They demanded that the right to vote be 
 given to every adult.
  We insisted that Mr. Brown chair the 
 meeting. 
9. It’s not just study that’s difficult.    
 困难不仅仅在学习方面。
 It is (was) 被强调部分+ that (who) +句子其他部分。
 此结构强调的成分仅限于主语,宾语和状语。
 It is from the sun that we get light and heat. 
 It was not until I had read your letter that
 I understood the true state of affairs.
10.You have to get used to a whole new way of life, which  
 can take up all your concentration in the beginning.
   get used to 习惯做某事。后接名词或doing形式。
   I have got used to the local custom.

   辨析: be used to do, used to do与 be used to doing
   1) be used to do 被用作
     The table is used to put on things.
   2) used to + do:“过去常常”表示过       去习惯性
     的动作或状态,但如今已不存在。
  Mary used to take a walk.
  (过去常常散步)
3) be used to + doing: 对……已感到习惯,或
“习惯于”,to是介词,后需加名词或动名
词。
  Mary is used to taking a walk. 
  He(现在习惯于散步 used to get up )late. But now he is used to 
  getting up early. 
  他过去习惯晚起, 但现在他习惯早起床。
take up
 1) 占去时间
   I won’t take up much of your time. 
    我不会占用你太多时间。
 2) 占去空间
   The big bed takes up a lot of room.
 3) 从事于,专注于
   He took up maths while at school.
 与take相关的短语:
   take away      拿走,离开
   take in sth.    接受
take in sb.    欺骗
take off         起飞,取消
take on         呈现,承担
take on sb.   雇用
take over      接管
take to          喜欢
take turn      轮流
in the beginning: at first 起初。
例如:
Everything is difficult in the beginning. 
万事开头难。
11. When I got lost and had to ask a passer-by 
   directions, I didn’t always understand.
   当我迷路,不得不向过路人问路时,我并
   不是总能明白.
  got lost是由“get+过去分词”构成的短语,
  类似的还有:
  get excited, get married, get hurt, get paid, 
  get dressed, get drunk.
12. Xie Lei lives with a host family  who give her lots of 
   good advice.
   谢蕾住在当地一户人家里,这家人给了她很多的建议
   host vt.& n.
  1) 主人
  2) 主持人
     Your host on tonight’s show is Mr Li.
  3) 主办, 主持或作为主人接待客人
     He will host the 42nd Annual Grammy 
     Awards ceremony.
     hostess n.   女主持人,女主人
13. Living with host families, in which there 
   may be other college students, gives her the 
   chance to learn more about the new culture.


    非限定性定语从句,修饰families.
14. Also, when I miss my family, it’s a great 
   comfort to have a substitute family to be with.
comfort: n.舒适; 安慰
You are a great comfort to your parents. 
你是父母最大的安慰。
comfort 常用短语
be of good comfort 振作起来, 鼓起勇气
give comfort to 安慰
comfort: vt. 安慰
She comforted the ill child. 
她安慰这个生病的孩子。
I tried to comfort Jone after her mother's death. 
琼的母亲去逝以后我尽力劝慰她。
substitute
n.代替者;代用品
We can use plastics as a substitute for steel。
我们可以用塑料做钢的代用品。
vt. 用…替代   …
The coach substituted Smith for Jones.
教练让史密斯上场,换下了琼斯。
  15. I was numb with shock!  
    我惊得发呆!

    句中with用来表示原因,意为“因为,由
于”.
    Her face was pale with cold.
 16. Besides, as far as he was concerned, what other 
  people thought was not the most important thing. 
  另外,他还说别人的想法不是最重要的事情。
1) besides
  besides 用作介词,作“除……之外,有”;
 There are five other people besides both of us. 
 除了我们两人之外,还有五个人。
 它还可以用作副词,作“还有,而且”解。含
  有肯定和附加的意思。
 I don’t want to go out for a walk. Besides, I’m 
  very hungry.
 我不想出去散步,况且我很饿了。
注意:
 1) beside是介词,意为“在……旁边”
  (=next to)。
   I often sit beside the driver.
   我常常坐在司机旁边。
  2) except是“除……之外(不包括本身在内)”的意
    思,含有否定和排除的意思,表示除去一部分,
    着重在“不包括”(not including)的含义。
   We invited every boy student except Bob. 
    除了鲍勃外,我们邀请了所有的男生。
    (鲍勃不包括在内) 
2) concern
  v. 涉及,关系到, 关心
  n. (1) 关系或利害关系之事
    (2) 关心,担心
     Don't interfere in what doesn't concern you. 
     别管与自己无关的事。
     Our losses are beginning to concern me. 
     我们的损失使我担心起来。
     习惯用法:show concern for sb. 关心某人
     She is indifferent to your love for she shows no 
     concern for you. 
     她对你的爱情无动于衷,因为她对你毫不关心。
have no concern with sth.
同某事没有关系
I have no concern with your family dispute.
你的家庭纠纷与我无关。
be concerned with 涉及,与……有关
He was suspected to be concerned with the 
bribery case. 
他被怀疑涉嫌这起受贿案。
be concerned about/for/with …关心…
The mother was so concerned for her hospitalized 
son that she kept awake for several nights.    
这位母亲关心生病住院的儿子, 几夜没有合眼。
 so/as far as…is concerned. 
就……而言
   As far as I'm concerned, I should like to 
 say I am not in favor of the plan.
   就我而言,我想说我不赞成这计划。
17. Xie Lei told me that she feels much more 
   at home in England now…
   feel at home: 感觉自在;无拘束
   I'll try my best to make you feel at home.
   我会尽力使您有宾至如归的感受。
   People from all over the world feel at home 
   in Hong Kong.
   来自世界不同角落的旅客,来到香港均有
   宾至如归的感觉。
18. I have been so occupied with work that I 
   haven’t had time for social activities. 
   我一直忙于学习,一直于没有时间去参加
   社会活动。
 occupy vt.占用;占领,;占据
 Many troubles occupy his mind.
 许多烦恼盘据在他的心头。
 Sports occupy his attention.
 他专心于运动。
occupy的习惯用语
  – be occupied in 
   正在(做某事) 
  – occupy oneself with 
   从事于..., 忙于..., 专心于... 
  – occupy oneself in 
   从事于..., 忙于..., 专心于...
19. She deserves to succeed.
deserve: be worth of; be fit for 值得;应受。例如:
succeed
vi. 成功
If you work hard you will succeed.
如果你努力工作,你就会成功。
vt. 接替;继任
He had no son to succeed him. 
他没有儿子继承他。
succeed的习惯用语
  – succeed in 在...获得成功
  – succeed oneself [美]再度当选, 连任,
  – succeed sb. as 继某人出任(某职) 
  – succeed sb. in 继某人接掌(某职权); 袭某人爵位[官衔] 
  – succeed to 继承
  – succeed with 在...上获得成功

 recommend  vt. 推荐;介绍
     comfort  n. 舒服;舒适;安慰
   substitute  n. 代替品
 requirement  n. 需要;需求
acknowledge  vt. 承认;确认
      occupy  v. 占领,使忙于
     succeed  v. 成功;继任
  comment  n&v. 评论;批评
短语翻译
1.习惯于  get / be / become used to
2.全神贯注    be occupied with / in...
3.适应   adjust to
4.就……而言    as far as one is concerned
5.保持   keep up
6.相适应   fit in
7.无拘束   feel at home
8.安顿下来   settle in
9.成功做某事    succeed in doing sth.
10.与……有共同之处      have...in common
 Complete the sentences with the 
 suitable words in their proper forms.
1. Sara acknowledged____________ ( acknowledged, 
 acknowledgement ) her mistake and 
 apologized immediately.
2. The travel agency booked my flight and 
 ______________accommodation  (accommodate, 
 accommodation ) for me.
3. He has a good __________relationship  (relation, 
 relationship) with his uncle who loves him 
 very much.
4. I am too occupied________ (occupied, occupation)
with my own work to help you with yours.
5. The new software can meet almost all our 
 ____________requirements  (require, requirements).
6. The chemist ________analyzed  (analyzed,  analysis) 
 the coffee and found it contained poison.
7. A good book can be a great _______comfort  
 (comfort, comfortable) when you feel upset.
8. After four years of study, you will gain a 
 qualification___________ (qualified, qualification) in 
 marketing.
9. I’ve got lots of preparation___________ (prepare, 
 preparation) to do for the dinner party 
 tonight.
10. _________Hopefully  (Hopeful, Hopefully), my new 
 passport will be ready in time for my holiday.
1.很奇怪这两个双胞胎没有什么共同之处。
(have…in common)
 It is strange that the twins should have 
 nothing in common.
2.就他而言,他负担不起一间这样昂贵的房子。
(as/so far as one concerned)
 As far as he is concerned, he can’t afford to 
 buy such an expensive house.
3.她慢慢地习惯了这里风大的日子。(adjust to)
 She slowly adjusted to the windy days here.
4.他离开法国时,还坚持学法语。(keep up)
 When he left France, he still kept up 
 French.
5.自从退休后,他一直忙于撰写回忆录。(be 
 occupied with…)
 Since he retired, he has been 
 occupied  (in) writing his memories.
 Or: Since he retired, he has been 
 occupying himself in writing his 
 memories.
6.那位旅客正在上船。
  The traveller is going on board.
7.我们应该适应变化的形势。
  We should fit in with the changed situation.
 consolidation
 翻译并朗读课文句子
1.六个月之前,谢蕾告别了她在中国的家人
 和朋友,登上了前往伦敦的飞机。
 Six months ago Xie Lei said goodbye to
 her family and friends in China and 
 boarded a plane for London. 
2.这是她第一次离开自己的祖国。
 It was the first time she had ever left her 
 home country.
3.我很久以前就梦想着能有这么一天。
 I had dreamed of this day for so long.
4.谢蕾来我们大学上学,希望获得工商管
 理资格证书。
 Xie Lei has come to our university to 
 complete a business qualification.
5.大多数外籍学生在进入学位课程学习之
 前必须学一年预科。
 Most foreign students must complete 
 the preparation year before entering a 
 degree course. 
6.她非常看重预科课程。
 Xie Lei highly recommends the course. 
7.预科课程非常有益。
  The preparation course is most beneficial.
8.你还必须习惯一种全新的生活方式。
  You have to get used to a whole new way 
  of life.
9.一开始的时候,习惯一种全新的生活方
  式会占去你的全部注意力。
  Getting used to a whole new way of life 
  can take up all your concentration in the 
  beginning.
10.虽然有些外国学生同其他学生一起住在学生
  宿舍或公寓房里,但有些学生选择寄宿在英
  国人的家中。
  Although some foreign students live in 
  student accommodation or apartments with 
  other students, some choose to board with
  English families.
11.跟房东家住在一起会给外国学生提供机会更
  好地了解这个新国家的日常生活和风俗习惯。

  Living with host families gives students the 
  opportunity to learn more about everyday life 
  and customs in their new country. 
12.当我想家的时候,有一个我家的替身可以回
   去,给了我很大的安慰。
   When I miss my family, it’s a great comfort 
   to have a substitute family to come home to.
13.谢蕾的预科课程还帮助她熟悉了西方大学里
   在学术方面的要求。
   Xie Lei’s preparation course is helping her 
   to get used to academic requirements of a 
   Western university.
14.我不能把别人的话写下来而不表示感谢。
   I couldn’t write what other people had said 
   without acknowledging them.
15.现在她在英国感到自在多了。
   She feels much more at home in England now.
16.开始时认为似乎很怪的事,如今觉得
   似乎很正常了。
   Things that had seemed very strange at the 
   beginning now appear quite normal.
17.一直忙于适应环境,以至于我没有时
   间去搞社会活动。
   I have been so occupied getting used to 
   everything that I haven’t had time for social 
   activities.
18.我认为在学习与社会生活之间的平衡是
   很重要的。
   I think it’s important to have a balance
   between study and a social life.
19.我们衷心祝愿她事业有成。
   We wish her all the best with her enterprises. 
20.她是应该取得成功的。
   She deserves to succeed.
21.他认为别人的想法并不是最重要的。

   As far as he was concerned, what 
   other people thought was not the 
   most important thing.
Language points for Reading II
      Language points for Reading II

1. Why does the travel agent advise her not to travel alone?
1) advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事,不定式作补语。
  类似的动词还有: advise, allow, believe, command, 
  consider, declare, encourage, find, forbid, imagine, 
  know, like, order, permit, persuade, remind, request, 
  require, suppose.
advise与suggest两者的区别是:
advise后面加somebody (not) to do...,而suggest后面必
须加somebody (或者somebody's) doing...,当然两者
都可以接宾语从句,注意宾语从句的动词形式必须
是(should) (not) do…

e.g.  I advise my father to stop smoking.
    I suggest my father( father’s) stopping smoking.
    I advise/suggest (that) my father (should) stop 
    smoking.
 2) alone
辨析: alone和lonely
alone既可用作形容词,又可用作副词,意为“独
自的(地)、单独的(地)”,侧重于说明独自
一人,没有同伴或助手,指的是客观情况。
A. alone用作形容词时,一般与be动词连用,
   在句中作表语。
   She is alone at home. 
   (她独自一人在家。)
   He is not alone in this idea. 
  (有这种想法的不只是他一个人。)
B. alone用作副词修饰动词时,应该放在动词后面作状语。
  I like to work alone. 
  (我喜欢独自一人工作。)
  Han Mei was reading alone when the teacher came into 
  the classroom. 
  (老师走进教室时,韩梅正独自一人在看书。)

    lonely只用作形容词,它在句中既可作定语,也可
  作表语,表示“孤独的,寂寞的”意思。该词带有
  浓厚的感情色彩,具有“渴望得到同伴”的含义,
  其比较级形式为lonelier。
 A. lonely用作定语时,意为“孤单的,无伴侣的,
   无人烟的,荒凉的,偏僻的”           等。
   At heart, I’m a lonely man. 
  (内心深处我很孤独。)
   That’s a lonely island. 
  (那是一个荒凉的岛屿。)
B. lonely 用作表语时,可以表示“孤寂的,
   寂寞的”意思。
   We never feel lonely in Shanghai. 
   (在上海我们从不感到孤独。)
   I was alone but I didn’t feel lonely. 
   (我独自一人,但我并不感到孤独。)
2. the Andes Mountains running parallel to the coast.
  安第斯山脉(与沿海地带)平行一直到海岸。
  run v. 伸展,延伸
  ▲与run相关的短语:
  run for it      逃跑
  run across    偶然遇见
  run after       追赶
  run at            向某人冲去
  run into sb.   撞着某人
  run off           排出
  run over         溢出
  run away       逃走
parallel adj. 平行的,
parallel line 平行线
be parallel to/with 与…平行
The road and the canal are 
parallel to each other.
3. Peru has abundant plants from desert grasses 
  to vast areas of jungle.
abundant adj. 丰富的;充裕的
be abundant in 富于......,......很丰富
 abundance  n. 丰富
 in abundance   大量,充裕
 an abundance of  很多的......
…was governed by …
govern v. 管理,统治= rule
You must not be governed by the opinions 
of others.
你决不要受别人意见的支配。
4. It is a popular tourist destination as it is close to the …
 destination: n. 目的地
 We eventually arrived at our destination.
 我们终于到达了目的地。
 Life can be likened to a journey with an
 unknown destination.
 生命可以被比作一次不知目的地的旅行。
5. Cuzco is a lively city with many hotels and inns,…

   1) lively: 活泼的,生动的,有生气的
     作定语和表语
     a lively mind  头脑灵活的
   2) alive:活着的,活的
     作定语放于名词后,表语形容词=living
     His dog is alive.
     the greatest man alive
     keep sth. alive
3) living活着的,逼真的+n.
 the living writer
 the livings
4) live:  现场直播的, 活着的
 a live whale.
 The football match will be broadcast live.
    Choose the correct words to fill on the blanks.
    alive, living, live, life, lively
1. Pandas usually ____live  in the south and 
  southeast of China.  
2. There aren't many pandas __________alive/living in 
  the world today. 
3. Nothing can ____live  without air or water.
4. Are there any ______living  things on one of the stars?  
5. He had a strange way of making his lessons _____live  
  and interesting. 6. The old couple _____lively a happy life.
7. It was a ____live  TV broadcast, not a cassette recording.

8. Look! The fish is still _____.alive  It’s a ______living  fish. Put it 
  into water and keep it _____.alive

1. C________afeteria  is a restaurant where people 
  collect their own food and drink, often in 
  a store, factory, college, etc.
2. During her stay in England she b______oarded 
  with a host family.
3. We are making p___________reparations  to fly Mr. 
  Brown to the nearest hospital.
4. Can you r__________ecommend  any reasonably-
  prices hotels in Amsterdam?
5. Students who fail to meet the r____________equirements  
  of the course won’t succeed.
6. Madam Curie is usually a_____________cknowledged  to 
  be one of the best scientists.
7. He loosened his belt for c_______omfort  after such 
  a long journey.
8. We need someone with e__________nterprises  and 
  imagination to design a marketing strategy.
9. H________opefully  we’ll be in Norwich by early 
  evening by our efforts.
10. The Pacific Ocean is a_________bundant  in rare 
  species of plants and animals.
II.Choose the right phrases to fill in
  the blanks, and change the form if necessary.
 (fit in; fit in with; keep up with; 
   substitute…for; qualify sb for; adjust to)

11. I’m having trouble ________________keeping up with
  the rest of the class.
12. At first I felt awkward, but soon I learned to
  _____fit  in_____.
13. Dawn _____is  well ___________qualified for  for her new
  role.
14.The recipe says you can _________substitute  yoghurt 
  ______for  the sour cream.
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