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2018-2019学年人教版英语 必修一 Unit 5 学案(教师版)

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


Ⅰ.核心必记单词
1.active adj.积极的;活跃的→activity n.活动

2.devote vt.献身;专心于→devoted adj.忠实的;深爱的
3.peaceful adj.和平的;平静的;安宁的→peace n.和平

4.vote vt.& vi.投票;选举;n.投票;选票;表决
5.attack vt.进攻;攻击;抨击
6.equal adj.相等的;平等的→equality n.同等;平等
7.willing adj.乐意的;自愿的

8.escape vi.& vt.逃脱;逃走;避开;(气体、液体等)泄漏
9.reward n.报酬;奖金;vt.酬劳;奖赏→rewarding adj.值得的;有报酬的
10.opinion n.意见;看法;主张

Ⅱ.阅读识记单词
11.generous adj.慷慨的;大方的

12.self n.自我;自身→selfish adj.自私的→selfless adj.无私的;忘我的→selflessly adv.无私地;
忘我地

13.found vt.建立;建设
14.guidance n.指导;领导→guide v.指导;指示;n.导游;指导者
15.legal adj.法律的;依照法律的→illegal adj.非法的
16.violence n.暴力;暴行→violent adj.暴力的

17.educate vt.教育;训练→educated adj.受过教育的;有教养的→education n.教育
18.relative n.亲戚;亲属

19.sentence vt.判决;宣判
20.president n.总统;会长;校长;行长
语境活用     [用所给词的正确形式填空]
1.Our own experience working together on health,development,and energy the last twenty years 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

has been one of the most rewarding(reward) parts of our lives.(2016·四川)

2.In a further twist,birth rate is highest in poorly educated rural areas and lowest in highly 
educated urban areas.(educate)(2017·江苏)
3.Confucius believed knives would remind people of killings and were too violent(violence) for use 
at the table.(2016·全国Ⅲ)

4.Behaving in this selfless(self) and devoted(devote) manner,these little creatures have survived 
on Earth for more than 140 million years.
5.I’ve always looked to my father for guidance(guide) in these matters.
6.Women have yet to achieve full equality(equal) with men in the workplace.
7.She hoped the different ethnic groups in the area could live together in peaceful(peace) 
co­existence.
8.It is illegal(legal) to sell tobacco to someone under 16.


1.“教育”词汇一览
(1)educate v.教育;训练
(2)train v.训练
(3)instruct v.指导
(4)drill v.训练;操练
(5)coach v.训练;指导

2.“校长”多重表达
(1)headmaster n.校长
(2)principal n.校长
(3)president n.校长;董事长
3.后缀­ance 高频名词大集合
(1)guidance n.指导;领导
(2)performance n.表演;履行
(3)appearance n.外表;出现
(4)assistance n.帮助
(5)significance n.重要;重要性

4.“人物性格特点”的反义形容词对
(1)mean 吝啬的→generous  慷慨的
(2)selfish 自私的→selfless 无私的
(3)inferior 自卑的→confident 自信的
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


1.out of work 失业
2.as a matter of fact/in fact 事实上
3.blow up 使充气;爆炸 
4.in trouble 在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑等的处境中
5.turn to 求助于;致力于
6.lose heart 丧失勇气或信心
7.come to power 当权;上台
8.set up 设立;建立;搭起
9.be sentenced to 被判处……(徒刑)

10.in one’s opinion 在某人看来
语境活用     [用上述黑体短语的正确形式填空]

1.“Who,in your opinion,is the best football player in the world today?” asked Tom.
2.Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter,you can set up a timetable for the remaining 
weeks before the race.(2015·全国Ⅱ)

3.He failed many times,but he did not lose heart.
4.When I am in difficulty,I always turn to him for help.
5.It was when we were returning home that I realized what a good feeling it was to have helped 
someone in trouble.(2015·湖南)
6.He opened a small shop of his own after he was out of work.


1.lose 习语归纳
(1)lose heart 丧失信心
(2)lose face 丢脸
(3)lose control 失去控制
(4)lose touch 失去联系
(5)lose oneself 失去自我

2.“out of+n.”短语小结
(1)out of work 失业
(2)out of mind 心不在焉
(3)out of sight 看不见
(4)out of order 有毛病;出故障
(5)out of breath 上气不接下气
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


1.不定式作定语
He was the first man to land on the moon in July 1969.
1969 年 7 月,他成为第一个登上月球的人。
2.where 引导定语从句
...until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.
……直到今天我们到了几乎没有任何权利的地步。 

3.“only+状语(从句)”置于句首引起的倒装

...only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.……直到那时,我们才决定用暴力
反抗暴力。

4.the first time 引导时间状语从句
I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.
第一次给旅行团作讲解时,我感觉很糟。
句式仿写
1.张衡是世界上发明地震仪的第一人。(2016·北京)
Zhang Heng was the first man to invent the seismograph.
2.我们到了这样一个阶段:为了挽救我们自己我们必须开始采取有效措施来保护环境。
                                                                    (2016·北京)
We have reached a stage where we must start taking effective measures to protect the environment 
so as to save ourselves.
3.只有父母和孩子都改变态度,这种不利局面才能改善。(2016·上海)
Only when both parents and children change their attitudes can this unfavorable situation be 
improved.
4.我还记得上次你来我们学校参观时,你向我展示了关于那个主题的一些照片。(2016·全国

Ⅱ)
I remember you showed me some photos on that theme the last time you visited our school.


   
devote vt.献身于;致力于;专心致志于;把……用于
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


拓展词:devoted adj.挚爱的;忠实的,忠诚的
devotion n.奉献;关照;忠诚
devote...to...把……致力于……,专心于……的
devote oneself to 献身于;致力于
be devoted to 致力于;献身于;热爱……

(1)He is a devoted(devote) father because he was strict with his daughter and encouraged her when 
she was in trouble.
他是一位慈爱的父亲,因为他对女儿很严格,在她遇到困难时鼓励她。(2017·天津)
(2)Only when we realize the importance of helping each other can we be devoted to building(build) 
a harmonious society.
只有当我们意识到互相帮助的重要性时,我们才能致力于建设一个和谐社会。

[句式升级]
(3)He devoted himself to community activities and was praised by the people around.
①Devoting himself to community activities,he was praised by the people around.(用现在分词短
语作状语改写)

②Devoted to community activities,he was praised by the people around.(用过去分词短语作状
语改写)

vote v.投票,选举,表决;提议
    n.选票;投票;表决

(1)vote sb.sth.选出/推举某人担任某职务;表决为某人提供某物
vote for 投票赞成
vote against 投票反对
vote on 就……投票表决
(2)put sth.to the vote 把某事交付表决

(1)Su Hua is invited by his uncle to vote for his cousin in the “Future Singer” competition.
苏华受叔叔的邀请投票支持参加《未来歌手》比赛的表弟。(2016·江苏)

(2)Fearing that most of the citizens voted against him,he wore a smile.
由于担心大多数市民投票反对他,他一直面带微笑。
(3)We had no choice but to put it to the vote.
我们别无选择,只好投票表决。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


equal adj.相等的;平等的;相当的;能胜任的 
     n.同等的人;相等物
     v.与……相等,等于;比得上

拓展词:equally adv.相等地;同样地 equality n.平等
be equal in 在……方面比得上
be equal to sth./doing sth.等于……;与……相等;胜任……
be without equal/have no equal 无与伦比

(1)Leaving aside the birth rate issue,India’s economy may take off when the country achieves 
equality(equal) of educational opportunity.
撇开出生率问题,印度经济在国家实现教育机会均等的时候可能会腾飞。(2017·江苏)
(2)He is equal to Tom in ability.
在能力方面他与汤姆不相上下。

(3)In fact,when it comes to the art of war,ants have no equal/are without equal.
事实上,当谈到战争的艺术时,蚂蚁是无与伦比的。(2015·安徽)

[联想发散] 表示“胜任……”的其他短语:
be fit for,be up to,be qualified for,be adequate to

   
escape v.逃脱;逃避;被遗忘;(气体、液体等)泄漏
     n.逃脱;逃避;漏出

拓展词:escaped adj.逃跑了的
[写出下列句子中黑体词的汉语意思]

(1)I’m sorry,but your name escapes me.被遗忘;被忽略

(2)How will we know if there’s any gas escaping?流出;泄漏
(3)The cinema allowed people to escape from the depressing realities of their lives.逃避
(4)Three people died in the fire,but John escaped through the bedroom window.逃脱
(1)escape from 从……逃脱;逃避……
escape doing/being done 逃避(被)做某事
(2)a narrow escape 九死一生

[一句多译]
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(5)你很幸运逃脱了惩罚。

①You are lucky to escape punishment.

②You are lucky to escape being punished.
[易错点拨] 注意下面两个短语的区别:
escape from prison 越狱;escape prison 逃过牢狱之灾

reward v.酬谢;奖励,奖赏
      n.奖金;回报;报酬

拓展词:rewarding adj.值得的;有益的;有意义的
(1)reward sb.for (doing) sth.因(做)某事而奖赏/酬谢某人
reward sb.with sth.用某物奖赏/回报某人
(2)in reward for 为奖赏……;为报答……
as a reward for 作为对……的奖赏/回报

(1)The students have been working hard on their lessons and their efforts will be rewarded with 
success in the end.
学生们一直努力学习功课,他们的付出最终会获得成功的。(2016·北京)

(2)I’d like to do something in reward for her kindness.
我想做点什么来报答她的好意。
(3)Our trip to the Yukon was a very rewarding(reward) experience.
我们的育空之行是一次非常有益的经历。

[词义辨析] reward,award,prize
(1)reward 作名词表示“赏金,奖励”或一些非金钱的报酬;作动词时则表示“奖励,酬谢”
,只能以人或人的行为作宾语。
(2)award 作名词指“奖品,奖金等”;作动词表示“授予,给予;判给”,可以跟双宾语,
award sb.sth.把某物授予/判给某人。
(3)prize 只能作名词,表示“奖赏,奖金,奖品”,尤指在比赛中获得的荣誉。

 turn to 转身;求助于;致力于;翻到;转向;开始从事;查阅
[写出下列句子中黑体词的汉语意思]
(1)At last,I will be on my own,but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever I need 
help.(2016·全国Ⅲ)求助于

(2)It is time he turned his mind to more serious problems.转向

(3)Let’s turn to more important matters now.开始考虑;开始讨论
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(4)Don’t always turn to the dictionary when you come to a new word.查阅

   lose heart灰心;泄气;丧失信心
lose one’s heart to 爱上;喜欢上

strike...into one’s heart 使……刻骨铭心
by heart 凭记忆;能背诵
heart and soul 全心全意地

eat/tear one’s heart out 为某事暗自伤神;忧伤

(1)We should not lose heart in face of difficulties.If we work hard,we will find a way out.
我们不应在困难面前丧失信心。只要我们努力,就会找到出路。(2016·天津)

(2)The children can repeat the poem they’ve just learnt by heart.
这些孩子能背诵他们刚学过的诗歌。


He was the first man to land on the moon in July 1969.
1969 年 7 月,他成为第一个登上月球的人。

句型:不定式作定语
(1)当被修饰成分前有序数词或形容词的最高级及                  the only,the very 修饰时,常用不定式作
定语。
(2)to come 将来的;to spare 剩余的。这两个短语常放在时间名词后面作后置定语。
(3)一些特定名词,如       ability,chance,ambition,right,way,reason,time,effort 后,常跟
不定式作定语。
(4)作定语的动词如果是不及物动词,或者不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、
工具等,不定式后面须有相应的介词。

(1)Our football team was the first to reach the finals.
我们的足球队率先进入了决赛(finals)。
(2)I caught the bus with only a few seconds to spare.
我在离开车只剩数秒时赶上了公交车。

(3)At present,I have a comfortable house to live in.
目前,我有一所舒适的房子住。

[一句多译]
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(4)我记下了需要背诵的短语。

①I made notes of the phrases to be memorized.

②I made notes of the phrases that needed to be memorized/memorizing.

...only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.
……直到那时,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。

句型: “only+状语 从句 ”置于句首引起的倒装
“only+副词、介词短语、状语从句”放在句首时,句子用部分倒装形式。
(1)Only when Lily walked into the office did she realize that she had left the contract at home.
直到莉莉走进办公室时,她才意识到她把合同落在家里了。(2015·天津)
(2)Only with all your time and energy can you do this job well.
只有用上你全部的时间和精力,你才能把这项工作做好。

[易错点拨]

(1)“only+状语从句”放在句首时,倒装的是主句,从句不倒装。
(2)only 修饰主语时不倒装。
(3)Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
只有知道密码的人才能读懂这则信息。(2016·全国Ⅰ)

I felt bad the first time I talked to a group.
第一次给旅行团作讲解时,我感觉很糟。

句型:the first time引导时间状语从句
引导时间状语从句的(名词)短语和副词还有:
(1)each/every time 每次……的时候
next time 下次……时
any time 任何时候
last time 上次……时
by the time 到……为止
(2)the moment,the minute,the second,the instant,
immediately,instantly,directly,hardly...when...,no sooner...than...一……就……

(1)The first time I interviewed him,he looked a bit nervous.
我第一次采访他时,他看起来有点紧张。

(2) The moment you get on the airplane,start adjusting your biological clock to the destination’s 
time.
你一上飞机就应该把自己的生物钟加以调节,以适应目的地的时间。(2015·重庆)
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

[易错点拨]
for the first time 是介词短语,在句中只能作状语,不能用来引导时间状语从句。

(3)Naturally,you were nervous when you went on the platform for the first time.
你第一次站在讲台上时感到紧张这是很自然的。


Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.It does serious harm to children’s character that too much violence(violent) is shown on TV.
2.Encouraged by my teacher,I am very hopeful(hope) about my future.
3.Devoted(devote) to his research,he has no time to spend a weekend with his family.

4.Please don’t hesitate to turn to us for help whenever you have trouble with your study.
5.He was crossing the street when a man was driving fast towards him and he narrowly escaped 
being killed(kill).
6.The Voice of China has set up a stage where some people can realize their dreams.
7.You can’t imagine the trouble I had persuading(persuade) him to change his mind.
8.I am the first to arrive(arrive),and she is the second.
9.Little joy can equal that of a surprising ending when you read stories.
10.The old temple has seen(see) great changes of the village in the past two hundred years.
Ⅱ.单句改错(每小题仅有         1 处错误)

1.Though beaten by the opposite team they didn’t lose their heart.
 Devoted
2.Devoting herself to the deaf children,the young lady has little time to care for her own daughter.
                                       f∧or
3.The children were so excited to be taken aboard  the first time.
              for
4.It was generous of  him to pay for us both that day.
                                         to
5.She started singing to the baby and was rewarded with a smile.
                                         help
6.The time he has devoted in the past ten years to helping the disabled is now considered to be of 
great value.
              which
7.This was a time when  there were no radios,no telephones or no TV sets.
                                  w∧as
8.It shocked her to hear that her good friend  attacked with cancer.
Ⅲ.教材与语法填空
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    Elias,a poor black worker in South Africa,said that the time 1.when he first met Nelson 
Mandela was a very difficult period of his life.In 1952,he went to see Mandela,2.a black lawyer,
for advice.Mandela was generous with his time,for which Elias was very grateful.
    Elias began school at six,but he had to leave school two years later 3.because his family 

couldn’t afford the school fees and the bus fare.As a result,he had  very little 
4.education(educate).After trying hard,he got a job in a gold mine.However,5.to live(live) in 
Johannesburg,one had got to have a passbook.Not having one because he was not born there,he 
worried about 6.whether he would become out of work.
    Then Mandela helped him,telling him how to get the correct 7.papers(paper) to stay in 
Johannesburg.He became more hopeful about his future and later joined the ANC Youth League 
8.organized(organize) by Mandela.Just as Mandela put it,the blacks were so 9.badly(bad) treated 
that they had reached a stage where they had almost no rights at all.
    In 1963,Elias helped Mandela blow up some government buildings.He knew that only by 
answering violence with violence could they achieve their dream of 10.making(make) black and 
white people equal.
Ⅳ.教材与短文改错

                        THE REST OF ELIAS’ STORY
    You cannot imagine what the name of Robben Island made us afraid.It was a prison from 
where no one escaped.There I spent the hardest time of my life.But when I get there Nelson 
Mandela was also there and he helped me.Mr Mandela began a school for those of us who had few 
learning.He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evening when we should have been 
asleep.We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find make candles to see the 
words.I became a good student.I wanted to study for my degree and I was not allowed to do 
that.Later,Mr Mandela allowed the prison guards to join in us.He said they should not be stopped 
from studying for their degrees.They were not clever than me,but they did pass their exams.So I 
knew I could get a degree too.That made me feel good about me.
答案

                        THE REST OF ELIAS’ STORY
                     what
    You cannot imagine how the name of Robben Island made us afraid.It was a prison from 
where                                                           get
which no one escaped.There I spent the hardest time of my life.But when I got there Nelson 
                                                                          few
Mandela was also there and he helped me.Mr Mandela began a school for those of us who had little 
                                               evening
learning.He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been 
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                                                             t∧o
asleep.We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find  make candles to 
                                                        and
see the words.I became a good student.I wanted to study for my degree but I was not allowed to do 
that.Later,Mr Mandela allowed the prison guards to join in us.He said they should not be stopped 
                                     clever
from studying for their degrees.They were not cleverer than me,but they did pass their exams.So I 
                                                 me
knew I could get a degree too.That made me feel good about myself.
Ⅴ.教材与微写作
写作素材    (关于人物介绍)
1.作为律师,我热爱我的工作。
2.我相信法律面前人人平等。
3.在大家处于困境时,我乐意不计报酬为大家提供帮助。
4.事实上,很多人就法律问题向我求助。
提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达,并且请使用                    when 引导的时间状语从句。
连句成篇    (将以上句子连成一篇         50 词左右的英语短文)
    As a lawyer,I am devoted to my job and I believe all people are equal before the law.I’m 
willing to give a hand without rewards when people are in trouble.As a matter of fact,a lot of 
people turn to me for legal advice.


Ⅰ.阅读理解
                                      A
(2017·山东郯城二中教学质量监测)
    There is a lot to learn about the creations of Beatrix Potter—not only is she the author and 
illustrator of one of the world’s most famous children’s books,The Tale of Peter Rabbit,but 
also a pioneering conservationist with the spirit of a scientist.
    “Potter grew up as the daughter of a wealthy Victorian family,but along with her brother 
who filled an entire floor of their large house in London with all sorts of animals,” said Anne 
Lundin,a retired professor for the UW­Madison School of Library and Information Studies.

    “As an adult,she was a frustrated botanical illustrator and scientist.That field was not open 
to her because she was female,” Lundin said.Potter was urged to turn the charming illustrations 
and stories she wrote in letters to children into books.She wrote 23 books in all—a body of work 
that has inspired plays,ballets,films and an astonishing amount of merchandise.
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    “The Tale of Peter Rabbit is probably the most famous children’s book in the world,

which was published in 1902 and has really stood the test of time.It’s been translated into 36 
languages.The parents and grandparents will share it with the next generation,” said Lundin.

    Potter also made a mark on the world through her land conservation.“In many ways,she 
was like Peter Rabbit,venturing into a world of adventure and risk.She withdrew from London as 
soon as she started making some money on her books to the Lake District and became an extremely 
important farmer and conservationist.She preserved and passed on 15 farms and over 4,000 acres,
which were given back to the country as gifts in the 20th century,” said Lundin.

    “Even though she was born 150 years ago,she was amazingly modern—her embracing of 
the natural world,”commented Jennifer Blatchley Smith,an artistic director of the show Peter 

Rabbit Tales to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Potter’s birth.
语篇解读 本文是一篇人物介绍类文章。主要讲述了                      Beatrix Potter 的故事,Beatrix Potter 不
仅是一位著名的作家、插图画家,还是自然环境保护的先驱者和植物学家。由于                                 Potter 对于
世界的贡献,人们至今都在铭记她。

1.What helped Beatrix Potter to write The Tale of Peter Rabbit successfully?
A.Her life and work experiences.
B.Her specialty in animated(动画) pictures.
C.Her success in becoming a botanical scientist.
D.Her interest in animals in childhood alone.
答案 A
解析 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段中“she                 was like Peter Rabbit,venturing into a world of 

adventure and risk”(她像兔子彼得一样,在一个充满冒险和危险的世界中探险)可知,Beatrix 
Potter 是以自己在现实中的生活和工作经历为基础来创作这本书的。故选                          A。

2.What does the word “frustrated” in the third paragraph mean?
A.Disappointed.                   B.Devoted.
C.Motivated.                      D.Inspired.
答案 A
解析 词义猜测题。根据画线词后面的“That                 field was not open to her because she was 

female”可知,当时植物学领域是不对女性开放的,所以                    Beatrix  Potter 是比较沮丧的。故
选 A。
3.What is Beatrix Potter?
A.A botanist and artist.
B.An extremely important farmer and successful scientist.
C.A writer,conservationist and farmer.
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D.An artistic director.
答案 C
解析 细节理解题。根据第一段中“not               only is she the author and illustrator of one of the 

world’s most famous children’s books,The Tale of Peter Rabbit,but also a pioneering 

conservationist with the spirit of a scientist”,以及倒数第二段中“became    an extremely 

important farmer and conservationist”可知,Beatrix Potter 是作家、插图画家、自然环境保护
者和农民。故选       C。
4.Why does the author write the article?
A.In celebration of Potter’s 150th birthday.

B.In honour of Potter’s new contributions.

C.In praise of Potter’s spirit of selflessness.

D.In support of Potter’s book promotions.
答案 A
解析 写作意图题。纵览全文,全篇都在讲述主人公的生平事迹,再根据最后一段中的

“Even though she was born 150 years ago,she was amazingly modern”及“an artistic director 

of the show Peter Rabbit Tales to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Potter’s birth”可知,这篇
文章是为了怀念       Potter,为庆祝她    150 岁诞辰而写的。故选        A。
                                      B
(2018·山西运城期中)

    As trees across the northern areas turn gold and deep red,you can find autumn colors in 
parks and woodlands,in the cities,countryside,and mountains.People are wondering what 
these colors are for.For years,scientists have worked to understand the changes that happen to 
trees in the autumn.Up to now there have been different explanations for why natural selection 
makes autumn colors so widespread.
    Dr Hamilton from Oxford University proposed that bright autumn leaves contained a 
message:they warn insects to leave them alone.In autumn,insects choose trees where they will 
lay eggs.When the larvae(幼虫)come out the next spring,they feed on the trees,often with a 
result of destruction of the trees.Dr Hamilton suggested that trees could ward off these insects with 
poisons.They could have strong defenses by letting egg­laying insects know what was in store for 
their eggs.
    Dr Hamilton and students turned the theory into a mathematical model,which showed that 
warning signals could indeed drive the evolution(进化) of bright leaves.It was a first attempt to see 
what was out there.
    A research team from the University of Wisconsin gave a quite different explanation.“If you 
are up here in Wisconsin,by the time the leaves change,all the insects that feed on leaves are 
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gone,” Dr Hoch said.He believed that autumn colors served mainly as protection.
    According to Dr Hoch and his team,autumn colors might be able to protect the leaves from 
sun damage or frost(冰冻) injury—in other words,they actually act as a sunscreen to avoid the 
destruction to the leaves.Besides,autumn colors might protect the leaves from water loss.If the 
cells in the leaves become dry,the connections between the cells will be weakened and leaves will 
break off.
    Although there are different explanations about autumn colors,it has really given them a 

deeper concern for this time of year.“People sometimes say that science makes the world less 
interesting by just explaining things away,” one famous biologist said.“But with autumn 
leaves,the more you know about them,the more amazed you are.”
语篇解读 本文讲述了秋天树叶变化的秘密。
5.According to Dr Hamilton,there is a connection between         .
A.the size of leaves and the survival of insects
B.the size of leaves and the behavior of insects
C.the size of leaves and the quality of insects
D.the size of leaves and the number of insects
答案 D
解析 细节理解题。根据第二段中“In               autumn,insects choose trees where they will lay 
eggs.When the larvae(幼虫)come out the next spring,they feed on the trees,often with a result 

of destruction of the trees.”可知幼虫以树叶为食,树叶的大小和昆虫的数量有关系。故选
D。
6.Dr Hoch and his team give the explanation that         .
A.climate has an influence on the color of the leaves
B.sun damage and frost injury drive the insects away
C.the color of autumn leaves has a protective function
D.autumn colors bring great destruction to the leaves
答案 C
解析 细节理解题。根据第四段最后一句以及第五段内容可知,秋天树叶的颜色有保护作用。
故选  C。

7.The underlined phrase “ward off” in Paragraph 2 probably means “        ”.
A.catch                           B.attract
C.ignore                          D.prevent
答案 D
解析 词义猜测题。根据第二段画线词前一句“When                     the larvae(幼虫)come  out the next 
spring,they feed on the trees,often with a result of destruction of the trees.”和后一句“They 
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could have strong defenses by letting egg­laying insects know what was in store for their eggs.”可
知树能阻止有毒的昆虫,画线词的意思是“阻止”,故选                        D。
8.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?
A.The Evolution of Colorful Leaves
B.The Secret to Autumn Leaves’ Changes
C.The Charm Autumn Colors
D.The Role of Leaves’ Being Protection
答案 B
解析 标题归纳题。通读全文内容可知本文叙述的是秋天树叶变化的秘密。故选                                 B。

Ⅱ.语法填空
(2018·江西百所名校联考)

    A few days ago I attended a gathering,9.where a girl shared that she had recently “lost” her 
wallet (it was most likely stolen).I remembered that 10.feeling(feel) because I had lost my wallet 
many times throughout my younger years.And twice it 11.was returned(return) to me.
    I decided to label one of my small 12.purses (purse),which I actually had with me that day,
with her name,along with some cash inside and an 13.encouraging (encourage) note.The trick 
was to try to get it to her 14.secretly(secret),because I don’t know her and may not see her 
again.I quickly went to another area 15.to write(write) the note.And then I wrote her name on a 
piece of paper and left it by the main door with the purse where she would see it 16.on her way 
out.I was really nervous and wondered 17.if/whether she would actually find it.I kept checking to 
see if she picked it up.
    By the end of the evening,another guest 18.mentioned(mention) that she had the biggest 
smile on her face after finding it.The best part was that she had no idea who it was and just felt 
grateful to everyone in that room.
Ⅲ.短文改错
(2018·安徽皖南八校联考)

    Be an excellent student with all­round development,Li Hua has been honored as Star of all 
the subjects but often ranks among the top three in the class.After class,she is active in the 
playground,music club and some community.The sport he likes most is playing the basketball.He 
also took great delight in Chinese opera as well singing pop songs.Beside,he takes an actively 
part in all sorts of social practices.In a word,Li Hua is an outstanding student,which has set a 
good example to us.
答案
     Be
    Being an excellent student with all­round development,Li Hua has been honored as Star of 
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             but                                              she
all the subjects and often ranks among the top three in the class.After class, he  is active in the 
                                community
playground,music club and some communities.The sport he likes most is playing the 
               took                              a∧s                Beside
basketball.He also takes great delight in Chinese opera as well  singing pop songs.Besides,he 
       actively
takes an active  part in all sorts of social practices.In a word,Li Hua is an outstanding student,
which
who  has set a good example to us.
Ⅳ.书面表达
(2018·吉林百校联盟联考)

    假设你是李华,请你给英国留学生              Leslie 写一封电子邮件,邀请他周末到振兴路新华邮
局对面刚开业的文化中心去做义工。内容包括:

    1.目的和意义;
    2.时间和地点;
    3.义务和责任(打扫卫生,维持秩序等)。
注意:

    1.词数 100 左右;
    2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
参考范文

Dear Leslie,

    I’m writing this letter to invite you to the Cultural Center of our city to do voluntary work 
with us on Sunday,which can make our spare time colorful and meaningful.
    The Cultural Center lies in Zhenxing road,opposite Xinhua post office.Since it’s newly 
opened,lots of people are needed to offer help.Meanwhile,it’s a good chance for you to get 

exposed to the Chinese culture.We’re expected to help do some cleaning and keep order.We can 
also hand out flyers,providing visitors with more detailed information to make their visits more 
enjoyable.Not only can we help those who need our help,but also we can enrich our life.
    I do hope you can join us.It will be of great benefit to you.Your early reply is highly 
appreciated.
                                                                       Yours,
                                                                        Li Hua
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