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译林牛津高一模块二Unit 1 重要词汇(下)学案

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

一、重要词汇(单词+词组)

1. In a survey, we ask people to respond to a list of questions or statements.

     statement   n.   陈述,声明

   他很可能会发表电视声明。

   It was likely that he would make a televised statement.

   该国政府关于中东目前局势的声明通过电视广播迅速传遍全世界。

   The government statement on the present situation in the Middle East was soon carried all 
   over the world by TV.

   搭配:

   对…进行声明            make a statement on/about

   人们预计首相将在今天下午就政策的改变发表声明。

   The prime minister is expected to make a statement on/about the policy change this afternoon.

   【拓展】in a …state

   那房子很脏。

   The house is in a dirty state.

2. A stands for Agree, D for Disagree, and N for Not sure.

     disagree     vi      不同意,持不同意见,有分歧

   搭配:

   与某人意见不同;不适合某人,使某人不舒服                      disagree with sb. 

   反对/不赞成(做)某事                 disagree with sth./doing sth.

   他在许多事情上都与父母意见不同。

   He disagreed with his parents on most things.

   我不喜欢住在南方,因为那儿的食物不合我的胃口。

   I don’t like to live in the south, for the food there disagrees with me.

    【单词积累】 disagreement       n.  分歧,不一致
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   对于这个计划的价值,我的意见和你的完全不同。

   I’m in total disagreement with you as to the value of this plan.


3. Please tick the appropriate boxes (tick only one after each question) or write your 
   answers in the blanks.

     appropriate   adj.  (adv.  appropriate)  适当的;合适的;正当的

   搭配:

   ……是恰当的           be appropriate to/ for

                    It is appropriate (for sb) to do…

                    It is appropriate that…

   对我来说现在讨论那件事不合时宜。

   It would not be appropriate for me to discuss that now.

   作为一名教师,你应当选择一种适合你的教学风格。

   As a teacher, you should choose a teaching style appropriate to you.

   我们出席会议是恰当的。

   It’s appropriate that we (should) be present at the meeting.

   【注意】     在  It is appropriate that…句型中,从句谓语用”should+动词原形”,        should 可
省。

     blank     n. & adj.

   (1) n. 【C】    空白,空白处

       有那么一会儿我的大脑一片空白。

       My mind was a complete blank for a moment.

       老师让我们用      5 分钟的时间填空。

       The teacher told us to fill in the blanks in 5 minutes.

   (2) adj.   空白的;没表情的;没理解的

       我们在报纸下面只找到一些空白纸。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

       We only found some blank paper under the newspapers.

       我不知道她正在想什么,因为她脸上毫无表情。

       I don’t know what she’s thinking about, for she has such a blank expression.

   【拓展】       go blank (脑子)一片空白;一时无法作答

   突然我的大脑变得一片空白。

   Suddenly my mind went blank.


4.  humour    n.

   (1) 幽默;幽默感

      搭配:     幽默感      a sense of humour

      他很有幽默感。

      He has a good sense of humour.

   (3) 感觉;心情,精神状态

      搭配:心情好/不好          in a good/bad humour

            心情不好         out of humour

      我想知道他今天为什么心情不好。

       I wonder why he is in a bad humour today.

   【拓展】black humour      黑色幽默


5. for discounts

   discount   n. 折扣;    v. 打折扣,不重视,不理会

   【搭配】打折                 at a discount

           给予/提供折扣        give/offer a discount

           九折             a 10% discount

   他们销售的所有商品都在打折。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   They were selling everything at a discount.

   现金付款我们给予九折优惠。

   We give a 10% discount for cash.

   该商店承诺打八五折。

   The store promised to discount prices at 15%.

   杰克的话你不必当真,他总是编故事。

   You can discount what Jack said; he is always making up stories.


6. For this reason, we suggest that we organize a school basketball tournament, since 
   basketball is the most popular sport in the school.

   【句法分析】本句为主从复合句,主句中                  suggest 后为 that 引导的宾语从句,suggest     在
   此意为“建议”,其后谓语用“should                +   organize(动词原形)”,此时可以省略
   should;since 在句子中引导原因状语从句。

     organize (= organise)   vt.

    (1) 组织,筹备

       他们在操场上组织了一次篮球锦标赛。

        They organized a basketball tournament on the playground.

    (2) 安排,处理,分配

       我来想办法给你安排一次面试。

        I’ll try and organize an interview for you.

        现在计算机能跟快地处理大量的信息。

        Computers can organize lots of information very quickly now.

    【单词积累】       有组织的,有安排的           organized   adj.

                 组织者,筹备者             organizer   n.

                 组织,机构;安排,配置             organization   n.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

7. We could offer awards to the winning team and the most enthusiastic players.

     award   n. & vt.

    (1) n. 【C】  奖,奖品;奖金

       她给我们看了她在锦标赛中赢得的体育运动奖。

       She showed us the athletics awards she had won in the tournament.

       他设计的汽车模型获得了二等奖。

       The model car he had designed won the second award.

    (2) vt .  授/给予;奖/赏给,判给

       【搭配】

       把某物颁发给             award sth. to sb. = award sb. sth.

       因……而受到奖赏           be awarded for

       校长把一等奖颁发给了在竞赛中表现最好的那个男生。

       The headmaster awarded the first prize to the schoolboy who did best in the contest.

       那个男孩因为送回来走失的够而受到了奖赏。

       The boy was awarded for bringing back the lost dog.


【辨析】award     与 reward 

 

    易混词                  辨析                            例句

                                        袁隆平因为在农业生产方面的贡献而受
                奖,奖品;奖金。指奖状             到政府奖励。
                或其他表彰物,以表示对
    award
                被授予者的称誉、感谢或             Yuan Longping received awards from the 
                         鼓励             government for  his  contribution to 
                                        agricultural production.

                报答,报酬。并不指某种             赢得比赛是全队付出努力应得的回报。
    reward
                 荣耀,而指应得的报酬
                                        Winning the match was just reward for the 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                        effort the team had made.


8. The Yeti is said to be a large, hairy animal that walks on two feet like a human being.

   Sb. is said + 动词不定式   (= It is said that sb…= People say that sa…)   据说某人……

   据说神农架野人从未袭击过村民。

   The Wild Man of Shennongjia is said to have never attacked the villagers.

   = It’s said that the Wild Man of Shennongjia has never attacked the villagers.

   = People say that the Wild Man of Shennongjia has never attacked the villagers.


   【拓展】

   It is believed that…    人们相信……

   It is well-known that…  众所周知……

   It is reported that…     据报道……

   It is supposed that…    有人推测……

   It is thought that…     有人认为……

   It is hoped that…      人们希望……

   It is required/demanded that…     有人要求……


9. People believe that Yetis sometimes come down from the mountains to attack villagers.

     attack    v. & n.

    (1) v.  袭击,攻击;抨击,责难;侵袭,损害

       她在深夜步行回家时遭遇袭击。

       She was attacked while walking home late at night.

       他们决定夜晚进攻。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

       They decided to attack at night.

       仍然有一些人和文章在抨击中国足球队员。

       There’re still some people and articles that attack the Chinese football players.

       一种疾病侵袭了他的肺。

       A disease attacked his lungs.

    (2) n. 【C, U】 进攻,攻击,袭击

       搭配:

       攻击……,进攻……            make an attack on/against sb./sth.

       受到攻击/袭击              under attack

       他们趁着黑夜对敌人发起了攻击。

       They made an attack in the enemy under the cover of darkness.


10. In 2007, an American TV team saw Yeti tracks 33 centimetres in length in the snow near 
   Mount Qomolangma.

     length   n.

   这条绳子长十米。

   The length of this rope is ten metres.

   【拓展】     终于,最后;详细地             at length

            一步之遥                  at arm’s length

   他详细地解释了解决这一问题的方法。

   He explained the way to solve the problem at length.

   有时候我们应当与人保持一定距离。

   Sometimes we should hold people at arm’s length.

   【链接】

   long – length                wide – width
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

   high – height                deep – depth 

【注意】

“数词+量词+ in + length/height/width/depth”相当于“数词+名词+ adj.(long/high/wide/deep)”

    这条河宽    5 米。

    The river is 5 metres in width.

  = The river is 5 metres wide.


11. They made copies of these tracks and had them examined by scientist in the USA.

      examine  vt.

    (1) 检查,检验

       医生仔细地给她做了检查。

        The doctor examined her carefully.

    (2) 测验;对……进行测试

       学期末学生要参加所有学科的考试。

        The students will be examined in all the subjects at the end of the term.

    (3) 询问、盘问、审问、询问(某人)

       这位法官在法庭上询问了证人。

       The judge examined a witness in a court of law.

【单词积累】examination      n. 考试;检查,检验


12. There have been dozens of reports that people have seen a Wild Man in the Shennongjia 
   Nature Reserve…

      dozens of 

   我们在海滩上捡了很多贝壳。

   We collected dozens of shells on the beach.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  【拓展】论打,按打             by the dozen

    他们论打买鸡蛋。

    They sell eggs by the dozen.

【注意】dozen    一词前有    a,a   few,some,many,several   以及具体数字时,dozen       要用单
数形式,后面接可数名词的复数。当这些词所修饰的名词前有                          the,his,their 等限定修饰
词或修饰代词的时候,用单数形式且要与                  of 连用,如:two    dozen of the eggs 两打鸡蛋;
three score of them 他们中的六十人。

      reserve   n. & v.

   (1) n. 保护区,储备

       在中国西部建立了许多野生动物保护区。

       Dozens of wildlife reserves have been set up in western China.

       我们总是存一些备用的钱。

       We always keep some money in reserve.

   (2) v.  预定,保留,留出

       这些座位是留给贵宾的。

       These seats are reserved for special guests.

       你应当留点钱以备急用。

       You should reserve some money for emergencies.


13. In one case, a group of engineers ran after the creature, which moved with amazing 
    speed and strength.

      strength  n. 【U, C】力量,力气,长处

    我父亲力气很大。

    My father is a man of great strength.

    让我们看看谁有足够的力气举起那个箱子。

    Let’s see who has enough strength to lift that box.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    每个人都有自己的优势和劣势。

    Everyone has his or her strengths and weaknesses.


【辨析】strength,power,force     与 energy


 易混词                    辨析                                例句

                                             He has enough strength to lift the 

          指人或动物的力气,人的优势,强势,                  stone.
strength
                  也可指物体的强度
                                             You should know your strengths and 
                                             weaknesses

                                             When did the Labour Party come into 
          可指一切内存的、外来的、具体的、抽
 power                                       power?
          象的力。政权等;也指电力动力功率等
                                             It’s beyond my power to help you.

  force            强调武力或外力                   The police entered the room by force.

 energy           指能源或人的精力                   Old as he is, he is full of energy.


14. Large tracks have also been discovered which some people say belong to the Wild Man.

   【句法分析】which       引导一个定语从句,修饰句子的主语               large tracks 这种形式属于分
   割式定语从句。  

     belong to  属于某人,归某人所有,是……的成员等;属于……

   这辆车是站在那儿的那个人的。

   The car belongs to the man standing there.

   他不属于任何党派。

   He doesn’t belong to any party.

   杰克是校足球队的一员。

   Jack belongs to the school football team.
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   众所周知,狮子和老虎属于猫科。

   It’s well-known that lions and tigers belong to the cat family.


15. He became convinced they exist.

      convince   vt.  使确信;使相信;使信服;说服(某人做某事)

   搭配:使某人/自己相信某事             convince sb./oneself of sth.

         使某人相信               convince sb. that…

         说服某人做某事             convince sb. to do sth.

         确信/坚信……             be convinced of/that…

   我们无法使他认识到自己的错误。

   We can’t convince him of his mistakes.

   他的表情使我相信他是同意这个计划的。

   His expression convinced me that he agreed to the plan.

   我说服他接受了我的建议。

   I convinced him to accept my advice.

   我们相信他是诚实的。

   We’re convinced of his honesty. 

  = We’re convinced that he is honest.


16. He believed that these creatures are linked to a common ancestor, an animal that lived 
   in Asia some 300,000 years ago.

      link   vt. & vi.   

    (1) vt. & vi.    连接;联系,相关联

       搭配:把     A 与 B 连接       link A to B   =   link A with B

       与……结合/连接;与……有联系                   link up with
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

       这位科学家很难把这些足迹与北美野人联系在一起。

       It’s hard for the scientist to link the tracks to the Bigfoot.

       理论应当与实践相联系。

       Theories should be linked with the truth.

    (2) n. 【C】   联系,连接

       科学研究已经证实了吸烟和肺癌之间的联系。

       Scientific research has proved the link between smoking and lung cancer.

       中国愿意同其他任何国家保持友好关系。

       China would like to have a friendly link with any other country.

    【拓展】     与……有关          be linked to/with sth.

    有些先天性缺陷与孕期吸烟有关。

    Some birth defects are linked to smoking during pregnancy.


17. In his opinion, this animal made its way to other parts of the world, and continues to 
   survive even today.

      make one’s way to  前往,到……去

    或许他们现在正在前往机场的路上。

    Maybe they’re making their way to the airport now.

    【拓展】     获得成功,有出息         make one’s way       带领,领先       lead the way

             让位;让路             make way for        迷路          lose one’s way

             在去……的路上           on the/one’s way to

    老板决定给一个年轻人让位。

    The boss decided to make way for a young man.

    幸运的是,那位村民带路,我们没有迷路。

    Fortunately, the villager led the way and we didn’t lose our way.
              中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


【链接】表示“前进”的说法

推开……而前进          push one’s way       摸索着前进       feel one’s way

突破……而前进           force/fight  one’s way

   survive    v.

(1) vt. & vi.  幸存;生存,存在;挺过(可与           from,on 连用)

    我每周收入     30 美元难以活命。

    I can’t survive on $30 a week.

    有许多古怪的习俗源远流长。

    Many strange customs have survived from earlier times.

    手术后他又挺过了        5 年。

    He survived another 5 years after the operation.

(2) vt. 比……长命

    搭配:survive sb. by + 时间段

    她比他丈夫多活了        6 年。

   She survived her husband by 6 years.
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