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高考专题之被动语态 条件状语从句和让步状语从句练习题

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     高考专题之被动语态、条件状语从句和让步状语从句练习题

单项选择

  1. With the help of high technology, more and more new substances _______ in the past 10 
years. 

    A. discovered                  B. have discovered

    C. had been discovered         D. have been discovered 

  2. He will stop showing off, if no notice ______ of him. 

    A. is taken     B. will be taken C. takes      D. has taken

  3. According to a report, cigarette smoking _______ in all indoor  public places in China already. 

    A. will ban     B. has banned  C. will be banned D. has been banned

  4. The construction of the two new railway lines _______ by now. 

    A. has completed               B. have completed

    C. have been completed         D. has been completed

  5. Linda, make sure the tables _______ before the guests arrive. 

    A. be set       B. set         C. are set      D. are setting

  6. The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune______. 

    A. is made      B. would make  C. was to be made D. had made

  7. In the spoken English of some areas in the US, the “r” sounds at the end of the words 
_______. 

    A. are dropped                 B. drop

    C. are being dropped              D. have dropped

  8. You’ve failed to do what you ______ to and I’m afraid the teacher will blame you. 

    A. will expect                 B. will be expected

    C. expected                     D. were expected

  9. This coastal area       a national wildlife reserve last year. 

    A. was named    B. named       C. is named     D. names

  10.—Mom, can we move into our new house this weekend?
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    —No, it__________.

    A. is painted     B. is painting C. was painted   D. is being painted

  11. The little boy won’t go to sleep ______ his mother tells him a story. 

    A. or           B. unless        C. but         D. whether

  12. The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, 
______ accompanied by an adult. 

    A. once         B. when        C. if           D. unless

  13. _______they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission 
procedures. 

    A. As           B. While       C. Until        D. Once

  14. —Our holiday cost a lot of money. 

    —Did it? Well, that doesn’t matter ______ you enjoyed yourselves. 

    A. as long as    B. unless     C. as soon as   D. though

  15. All the dishes in this menu, ______ otherwise stated, will serve two to three people. 

    A. as           B. if            C. though       D. unless

  16. The medicine works more effectively ______ you drink some hot water after taking it. 

    A. as        B. until        C. although     D. if

  17. —Do you have a minute? I’ve got something to tell you. 

    —OK, ________you make it short. 

    A. now that     B. if only     C. so long as   D. every time

  18. The doctor would allow him to go home _____ he remained in bed. 

    A. as though                     B. for fear that

    C. on condition that               D. as far as

  19. Too high house prices can be brought under control, _______ the authorities introduce a 
series of regulatory policies. 

    A. even if      B. as if       C. so that      D. provided that

  20. My parents don’t mind what job I do ______ I am happy. 

    A. even though  B. as long as  C. as soon as    D. as though
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  21. Though _______ to see us, the professor gave us a warm welcome. 

    A. surprising     B. was surprised C. surprised    D. being surprised

  22. —How about camping this weekend, just for a change? 

    —OK, ______ you want. 

    A. whichever    B. however     C. whatever     D. whoever

  23. The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities, 
______they have the interest. 

    A. wherever     B. whenever    C. even if      D. as if

  24. Tim is in good shape physically ______ he doesn’t get much exercise. 

    A. if           B. even though C. unless       D. as long as

  25. _______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof 

about it, they could not arrest him. [来源:学*科*网]

    A. Although     B. As long as  C. If only      D. As soon as

  26. The lawyer seldom wears anything other than a suit _______ the season. 

    A. whatever     B. wherever    C. whenever     D. however

  27. All people, ______ they are old or young, rich or poor, have been trying their best to help 
those in need since the disaster. 

    A. even if      B. whether     C. no matter    D. however

  28. ______ well prepared a gymnast is, he still needs a lot of luck in performing. 

    A. Whatever     B. Although    C. No matter     D. However

  29. —Some Chinese students find it difficult to understand native speakers when in London. 

    —Exactly, ______ they’ve learned a lot about grammar and known many words. 

    A. if only      B. now that    C. as if        D. even if

  30. _______ your next high-adventure trip is scheduled, start preparing now. 

    A. In case       B. Unless     C. Only if      D. Whenever
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


  1. D  解析:考查时态和语态。根据时间状语                in the past 10 years, 应使用现在完成时,又
因为   substances 和 discover 之间是被动关系,所以选       D。句意:在高科技的帮助下,在过
去的十年中越来越多的新物质被发现。

  2. A   解析:考查时态和语态。这里考查时态的特殊用法,主句用一般将来时,而条件
状语从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时。而且根据短语                       take   no   notice  of 可以看出
notice 和 take 之间是被动关系。所以应选          A。句意:他会停止炫耀,如果都不理睬他的话。

  3. D  解析:考查时态和语态及主谓一致。根据时间标志词                      already 可知用现在完成时,
又因为   cigarette smoking 和 ban 之间是被动关系,所以用现在完成时的被动形式。句意:
根据一项报告,在中国所有的室内公共场所吸烟已经被禁止了。

  4. D   解析:考查时态和语态及主谓一致。根据                  by now,可知应选现在完成时,又因
construction 和 complete 之间是被动关系,所以应选现在完成时的被动形式。又因主语是
the construction,故选 D。句意:这两条新铁路         现在已经竣工了。

  5. C  解析:考查时态和语态。make           sure 后接的宾语从句中谓语常用一般现在时代替一
般将来时,set     与 table 之间为动宾关系,故应选          C。句意:琳达,一定保证客人到达之前
摆好桌子。

  6. C     解析:考查时态和语态。make            a  fortune“发财”;fortune   在主动语态中是
make 的宾语,而此时       fortune 作了句子的主语,说明        fortune 和 make 之间是被动关系,应
用被动语态;又因为          be to do 结构表示注定会发生某事。句意:澳大利亚金矿的发现使成
千上万的人认定会发财。

  7. A  解析:考查动词的时态及语态。sounds             与  drop 之间为被动关系,并且为习惯性行
为,故选    A。句意:在美国一些地区的口语中,一些单词词尾的                       r 音常略去。

  8. D   解析:考查时态和语态。因为             expect 是及物动词,如果选       A 和 C,那么后面必须
有宾语,但是后面没接宾语,故              you 和 expect 之间是被动关系,又因为         expect 的动作发生
在  fail 之前,所以用过去时。句意:你没有做老师期望你做的,所以恐怕老师会责备你。

  9. A  解析:考查一般过去时态的被动语态。根据句子的时间                      last year 可知用一般过去时
态,有因为     the coastal area 和 name 之间是被动关系,故用一般过去时态的被动语态。

  10. D  解析:考查动词的时态和语态。表示当前正在发生的动作用现在进行时;又因为
the  house 与 paint 之间是被动关系,故答案选          D。句意:—妈妈,这周我们能搬进新房子
吗?—不能,房子正被粉刷着。

  11. B  解析:句意为:除非他的妈妈给他讲个故事,否则小男孩不睡觉。unless                          表条件,
意为“除非”。
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  12. D  解析:考查条件状语从句的省略。句意为:学校制度规定任何孩子在白天不允许
离开学校,除非由成人陪伴。当从句主语和主句主语一致且从句的主语后是一个系表结构
时,可以省去从句主语和动词             be。unless 表示“除非,如果不”,引导条件状语从句,故选
D。

  13. D  解析:句意为:一旦学生们决定要上哪所大学,他们就会搜索相关的录取程序。
连词   once 在此处表条件,而       as,while,until 均不符合句意。

  14. A  解析:句意为:—我们的假期耗费了很多钱。—是吗?只要你们玩得高兴,那就
没什么关系。unless“除非,如果不”,相当于              if…not; as soon as“一……就……”;though“虽
然”,都不符合句意。

  15. D  解析:考查条件状语从句。句意为:这个菜单上所有的菜,除非有特别说明,会
满足两到三人的需要。as          意思较多,意为“因为……,尽管……,当……时候”等;                        if 意为
“如果”;though   意为“虽然,然而”;unless      意为“除非”。根据语境,选项            D 正确。

  16. D  解析:句意为:如果你在服药后喝些热水,这种药会更有效的。as“当……时,因
为……”;until“到……为止”;although“尽管,虽然”;if“如果”。只有                  if 符合题意,引导
条件状语从句,故答案为           D。

  17. C    解析:句意为:—你有时间吗?我有事要告诉你。—好的,只要你长话短说。
now  that“既然,由于”,引导原因状语从句;if             only“要是……就好了”,       用虚拟语气,表示
与事实相反的情况;every         time“每次,每当”,表示时间;so          long as“只要”, 表示条件,符
合题意。

  18. C   解析:考查连词。句意:医生允许他回家,条件是他要待在床上。on                             condition 
that“以……为条件,条件是”,符合题意。

  19. D  解析:考查条件状语从句。句意为:假如政府引进一系列调控政策,过高的房价
是可以得到控制的。even         if 即使;as  if 好像;so  that 以便,为了;provided     that 如果,假
如。

  20. B  解析:考查条件状语从句。句意为:我父母不介意我做什么工作,只要我快乐就
好。as long as“只要”,引导条件状语从句,答案为              B。

  21. C  解析:此题考查状语从句的省略。句意为:尽管教授看见我们很惊奇,但是仍然
热烈欢迎我们。surprise      与主语   professor 之间为动宾关系,故应用其过去分词形式。

  22. C   解析:句意为:——这周末去野营怎么样,只是改变一下?——好吧,你想怎样
就怎样。whatever    作 want 的宾语,表示想做的事情。

  23. C  解析:句意为:即使工程师们有兴趣,但是他们太忙,以至于没有时间进行户外
体育运动。“工程师们太忙,以至于没有时间进行户外体育运动”与“他们有这个兴趣”具有
语意上的转折关系,后一句表示让步。wherever                表示地点;whenever     表示时间;even 
if“即使”,表示让步;as if     引导方式状语从句。

  24. B    解析:句意为:尽管         Tim 没有做太多的锻炼,但他身体还是很好。“is                in good 
shape”和“doesn’t get much exercise”之间是转折关系,故选      B。
                 中国现代教育网      www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  25. A  解析:句意为:虽然警察认为他最有可能(是罪犯),但因为没有确凿的证据,
他们不能逮捕他。句子前后的逻辑关系为转折关系。although                     意为“虽然,尽管”;as          long 
as 意为“既然,只要”;if       only 意为“要是……就好了”;as        soon as 意为“一……就……”。根
据句意选    A。

  26. A  解析:句意为:无论什么季节,这位律师除了一套西装以外,很少穿其他的(衣
服)。whatever   the season 是 whatever the season is 的省略,whatever 在从句中作表语。
wherever“不论什么地方”;whenever“不论什么时候”;however“无论怎样”,均不符合语境。

  27. B  解析:句意为:自这次灾难以来,所有的人,不管他们是年老的还是年轻的,富
有的还是贫穷的,都在尽自己最大的努力去帮助那些需要帮助的人。Whether…or…是固定
搭配,意为“无论是……还是……,不管是……还是……”,符合句意。

  28. D  解析:考查让步状语从句。句意为:无论准备得多么充分,在比赛中一个体操运
动员仍然需要很多运气。此处             however=no matter how 无论多么,引导让步状语从句。

  29. D   解析:句意为:——一些中国学生在伦敦时,发现听懂当地人说话很难。——的
确如此,即使他们已经学了很多语法且知道了很多单词。if                             only 要是……多好;now 
that 既然;as if 好像;even if 即使。

  30. D  解析:考查让步状语从句。句意为:无论何时你安排好了下一次高风险之旅,现
在就开始做准备。in case       以防,万一; unless   除非;only if 只有;whenever   无论何时。根据
句意,D    项正确。
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