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2019高考英语一轮复习练习题新人教版选修8 Unit4Pygmalion含解析

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                  Pygmalion

                                     李仕才
 一、阅读理解

    A business school in Paris will soon begin using artificial intelligence and 

facial analysis to determine whether students are paying attention in class. The 

software, called Nestor, is used in two online classes at the ESG business school 

beginning in September.

    The idea, according to LCA founder Marcel Saucet, is to use the data that 

Nestor collects to improve the performance of both students and professors. The 

software uses students webcams(网络摄像机)to analyze eye movements and facial 

expressions and determine whether students are paying attention to a video 

lecture. It then formulates quizzes based on the content covered during moments 

of inattentiveness. Professors would also be able to identify moments when 

students’ attention declined, which could help to improve their teaching, Saucet 

says.

    Advocates for AI in education say that the software is actually unable to 

teach a course, but the technology could be used as a digital tutor that would 

adapt to a student’s individual needs, and help develop more effective studying 

habits. Such software could also help teachers by providing feedback on the 

effectiveness of their teaching, advocates say.

    Saucet says Nestor won’t store any of the video footage it gets and that his 

company has no plans to sell any other data the software collects. In addition to 

facial recognition and analysis, the software can integrate(合并)with 

students’ calendars to suggest possible study times, and track their online 

behavior to pick up on patterns.

    Rose Luckin, a professor at the University College London Knowledge Lab, says 

AI could unlock the “black box of learning” by providing information on how and 

when learning happens. Luckin says a program like Nestor could be useful for 

students who take classes remotely, since “there isn’t a human there watching 

them.” And while some are concerned that AI may one day replace teachers, Luckin 
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

sees the technology more as an assistant, rather than a replacement. Saucet 

agrees. “Human contact is not going to go away,”  he says. “There will always 

be professors.”

1.How does Nestor work to find out when students aren’t paying attention?

  A. By collecting the data of students’ performance in different classes.

  B. By collecting the students’ grades in the quizzes.

  C. By shooting and analyzing students’ eye movements and facial expressions..

  D. By identifying moments when students’ attention declined.

2.Which is the benefit of AI education?

  A. It could be used exactly to replace a tutor.

  B. It helps student to develop more effective studying habits.

  C. The software is able to satisfy the requirement of a course.

  D. It could help teachers to give feedback on students’ performance..

3.How does Nestor deal with the information collected from students?

  A. Nestor will use it to suggest possible study time to students’ schedule.

  B. It won’t store any video footage but facial expression.

  C. The company hasn’t expected to make profits by selling the data to other 

corporations..

  D. Nestor will use it to keep track online of students’ behavior and punish 

them.

4.What is Rose Luckin’s attitude towards the replacement of teachers with AI?

  A. Objective.                 B. Approving.

  C. Indifferent.                   D. Opposed.

    【文章大意】本文介绍新的软件              Nestor。它通过对学生眼球运动和面部表情的拍摄和分

析来判断学生是否注意力集中。这种软件只对教学其辅助作用并不能替代老师。


2.B  【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段第一句                  Advocates for AI in education say that 
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

      the software is actually unable to teach a course, but the technology could 

      be used as a digital tutor that would adapt to a student’s individual 

      needs, and help develop more effective studying habits.可知 AI education 帮

      助学生养成更有效的学习习惯。故选                B。


       

4.D  【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段中                 And while some are concerned that AI may 

      one day replace teachers, Luckin sees the technology more as an assistant, 

      rather than a replacement. Saucet agrees.可知 Rose Luckin’对  AI 成为老师的

      替代品持反对意见。故选           D。

 二、教材与语法填空
     根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

     My Fair Lady was the title of a 1.___________ (success)musical and later it 
 was  also made  into a  film 2.___________ (base)  on George  Bernard Shaw’s 
 classic Pygmalion. In the musical, Professor Higgins takes 3.___________  bet 
 from Colonel Pickering 4.___________  he can transfer an unrefined dirty flower 
 girl Eliza Doolittle into a lady, and fool everyone into 5.___________ (think) 
 she  really is. He  6.___________ (do) so,  and thus  young aristocrat Freddy 
 Eynsford­Hill falls 7.___________ (mad) in love  with her. When Higgins takes 
 all  the credit  and forgets  8.___________ (acknowledge) her  efforts, Eliza 
 angrily leaves him for Freddy. Only then does Higgins realize he 9.___________ 
 (accustom) to her face and that he can’t live 10.___________  her.
 答案:1.successful 2.based 3.a 4.that 5.thinking 6.does 7.madly 8.to 

 acknowledge 9.has got/been accustomed 10.without

 三、完形填空

     A taxi driver taught me a lesson in customer satisfaction and 
 expectations.Inspiring speakers __1__ thousands of dollars to give this kind of 
 training to corporate directors and staff.It cost me only a $12 __2__ ride.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    I had __3__ into Dallas just for the purpose of calling on a client.Time 
was precious and my __4__ included a quick round­trip from and back to the 
airport.A __5__ taxi pulled up.The driver rushed to __6__ the passenger door 
for me and made sure I was __7__ seated before he closed the door.As he got in 
the driver's seat,he __8__ that the neatly folded Wall Street Journal next to 

me was for my use.He then showed me several __9__ and asked me what type of 
music I would enjoy.
    I could not believe the __10__ I was receiving!I took the opportunity to 
say,“__11__ you take great pride in your work.You must have a __12__ to 

share.”
    “You bet,” he __13__,“I used to be in Corporate America.But I was 

tired of thinking my best would never be good enough.I __14__ to find my right 
position in life,where I could feel __15__ of being the best.I love driving 
cars,and feeling like I have done a full day's work and done it __16__.So I 
chose to become a __17__.One thing I know for sure,to be good in my business I 
just have to meet the expectations of my passengers.__18__,to be great in my 
business,I have to go __19__ the customer's expectations!”
    The taxi driver taught me a great life __20__:Go an extra mile when 

providing any service to others.
    1.A.offer     B.charge
       C.pay         D.afford
    2.A.taxi          B.bus
       C.car         D.train
    3.A.driven        B.flown
       C.ran         D.cycled
    4.A.hope         B.purpose
       C.plan        D.choice
    5.A.private       B.rough
       C.slow       D.clean
    6.A.open         B.lock
       C.push        D.shut
    7.A.silently       B.comfortably
       C.tightly       D.casually
    8.A.declared      B.concluded
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

       C.found       D.mentioned
    9.A.pictures       B.maps
       C.tapes        D.books
    10.A.service       B.gift
        C.invitation    D.advice
    11.A.Actually      B.Obviously
        C.Gradually    D.Suddenly
    12.A.chance        B.secret
        C.story        D.ride
    13.A.whispered     B.argued
        C.sighed       D.replied
    14.A.decided        B.promised
        C.happened     D.hesitated
    15.A.careful        B.proud
        C.afraid        D.curious
    16.A.early          B.rapidly
        C.cautiously    D.well
    17.A.driver         B.director
        C.client        D.speaker
    18.A.Besides        B.Therefore
        C.However     D.Perhaps
    19.A.against        B.within
        C.over         D.beyond
    20.A.method        B.experience
        C.lesson        D.standard
    【解题导语】本文主要讲述了一名出租车司机给作者上了一堂关于如何达到客户满意
和期望的课。
    【难句分析】One thing I know for sure,to be good in my business I just 

have to meet the expectations of my passengers.
    分析:本句是一个复合句。I know for sure           是定语从句。
    译文:有一件事我可以肯定,那就是想要做好生意,我就必须要满足我的乘客的期望。

       【核心词汇】corporate adj.公司的 client n.客户
    precious adj.珍贵的 extra adj.额外的
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    1.B 根据空后的“thousands of dollars to give this kind of training to 
corporate directors and staff.It cost me only a $12”可知,励志演讲家的培训是要
收费的。charge    表示“收费”,符合语境。
    2.A 根据文章第一句“A taxi driver taught me a lesson in customer 
satisfaction and expectations”可知,出租车司机收作者           12 美元。
    3.B 根据第二段第二句的“Time was precious and my __4__ included a quick 
around­trip from and back to the airport”可知,作者当时是乘飞机去的。
    4.C 根据语境可知,时间很珍贵,作者的计划中包括往返机场的旅程。
    5.D 根据下文的“the neatly folded Wall Street Journal next to me was for 
my use”可推知,出租车很干净。
    6.A 结合“the passenger door for me”可推知,司机赶快跑过来给作者开车门。
    7.B 根据语境可推知,该司机注重乘客的满意度,所以他一定确保作者乘坐舒适。
    8.D 根据语境可推知,司机向乘客提醒有杂志可看。mention“提到”。
    9.C 根据空后的“asked me what type of music I would enjoy”可推知,司机给
作者拿出几盘音乐磁带让他选择。
    10.A 根据空后的“I was receiving”可推知,作者对出租车司机提供的服务非常
吃惊,不敢相信。receive the service“接受服务”。
    11.B 由空后的“You must have a __12__ to share”以及语境可推知,显而易见,
作者认为出租车司机为自己的工作自豪。
    12.C 根据空后的“to share”以及语境可推知,此处表示有故事分享。
    13.D 根据语境可知,司机回应了作者的推断。
    14.A 根据空前的“I was tired of thinking”可推知,司机决定行动起来,找到
生活中合适的位置而不是一味地想想。
    15.B 根据第三段第二句的“you take great pride in your work”可推知,司机
想做到最好并为自己的工作自豪。
    16.D 根据语境可推知,司机想把工作做好。
    17.A 根据语境可知,他决定转行当一名司机。
    18.C 根据语境可知,上下文表示逻辑上的转折关系,故用                        However“然而”。
    19.D 根据文章最后一句“Go an extra mile when providing any service to 
others”可知,要想做到最好,就要多为客户考虑,超出客户的期望。beyond“超出”。
    20.C 根据文章开头“A taxi driver taught me a lesson in customer 
satisfaction and expectations”可知,此处表示司机给作者上了生动的一课。

四、教材与话题写作
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.几天前,杰克有一次难忘的经历,那天正是他的生日。(the                               other       day; 

unforgettable)
___________________________________________________ 
答案:Jack    had  an unforgettable experience  the other day,  when it  was his 

birthday.
2.像往常一样,他决定和朋友们一起去饭店庆祝一下,所以他邀请了所有的朋友到他的晚
会上。(celebration)

___________________________________________________ 
答案:As     usual, he  decided to  have  a celebration  with his  friends at  a 

restaurant, so he invited all his friends to his dinner party.
3.他们高兴地交谈着,这时突然进来了一群戴面具的人。(be doing...when...)

___________________________________________________ 
答案:They     were  talking happily  when  several  masked  men came  into  the 

restaurant.
4.人人都惊讶地看着这些不速之客,误以为他们是强盗。(in                                      amazement; 

mistake...for...)
___________________________________________________ 
答案:Everybody     looked at  them  in  amazement  because  they mistook  these 

unexpected guests for robbers.
5.当这些不速之客摘下面具后,他们才发现这是杰克的另外一些朋友,他们乔装打扮来到
晚会,想给杰克一个惊喜。(in disguise)

___________________________________________________
答案:When     these unexpected  guests uncovered  their masks,  they  found the 

unexpected guests were Jack’s other friends, who came to the party in disguise 
and wanted to give Jack a big surprise.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。

___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________ 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。

    Jack  had an  unforgettable experience  the other  day, that  it  was his 
birthday. As a usual, he  decided to have a celebration with his friends at a 
restaurant, so  he invited  all his  friends to  his dinner party.  They were 
talking  happy when several  masked men  came into  the restaurant. Everybody 
looked at  them in amazement because they  mistook these unexpected guests as 
robbers. But when these unexpected guests uncovered their masks, they founded 
the unexpected  guests were Jack’s  other  friends, who came to  the party in 
disguise and wanted to give Jack a big surprise.
答案:
                                                             that
    Jack  had an  unforgettable experience  the other  day, when  it  was his 
birthday. As a usual, he decided to  have a celebration with his friends at a 
restaurant, so  he invited  all his  friends to  his dinner party.  They were 
         happy
talking happily when several masked  men came into  the restaurant. Everybody 
                                                                           as
looked at  them in amazement because they mistook  these unexpected guests for 
                                                                       founded
robbers. But when  these unexpected guests uncovered their masks, they  found  
the unexpected  guests were Jack’s  other  friends, who came to  the party in 
disguise and wanted to give Jack a big surprise.

 

 


 
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