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2019版高考英语黄冈经典一轮(实用课件)全国通用版 素养提升模拟练 十二

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                   素养提升模拟练 十二
                         人类文明与社会进步


  2017   年 3 月天津高考题完形填空通过记叙             Dave 参加自行车比赛,       目的是

用赢得的奖金为妈妈买生日礼物,              展现了和谐的母子关系以及感恩情怀。旨在

引导考生树立社会主义核心价值观,               传承优秀传统文化,        弘扬传统美德,      具有家

国情怀和文化自信意识。


                                                  (2017·3 月天津高考)

  Standing in front of the bike shop, Dave stared at the shiny red bicycle in the 

window.  He could  1  himself riding the bike in Saturday’s race and winning the 

first-place medal and prize money. “With that bike, I could even  2  Adam, ”Dave 


thought.  [来源:学科网]

  He rode on and stopped at Peck’s clothing store.  The coat he  3  to buy his 

mother for her birthday was still on sale.  Dave knew she would  4  buy it for 

herself.  She worked hard just to make  5  meet.  But the prize money would be  


6  for him to buy that coat and surprise her.  [来源:学科网 ZXXK]
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  Dave looked at his old bike.  Two years ago, he found some old bicycles at the  

7  and used the parts to make one bike.  He called it his recycled bike. “I’ll never  

8  the race on this old bike, ”Dave sighed.  

  As Dave passed the junkyard, he noticed a newer-looking bike tire.  He started  

9  the huge junk pile.  Finally, he found  10  he was looking for. “These two 

tires and the handgrips(自行车把套) are just  11  for my bike. ” 

  Arriving home, Dave put the used tires and the handgrips on his  12  bike, 

and oiled the chain.  H e stood back and admired the  13  he had made. “I might 

win that race after all, ”he said to himself.  

  The next morning, when Dave and his mom got to the park, about thirty kids 

had already  14 .  Dave headed for the start line  15  Mom found a seat at the 

finish line.  

  Bang! The riders rushed off.  Dave  16  Adam, who was in the lead.  He  

17  to pass one rider after another and was approaching Adam.  Leaning forward, 

Dave pedaled harder and faster.   18  he sped by Adam and crossed the finish 

line.  

  As the announcer awarded Dave the  19  and the check for fifty dollars, he 

asked, “What are you going to do with the prize money, Dave? ” 

  “It’s a  20 , ”Dave said and waved to his mom.  

【文章大意】Dave       参加自行车比赛,       并想赢得比赛,      用赢得的奖金给妈妈买生

日礼物。但      Dave 却无力购买新的自行车,         只好在废物堆积场捡了些零部件组装

到自己的旧自行车上。最后            Dave 赢得了比赛,     获得了奖金和奖牌。
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1. A. find     B. picture     C. keep       D. watch

【解析】选      B。词义辨析题。根据上句可知,             站在自行车商店的前面,          盯着商店

窗内的闪耀的红色的自行车, Dave           想象自己在周六的比赛上骑着自行车并且赢

得一等奖奖牌和奖金。picture         想象,  符合语境。

2. A. beat     B. join     C. help    D. rescue

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。根据上文           Dave 想象自己在周六的比赛上骑着自

行车并且赢得一等奖奖牌和奖金可知, Dave               有了那辆自行车,       甚至可以战胜

Adam。beat  打败;  战胜。

3. A. agreed      B. claimed

C. demanded       D. planned

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据上文可知, Dave            还没有参加比赛,       也没有赢

得奖金,    所以  Dave 计划给妈妈买的外套仍在出售。agree             同意; claim 声称; 

demand 要求; plan 计划。

4. A. probably    B. definitely

C. never          D. seldom

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文           She worked hard just to make. . . 可知, 

Dave 知道妈妈绝对不会为自己买那件外套。

5. A. ends     B. eyes     C. roads      D. rules

【解析】选      A。固定搭配题。根据文章内容可知,               妈妈努力工作仅是为了收支

相抵。make ends meet  收支相抵,    为固定搭配。

6. A. hard     B. reliable

C. enough      D. tight
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【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据该句中的             surprise her 可知, 那些奖金将会足

够去买那件外套,       然后给妈妈一个惊喜。

7. A. park     B. junkyard

C. school      D. court

【解析】选      B。背景常识题。根据常识可知,             一般是在废物堆积场可以找到一

些旧的自行车以及用过的零件的,              下文  As Dave passed the junkyard 也有提示。


8. A. enter       B. lose[来源:学科网 ZXXK]

C. abandon        D. win

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据下文           Dave sighed 可知, 既然是叹气,     应该是

担心用这辆旧自行车他不能赢得这场比赛。

9. A. going through     B. carrying out

C. throwing away        D. taking back

【解析】选      A。词语辨析题。根据         Finally, he found ________he was looking 

for 可知, Dave 开始仔细察看那个巨大的垃圾堆以寻找他需要的部件。go 

through 仔细检查,   察看; carry out 执行, 实行; throw away 扔掉,  丢弃; take 

back 拿回。 

10. A. that    B. which       C. what    D. whom

【解析】选      C。句式结构题。found       后是一个宾语从句,        从句中缺少     look for 的

宾语,   应用  what 引导。

11. A. right   B. unique

C. simple      D. advanced
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【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。根据上文           Dave 发现了他寻找的东西,        可以推出他

找到了正好适合他的自行车的两个轮胎和自行车把套。right                      正合适的,    符合语

境。

12. A. hired      B. used

C. purchased      D. recycled

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。根据上文           He called it his ________bike 可知, 应用

recycled。 

13. A. contributions B. changes

C. profits           D. discoveries

【解析】选      B。逻辑推理题。根据上文           Arriving home, Dave put the used tires 

and the handgrips on his ________bike, and oiled the chain. 可知, 他对自行车进行

了改装。change    改变,  符合语境。 

14. A. started    B. separated

C. gathered       D. recovered

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文           Dave headed for the start line 可知, 大约

30 个孩子已经聚集好了。gather         聚集。

15. A. while      B. but      C. so      D. or

【解析】选      A。句式结构题。Dave       朝起点走去而妈妈在终点找到座位。

while 表对比转折。

16. A. held back        B. gave in to

C. concentrated on      D. broke away from
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【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文           He ________to pass one rider after 

another and was approaching Adam. 可知 Dave 全神贯注于追赶    Adam。

concentrate on 全神贯注于。 

17. A. prepared      B. arranged

C. offered           D. managed

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。根据下文           he sped by Adam and crossed the finish 

line 可知 Dave 成功地超过一个又一个人并且接近              Adam。manage   设法做到,    成

功做成。

18. A. Suddenly      B. Eventually

C. Recently          D. Usually

【解析】选      B。词义辨析题。根据下文           Dave 获得奖牌和奖金得知, Dave       最终超

过了   Adam 并且穿过了终点线。suddenly        突然; eventually 最后; recently 最近; 

usually 通常。


19. A. coat    B. degree      C. bicycle    D. medal[来源:学§科§网]

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。根据上文           winning the first-place medal and prize 

money 可知是奖牌。

20. A. coincidence   B. promise

C. surprise          D. message

【解析】选      C。词汇复现题。根据上文           But the prize money would be 

________for him to buy that coat and surprise her. 可知它是一个惊喜。 


1. 通读文章,    根据框架写出关键词
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答案:①bicycle-riding race  ②fit  ③repaired  ④used materials  ⑤won

2. 难句剖析

Standing in front of the bike shop, Dave stared at the shiny red bicycle in the window.  


分析: Standing 是现在分词作状语,        与主语形成主动的关系,          表示伴随的状态。

stared 是句子的谓语部分, stare at   表示盯着,    凝视着, in the window 作定语修饰

bicycle。

翻译: _________________________________________________

答案:Dave    站在自行车店前盯着窗户里发亮的红色自行车。


Ⅰ. 完形填空

  Last week, I had to travel by air.  I was carrying two large  1  and a 

medium-sized one (yes, I know I was not traveling  2 ).  I had to take a bus and a 

train before getting to the  3 .  It was not an easy task  4  I took it easy and I 
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left with more than enough  5 .  I arrived at the bus stop and there were a few 

other people  6 .  

    The bus came and one by one I struggled  7  and put the suitcases inside the 

bus.  Then I began to think, “Why doesn’t anyone offer to  8 ? ” I sat on the bus 

and kept thinking,  “Many passengers are  9  and strong enough, and most of 

them are my neighbors.  How unkind,  typical of this country!  That’s why I want 

to  10  as soon as I can. ” 

  I  11  stopped myself and decided to change my  12  I had been trying 

especially lately to “switch” as soon as I saw negativity coming into my head, so I 

went for: I’m  13  that I managed;  I’m  14  enough;  I look forward to the 

challenges of this  15 ;  I will meet people I love.  

  The bus arrived at my destination and I waited for everyone to  16  so I could 

patiently take out my suitcases one by one.  And a man in his 70’s whom I would 

least have  17  to help came back up and offered to give me a hand!  He  18  

the last one for me!  I was so pleased and surprised giving him a big  19 .  He 

smiled back and we both went our separate ways.  He seemed pretty pleased with 

himself.  

  I then thought,  “I should have hugged him. ”Hope I will  20  him again. . .  

1. A. coats       B. tools

C. boxes          D. suitcases

【解析】选      D。词汇复现题。第二段中的            put the suitcases inside the bus 对本空

有提示。
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2. A. alone    B. early    C. light      D. safe

【解析】选      C。推理判断题。由第         1 空前后的    large 和 medium-sized 可知, 作者

这趟带着两个大箱子和一个中号箱子的旅途并不轻松(light)。

3. A. station     B. airport

C. department     D. office

【解析】选      B。词汇复现题。从本文首句中的              by air 可知, 作者得坐公交和火

车到达机场(airport)。

4. A. and      B. because

C. but         D. though

【解析】选      C。推理判断题。本空前面的            not an easy task 和本空后 took it 

easy 在逻辑上构成转折关系,         故用转折连词      but。

5. A. time     B. interest

C. food        D. room

【解析】选      A。推理判断题。根据上下文语境可知,                作者要先坐公交车,        再倒

火车,   最后才能到达机场,        因此要提前出发以便有充足的时间(time)。

6. A. wandering      B. waiting

C. struggling        D. driving

【解析】选      B。词义辨析题。由下文的           The bus came and one by one 可知当作者

到达公交站时已经有人在等。

7. A. painfully   B. gratefully

C. proudly        D. angrily
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【解析】选      A。词义辨析题。由下文作者抱怨无人帮助他可知,                    作者费力地

(painfully)把行李箱一个个搬上了车。

8. A. check       B. advise

C. come              D. help

【解析】选      D。推理判断题。无人帮助(help)他。

9. A. generous       B. busy

C. honest            D. young

【解析】选      D。推理判断题。由上句无人帮忙和本空后的                  neighbors 和

unkind 推断,  作者抱怨车上很多人年轻力壮却无人帮忙。

10. A. settle        B. leave

C. fight             D. succeed

【解析】选      B。推理判断题。作者抱怨人们不够热心,                这是他想尽快离开的原

因。本文首句中的        travel 对此空也有提示。

11. A. really     B. hardly

C. suddenly       D. secretly

【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。这时,         作者突然(suddenly)打消了消极的想法。


12. A. thoughts   B. tastes[来源:学_科_网]

C. memory         D. action

【解析】选      A。词义辨析题。由下文中的“switch” as soon as I saw. . .     可知。这

时,  作者突然打消消极的想法(thoughts)。

13. A. sure    B. glad     C. afraid  D. sorry

【解析】选      B。推理判断题。我很高兴(glad)自己搬李箱。
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14. A. kind    B. strong

C. relaxed     D. important

【解析】选      B。背景知识题。作者安慰自己:             我很高兴自己搬行李箱。我足够

强壮(strong)可以搬动它们。

15. A. trip    B. position

C. career      D. race

【解析】选      A。词汇复现题。由文章首句中的              travel 可知, 作者决定迎接这次

旅途(trip)中的挑战。

16. A. take off   B. turn up

C. get off        D. break in

【解析】选      C。词义辨析题。公交车到站了,             作者等待其他乘客下车(get off)。

17. A. respected  B. inspired

C. promised       D. expected

【解析】选      D。推理判断题。从本空前的            in his 70’s 可知, 那位老人  70 多岁了, 

因此作者根本没有料到(expected)他会主动帮忙。

18. A. discovered    B. carried

C. examined          D. fixed

【解析】选      B。推理判断题。由上文中的            help 可知, 那位老人帮作者搬

(carried)下来最后一个行李箱。

19. A. smile      B. hug

C. opportunity    D. present
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【解析】选      A。词汇复现题。由下文中的            smiled back 可知, 作者给了老人一个

灿烂的微笑(smile)。

20. A. visit      B. choose

C. trust          D. see

【解析】选      D。推理判断题。从上文中的            should have hugged 可知, 作者觉得当

时应该拥抱一下老人,         因此希望以后能与他再次相见(see)。

Ⅱ. 语法填空

  阅读下面短文,        在空白处填入       1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形              式。

  A man looking at his smartphone while walking across a railway crossing in 

Nanjing 1. ________(have) a close knock on Oct.  22. He was so 2. ________

(absorb) in his smartphone that he didn’t see a train approaching until it brushed past 

him,  3. ________(throw) him to the ground.  This should serve 4. ________ a 

warning that people should be aware of their surroundings,  especially 5. ________ 

crossing roads.  

  6. ________(lucky), the man survived a brush with death, but the incident forced 

the driver 7. ________(stop) the train.  An 18-minute delay followed the incident,  

8. ________ led to a break in the running of other trains on the route.  

  Smartphone 9. ________(addict) has spread like an infectious disease.  It’s 

evident that it will do great harm to society.  What’s even 10. ________(bad ), some 

addicts become impatient with relatives and friends.  

  Some people blame the smartphone for the tragedy,  yet in fact people’s 

weakening self-control and self-discipline are to blame. 
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1. 【解析】had。考查时态。根据时间状语               on Oct. 22 可知, 此处是在描述发生

在过去的事情,       故用一般过去时。

2. 【解析】absorbed。考查固定用法。be absorbed in       专心致    志于,   全神贯注于, 

是固定短语。

3. 【解析】throwing。考查非谓语动词。根据语境可知,                 此处表示火车与他擦身

而过,   把他摔在了地上。train      和  throw 之间是主谓关系,       故用现在分词作结果

状语。

4. 【解析】as。考查固定搭配。serve as         起作用,   产生效果,    此处表示这应该给

人们起一个警告作用。

5. 【解析】when/while。考查连词。根据语境可知,              此处表示尤其是当过马路的

时候,   故用  when/while, 此处是时间状语从句的省略。可还原为: especially 

when/while they are crossing roads。

6. 【解析】Luckily。考查词性转化。幸运的是,              这个男子与死亡擦肩而过,           但

是这个事件迫使驾驶员停下了火车。在句首应该用                      lucky 的副词形式,    即

luckily 修饰整个句子。

7. 【解析】to stop。考查固定用法。force sb.         to do sth. 迫使 某人做某事,    为

固定结构。

8. 【解析】which。考查定语从句。因为这件事耽误了                  18 分钟,  导致这条路线

上其他火车的运行中断了。此处用               which 引导非限制性定语从句,         指代前面的

An 18-minute delay。
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9. 【解析】addiction。考查词性转换。分析句子成分可知,                 此处作主语,     意为手

机上瘾,    故用  addict 的名词形式   addiction, 意为上瘾, addict 作为名词时,    意为

“对……着迷的人”,       此处不符合语境。

10. 【解析】worse。考查固定用法。what’s even worse        甚至更糟糕的是。

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