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人教新课标必修三 Unit5 Canada period 2 学案设计

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             Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
                      Period 2 知识讲练课

                                  学习目标
    1.Master  the   usage  of   such   important words   and   expressions as 
surround,measure,impress,rather than,settle down,manage to do,etc.
    2.Learn the method of constructing knowledge trees through self-study and cooperative 
exploration.
    3.Enjoy the fun of expressing yourselves in English and participate in class with strong 
passion.
                                  课堂探究
    一、词汇精粹
    学习建议:根据所列例句,理解并尝试总结下列词汇的用法。
    1.surround vt.包围,围绕(常用于被动结构)
    【教材原句】 People say it is Canada’s most beautiful city,surrounded by mountains and the 
Pacific Ocean.人们说温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市,被大山和太平洋环抱。
    【观察思考】
    (1)The trees surround the harbor.树环绕着港湾。
    =The harbor is surrounded by/with trees.
    港湾被树环绕着。
    (2)He found himself lying in bed,surrounded with an atmosphere of kindness.
    他发现自己躺在床上,被友善的氛围所包围。
    (3)Once upon a time,a king who was polite to surrounding countries lived in a castle 
surrounded by a large forest and having wonderful surroundings.
    从前,在一个绿树环绕、环境优美的城堡里住着一位国王,他对邻邦十分友好。
           surround vt.包围,围绕(常用于被动结构)
(1)被……包围、环绕         
(2)adj.周围的         
n.环境,周围的事物          
    2.measure v.测量;判定  n.措施;计量单位
    【教材原句】      It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 
metres.
    那儿湿度很大,所以树都长的特别高,一些高达                 90 多米。
    【观察思考】
    (1)The house measures 10 meters long.这房子长 10 米。
    (2)We can measure his ability by talking with him.
    我们能够通过与他谈话来判断他的能力。
    (3)Please let me make a suit to your measure.
    请让我为你量身定做一套衣服。
    (4)Measures must be taken to prevent the river from being polluted.
    必须采取一定的措施阻止河水被污染。
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

           measure v.测量;判定 n.措施;计量单位
(1)用……来衡量……        
(2)照某人的尺寸做某物        
(3)采取措施做某事        
    3.aboard adv.& prep.在(船、飞机、火车、公共汽车等)上;上(船、飞机、火车、公共汽
车等)
    【教材原句】 That afternoon aboard the train,the cousins settled down in their seats.
    那天下午表姐妹俩才登上火车落了座。
    【观察思考】
    (1)The plane crashed,killing 180 people aboard.
    飞机坠毁,机上      180 人全部遇难。
    (2)As soon as we went on board/went aboard,our ship left the port.
    我们一上船,船就出港了。
           aboard adv.& prep.在(船、飞机、火车、公共汽车等)上;上(船、飞机、火车、公
共汽车等)
(1)go aboard (the ship/plane/train)    
(2)on board     
(3)go on board     
    【联系拓展】
    board v.    
    n.    
    abroad adv.    
    broad adj.    
    4.terrify vt.使恐怖;恐吓
    【句子展示】 The idea that there will be an earthquake terrifies many people.
    将会有地震的说法吓坏了很多人。
    【观察思考】
    (1)The idea terrified many people.这个想法吓坏了很多人。
    (2)He terrified her into handing over the money.他恐吓她把钱交出来。
    (3)The girl was terrified of being scolding.这个小女孩害怕挨骂。
    (4)The terrifying stories terribly terrified the girl,which made her mother terrified.The 
situation is terrible.
    这个令人恐怖的故事吓坏了这个女孩,这使妈妈非常害怕。形势很可怕。
           (1)terrify vt.使恐怖;恐吓
adj.恐惧的    
adj.令人恐惧的    
adj.可怕的;极坏的    
adv.极端地;非常地    
(2)恐吓某人做某事    
(3)对……感到惊恐    
    5.impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记
    【句子展示】 She impressed me as a woman of great kindness.
    在我印象中,她是一位非常仁慈的女性。
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    【观察思考】
    (1)The girl impressed us with her humour.
    =We were impressed by/with the girl’s humour.
    这个小女孩的幽默给我们留下了深刻的印象。
    (2)Father impressed the importance of working hard on me.
    父亲使我意识到努力工作的重要性。
    (3)Her words made/left/gave an impression on me.
    她的话给我留下了深刻的印象。
           impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记
impression n.印象;效果
impressive adj.给人以深刻印象的
(1)给某人留下……印象    
(2)对……印象深刻    
(3)留下深刻印象    
    二、短语集锦

    1.rather than 而不是,宁愿……而不愿……
    【教材原句】        Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver 
and then take the train from west to east across Canada.
    她们不想一路乘飞机,而决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。
    【观察思考】
    (1)He would die rather than give in.
    = He would rather die than give in.
    = He preferred to die rather than give in.他宁死不屈。
    (2)You rather than I are going to go camping.是你而不是我想去野营。
    (3)She enjoys singing rather than dancing.她喜欢唱歌而不是跳舞。
    (4)I decided to write rather than (to)telephone.我决定写信而不是打电话。
    (5)He ran rather than walked.他跑着而不是走着。
    【辨析】
    other than 而不是;不同于
    or rather 更确切地说
           rather than 而不是;宁愿……而不愿……
(1)宁愿……而不愿……
         
         
         
(2)rather than 连接两个并列成分作主语时,谓语与            rather than 前面的名词或代词在人称和数
上保持一致。
(3)rather than 连接前后两个并列的成分形式时,必须保持一致。如果后接不定式,不定式可以
带  to,也可以不带    to,但当 rather than 位于句首时,只能接不带      to 的不定式。
    2.settle down vt.定居;(使)平静/安定下来
    【教材原句】 That afternoon aboard the train,the cousins settled down in their seats.
    那天下午表姐妹俩才登上火车落了座。
    【观察思考】
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    (1)Her parents expected her to get married and settle down soon.
    她父母期望她结婚,尽快安定下来。
    (2)They finally settled down to a discussion of the main problem.
    他们最终开始专心于对主要问题的讨论。
           (1)settle down vt.定居;(使)平静/安定下来
(2)专心于……    
    3.manage to do sth.设法成功做成某事
    【教材原句】        Earlier that day,when they crossed the Rocky Mountains,they managed to 
catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle.
    那天早些时候,当她们穿越落基山脉时,她们总算见到了野山羊,甚至还看到了一只大灰
熊和一只鹰。
    【观察思考】
    (1)We managed to get / succeeded in getting to the airport in time.
    我们最终成功地到达机场。
    (2)Why not try taking a plane this time?
    这次试乘飞机怎么样?
    (3)Try to follow me when I speak English in class.
    在课上,我说英语时,你要努力跟上我。
           manage to do sth. 
=        设法成功做成某事 
    【联系拓展】
    试图/设法/努力做某事    
    尝试着做某事    

    4.have a gift for ...对……有天赋
    【教材原句】        Many of them have a gift for riding wild horses and can win thousands of 
dollars in prizes.他们中许多人都有骑野马的才能,他们能赢得几千美元的奖金。
    【观察思考】
    (1)He has a gift for learning languages.
    他对学习语言很有天赋。
    (2)A born singer means a man who is gifted at/in singing.
    天生的歌唱家就是一个对歌唱很有天赋的人。
    (3)The gifted musician is a man of many gifts,who had a gift for music when he was a 
child,and now he is gifted at/in playing many musical instruments.
    这位有才华的音乐家是一个多才多艺的人。当他是个孩子时就有音乐天赋。他现在擅
长弹奏很多乐器。
           (1)gift n.礼物;天赋;天生的才能
(2)gifted adj.有天分的;有天赋的
(3)对……有天赋    
(4)擅长做某事    
    5.catch sight of 看见;瞥见
    【教材原句】       Earlier that day,when they crossed the Rocky Mountains,they managed to 
catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle.那天早些时候,当她们穿
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

越落基山脉时,她们总算见到了野山羊,甚至还看到了一只大灰熊和一只鹰。
    【观察思考】
    I caught sight of her talking with her friend in the street on my way to shopping.
    在我去购物的路上,我看见她正在和朋友交谈。
           (1)看见;瞥见    
(2)再也见不着;忽略    
(3)乍一看;初次见到    
(4)看不见;在视野之外    
(5)视力好/差    
(6)丧失视力    
                                  课堂练习
    1.The man  with     (宽阔的)shoulders         (登上飞机)the        plane to travel     
(到国外)and he only took daily necessities     (在飞机上). 
    2.They finally settled down to discuss the main problem.(纠错)
                                                                             
    3.         (就我而言),everything is going smoothly. 
    4.I decided to write rather than telephoning.(纠错)
                                                                             
                                  课后提升
    挑战一 小试牛刀
    1.她的幽默给我们留下了深刻的印象。(一句多译)
    She         her humour. 
    =We          her humour. 
    =Her humour         on us. 
    2.The plains(平原) stretched for as far as the eye could see.(英译汉)
                                                                             
    3.六年之前他开始丧失视力。(汉译英)
                                                                             
    4.The naughty boy spends most of his time playing computer games      his lessons. 
    A.rather than study         B.other than studying
    C.rather than studying      D.other than to study
    5.Though it was difficult,I      him find a job,which made him very pleased. 
    A.tried to help B.managed to help
    C.tried helping D.succeeded to help
    6.—How far apart do they live?
    —     I know,they live in the same neighbourhood. 
    A.As long as B.As far as
    C.As well as D.As often as
    7.     by thick bamboos and high forests,the ancient city hadn’t been discovered until 
the 1990s. 
    A.Surrounding B.Surround
    C.Surrounded D.Having surrounded
    挑战二 走进生活
    请用上节课所学知识,说一说你旅游过的某个地方。
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                              课后作业
1.Master what we have learned today.
2.Make sentences by using each word or phrase.
 参考答案

课堂探究
一、词汇精粹
1.【归纳总结】
(1)be surrounded by/with...
(2)surrounding;surroundings
2.【归纳总结】
(1)measure sth.by sth.
(2)make sth.to sb.’s measure
(3)take measures/steps/action to do sth.
3.【归纳总结】
(1)上(船、飞机或火车)
(2)在(船、车、飞机)上
(3)上(船、飞机、车等)
【联系拓展】
上船(飞机等);寄宿
木板;董事会;膳食(费用)
在国外;到国外
宽阔的
4.【归纳总结】
(1)terrified
terrifying
terrible
terribly
(2)terrify sb.into doing sth.
(3)be terrified of sth.
5.【归纳总结】
(1)impress sb.with sth.= impress sth.on sb.
(2)be impressed by/with sth.
(3)give/leave/make an impression on 
二、短语集锦
【归纳总结】
1.(1)would do sth.rather than do sth.
= would rather do sth.than do sth.
=prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.
2.【归纳总结】(2)settle down to sth./doing sth.
3.【归纳总结】 succeed in doing sth.
【联系拓展】
 try to do sth.
 try doing sth.
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4.【归纳总结】
(3)have a gift for ...
(4)be gifted at/in
5.【归纳拓展】
(1)catch sight of
(2)lose sight of
(3)at first sight
(4)out of sight
(5)have a good /poor sight
(6)lose one’s sight
课堂练习
1.broad;boarded;abroad;aboard
2.discuss→discussing
3.As far as I’m concerned
4.telephoning→(to)telephone
课后提升
挑战一
1.impressed us with; were impressed by/with 
left/made/gave an impression 
2.平原一直延伸到眼睛能看到的地方。
3.He began to lose his sight six years ago.
4.C 5.B 6.B 7.C
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